Click to ViewThe Ten Commandments are the Old Covenant that was abolished at the cross.

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The logic is irrefutable:
1. The Ten commandments are the Old Covenant: Ex 34:27-28
2. The Old Covenant was abolished: Heb 8:13
3. The Ten Commandments are Therefore abolished!

Actual Sabbatarian False argument: "The First Covenant that was abolished in Heb 8:13 was not the ten commandments. The ten Commandments and the Old Covenant are two different things.

Answer:

A. The covenant at Sinai includes these component parts. They were all abolished together! Including the Tablets of the covenant, the ten commandments!

Ark of the covenant: Deut 10:8

Tablets of the covenant: Deut 9:9

Words of the covenant: Ex 34:28; 2 Chron 34:31

Book of the covenant: 2 Ki 23:21

Blood of the covenant: Ex 24:8

Salt of the covenant: Lev 2:13

Curses of the covenant: Deut 29:21

Bond of the covenant: Ezek 20:37

  1. There were many things associated with the first covenant: book, salt, blood, ark, tables
  2. But only one thing in the Bible is actually identified as the actual covenant itself: The ten commandments!
  3. The Ten commandments are the Sinai covenant, The old Testament, the first testament!

B. The 10 commandments were the first/old covenant! This is so clear all we need to do is quote the Bible without comment:

  1. The tables are part of the abolished first covenant: Heb 8:13 When He said, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear. "Now even the first covenant had ... the TABLES OF THE COVENANT." Heb 9:1-4
  2. Hebrews 9:1,4 "Now even the first covenant had ... the tables of the covenant"
  3. Exodus 34:27-28: "Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel." So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he did not eat bread or drink water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments."
  4. Deuteronomy 4:13: "So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them on two tablets of stone.
  5. Deuteronomy 9:9: "When I went up to the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant which the Lord had made with you, then I remained on the mountain forty days and nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water.
  6. Deuteronomy 5:2-3: "The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today."
  7. 1 Kings 8:9,21: V9 There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt." ... V21 "And there I have set a place for the ark, in which is the covenant of the Lord, which He made with our fathers when He brought them from the land of Egypt."
  8. 2 Chronicles 6:11: "And there I have set the ark, in which is the covenant of the Lord, which He made with the sons of Israel."
  9. In 2 Corinthians 3:2-11, the abolished Old Covenant was the 10 commandments!

C. Notice how Heb 8:13 connects with the ten commandments:

Attribute

Hebrews 8

1 Kings 8:9,21

Sinai Covenant

What: First/old covenant is the 10 comm. They are the same thing and totally equated.

"first covenant replaced with second" v7

"a new covenant" v8

"not like the Sinai Covenant" v9

new covenant, first obsolete, v13

"first covenant ... had two tables of stone 9:1-4

"There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone which Moses put there at Horeb, where the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt." "And there I have set a place for the ark, in which is the covenant of the Lord" 1 Kings 8:9,21

2 Chronicles 6:11: "And there I have set the ark, in which is the covenant of the Lord, which He made with the sons of Israel."

"in accordance with these words I have made a covenant" Exodus 34:27

"He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments." Exodus 34:28

"His covenant ... that is, the Ten Commandments... on two tablets of stone." Deuteronomy 4:13

"the tablets of the covenant" Deuteronomy 9:9

When: Out of Egypt

"On the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt" v9

"where the Lord made a covenant with the sons of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt." 1 Kings 8:9,21

""I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt" (Exodus 20:2)

With our fathers

Not like the covenant I made with their fathers Heb 8:9; Jer 31:32

"which He made with our fathers when He brought them from the land of Egypt." 1 Kings 8:9,21

"God made a covenant with us at Horeb. He did not make this covenant with our fathers" Deut 5:2-3

D. The Old and New Covenants compared

Old Covenant

New Covenant

The First Covenant - Heb. 9:1

The Second or New Covenant - Heb. 9:1

Its rewards were carnal & temporal - Heb. 7:16

It consists of "better promises" - Heb. 8:6

It held a discouraging, imperfect hope - Heb. 7:19

It brings a "better hope" - Heb. 7:19

Offered temporal, finite life only - Heb. 9:8-11

Offers "endless life" - Heb. 13:20

Was weak and unprofitable - Heb. 7:18

Is strong, reaching within the veil - Heb. 6:19

Made nothing perfect - Heb. 7:19

Makes all things perfect - Heb. 10:14

Was sealed with animal blood only - Heb. 9:18-21

Sealed with the blood of God's Son - Heb. 9:11-15

It could not take away sin - Heb. 10:4

Sins remembered no more forever - Heb. 8:12

It did not reveal the way to eternal life - Heb. 9:8

Way to eternal life fully revealed - Heb. 6:18

It's Law and Priesthood changeable - Heb. 7:12

Law and Priesthood unchangeable - Heb. 7:24

Its priests & sacrifices were earthly - Heb. 7:23, 27

Heavenly Priest, Divine Sacrifice - Heb. 8:4; 9:24

Priests appointed by an imperfect law - Heb. 7:28

Priest appointed by the oath of God - Heb. 7:28

Its high priests were under infirmities - Heb. 7:28

Its High priest ever liveth to intercede - Heb. 7:25

Had a man-pitched, earthly tabernacle - Heb. 9:11

A Heavenly, Lord-pitched tabernacle - Heb. 8:2

Lasted only until reformed by Christ - Heb. 9:10

Given to last till end of time - Heb. 13:20

Was unable to purge the conscience - Heb. 9:9

Thoroughly purges the conscience - Heb. 9:14

Was only a pattern, type, or shadow - Heb. 10:1

It is the substance, the real - Heb. 10:1

Imposed carnal ordinances only - Heb. 9:10

Its ordinances are spiritual - 1 Pet. 2:5; Rom. 8:2

Made old & had to vanish away - Heb. 8:13, 14

It is the new and extends to eternity - Heb. 9:15

Dedicated with animal blood only - Heb. 9:19, 20

Dedicated with Christ's blood - Heb. 10:19, 20

Was a mere copy of heavenly things - Heb. 8:4-7

The heavenly things themselves - Heb. 9:23

It could never make man perfect - Heb. 10:1

Makes men absolutely perfect - Heb. 9:11

It could never take away sins - Heb. 10:11

Takes away all sin - Heb. 10:17; 1 John 1:7

It kept its subjects under a curse - Gal. 3:10

Redeems men from the curse - Gal. 3:13

It could never justify any man - Gal. 3:11; 5:4

It can justify all men - Gal. 3:24

It was purely a law of works - Rom. 3:19, 20, 21

It is a law of faith - Rom. 3:27

Ordained by angels (servants) only - Gal. 3:19

Ordained by the Son (Christ) - Heb. 2:1-4

Could not make alive (give life) - Gal. 3:21

The "Law of the Spirit of Life" - Rom. 8:2

Was to last only till Christ - Gal. 3:19

Is to continue everlastingly - Rev. 14:6

Only a Jewish schoolmaster till Christ - Gal. 3:24

No longer under the schoolmaster - Gal. 3:25

The allegorical covenant "Hagar" - Gal. 4:24

The allegorical covenant "Sarah" - Gal. 4:23

Bore children only unto bondage - Gal. 4:25

Bears sons of liberty - freedmen - Gal. 5:1

Bore fleshly children only - Gal. 4:23, 28, 29

Bears spiritual children only - Gal. 4:4-7

It was a divorced "handmaid" - Gal. 4:30, 31

The Free Woman, the legal Wife - Gal. 4:31

Its subjects lived "severed from Christ" - Gal. 5:4

It creates joint-heirs with Christ - Rom. 8:17

It was "the letter, which killeth" - 2 Cor. 3:6

It is "the Spirit, which giveth life" - 2 Cor. 3:6

It was "the ministration of death" - 2 Cor. 3:7

It is "the ministration of the Spirit" - 2 Cor. 3:8

Written on tables of stone - Deut. 9:10; 2 Cor. 3:7

Written in hearts of flesh (men) - 2 Cor. 3:3

Its glory was to pass away - 2 Cor. 3:7, 11

Its glory remains forever - 2 Cor. 3:11

It was a "ministration of condemnation" - 2 Cor. 3:9

It is a "ministration of righteousness" - 2 Cor. 3:9

It was with glory - Ex. 34:29; 2 Cor. 3:11

It is in glory - 2 Cor. 3:11

Was "done away in Christ" - 2 Cor. 3:13, 14

Was created new in Christ - Eph. 2:14-19

Abolished in the flesh of Christ - Eph. 2:14, 15

Brought to light in His resurrection - Rom. 1:4

Nailed to the cross of Christ - Col. 2:14

From the cross universally promulgated - Acts 2:36

Was blotted out - Col. 2:14, 16

An eternal covenant - Heb. 13:20

E. The old covenant that is abolished is described as...

  1. The ten commandments: Ex 34:27-28; Deut 4:9-13; Deut 9:9; Deut 10:1-5

The tablets of stone: Ex 34:27-28

The reading of Moses 2 Cor 3:15

Covenant of the Lord Deut 10:18

Covenant of God: Ps 78:10

My covenant: Lev 26:9

Old testament: 2 Cor 3:14 (KJV)

Perpetual Covenant: Deut 31:16

Everlasting covenant: 1 Chron 17:17

Covenant of the everlasting priesthood: Num 25:13

Holy Covenant: Dan 11:28

The Testimony: Ex 31:18; 32:15; 34:29

Mt. Sinai In Arabia Gal 4:25

The First covenant Heb 8:7

Ministry of death & condemnation: 2 Cor 3:7,9

The old Covenant 2 Cor 3:14

The Law: Gal 3:17

The barrier/dividing wall/enmity: Eph 2:14-16

Law of commandments: Eph 2:15

Certificate of death: Col 2:14

Shadow of things to come: Col 2:17

Law of Moses

unbearable yoke of slavery: Gal 5:1; Acts 15:10

 

F. The New covenant is described as

  1. everlasting Covenant Heb 13:20

Covenant of peace: Ezek 34:25

New Testament: 2 Cor 3:6 (KJV)

New Covenant: Mk 14:24

Blood of the Covenant: Mt 26:28; Heb 10:29

Better Testament: Heb 9:15

The faith: Gal 3:23; Jude 3

Second covenant: Heb 8:7

Law of Faith: Rom 3:27

The Gospel: Gal 1:6-9

Better covenant: Heb 8:6

Law of Liberty: Jas 1:25; 2:12

Law of Christ: Gal 6:2

 

G. Other covenants that are not the 10 commandment Sinai covenant. The law of Gal 3 is the Sinai covenant.

  1. The first time covenant is used, it is to Noah, of the covenant (agreement) that if he builds the ark, God will make the flood waters come and destroy the earth. The rainbow is a sign of the covenant that God will never do this again! See Gen 6:18; 9:9-17. This most certainly is not the ten commandments or the Sabbath law!
  2. Next time covenant is used, it is to Abraham: "On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, "To your descendants I have given this land" Gen 15:18. This is known in Gal 3:16 as the three "promises" which are: 1. Great nation promise that was fulfilled in Egypt. (Gen 46:3; Deut 10:22) 2. Land promise that was fulfilled in Joshua. (Josh 21:43; Deut 30:5) 3. The seed promise that was fulfilled in Christ. (Gal 3:16; Gal 3:29; Heb 6:11-13;19-20; Acts 13:32-33,38)
  3. Sinai Covenant was distinct from the Abraham covenant as Deut 5:2-3 proves: "The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today." Gal 3 shows that the Sinai coveant was added ON TOP OF and ran concurrently with the Sinai covenant which was the ten commandments. When Christ came, the Sinai covenant was abolished. "What I am saying is this: the Law, which came four hundred and thirty years later, does not invalidate a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise. " ... "Why the Law then? It was added because of transgressions ... until the seed would come to whom the promise had been made. " ... "But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed. " ... "Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith. " (Galatians 3:24) ... "But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. " (Galatians 3:17-25)

Covenant

Sign of Covenant

Between which two parties

Noah

Rainbow Gen 9:13

God and Mankind

Abraham

Circumcision Gen 17:11

God and Abraham

Sinai ten commandments
First/Old Covenant

Sabbath Ex 31:13,17

God and Israel
"throughout your generations"

New/second Covenant

Circumcised heart: Col 2:11-13

God and Christians

 

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