Cypriot Pottery

From the Island of Cypress

Pottery of the Bible

Cypriot pottery

From the Island of Cypress, this pottery was key to proving the location of Jericho.

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  1. Kathleen Kenyon excavated Jericho in the 1950's and concluded that it was not Jericho because they did not find any Cypriot pottery. Well today they have found the Cypriot pottery at Jericho proving Kenyon wrong.
  2. Today Jericho, the very site where Kenyon excavated is proven by the very existence of Cypriot pottery.
  3. Kathleen Kenyon (1952-58) said the tel belonged to time much earlier and could not be Biblical Jericho based on the absence of the imported Cypriote ware pottery. She did acknowledge the city was, "blackened or reddened by fire. . . in most rooms the fallen debris was heavily burnt," Digging Up Jericho, 1957, p. 370
  4. Bryant Wood, Professor of Near Eastern Studies, University of Toronto found the diagnostic pottery on the east side of the tel, a more prosperous part of the city. Additionally he found a continuous series of Egyptian scarabs with dated inscriptions on bottom. Unbroken series extended from 18th century BC to time of Israel's conquest (1406 BC).
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  5. The sequence of continuous occupation at Beidha is unique in the Levant. Similarities exist between the round buildings at Beidha and Jericho because at both sites, round buildings were replaced by square ones. At Jericho, it is not clear if the round or later square buildings were destroyed by the Hebrews during the conquest in 1446 BC. But Joshua placed a curse upon the city and it appears to have not been rebuilt until the time of Hiel in 860 BC: Jericho continued to be occupied down to the time of Jesus: "Then Joshua made them take an oath at that time, saying, "Cursed before the Lord is the man who rises up and builds this city Jericho; with the loss of his firstborn he shall lay its foundation, and with the loss of his youngest son he shall set up its gates."" Joshua 6:26 "In his days Hiel the Bethelite built Jericho; he laid its foundations with the loss of Abiram his firstborn, and set up its gates with the loss of his youngest son Segub, according to the word of the Lord, which He spoke by Joshua the son of Nun." 1 Kings 16:34. "He entered Jericho and was passing through. And there was a man called by the name of Zaccheus; he was a chief tax collector and he was rich." Luke 19:1-2: "PPNB: Beidha is currently the only southern Levantine site that documents this transition in residential architecture. Elsewhere in the southern Levant, the transition is either completely abrupt without transitional steps (such as at Jericho) or else PPNB sites have either curvilinear or rectangular architecture (Byrd 2000). At Jericho, largely undifferentiated PPNA curvilinear buildings were abruptly replaced by PPNB rectangular pier houses considerably earlier than rectangular buildings were first constructed at Beidha (Kenyon 1981). The pier-house style of architecture was then used over a wide area of the southern Levant during the PPNB and was well suited to be internally subdivided (Byrd and Banning 1988)." (Early Village Life At Beidha: Neolithic, Brian Byrd, 2005 AD, Conclusion)
  6. "For example, at many early village communities (such as Jericho, CayOnti, and Abu Hureyra) individual buildings were repeatedly built virtually directly on top of earlier ones (Kenyon 1981; Moore et al. 2001; Ozdogan and 6zdogan 1989). This may imply that building plots were subject to ownership." (Early Village Life At Beidha: Neolithic, Brian Byrd, 2005 AD, Conclusion)

By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

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