Ptolemy 150 AD
Claudius Ptolemy (Klaudios Ptolemaios) 90-168 AD.
A Greek who lived in the Roman Capital of Egypt, (Alexandria), and headed the library at Alexandria from 127 to 150 A.D.
In spite of the more accurate mapping of both Philo and Josephus 100 years earlier, Ptolemy carries on the long tradition of Greek geographers (Strabo, Eratosthenes, Herodotus, Hesiod and Hecataeus) who incorrectly understood the Red Sea as a single finger of water.
As we can see, this error carried into the 16th century. Here are are four maps drawn in the16th century based upon representations of Ptolemy's writings of 150AD.
This explains why people might confuse Arabia as bordering on Goshen. The geography of the day did not see the Sinai Peninsula between the Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez.
A. Four maps produced in 16th century to represent Ptolemy's world:
Joannes Schott 1503 AD, read Ptolemy and drew this map from his writings:
Joannes Ruysch 1508 AD, read Ptolemy and drew this map from his writings:
J.Pentius De Leucho 1511 AD, read Ptolemy and drew this map from his writings:
P Heinricum Petrum 1545 AD, read Ptolemy and drew this map from his writings:
B. Close up of the four maps:
Ptolemy had no concept of the Sinai Peninsula or the Gulf of Suez.
This error would persist until 1800 AD.
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.
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