The History of Jerusalem and the Temple mount,
The Tabernacle of Moses,
The tabernacle of David,
The body/temple of Jesus Christ.

click to view

History the Temple Mount and the church temple Jesus built when he rose from the dead.

 

click to view

Introduction:

1.      What began as the cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night turned into the church, the body of Christ, the spiritual temple.

2.      In a long and complex history we trace the story of the Cloud in the wilderness to the God's eternal purpose in the church. "and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God who created all things; so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places. This was in accordance with the eternal purpose which He carried out in Christ Jesus our Lord, " (Ephesians 3:9-11)

3.      Little did the Israelites know or understand that the cloud that led them out of Egypt was the symbol and actual vessel of salvation in Christ's Body.

4.      The Old Testament is filled with types and anti-types in the New Testament.

a.       The cloud was a antitype of the tabernacle of Moses.

b.       The tabernacle of Moses was a antitype of the tabernacle of David

c.        The Tabernacle of David was a antitype of the Temple of Solomon.

d.       The Tabernacle of Moses went extinct when the Solomonic temple came into functional use in 953 BC.

e.       Although the Temple of Solomon was destroyed in 586 BC, prophecies were made about in Amos that it would be rebuilt by the Messiah, Jesus Christ. This was fulfilled in his bodily resurrection where the church is the temple of God.

5.      There were several prophecies about the booth (tabernacle) of David being an antitype of a messianic fulfillment in the church. Isa 16:5 was a messianic prophecy while the "booth of David still existed before it was destroyed. The Amos 9:11-12 prophecy was made after the temple of Solomon was destroyed.

a.       "A throne will even be established in lovingkindness, And a judge will sit on it in faithfulness in the tent of David; Moreover, he will seek justice And be prompt in righteousness. " (Isaiah 16:5) Fulfilled in Christ in 30 AD as the judge of all mankind John 5:22-23.

b.       "In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old; That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name," Declares the Lord who does this. " (Amos 9:11-12) Fulfilled in 30 AD in the church, in Acts 15:16.

6.      While pre-tribulation rapture false teachers, premillennialists and dispensationalists all teach that the church is a temporary afterthought, the Bible teaches that the church was in the mind of God from before the beginning of the world and will remain as the temple of God for all future eternity in heaven. "to Him be the glory in the church and in Christ Jesus to all generations forever and ever. Amen. " (Ephesians 3:21)

7.      Although most who are attracted to this page are interested in where the temple was located on the Temple mount, in fact such information is irrelevant to our salvation. The important matter is that the church was God's vessel of salvation from before the creation of the world which replaced the physical temple in Jerusalem.

8.      This page is all about the church, the body of Christ, the Temple of God. The final end of a long series of complex antitypes!

clilck to view

2085 BC: Abraham:

  1. Told to leave Ur of Chaldeans by God: Gen 12:1
  2. He ended up in Egypt: Gen 12:10
  3. The first time the word "Hebrew" is used in the Bible is in Gen 14:13. Just as Abraham is first called a "Hebrew" in Gen 14:13, so also the disciples first called Christians in Acts 11:26. The etymological origin of "Hebrew" is uncertain. The likely origin of word "ibri" [Hebrew] is derived from "br" which means "to cross over a boundary".
  4. Abram, with God's help (Gen 14:20), pursues and defeats the 4 kings and rescues Lot Gen 14:13-15. This win by Abram against 4 defending champions, would become legendary in the ancient world. It also foreshadows the prophecy of Christ who would defeat 4 world powers in Dan 7:44. Isaiah 41:2 is a reference to the conquest of Abram.

2070 BC: Melchizedek (Shem) 1st king of "Salem" (peace) Priest of the Most High God

1.      Melchizedek brings refreshments for Abram's men to the Valley of Shaveh (Genesis 14:17; 2 Sam.18:18) also known as the King's Valley located just outside Jerusalem) and blesses him. Melchizedek's coming out to greet Abram after victory was traditional: 1 Samuel 18:6. Melchizedek was above Abram in spiritual rank, having blessed Abram and accepted tithes from him.

2.      "This hope we have as an anchor of the soul, a hope both sure and steadfast and one which enters within the veil, where Jesus has entered as a forerunner for us, having become a high priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek." Hebrews 6:19-20

3.      Melchizedek was king of Salem, which later became Jerusalem. [Heb: Jeru = possession; Salem = peace: "possession of peace"]. Psalm 76:2 calls Jerusalem "Salem".

4.      Melchizedek king of Salem was a antitype of David, physical king of physical Jerusalem. Both Melchizedek and David were antitypes of Jesus who is the spiritual King of a spiritual Jerusalem.

5.      Melchizedek as a king is an antitype of David. Melchizedek as a king and priest is an antitype of Christ.

6.      Melchizedek blessed Abram after eating bread and wine. Jesus blessed the disciples after the Lord's Supper (unleavened bread and grape juice)

7.       Melchizedek is most likely Shem, who was on Noah's Ark.

2070 BC: Abraham builds first alter to offer Isaac on vacant temple site:

  1. The beginning of the earthly temple was with Abraham offering Isaac on the very location of where David located the Holy of Holies on the threashing floor.
  2. "Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am. He said, "Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you." "... "Then they came to the place of which God had told him; and Abraham built the altar there and arranged the wood, and bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood."... Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide, as it is said to this day, "In the mount of the Lord it will be provided." " Genesis 22:1-2, 9, 14

2023 BC: Abraham buries Sarah in Hebron

  1. "After this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field at Machpelah facing Mamre (that is, Hebron) in the land of Canaan. So the field and the cave that is in it, were deeded over to Abraham for a burial site by the sons of Heth." Genesis 23:19-20

1446 BC: Cloud in the wilderness: Symbol of the fellowship of the Holy Spirit. (Christ was the Rock of Living water)

1.      As they left Egypt, there only visible connection with God was the pillar of cloud. This is the beginning of what would eventually become the Temple of Solomon.

2.      Ex 13:21 And the LORD was going before them in a pillar of cloud.

3.      Ex 16:10 the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

4.      Ex 19:9 Behold, I shall come to you in a thick cloud

1446 BC: "Tabernacle of Moses": Moses prophecies Jerusalem gets blueprint for Tabernacle:

1.      As they arrive in the wilderness of Sinai, they waited for the day of Pentecost when God made the mountain explode in volcanic flames. It was after this, that Moses received the pattern for the Tabernacle. The spent about a year at the foot of Sinai.

2.      "You will bring them and plant them in the mountain (Zion, Jerusalem) of Your inheritance, The place, O Lord, which You have made for Your dwelling, The sanctuary, O Lord, which Your hands have established. " Exodus 15:17

3.      "Let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them." According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it." Exodus 25:8-9

4.      "See that you make them after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain." Exodus 25:40

5.      "who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, just as Moses was warned by God when he was about to erect the tabernacle; for, "See," He says, "that you make all things according to the pattern which was shown you on the mountain." " Hebrews 8:5

1406 BC: Joshua captures Bethel, Ai, Ark taken to Shechen, Mt. Ebal, Joshua's Altar built.

1.      After Israel crossed the Jordan and settled at Gilgal, they did not set up the tent of meeting (Tabernacle of Moses).

2.      After conquering Jericho and Ai, but before the south and northern conquests, they went to Shechem to bury Joseph and pronounce the blessings and curses on mount Ebal and Gerizim.

3.      They did not set up the tabernacle at Shechem, but did take the Ark of the Covenant with them.

4.      The Ark was placed in the valley between a million Jews on each mountain edge (Ebal, Gerzim) about 1 km apart.

5.      This set a precedent for the Ark being used apart from the Tabernacle.

1398 BC: Joshua captures Jerusalem

1.      Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem (Amorite) was defeated by Joshua: Joshua 10:23

2.      However the Jebusites still controlled the city until the time David.

3.      In 997 BC, David captured the city and created the city of David.

1394 BC: Tabernacle is set up first at Shiloh for 306 years

1.      Only after conquering the southern and northern portions of Israel, did they then set up the tent of meeting at Shiloh.

2.      "Then the whole congregation of the sons of Israel assembled themselves at Shiloh, and set up the tent of meeting there; and the land was subdued before them. " Joshua 18:1

3.      Jer 7:12 in Shiloh, where I made My name dwell at the first

4.      Ps 78:60 for idolatry... He abandoned the dwelling place at Shiloh, the tent which He had pitched among men

5.      The Tabernacle of Moses remained at Shiloh from the time of Joshua to the time of Samuel, when the Philistines captured the Ark.

click to view

1088 BC: Philistines captured the Ark from Shiloh for seven months: 1 Sam 6:1

click to view

1.      The Ark of the Covenant goes on a little ride: Shiloh, Ebinezer, Ashdod, Ekron, Beth-shhemish, Kiriath-jearim

2.      Eli allowed the armies of Israel to take the Ark of the Covenant and use it as a lucky charm to force God to defeat the Philistines. The warriors reasoned that surely God would not let them lose if they took the Holy Ark with them in the battle.

3.      "When the people came into the camp, the elders of Israel said, "Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? Let us take to ourselves from Shiloh the ark of the covenant of the LORD, that it may come among us and deliver us from the power of our enemies." " (1 Samuel 4:3)

4.      However, the entire action of removing the Ark from the Tabernacle of Moses was an enormously sinful act of rebellion that angered God. The ark is the mercy seat, to be hidden from view, except one a year on the Day of Atonement when blood would be sprinkled on it for the sins of the people. To use it as a talisman or a "rabbit's foot" to win the battle was a common and profane use.

5.      The Philistines capture the ark from the battle line at Ebenezer, between Shiloh and Afhek: "Thus the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out to meet the Philistines in battle and camped beside Ebenezer while the Philistines camped in Aphek. " (1 Samuel 4:1)

6.      "When the people came into the camp, the elders of Israel said, "Why has the Lord defeated us today before the Philistines? Let us take to ourselves from Shiloh the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that it may come among us and deliver us from the power of our enemies." So the people sent to Shiloh, and from there they carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord of hosts who sits above the cherubim; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God. As the ark of the covenant of the Lord came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout, so that the earth resounded. When the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, "What does the noise of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean?" Then they understood that the ark of the Lord had come into the camp. The Philistines were afraid, for they said, "God has come into the camp." And they said, "Woe to us! For nothing like this has happened before. "Woe to us! Who shall deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? These are the gods who smote the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues in the wilderness. "Take courage and be men, O Philistines, or you will become slaves to the Hebrews, as they have been slaves to you; therefore, be men and fight." So the Philistines fought and Israel was defeated, and every man fled to his tent; and the slaughter was very great, for there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers. And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. " (1 Samuel 4:3-11)

7.      The ark was captured in Ebinezer and moved to Ashdod: "Now the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Then the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it to the house of Dagon and set it by Dagon. When the Ashdodites arose early the next morning, behold, Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD. So they took Dagon and set him in his place again. " (1 Samuel 5:1-3)

8.      The ark moves from Ashdod to Ekron: "So they sent the ark of God to Ekron. And as the ark of God came to Ekron the Ekronites cried out, saying, "They have brought the ark of the God of Israel around to us, to kill us and our people." " (1 Samuel 5:10)

9.      The ark is put on a cart and towed by oxen to Beth-shemesh: "Watch, if it goes up by the way of its own territory to Beth-shemesh, then He has done us this great evil. But if not, then we will know that it was not His hand that struck us; it happened to us by chance." " (1 Samuel 6:9)

10.  Ark moved from Beth-Shemesh to Kiriath-jearim. After 50,070 men of Beth-Shemesh were killed by God for touching or looking into the ark, it was moved to Kiriath-jearim: "He struck down some of the men of Beth-shemesh because they had looked into the ark of the LORD. He struck down of all the people, 50,070 men, and the people mourned because the LORD had struck the people with a great slaughter. The men of Beth-shemesh said, "Who is able to stand before the LORD, this holy God? And to whom shall He go up from us?" So they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kiriath-jearim, saying, "The Philistines have brought back the ark of the LORD; come down and take it up to you." " (1 Samuel 6:19-21)

1088 -995 BC: Ark of the Covenant moved to Kiriath-jearim for 92 years

1.      David first tried to move the Ark to Jerusalem in 995 BC, which was shortly after he moved from Hebron to Jerusalem in 997 BC.

2.      From the time of the death of Eli (1088 BC), (and the anointing of Samuel as prophet) to the time of David reigning in Jerusalem (997 BC) is about 91 years. Solomon was born in Jerusalem about 4 years later in 993 BC.

3.      Thus the Ark of the covenant was in Kiriath-jearim for about 92 years. (1087-995 BC)Remember, the ark left Shiloh in 1088 BC and was in the hands of the Philistines for 7 months.

2.      "And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took the ark of the Lord and brought it into the house of Abinadab on the hill, and consecrated Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the Lord. From the day that the ark remained at Kiriath-jearim, the time was long, for it was twenty years; and all the house of Israel lamented after the Lord. " (1 Samuel 7:1-2)

3.      "However, David had brought up the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to the place he had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it in Jerusalem. " (2 Chronicles 1:4)

995 BC David buys the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite and builds an altar.

1.      At this time, the Ark was at Kiriath-jearim and the Mosaic tent of meeting was at Gibeon. "For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time. " (1 Chronicles 21:29)

2.      "Then Satan stood up against Israel and moved David to number Israel. So David said to Joab and to the princes of the people, "Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, and bring me word that I may know their number." Joab said, "May the Lord add to His people a hundred times as many as they are! But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord's servants? Why does my lord seek this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt to Israel?" Nevertheless, the king's word prevailed against Joab. Therefore, Joab departed and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem. Joab gave the number of the census of all the people to David. And all Israel were 1,100,000 men who drew the sword; and Judah was 470,000 men who drew the sword. But he did not number Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king's command was abhorrent to Joab. God was displeased with this thing, so He struck Israel. David said to God, "I have sinned greatly, in that I have done this thing. But now, please take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly." The Lord spoke to Gad, David's seer, saying, "Go and speak to David, saying, 'Thus says the Lord, "I offer you three things; choose for yourself one of them, which I will do to you." ' " So Gad came to David and said to him, "Thus says the Lord, 'Take for yourself either three years of famine, or three months to be swept away before your foes, while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or else three days of the sword of the Lord, even pestilence in the land, and the angel of the Lord destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.' Now, therefore, consider what answer I shall return to Him who sent me." David said to Gad, "I am in great distress; please let me fall into the hand of the Lord, for His mercies are very great. But do not let me fall into the hand of man." So the Lord sent a pestilence on Israel; 70,000 men of Israel fell. And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but as he was about to destroy it, the Lord saw and was sorry over the calamity, and said to the destroying angel, "It is enough; now relax your hand." And the angel of the Lord was standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. Then David lifted up his eyes and saw the angel of the Lord standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, covered with sackcloth, fell on their faces. David said to God, "Is it not I who commanded to count the people? Indeed, I am the one who has sinned and done very wickedly, but these sheep, what have they done? O Lord my God, please let Your hand be against me and my father's household, but not against Your people that they should be plagued."" 1 Chronicles 21:1-17

3.      "Then the angel of the Lord commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up and build an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. So David went up at the word of Gad, which he spoke in the name of the Lord. Now Ornan turned back and saw the angel, and his four sons who were with him hid themselves. And Ornan was threshing wheat. As David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out from the threshing floor and prostrated himself before David with his face to the ground. Then David said to Ornan, "Give me the site of this threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the Lord; for the full price you shall give it to me, that the plague may be restrained from the people." Ornan said to David, "Take it for yourself; and let my lord the king do what is good in his sight. See, I will give the oxen for burnt offerings and the threshing sledges for wood and the wheat for the grain offering; I will give it all." But King David said to Ornan, "No, but I will surely buy it for the full price; for I will not take what is yours for the Lord, or offer a burnt offering which costs me nothing." So David gave Ornan 600 shekels of gold by weight for the site. Then David built an altar to the Lord there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. And he called to the Lord and He answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt offering. The Lord commanded the angel, and he put his sword back in its sheath. At that time, when David saw that the Lord had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he offered sacrifice there. For the tabernacle of the Lord, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time. " 1 Chronicles 21:18-29

4.      "So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. David built there an altar to the Lord and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. Thus the Lord was moved by prayer for the land, and the plague was held back from Israel." 2 Samuel 24:25

995 BC: Ark moved from Kiriath-jearim to the house of Obed-edom, the Gittite (from Gath) for 3 months:

1.      "So David assembled all Israel together, from the Shihor of Egypt even to the entrance of Hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim. David and all Israel went up to Baalah, that is, to Kiriath-jearim, which belongs to Judah, to bring up from there the ark of God, the Lord who is enthroned above the cherubim, where His name is called. They carried the ark of God on a new cart from the house of Abinadab, and Uzza and Ahio drove the cart. David and all Israel were celebrating before God with all their might, even with songs and with lyres, harps, tambourines, cymbals and with trumpets. When they came to the threshing floor of Chidon, Uzza put out his hand to hold the ark, because the oxen nearly upset it. The anger of the Lord burned against Uzza, so He struck him down because he put out his hand to the ark; and he died there before God. Then David became angry because of the Lord's outburst against Uzza; and he called that place Perez-uzza to this day. David was afraid of God that day, saying, "How can I bring the ark of God home to me?" So David did not take the ark with him to the city of David, but took it aside to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. Thus the ark of God remained with the family of Obed-edom in his house three months; and the Lord blessed the family of Obed-edom with all that he had. " (1 Chronicles 13:5-14)

2.      "So they brought it with the ark of God from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill; and Ahio was walking ahead of the ark. Meanwhile, David and all the house of Israel were celebrating before the Lord with all kinds of instruments made of fir wood, and with lyres, harps, tambourines, castanets and cymbals. But when they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached out toward the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen nearly upset it. And the anger of the Lord burned against Uzzah, and God struck him down there for his irreverence; and he died there by the ark of God. David became angry because of the Lord's outburst against Uzzah, and that place is called Perez-uzzah to this day. So David was afraid of the Lord that day; and he said, "How can the ark of the Lord come to me?" And David was unwilling to move the ark of the Lord into the city of David with him; but David took it aside to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. Thus the ark of the Lord remained in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three months, and the Lord blessed Obed-edom and all his household. " (2 Samuel 6:4-11)

1088 -1012 BC: Tabernacle of Moses moved to Nob for 76 years without the Ark after the Philistines destroy Shiloh:

1.      The Tabernacle was moved from Shiloh to Nob, after the Philistines captured the ark. It remained there at Nob for 76 years.

2.      This passage from much later (Jeremiah) seems to describe how the Philistines destroyed the tabernacle in Shiloh: "But go now to My place which was in Shiloh, where I made My name dwell at the first, and see what I did to it because of the wickedness of My people Israel. " (Jeremiah 7:12)

3.      The wickeness was not only from the permissiveness of Eli with his wicked sons, but the people themselves has a long history of idolatry at the Shiloh:

a.      "So they set up for themselves Micah's graven image which he had made, all the time that the house of God was at Shiloh. " (Judges 18:31)

b.      "then I will make this house like Shiloh, and this city I will make a curse to all the nations of the earth." (Jeremiah 26:6)

4.      "Then David came to Nob to Ahimelech the priest; and Ahimelech came trembling to meet David and said to him, "Why are you alone and no one with you?" David said to Ahimelech the priest, "The king has commissioned me with a matter and has said to me, 'Let no one know anything about the matter on which I am sending you and with which I have commissioned you; and I have directed the young men to a certain place.' "Now therefore, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found." The priest answered David and said, "There is no ordinary bread on hand, but there is consecrated bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women." David answered the priest and said to him, "Surely women have been kept from us as previously when I set out and the vessels of the young men were holy, though it was an ordinary journey; how much more then today will their vessels be holy?" So the priest gave him consecrated bread; for there was no bread there but the bread of the Presence which was removed from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place when it was taken away. " (1 Samuel 21:1-6)

5.      "And he (Saul) struck Nob the city of the priests with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and infants; also oxen, donkeys, and sheep he struck with the edge of the sword. " (1 Samuel 22:19)

1012-953 BC: Tabernacle of Moses moved to from Nob to Gibeon without the Ark for 59 years until 953, when it went extinct.

1.      The Tabernacle of Moses moved from Nob to Gibeon for 59 years, after Saul killed all the priests who worked there.

2.      The Tabernacle remained at Gibeon until it went into extinction when Solomon moved it to Jerusalem and most likely stored it in one of the rooms of the New temple that started operation in 953 BC.

3.      "When the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai, they also acted craftily and set out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended,. ... "They went to Joshua to the camp at Gilgal and said to him and to the men of Israel, "We have come from a far country; now therefore, make a covenant with us." ... "But Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation and for the altar of the Lord, to this day, in the place which He would choose." Joshua 9:3-4,6,27

4.      "Now it came about when Solomon had finished building the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all that Solomon desired to do, that the Lord appeared to Solomon a second time, as He had appeared to him at Gibeon. " (1 Kings 9:1-2)

5.      "So he left Asaph and his relatives there before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required; and Obed-edom with his 68 relatives; Obed-edom, also the son of Jeduthun, and Hosah as gatekeepers. He left Zadok the priest and his relatives the priests before the tabernacle of the Lord in the high place which was at Gibeon, " (1 Chronicles 16:37-39)

6.       "For the tabernacle of the Lord, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time. " (1 Chronicles 21:29)

7.      "Then Solomon and all the assembly with him went to the high place which was at Gibeon, for God's tent of meeting was there, which Moses the servant of the Lord had made in the wilderness. " (2 Chronicles 1:3)

8.      Notice that David created a second tent in Jerusalem, while the Tabernacle of Moses was still at Gibeon:

a.      "Now David built houses for himself in the city of David; and he prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it. " (1 Chronicles 15:1)

b.      "And they brought in the ark of God and placed it inside the tent which David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. " (1 Chronicles 16:1)

"Tabernacle of David" built in 995 BC and set up in Jerusalem:

"However, David had brought up the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to the place he had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it in Jerusalem. Now the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, was there before the tabernacle of the LORD, and Solomon and the assembly sought it out. Solomon went up there before the LORD to the bronze altar which was at the tent of meeting, and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it. " (2 Chronicles 1:4-6)

1.      It is important to notice that the tabernacle of Moses and the tabernacle of David are two different tents.

2.      While the tabernacle of Moses remained at Gibeon, David built a new tabernacle in Jerusalem exclusively for the ark of the covenant.

3.      Both tabernacles were in functional use at the same time.

4.      There are many prophecies about restoring the fallen tabernacle of David and they are fulfilled in the church.

a.      "In that day I will raise up the fallen booth of David, And wall up its breaches; I will also raise up its ruins And rebuild it as in the days of old; That they may possess the remnant of Edom And all the nations who are called by My name," Declares the Lord who does this. " (Amos 9:11-12) Fulfilled in 30 Ad in the church, in Acts 15:16

b.      "A throne will even be established in lovingkindness, And a judge will sit on it in faithfulness in the tent of David; Moreover, he will seek justice And be prompt in righteousness. " (Isaiah 16:5) Fulfilled in Christ in 30 AD as the judge of all mankind John 5:22-23.

6.      Notice that these prophecies are directed at restoring the tabernacle of David, not the tabernacle of Moses.

995 BC: "Tabernacle of David": David moves the Ark into special tent in Jerusalem (the original Tabernacle of Moses remains at Gibeon).

1.      Scripture is not specific, but it is seems most likely that David set up his Tabernacle for the Ark of the Covenant on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. This would become the future temple.

2.      "And David assembled all Israel at Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the Lord to its place which he had prepared for it." 1 Chronicles 15:3

3.      "Now David was clothed with a robe of fine linen with all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers and Chenaniah the leader of the singing with the singers. David also wore an ephod of linen. Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting, and with sound of the horn, with trumpets, with loud-sounding cymbals, with harps and lyres. " (1 Chronicles 15:27-28)

4.      "And they brought in the ark of God and placed it inside the tent which David had pitched for it, and they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. " 1 Chronicles 16:1

5.      "Now Solomon the son of David established himself securely over his kingdom, and the Lord his God was with him and exalted him greatly. Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the commanders of thousands and of hundreds and to the judges and to every leader in all Israel, the heads of the fathers' households. Then Solomon and all the assembly with him went to the high place which was at Gibeon, for God's tent of meeting was there, which Moses the servant of the Lord had made in the wilderness. However, David had brought up the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to the place he had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it in Jerusalem. Now the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, was there before the tabernacle of the Lord, and Solomon and the assembly sought it out. Solomon went up there before the Lord to the bronze altar which was at the tent of meeting, and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it. In that night God appeared to Solomon and said to him, "Ask what I shall give you." " (2 Chronicles 1:1-7)

6.      Notice that the original Mosiac tabernacle now some 400 years old, including the original bronze wash basin, was still at Gibeon.

995 BC David plans First Temple, but not permitted to build it. (2 Samuel 7:1-17)

  1. "Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the Lord had given him rest on every side from all his enemies, that the king said to Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells within tent curtains." " 2 Samuel 7:1-2
  2. "Then King David said to the entire assembly, "My son Solomon, whom alone God has chosen, is still young and inexperienced and the work is great; for the temple is not for man, but for the Lord God. "Now with all my ability I have provided for the house of my God the gold for the things of gold, and the silver for the things of silver, and the bronze for the things of bronze, the iron for the things of iron, and wood for the things of wood, onyx stones and inlaid stones, stones of antimony and stones of various colors, and all kinds of precious stones and alabaster in abundance. "Moreover, in my delight in the house of my God, the treasure I have of gold and silver, I give to the house of my God, over and above all that I have already provided for the holy temple, namely, 3,000 talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and 7,000 talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the buildings; of gold for the things of gold and of silver for the things of silver, that is, for all the work done by the craftsmen. Who then is willing to consecrate himself this day to the Lord?" " 1 Chronicles 29:1-5

995 BC: David prophecies Solomon and Christ will build the temple:

  1. "When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. "He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever." 2 Samuel 7:12-13
  2. David, the first righteous king to sit on Melchizedek's throne in Jerusalem, prophesied Jesus would be king and priest after the order of Melchizedek: Ps. 110:4. "The Lord has sworn and will not change His mind, "You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek." " Psalm 110:4

950 BC: David dies: Solomon worships at Tabernacle Moses in Gibeon

  1. All this time the Ark of the Covenant is still in the Tabernacle of David in Jerusalem, while the tent of meeting is still at Gibeon.
  2. "The king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great high place; Solomon offered a thousand burnt offerings on that altar. " 1 Kings 3:4
  3. "He left Zadok the priest and his relatives the priests before the tabernacle of the Lord in the high place which was at Gibeon, " 1 Chronicles 16:39
  4. "For the tabernacle of the Lord, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time. " 1 Chronicles 21:29
  5. "Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the commanders of thousands and of hundreds and to the judges and to every leader in all Israel, the heads of the fathers' households. Then Solomon and all the assembly with him went to the high place which was at Gibeon, for God's tent of meeting was there, which Moses the servant of the Lord had made in the wilderness. " 2 Chronicles 1:2-3
  6. "So Solomon went from the high place which was at Gibeon, from the tent of meeting, to Jerusalem, and he reigned over Israel." 2 Chronicles 1:13
  7. Notice that the high place for the tent of meeting (original Tabernacle of Moses) was in Gibeon, while the ark was at this time in the Tabernacle of David in Jerusalem.

First Temple built by Solomon is started in 960 BC and finished in 953BC

Seven years to build temple: "In the fourth year the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid, in the month of Ziv. In the eleventh year, in the month of Bul, which is the eighth month, the house was finished throughout all its parts and according to all its plans. So he was seven years in building it. " (1 Kings 6:37-38)

960 BC: Solomon starts to build the first temple

  1. "Then Solomon began to build the house of the Lord in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where the Lord had appeared to his father David, at the place that David had prepared on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. " 2 Chronicles 3:1
  2. Now the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, was there before the tabernacle of the Lord, and Solomon and the assembly sought it out (in Gibeon). Solomon went up there before the Lord to the bronze altar which was at the tent of meeting (in Gibeon), and offered a thousand burnt offerings on it. In that night God appeared to Solomon and said to him, "Ask what I shall give you." " (2 Chronicles 1:1-7)

953 BC: Solomon finishes the temple and moves the Ark of the Covenant into the Holy of Holies and for 367 years the temple is in Jerusalem.

  1. The Ark is moved into the temple and the Tabernacle of Moses is taken out of use after Solomon moves it from Gibeon and stores it in a room in the new temple.

2.      "They brought up the ark (from Ornan's house) and the tent of meeting (from Gibeon) and all the holy utensils which were in the tent; the Levitical priests brought them up. And King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel who were assembled with him before the ark, were sacrificing so many sheep and oxen that they could not be counted or numbered. " (2 Chronicles 5:5-6)

3.      2 Chron 5:5 is the last time in the Bible we read about the Tabernacle of Moses. It is now extinct, replaced by the Tabernacle of David which is now the Temple that Solomon built.

953 BC: Tabernacle of Moses goes extinct and is taken out of use and stored in a room in the new Temple: (see 2 Chron 5:5-6)

920 BC: Rehoboam's Idolatry caused Shishak the king of Egypt, to ransack temple ornaments

1.      Solomon died in 924 BC.

2.      "Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the Lord had chosen from all the tribes of Israel to put His name there. And his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. Judah did evil in the sight of the Lord, and they provoked Him to jealousy more than all that their fathers had done, with the sins which they committed. For they also built for themselves high places and sacred pillars and Asherim on every high hill and beneath every luxuriant tree. There were also male cult prostitutes in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations which the Lord dispossessed before the sons of Israel. Now it happened in the fifth year of King Rehoboam, that Shishak the king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem. He took away the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's house, and he took everything, even taking all the shields of gold which Solomon had made." 1 Kings 14:21-26

835 BC: King Jehoash repairs temple

  1. "Then Jehoash said to the priests, "All the money of the sacred things which is brought into the house of the Lord, in current money, both the money of each man's assessment and all the money which any man's heart prompts him to bring into the house of the Lord, let the priests take it for themselves, each from his acquaintance; and they shall repair the damages of the house wherever any damage may be found." " 2 Kings 12:4-5

720 BC: King Ahaz builds a pagan altar after the pattern of the Assyrian pagan alter in Damascus and put it near the temple

  1. "For he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus which had defeated him, and said, "Because the gods of the kings of Aram helped them, I will sacrifice to them that they may help me." But they became the downfall of him and all Israel. Moreover, when Ahaz gathered together the utensils of the house of God, he cut the utensils of the house of God in pieces; and he closed the doors of the house of the Lord and made altars for himself in every corner of Jerusalem. " 2 Chronicles 28:23-24
  2. "Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the Lord and in the treasuries of the king's house, and sent a present to the king of Assyria. " 2 Kings 16:8
  3. "Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw the altar which was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the pattern of the altar and its model, according to all its workmanship. So Urijah the priest built an altar; according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus, thus Urijah the priest made it, before the coming of King Ahaz from Damascus. When the king came from Damascus, the king saw the altar; then the king approached the altar and went up to it, and burned his burnt offering and his meal offering, and poured his drink offering and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings on the altar. The bronze altar, which was before the Lord, he brought from the front of the house, from between his altar and the house of the Lord, and he put it on the north side of his altar. Then King Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, "Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering and the evening meal offering and the king's burnt offering and his meal offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land and their meal offering and their drink offerings; and sprinkle on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice. But the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by." So Urijah the priest did according to all that King Ahaz commanded. " 2 Kings 16:10-16

716 BC Hezekiah restores Temple worship in full, but sells gold doors of temple

  1. "In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he opened the doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them." 2 Chronicles 29:3
  2. "Hezekiah gave him all the silver which was found in the house of the Lord, and in the treasuries of the king's house. At that time Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the Lord, and from the doorposts which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria. " 2 Kings 18:15-16

640 BC Josiah repairs Temple, restores full temple worship

  1. "Josiah was eight years old when he became king, and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. " 2 Chronicles 34:1
  2. "Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah an official of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the Lord his God. " 2 Chronicles 34:8

586 BC Temple destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon because of idolatry: 70 captivity

  1. "He carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, just as the Lord had said. " 2 Kings 24:13
  2. "He burned the house of the Lord, the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every great house he burned with fire. " 2 Kings 25:9

573 BC Ezekiel's great vision of the messianic temple: Ezekiel 40-48

Second Temple built by Zerubbabel after captivity in 515 BC

541-515 BC 70 years complete: Second temple period begins with building of new temple built by Zerubbabel

  1. "Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, 'The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth and He has appointed me to build Him a house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah." Ezra 1:2
  2. Took Zerubbabel 15 years to complete in 515 BC: Haggai 2:1-9

175-167 BC Antiochus desecrates the temple

1.      Antiochus desecrates the temple, offers a sow upon the altar and carries off temple treasuries.

2.      Worship and sacrifices halted, 15 December 167 BC.

165 BC Temple worship restored under Mattathias (1 Maccabees)

141 BC The Maccabees overthrow the Roman Akva Fortress liberating the control of the temple into the hands of the Hasmoneans

63 BC Roman ruler Pompey enters temple but does not find the Ark of the Covenant.

  1. Pompey captures Jerusalem. The Jews refused to submit to him, and shut the gates of Jerusalem against him, and it was not till after a siege of three months that the city was taken. Pompey entered the Holy of Holies.

Third Temple built by Herod in 30 BC

30 BC Herod the Great rebuilds Jerusalem and temple

Herod also rebuilds Hebron, Jericho, and Caesarea

Fourth Temple built by Christ in 30 AD

2 BC Jesus is born and Herod the Great kills all the children under two years old: Mt 2:16

27 AD Jesus cleanses the temple then says he will tear it down and rebuild it in three days: Jn 2:13-21

30 AD Jesus rises from the dead, the temple is his body the church, US! Eph 1:19-22

Temple destroyed by Romans in 70 AD

70 AD Jesus predicted in Mt 24 that the temple would be destroyed by the Romans: see also Luke 21:20.

Temple destroyed by Romans in 135 AD

135 AD Hadrian builds temple of Jupiter on Temple mount, renames Jerusalem "Aelia Capitolina" and Canaan as "Palestine".

1.      Hadrian engages in Holocaust in 135 to exterminate the Jews and erase any trace of their existence in Jerusalem and Canaan.

2.      He reformed the temple mount into what we see today and built the temple of Jupiter on location of the Temple.

3.      Today, the Holy of Holies would be located directly under the El Kas fountain between the Dome of the rock and the El Asqa Mosque. Hadrian erected a statue of himself riding a horse where the El Kas fountain is today.

Conclusion:

1446 BC -30 AD: progression from Wilderness Cloud to Tabernacle to Temple to the church:

1.      1446 BC the Pillar of fire by day and the cloud by night led and nourished them from Goshen to the wilderness of Sinai for about 50 days, when on Pentecost, God came down on Mt. Sinai

2.      1446 BC: the Tabernacle is now built and the cloud illuminates and fills it with the Glory of God: In the 40 days that followed Pentecost at Sinai, God revealed the Tabernacle plan to Moses.

a.      Ex 33:9 whenever Moses entered the tent, the pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the tent; and the LORD would speak with Moses.

b.      Ex 40:34 the cloud covered the tent, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

c.       Lev 16:2 I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat.

3.      953 BC "Then Solomon said, "The Lord has said that He would dwell in the thick cloud. "I have surely built You a lofty house, A place for Your dwelling forever." 1 Kings 8:12-13

4.      30 AD: Christ raises the temple of his body, extincting all previous temples and tabernacles.

5.      The church of Christ was established in 30 AD as the fallen tabernacle of David. (Amos 9 + Acts 15)

6.      The church of Christ is the kingdom of Old Testament prophecy and will endure forever into the future: Eph 3:9-11; Eph 3:21; Col 1:13

 By Steve Rudd

 

c. 3837/
c. 3 BCE
to
c. 3822/
62 CE

Early Christian Era Highlights Located Below in Separate Section

c. 3831/
9th of Av,70 CE

 

Roman General Titus besieges Jerusalem destroying city and murdering inhabitants, terrible suffering and destruction. (Josephus)

Temple set afire, soldiers tear every stone apart to get melted gold. Menorah and vessels carried to Rome. Treasury robbed.

3896/
c. 136 CE

Hadrian

Undertakes rebuilding of Jerusalem as "Aelia Capitolina" provoking unsuccessful Bar Kochba revolt in 135 by devout Jews.

Hadrian erects Temple of Jupiter on Temple Mount and statue of himself facing east in front. Jewish attempt to build Third Temple fails.

 

 

c. 4093/
c. 333 CE

 

 

"Traveller of Bordeaux" visits Jerusalem and relates Jews praying on Temple Mount.

c. 4090-4400/
c. 330-640 CE

Constantine

Byzantine Period. Christianity made official religion of Roman Empire. Church of the Holy Sepulchre built. Persian conquest in 614 CE. 37,000 Christians exiled to Persia, Jews later banished from Jerusalem also. Byzantine Emperor Herodius recaptures Jerusalem, 629 CE.

Temple Mount neglected, becomes refuse heap. Herodius proposes building near temple.

c. 4122/
c. 362 CE

Julian

 

Authorizes Jews to rebuild Temple. Work stopped by fire or earthquake.

c. 4160/
c. 400 CE

 

 

Heronymus describes Jews mourning on Temple Mount.

c. 4398/
c. 638 CE

 

Moslem conquest.

 

c. 4445-4465/
c. 685-705 CE

Abd el-Malik

Extension of the city and rebuilding of walls and roads.

Islamic tradition alleges that Caliph Omar clears rubbish from temple Mount and prays there in 638 CE. Old wooden El Aksa Mosque constructed, 700 CE, and Dome of the Rock by Abd el-Malik, 684-690 CE.

c. 420-4510/
c. 660-750 CE

Umyyads
Abbasids

Power struggles, revolts and persecutions of Jews and Christians causes Jerusalem to deteriorate.

 

c. 4496/
c. 746 CE

 

 

Earthquake destroys El Aksa Mosque.

c. 4628/
c. 868 CE

Ahmed ibn Tulun

Palestine annexed to Egypt.

831 CE Caliph al-Mamun orders restoration work on the Dome of the Rock.

c. 4700/
c. 940 CE

 

Fatimid Caliphs role from Egypt, 969 CE, El-Hakem orders destruction of churches and synagogues, 1010 CE.

Karaite scribe Salomon ben Yerucham writes of synagogues within Temple Mount courtyard.

c. 4776/
c. 1016 CE

 

 

Earthquake causes structural damage on Temple Mount.

c. 4790/c. 1030 CE

 

 

Rabbi Shlomo ben Yehuda describes Jewish custom of encircling Temple Mount.

c. 4859-4947/
c. 1099-1187 CE

Crusaders

Violent conquest of Holy Land in the name of Christianity. Many Jews and Moslems murdered. Jews sold into slavery and banished from Jerusalem.

Dome of the Rock reconsecrated as "Temple Domini" and El Aksa as "Temple Salomonis."

c. 4793/
1033 CE

 

 

Earthquake damages El Aksa Mosque.

c. 4860/
1100 CE

 

 

Rabbi Avraham bar Chaya writes of synagogues on Temple Mount.

c. 4926/
1165 CE

 

 

Maimonides visits Jerusalem and prays on Temple Mount.

c. 4947/
1187 CE

Saladin

Jerusalem recaptured for Islam. Crusaders defeated.

Dome of the Rock and El Aksa restored to Islam. Icons removed. 1190, walls overlaid with marble inscriptions added in Arabic.

c. 4989/
c. 1229 CE

Frederick II

Al-Malik Al-Kamil of Egypt cedes Jerusalem to Frederick II.

 

c. 5004-5277/
c. 1244-1517 CE

 

Rule by Tartars, Mongols, Ayybids and Mamelukes.

Moslem control of the holy places 1270-1290 CE. Moslem restoration work on Dome. Brass doors added in 1467. Persian tiles added by Suleiman. Lead sheathing to Dome, 1735 CE. Mosaic removed 1835, 1874 CE.

c. 5277/
c. 1517 CE

Ottoman Period

Turkish rule

 

5206/c. 1546 CE

 

 

Earthquake causes serious damage in Jerusalem.

c. 5592-5600/
c. 1832-1840 CE

 

Turkish conquest by Sellim I. Suleiman the Magnificent builds walls and improves the city and aqueducts. Jews tolerated, but heavily taxed and property confiscated. Egyptian governorship under Mohamed Ali and Ibrahim Pasha. (1831 CE)

 

5615/
1855 CE

 

 

First acknowledged non-Moslem visitor permitted to enter Temple Mount since 1187 CE.

5626/
1866 CE

 

 

Jews become majority in Jerusalem.

5678/
December 1917 CE

 

British capture of Jerusalem from the Turks.

Temple Mount first opened to Europeans.

5861-5707/
1921-1947 CE

 

Rule under British Mandate. UN participation in November 1947. Deterioration of British rule. Waves of immigration by Jews under very adverse conditions.

 

5687/
1927 CE

 

 

Earthquake weakens El Aksa Mosque foundations.

5708/
June 1948 CE

 

Rebirth of the State of Israel. December 1949 Jerusalem made capital city. Kenesset built.

 

5711/
1951 CE

 

 

July 20, King Abdullah assassinated at entrance to El Aksa Mosque.

5715-5725/
1955-1965 CE

 

Jerusalem divided. Jordanian rule over old city.

Dome foundations strengthened by Jordanians, 1955-1965 CE. Electric lights added.

5727/
June 1967 CE

 

Jerusalem reunited in 6-day war.

Israeli flag flies temporarily over Temple Mount. Control and stewardship of Temple Mount returned to Moslems. Fire in 1968 destroys pulpit and Mihrab in El Aksa.

5742/
Spring 1982 CE

 

 

Union of Third Temple Groups, "To the Mountain of the Lord," "The Faithful of the Temple Mount," and the "Jerusalem Temple Foundation." Planning for the Third Temple.

 

 

 

 

Early Christian Era Highlights

c. 3757/
c. 3 BCE

Jesus
Simeon
Anna

Herod the Great crowned king, 40 BCE.

Jesus presented at the temple and dedicated to God by his parents, doves offered in sacrifice. (Luke 2:21-24)

c. 3768/
c. 8 CE

Jesus
Mary
Joseph
John the Baptist

 

Jesus at age 12 talks to priests and teachers in the Second Temple while his parents are in Jerusalem for Passover. Family home at Nazareth (Luke 2:41-50)

c. 3790-3793/
c. 30-33 CE

Jesus

Pilate, 26-36 CE
Herod Antippas, exiled 39 CE
Herod Agrippa, died 44 CE

Jesus tempted by the devil on the pinnacle of the temple, (Luke 4:1-12). Jesus casts out money changers from the temple early in his ministry (John 2:13-16), and again three years later. During his final week of life before the resurrection, he taught in the temple courts and confronted the crowds and Pharisees there. Jesus predicts destruction of the Second Temple. (Matthew 21ff, Mark 11, Luke 19, John 12)

c. 3793-3795/
c. 33-35 CE

Peter
John

Jesus leaves his disciples 40 days after the resurrection, ascending from the Mount of Olives. (Acts 1:1-6, John 20-21, 1 Corinthians 15:1-8)

Followers of Jesus gathered in Temple Courts 10 days later on Pentecost Sunday, experience coming of the Spirit of God to give birth to the Church of Jesus Christ. Peter preaches to the crowds and many are healed. (Acts 1ff)

c. 3793-3795/
c. 33-35 CE

Stephen

 

Martyrdom of Stephen on the Temple Mount, Saul of Tarsus consenting. (Acts 6-7).

c. 3822/
c. 62 CE

James the Just
John (d. 100 CE)

Christians driven from Jerusalem by persecution.

James, brother of Jesus and leader of the Church in Jerusalem, martyred by being thrown from the pinnacle of the Temple Mount.

 

 

 

 

Based upon document prepared by:
Lambert Dolphin, for the Jerusalem Temple Foundation.
February 1983


 

A Brief History of the Jewish Temple

by Randall Price

 

Restoration began with the return and rebuilding of the Second Temple under Zerubbabel in 515 B.C. (Ezra 1-6), but because of continued covenant violations (cf. Ezra 9; Neh. 13; Mal. 1-4) the Millennial restoration envisioned by the Prophets (cf. Ezek. 40-48) was postponed (cf. Hag. 2:1-9). Half a millennia later, perhaps a decade before Jesus was born in Judea, the Second Temple was in such severe need of repairs that the reigning king Herod the Great refurbished it completely, even expanding its size. Although newly restored, it was still subject to the old terms of the covenantal contract, and with the Nation's rejection of Jesus as Messiah the Temple was again doomed to desolation. All of Jesus pronouncements of the Temple's destruction (Matt. 24:2/Mk. 13:2; Lk. 21:6, 20-24) must be viewed in this light, and not as a rejection or replacement of the Temple as a legitimate institution. In fact joined immediately to Jesus' own pronouncement of the Temple's desolation (Matt. 21:38) is His promise (in the word "until") of Israel (and the Temple's) restoration (Matt. 23:39). This and Jesus' positive statements concerning the Temple elsewhere (Matt. 12: 4; 17:24-27; 23:16-21; Jn. 2:16-17) and especially in His Olivet Discourse (Matt. 24:15; Mk. 13:14) hold out the prophetic promise that the history of the Temple would be continued in the future.

 

 867 bce- King David captures Jerusalem from Jebusite inhabitants

831 bce- King Solomon builds First Temple

421 bce- Babylonia destroys Temple

351 bce- Jews return from exile, second Temple built

332 bce- Macedonia- bce Alexander the Great conquers Jerusalem

301 bce -Egyptian Greek- Ptolmey grant Jews of Jerusalem autonomy

167 bce- Syrian Greek- Antiochus IV desecrates Temple

141 bce- Jews- Hasmonean Maccabees recapture Jerusalem

63 bce- Rome- Romans conquer Jerusalem, 12,000 Jews massacred

66 ce- Jewish Revolt again Rome

70 ce- Rome- Jerusalem captured by Romans, Temple destroyed, Jerusalem burned

130(?) ce- Bar Kokhbah revolt, Jerusalem regained for a few short years

135 ce- Rome recaptures city, name changed to Aelia Capitolina

324 ce- Byzantium- Jerusalem comes under Byzantine rule, Jews forbidden to enter

city

361 ce- Julian, non Christian, grants Jews autonomy over the Temple Mount

363ce- Christian rule re-established, Jews expelled

613 ce- Persia- Persian conquest of Jerusalem, Jews given control over the Temple Mount

629 ce- Byzantium- Byzantine ruler recaptures city, Jews expelled

638 ce- Syria- Syrian Ommayad Moslems capture city, 70 Jewish families allowed to return,

660-691 ce- Dome of the Rock built

750 ce- Persia(Iran)- Abbasid Moslems from Baghdad capture city, poverty widespread

787 ce- Egypt- Jerusalem comes under Egyptian Moslem rule, Jews persecuted

969 ce- Egyptian Fatimids rule Jerusalem,

1033- Earthquake leaves much of the city in ruins

1099- French and German Christian Crusaders capture Jerusalem, Jews massacred

1187- Egypt-Syria- Saladin, founder of the Ayyubid dynasty, captures the city, Jews return

1229- Jerusalem becomes a Christian city, under the influence Frederick II of Germany, Jews expelled

1244- Mongolia- Mongolian Tartars invade Jerusalem

1250- Egypt- Egyptian Moslem Mamaluks capture city, Jews taxed heavily

1517- Turkey- Ottoman Turks control the city, Jews subjected to many indignities and difficulties

1799 France- Napoleon marches by Jerusalem

1831- Egypt- Jerusalem captured by Mohammed Ali of Egypt

1840- Turkey- Ottoman Turkish rule restored

1914-World War I

1917- War ends, British Mandate established, many Arab riots during next decades,

Jews murdered

1948- War of Independence, Old City and Temple Mount captured by Jordan, Jewish sites desecrated

1967- Six Day War, Jerusalem united

 

 

 

 

  

By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

 

Click to View



Go To Start: WWW.BIBLE.CA