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Genesis 5 Chronology

Bible & World Events Timeline

 

 

Genesis 5 Chronology

Table 1. Accounting of time in years after creation calculated from historical recorded ages from Genesis chapter five using the lifecycles of men.

---Earth made--

 

 

 

0 years, starting point

Father lived number of years after being born

Birth of Son

Father continued living in years

Father's age when he died (in years old)

Total Years

After Creation (AC)

Adam + 130

Begot Seth

Adam + 800

Adam was 930

930

Seth + 105

Begot Enosh

 

(130 + 105) = 235 AC

Seth + 807

Seth was 912

Sample equation

(130 + 912) = 1042

Double-check

(235 + 807)

= 1042

Enosh + 90

Begot Kenan

 

(235 + 90) =

325 AC

Enosh + 815

Enosh was 905

Sample equation

(235 + 905) =1140

Double-check

(325 + 815) =1140 AC

Kenan + 70

Begot Mahalalel

395 AC

Kenan + 840

Kenan was 910

1235 AC

Mahalalel + 65

Begot Jared

460 AC

Mahalalel + 830

Mahalalel was 895

1290 AC

Jared + 162

Begot Enoch

622 AC

Jared + 800

Jared was 962

1422 AC

Enoch + 65

Begot Methuselah

687 AC

Enoch + 300

Enoch was 365

987 AC

Methusaleh + 187

Begot Lamech

874 AC

Methuselah + 782

Methuselah was 969

1656 AC

Lamech + 182

Begot Noah

1056 AC

Lamech + 595

Lamech was 777

1651 AC

Noah + 500

Begot Shem (Ham, Japheth)

1556 AC

 

 

 

---FLOOD---

Gen 7:6

1656 AC

Noah + 100

Noah was 600 at flood

1656 AC

Noah

Gen 9:28

Noah + 350

Noah was 950

1956 AC

Two years after the flood

Shem begot Arpachshad

1658 AC

Gen 11:10,11

 

1958 AC

Shem + 100

Begot Arpachshad

1758 AC

Shem + 500

Shem was 600

2258 AC

Arpachshad + 35

Begot Shelah

1793 AC

Arpachshad + 403

Arpachshad was 438

2196 AC

Shelah + 30

Begot Eber

1823 AC

Shelah + 403

Shelah was 433

2226 AC

Eber + 34

Begot Peleg

1857 AC

Eber + 430

Eber was 464

2287 AC

Peleg + 30

Begot Reu

1887 AC

Peleg + 209

Peleg was 239

2096 AC

Reu + 32

Begot Serug

1919 AC

Reu + 207

Reu was 239

2126 AC

Serug + 30

Begot Nahor

1949 AC

Serug + 200

Serug was 230

2149 AC

Nahor + 29

Begot Terah

1978 AC

Nahor + 119

Nahor was 148

2097 AC

Terah + 70

Begot Abram

2048 AC

 

Terah was 205

 

Note: Accurate double entry bookkeeping found in scripture.

 

Table 2. Calculation of Earth's age from Abraham's lineage

Father

Event

Bible reference

Age at death

Earth's Age

Abram at 75

Leaves Haran

Gen 12:4

 

2123 AC

Abram at 86

Begot Ishmael through Hagar

Gen 16:16

 

2134 AC

Abram at 99

Name changes to Abraham and is circumcised

Gen 17:1,24

 

2135 AC

Abraham at 100

Begot Isaac

Gen 21:5; 25:7

Abraham was 175

2136 AC

Isaac + 60

Begot twins,

Esau and Jacob

Gen 25:26, 35:28

Isaac was 180

2196 AC

Jacob +120 ?

Begot Judah

Gen 47:28

Jacob was 147

2316 AC

Joseph

Begot Ephraim and Manasseh

Gen 50:26

Joseph was 110

~ 2500 AC

 

 

Table 3. Calculation of time in years for Earth's age from Jacob to Jesus using Matthew 1:1-17.

Fathers

Generations

Calculation

Earth's Age (AC)

Abraham to David

14

2500 + (14 x 120)

= 4180

4180

David to the deportation to Babylon

14

(14 x 120)

= 1680

5860

Deportation to Babylon to Christ

14

(14 x 120)

= 1680

7540

 

Note: One generation = 120 years (Genesis 6:3)

However, when God punished a nation 70 years = one generation (Isaiah 23:17, Jeremiah 25:11, Daniel 9:2)

Jesus + 2005 = (7540 + 2005) = 9545

Therefore, according to scripture the earth is 9545 years old!

Bible & World Events Timeline

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

Creation

5315

In 1996 the earth would be 7311 years old according to the Septuagint manuscript. This manuscript is 350 years older than the Massoretic text and is quoted by Christ

First people

?

Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Seth

First sin

?

 

Flood

?

Noah: Shem, Ham, Japheth

Kish Clay tablet has cuneiform writing

Tower of Babel

?

 

Septuagint Chronology

3500-2500

Early Sumerians, Early Egyptians, Canaanites in Canaan, Conflicts between Sumer & Akkad, Egyptian pyramids built

 

2950-1500

Stonehenge

 

2589

Great Pyramid at Giza

Religious hieroglyphs

2340

Pyramid texts earliest known religious hieroglyphs

 

2000

Amorites, Horites, Hittites, Egyptians trading freely with Mesopotamia. Egyptians make papyrus

Abraham leaves Ur

2000-1900

12 and 13th Dynasty of Egypt. Ziggurat of Ur. Babylon becomes capital

 

1800

Hammurabi of Babylon in power. His code of law has been found

 

1720

Hyksos invaders from Asia gain control of Egypt. Introduced horses & chariots

Joseph in Egypt

1700

16 & 17 Dynasty

 

1600

Hittites conquer Babylon

Israelite slavery begins

1570-1550

18 Dynasty. Egyptian Empire (New Kingdom) oppressed all Semitic people living in Nile Delta

 

1550

Hyksos rulers driven out of Egypt. Rhind papyrus

Birth of Moses

1525

Downfall of Crete. Height of Mycenaean culture

 

1500

Thutmose lll rules Egypt. Empire reaches its height

Exodus from Egypt

1440

The Exodus began 480 years before Solomon began to build the Temple (l Kings 6:1)

Conquest of Canaan

1400

Shang Dynasty flourishes in China

Period of Judges

1380

Assyria strong for a time but didn't directly touch Palestine

 

1300

Colossi built by Rameses ll

Deborah's war

1200

Ramses lll rules Egypt. Trojan War

Samuel

1040

 

Saul

1043-1011

Institution of kingship in Israel

David

1011-971

United kingdom

Solomon

971-930

Assyria rising to power again

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

Divided Kingdom

931

22 Dynasty

Rehoboam

920

Jeroboam son of Nebat

Jehu of Israel pays tribute to Assyria

825

Assyrian empire 824-625 BC. First Olympic games

 

753

City of Rome founded

Fall of Samaria

722

Assyrian captivity of Northern Kingdom (Israel)

Assyria invades Judah

701

 

 

612

Fall of Assyria. Babylon gains control of empire. Nebuchadnezzar leads, first as general, then as king

Jehoiakim

609

Nebuchadnezzar takes first captives from Jerusalem

Babylonian Captivity

606-536

First group from Judah taken to Babylon

Jehoiachin

597

Jerusalem captured by Babylon, more captives taken

Zedekiah blinded

590/89

On 9 Tamuz, Jerusalem is captured. Zedekiah is taken to Nebuchadnezzar in Riblah and blinded

 

589/88

Gedaliah is assissinated. Jeremiah is taken to Egypt with the refugees

 

588/87

Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar's dreams

Fall of Jerusalem

586

Babylon captures Jerusalem. It is burned and plundered. Temple is destroyed. Gedaliah is appointed governor

 

585/84

Conquest of Tyre. Many Jewish refugees taken to Bavel. Astyages becomes king of Media

Destruction of temple

581/80

Nebuchadnezzar conquers Egypt

 

564/63

Nebuchadnezzar dies. Exiled king Jehoichin released from prison

 

563/62

Era of Evil-Merodach lasts 22 years. Jews are honored and favored

 

559/58

Nirgal Sharetzar (Neriglasser) son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar

 

555/54

Nabunaid (also calls himself Nebucchadnezzar) adopts Nebuchadnezzar's grandson, Belshazzar, and grants him royal powers

 

541/40

Belshazzar reigns

 

539/38

Belshazzar killed. Nabunaid captured. Cyrus appoints Darius the Mede as acting king of the Chaldeans. He rules less than one year

Daniel In Lion's Den

538

 

 

538/37

Persia gains control. Cyrus issues proclamation for Jews to return to their homelands. Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel

 

539

Fall of Babylon

Rebuild Temple

536

Samaritans and other enemies conspiring against Judah. First group returned from Babylon to Judah

 

 

 

 

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

 

535/34

Cambyses (Ahasuerus) appointed coregent by his father Cyrus. Temple building stopped. Cyrus now also called Artaxerxes (Emperor) revokes proclamation

 

529/28

Cyrus dies. Cambyses becomes sole emperor

Queen Esther

525

Ahasuerus (Cambyses) conquers Egypt. He rules from India to Ethiopia

Haman falls, Jews are saved

500-475

Confucious lives in China. Buddha lives in India. Socrates lives in Greece

 

523/22

Purim

 

522/21

Cambyses dies. Persian empire revolts

 

521/20

Darius I

Building Resumed

520/19

Haggai, Zechariah

Temple Completed

516

Re-building of Jerusalem wall is begun

Ezra

515/14

 

 

487/86

Darius I dies

Preparing For Return

486/85

Ezra travels to Babylon to organize the exiles

Mixed Marriages

479/78

Mixed marriages are dissolved

 

466/65

Artaxerxes dies. Ezra loses his political power. Sanballat, in Samaria, Tobias the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arab are main antagonists. Enemies burn Jerusalem's walls

Ezra Restores Worship

458

Second group returns under Ezra

 

449

All Asia Minor was granted freedom from Persian control

Nehemiah

446/45

Becomes governor

Malachi, Last Prophet

445-432

Restoration of Judah

Walls Re-built

433/32

Festive dedication of Jerusalem walls

 

424/23

Darius II (Nothan)

 

410

Yeb Temple in Egypt destroyed

 

405/04

Artaxerxes II (Mnemon)

 

400

Olympic games began

 

375

Plato and Aristotle. Alexander the Great is educated by Aristotle

 

360/59

Artaxerxes III (Ochus). Greece's power is rising

 

353/52

Final temple restoration completed by Shimon Hatzadik (Simon "The Just")

 

339/38

Darius III (Codomanus)

 

336-323

Alexander the Great defeats Persians. Grecian empire is divided into 3 main parts

 

320/19

Ptolemy Soter conquers Jerusalem

 

318/17

Greek domination of Jewish life starts in Elam (Media). Spreads all over the Jewish world within the next six years and lasts for 180 years

 

316/315

Antifones conquers Jerusalem

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

 

313/12

Ptolemy reconquers Jerusalem

 

312/11

Battle of Gaza. Ptolemy (King of South) and Seleucis (King of North) are in control of most of Alexander's empire including Thrace, Asia Minor, Syria, Babylon & India. Power lasted until 64 BC

 

300

Rome rapidly growing in power. Conquering toward north and west first. Temple of Diana in Ephesus. Greek philosophy prevalent

 

c. 300-100

Jews caught in power struggle between Syria and Egypt. Greek language was prominent. Cities renamed: Accho is Ptolemis; Bethshan is Scythhopolis; Rabbah is Philadelphia

 

280

Ptolemy (Philadelphus) 11 founded the Alexandrian Library in Egypt. He gathered 72 scholars and translated the Old Testament into Greek-- the Septuagint. Six out of every seven quuotes in the Gospels and Acts are direct quotes from the Septuagint rather than the original Hebrew

 

225

Great Wall of China built

 

198

Grecian-Syrian emmpire defeats Egypt

 

175

Antiochus 1V forced the Samaritans to renounce their religion. Went on to Jerusalem setting up a high priest favorable to Hellenistic program. He defiled the altar by offering swine. He outlawed the Jewish ceremonies such as circumcision. He forbid observance of the Sabbath. He added the title "Epiphanes" to his name and declared himself to be Zeus forcing his subjects to worship himself and his idols

 

167-161

Jews revolt against Syria under an elderly pries, Matthhias Hasmoneas, living in Modein west of Jerusalem. The revolt was carried on by his son, Judas Maccabee. Samaria was conquered and Mt. Gerizim was destroyed

 

164

Judas Maccabee re-took Jerusalem and the temple Mount. He cleansed the sanctuary and re-lit the lamps in the temple. Celebrated as Hanukkah of Feast of Dedication

 

133/37

Beginning of Chashmonaim Era (103 years)

 

102

Julius Caesar born

 

100

Rome growing as a threat to Palestine

 

63

Jerusalem falls to Rome under the Roman general Pompey. Judea became a province of the Roman empire

 

47

Julius Caesar appointed Antipater over Judea.

 

40-4

Antipater' son, Phasaelus, is governor in Jerusalem and Herod the Great is ruler of Galilee

 

35/34

Herodian Era lasting for 103 years

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

 

27

Augustus Caesar born Sept 2, 31 BC. Begins his rule (27 BC- AD 14) Contemporary with Mark Antony & Cleopatra. Reigned when Jesus was born

 

19

Jerusalem was renovated into a city of marble. Herod built a combination palace and fort for himself which he called the Upper Palace. Started to re-build the Temple. It took about 84 years to complete

Birth of Christ

4-6 BC

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots are major Jewish parties

 

6 AD

Augustus appoints Herod's son, Archelaus, to rule Judea, Samaria and Idumea. Herod Antipas is tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea and Philip ruler of Trachonitis on Herod the Great's death. Archelaus is removed from power in 6AD because of immense cruelty and Judea is placed under a Roman procurator, Pontius Pilate

 

14

Tiberius begins his reign (14-37) Lk 3:1

Jesus public ministry

30-33

 

Crucifixion & Resurrection

Church Established Acts 2

33

10 year governorship of Pontius Pilate ends

Church Spreads Acts 8-9

31-37

Caligula becomes emperor (37-41) Gaius "mad". Birth of Josephus

Paul's conversion

34

 

Paul returns from Arabia

37

Aretas, authority in Damascus

 

39

Herod Antipas banished to Lyons, Gaul

Gentiles Converted Acts 10

40

Reign of Claudius. He conquers Britain. Herod Agrippa l appointed king and rules Judea and Samaria

 

41

Claudius succeeds Caligula (41-54) Acts 11:28;8:2

Persecution Acts 12

44

Agrippa l dies

Paul's Journey Begins

Acts 13-14

45

Aqueduct (Claudia) completed by Claudius in Rome. Herod Agrippa ll rules part of Palestine

Jerusalem Council Acts 15

50

Reign of Nero

 

51

Antonius Felix appointed Procurator

 

52

Claudius banished all Jews from Rome

Paul's Second Journey

Acts 16

52-54

Gallio, proconsul of Achaia

1 & 2 Thessalonians

54

Nero becomes emperor (54-68) Could be nominated by armies Ax 25:8; Phil 4:22

Third Miss Journey

Acts 18

54-58

 

Gal, 1 &2 Cor, Rom

54-58

 

Paul in Caesarea

Acts 24-25

55

Paul imprisoned

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

Paul sails for Rome Acts 27

60

Porcius Festus Procurator of Judea

James Written

44-62

First Jewish revolt

Death of James

62

Death of Festus before the death of James the Brother of Jesus

Paul In Rome

61-63

Nero's persecution of christians begins

Phil, Eph, Col, Philem

 

 

Paul Released Prison

63

 

1 Tim, Titus Written

 

 

 

 

 

64

City of Rome burned during reign of Nero. The Temple was completely built. It was an enormous complex of buildings in huge, cream-colored stones, marble and gold

Heb, 1 &2 Pet, Jude

 

 

Matt, Mk, Lk Written

60-70

Second Imprisonment

 

 

 

2 Timothy Written

 

 

Paul & Peter Killed

65

Reigns of Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian. Birth of Ignatius

 

66

Beginning of great war between Romans & Jews

 

68

Death of Nero. Galba, Otho, Vitellius emperors in same year

 

69

Vespasian becomes sole emperor (69-79)

Revelation written

 

 

Jerusalem Destroyed

70

Titus later becomes emperor. Birth of Ploycarp

 

75

Colosseum built

 

79

Mount Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii

John; 1, 2 & 3 John

c 80-90

Fall of Masada

Greek manuscripts Chester Beatty and John Rylands Papyrus

81

Domitian begins his rule (81-96) Took the title of Lord & God. John exiled to Patmos

 

95

Nerva succeeds Domitian (96-98)

 

98

Trajan becomes emperor. Roman empire reaches its greatest size

Death of John

100

Birth of Justin Martyr

 

98-117

Trajan

 

117-138

Hadrian

 

150

Infant baptism started. Fragment of NT

 

138-161

Antoninus Pius. Peeace prevailed for christians

 

161-180

Marcus Aurelius took official action against christianity. He was responsible for death of Justin Martyr (AD 165)

 

180-192

Commodus

 

 

 

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

 

c 200

The Peshitto, a translation into Syriac or Aramean. The Old Latin translation made in North Africa

 

249-251

Celcius launched attacks against christians and like Nero used them as scapegoats for his own failures

 

303-305

Under Diocletian intense persecution of the church. Many churches were destroyed and Bibles burned

 

313

Constantine reversed the persecution with his edict of Milan making christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire

 

325

The Nicean Council. It was held at Nicea in Bithynia to halt the Arian advances

 

340 or 350

Oldest New Testament. Codex B. The John Rylands Papyrus found in Egypt. Codex Vaticanus. Sinaitic MSS, Codex Alexandrinus, Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus

 

350

Diocletian Constantius

 

382

Latin Vulgate is a complete Greek translation made by Jerome. The Council of Constantinople discussed the doctrines concerning the Holy Spirit

 

395

Theodosius I

 

400

Total hereditary depravity believed

Vatican, Sinaitic, Alexandrian, Ephraemi, Washington manuscripts

431

The Council of Ephesus debated the doctrine of the two natures of Christ. Mary was declared to be the mother of God. Worship of Mary began

Vulgate

451

Council of Chalcedon discussed the doctrine of the person of Christ

 

476

Germans

Moon Worship, Mecca

553

The Council of Constantinople 11 assembed to condemn th doctrines of Monothelitism

KORAN

606

Clergy sought primacy and first Pope

 

735

Pope approved of sprinkling

 

755

First mechanical music introduced

 

787

The Council of Nicea 11 sanctioned image worship. Adoration of saints, images and relics was okayed

 

839

Claudius of Turin rejected relic worship

Anglo Saxson, Erasmus

998

Fish eating, Lent and Good Friday adopted

 

1009

Holy water introduced

 

1022

Penance instituted

 

1090

Rosary Beads introduced

 

1123

Celibacy enforced

 

1135

Peter of Bruys was burned by the Catholic church for rejecting infant baptism, mass, ceremonies and prayers for the dead

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

 

1160

Canonization of saints

 

1190

Sale of indulgences

 

1218

Peter Waldo (Valdez).

 

1230

Bell ringing of mass

 

1268

Priestly power of absolution

 

1280-1330

John Wycliffe

 

1311

Sprinkling authorized

 

1373-1415

John Hus was Ex-communicated and burned at the stake because of his stand against the sale of indulgences

Wycliffe Bible

1414

Laity deprived of cup. Roman Catholic church condemned the reading of the Bible translated by John Wycliffe

Tyndale Bible

1438

Purgatory conceived

 

 

1452-1498

Jerome Savonarola denounced the misrule of the Pope. He was ex-communicated, tortured, hanged and burned

 

1482-1531

Ulrich Zwingli began a homilectical exposition of the New Testament

 

1465

Erasmus issued the first printed Greek New Testament

 

1453

Turks

 

1491-1544

Henry Vlll, King of England established the church of England

 

1509-1564

John Calvin

 

1517

Martin Luther's 95 Theses

Coverdale

1545

Tradition made equal to the Bble

 

1546

Justification of human works of merit. Mass universally said in Latin. Apocryphal Books added to the Catholic Bible by the Council of Trent. Papal interpretation authoritive

Great Bible

1547

Confirmation practiced

Geneva

1539

John Knox reformed Scotland and founded the Presbyterian church

Bishops

1530

Lutheran

Douay Rheims

1537

Mennonites

King James Version

1611

Baptist

 

1608

Congregational

 

1609

Episcopal

 

1639

Dutch Reformed

 

1650

Friends- Quakers

 

1671

Seventh Day Adventists

 

1700

Amish

 

1739

Methodist

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

 

1776

American Revolution

Restoration Movement

1788-1866

Alexander Campbell desired to restore New Testament Christianity

 

1830

Latter Day Saints (Mormons). Joseph Smith

 

1831

Mourner's bench used

 

1844

American Christian Bible Society was born. Christian church was formed by those who followed these societies

 

1845

Immaculate conception of Mary

 

 

Thomas H. Huxley's Biogenesis & Abiogenesis address

 

1859

Charles Darwin published Origin of Species

 

1870

Infallibility of the Pope.

 

1873

Christadelphians, Birmingham, England

 

1879

Christian Science. Mary Baker Eddy

The Revised Version

1881

The Revised Version. It was translated over a period of 10 1/2 years with a total of 67 men taking part in the project

 

1886

Church of God

 

1887

Eiffel Tower built

 

1896

Holiness Church

 

1897

Christian and Missionary Alliance

 

1898

Pentecostal Holiness

 

1812

War of 1812

 

1861

Civil War

American Standard Version

1901

The American Standard Version. 101 different sources were utilized. 34 scholars translated

 

1908

Nazarene church

 

1914

Assemblies of God

 

1914-1918

World War 1

 

1925

Jehovah's Witnesses. Rutherford

 

1939-1945

World War 11

Revised Standard

1946

 

 

1947

Dead Sea Scrolls found by Bedouin goat herders. Scholars say that the scrolls were written between the second century BC and 68 AD

New American Standard

1964

 

New Revised Standard Version

1989

 

 

Sept 11, 2001

Attack on USA

 

Dec 26, 2004

Tsunami killed about 300,000 people along the coastlines of the Indian Ocean

 

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