The Bible Timeline of History

I. THE BIBLE

A. Existing copies of ancient work

Notice the Bible is the most reliable ancient document in the world based on these criteria!

AUTHOR

WHEN WRITTEN

EARLIEST COPY

TIME SPAN in years from writing to oldest available copy

COPIES

Caesar

100-144 BC

900 AD

1000

10

Plato (Tetralogies)

427-347 BC

900 AD

1200

7

Tacitus (Annals)

100 AD

1100 AD

1000

20

Tacitus (Minor works)

100 AD

1000 AD

900

1

Pliny the younger (History)

61-113 AD

850 AD

750

7

Thucydides (history)

460-400 BC

900 AD

1300

8

Suetonius (De Vita Caesarum)

75-160 AD

950 AD

800

8

Herodotus (history)

480-425 BC

900 AD

1300

8

Sophocles

496-406 BC

1000 AD

1400

193

Catullus

54 BC

1550 AD

1600

3

Euripides

480=406 BC

1100 AD

1500

9

Demosthenes

383-322 BC

1100 AD

1300

200

Aristotle

384-322 BC

1100 AD

1400

49

Aristophanes

450-385 BC

900 AD

1200

10

Homer (Iliad)

900 BC

400 BC

500

643

New Testament

40-100 AD

125 AD

25

24,000+

 

B. Old Testament is from Genesis to Malachi:

History- Genesis to Esther

Poems- Job to Song of Solomon

Major Prophets- Isaiah to Daniel

Minor Prophets- Hosea to Malachi

C. New Testament is from Matthew to Revelation:

Gospels- Matthew to John

History- Book of Acts

Letters to Christians- Galatians to Jude

Prophecy- Book of Revelation

D. 2 Tim 2:15 Rightly dividing the Word

66 Books, 40 Writers, 1400 Years in Writing

II. TIMELINE OF EARLY EVENTS

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

Creation

5315

In 1996 the earth would be 7311 years old according to the Septuagint (quoted by Christ), based on manuscript 350 years older than the Massoretic text

First people

?

Adam, Eve, Cain, Abel, Seth.

First sin

?

 

Flood

?

Noah: Shem, Ham, Japheth. Kish Clay tablet has cuneiform writing.

Tower of Babel

?

 

Septuagint Chronology

3500-2500

Early Sumerians, Early Egyptians. Canaanites in Canaan, Conflicts between Sumer & Akkad, Egyptian pyramids built.

 

2000

Amorites, Horites, Hittites, Egyptians trading freely with Mesopotamia. Egyptians make papyrus.

Abraham leaves Ur

2000-1900

12 and 13th Dynasty of Egypt. Ziggurat of Ur. Babylon becomes capital.

 

1800

Hammurabi of Babylon in power. His code of law has been found.

 

1720

Hyksos invaders from Asia gain control of Egypt. Introduced horses & chariots.

Joseph in Egypt

1700

16 & 17 Dynasty.

 

1600

Hittites conquer Babylon.

Israelite slavery begins

1570-1550

18 Dynasty. Egyptian Empire (New Kingdom) oppressed all Semitic people living in Nile Delta.

 

1550

Hyksos rulers driven out of Egypt.

Birth of Moses

1525

 

 

1500

Thutmose lll rules Egypt. Empire reaches its height.

Exodus from Egypt

1440

The Exodus began 480 years before Solomon began to build the Temple (l Kings 6:1).

Conquest of Canaan

1400

Shang Dynasty flourishes in China.

Period of Judges

1380

Assyria strong for a time but didn't directly touch Palestine.

 

1300

Colossi built by Rameses ll

 

1200

Ramses lll rules Egypt. Trojan War.

Saul

1043-1011

 

David

1011-971

 

Solomon

971-930

Assyria rising to power again.

Divided Kingdom

931

 

Jehu of Israel pays tribute to Assyria

825

Assyrian empire 824-625 BC. Prevalent language is Aramaic.

 

753

City of Rome founded by Romulus who became its first king.

Fall of Samaria

722

Assyrian captivity of Northern Kingdom (Israel).

Assyria invades Judah

701

 

 

612

Fall of Assyria. Babylon gains control of empire. Nebuchadnezzar leads, first as general, then as king.

Jehoiakim

609

Nebuchadnezzar takes first captives from Jerusalem.

Babylonian Captivity

606-536

First group from Judah taken to Babylon.

Jehoiachin

597

Jerusalem captured by Babylon, more captives taken.

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

Zedekiah blinded

590/89

On 9 Tamuz, Jerusalem is captured. Zedekiah is taken to Nebuchadnezzar in Riblah and blinded.

 

589/88

Gedaliah is assissinated. Jeremiah is taken to Egypt with the refugees.

 

588/87

Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar's dreams.

Fall of Jerusalem

586

Babylon captures Jerusalem. It is burned and plundered. Temple is destroyed. Gedaliah is appointed governor.

 

585/84

Conquest of Tyre. Many Jewish refugees taken to Bavel. Astyages becomes king of Media.

 

581/80

Nebuchadnezzar conquers Egypt.

 

564/63

Nebuchadnezzar dies. Exiled king Jehoichin released from prison.

 

563/62

Era of Evil-Merodach lasts 22 years. Jews are honored and favored.

 

559/58

Nirgal Sharetzar (Neriglasser) son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar.

 

555/54

Nabunaid (also calls himself Nebucchadnezzar) adopts Nebuchadnezzar's grandson, Belshazzar, and grants him royal powers.

 

541/40

Belshazzar reigns.

 

539/38

Belshazzar killed. Nabunaid captured. Cyrus appoints Darius the Mede as acting king of the Chaldeans. He rules for less than one year.

Daniel In Lion's Den

538

 

 

538/37

Persia gains control. Cyrus issues proclamation for Jews to return to their homelands. Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel.

 

539

Fall of Babylon.

Rebuild Temple

536

Samaritans and other enemies conspiring against Judah. First group returned from Babylon to Judah.

 

535/34

Cambyses (Ahasuerus) appointed coregent by his father Cyrus. Temple building stopped. Cyrus now also called Artaxerxes (Emperor) revokes proclamation.

 

529/28

Cyrus dies. Cambyses becomes sole emperor.

Queen Esther

525

Ahasuerus (Cambyses) conquers Egypt. He rules from India to Ethiopia.

Haman falls, Jews are saved

500-475

Confucious lives in China. Buddha lives in India. Socrates lives in Greece.

 

523/22

Purim.

 

522/21

Cambyses dies. Persian empire revolts.

 

521/20

Darius I.

Building Resumed

520/19

Haggai, Zechariah.

Temple Completed

516

Re-building of Jerusalem wall is begun.

Ezra

515/14

Darius takes Thrace and Macedon.

 

487/86

Darius I dies.

Preparing For Return

486/85

Ezra travels to Babylon to organize the exiles.

Mixed Marriages

479/78

Mixed marriages are dissolved.

Enemies burn Jerusalem's walls

466/65

Darius' son Artaxerxes occupies Athens in 480 but then is defeated twice by the Greeks and loses 1/3 of his ships before he dies in 465.

Ezra Restores Worship

458

Second group returns under Ezra.

 

449

All Asia Minor was granted freedom from Persian control.

Nehemiah

446/45

Becomes governor.

Malachi, Last Prophet

445-432

Restoration of Judah.

BIBLE EVENTS

BC

WORLD EVENTS

Walls Re-built

433/32

Festive dedication of Jerusalem walls.

 

424/23

Darius II (Nothan).

 

410

Yeb Temple in Egypt destroyed.

 

405/04

Artaxerxes II (Mnemon).

 

400

Olympic games began.

 

375

Plato and Aristotle. Alexander the Great is educated by Aristotle.

 

360/59

Artaxerxes III (Ochus). Greece's power rising.

 

353/52

Final temple restoration completed by Shimon Hatzadik (Simon "The Just").

 

339/38

Darius III (Codomanus).

 

336-323

Alexander the Great defeats Persians. Grecian empire is divided into 3 main parts.

 

320/19

Ptolemy Soter conquers Jerusalem.

 

318/17

Greek domination of Jewish life starts in Elam (Media). Spreads all over the Jewish world within the next six years and lasts for 180 years.

 

316/315

Antifones conquers Jerusalem.

 

313/12

Ptolemy 1 reconquers Jerusalem.

 

312/11

Battle of Gaza. Ptolemy l (King of South or the Egyptian ruler no longer called pharaoh) and Selucus Nicanor (King of North or the Syrian empire) are in control of most of Alexander's empire including Thrace, Asia Minor, Syria, Babylon, Media and on to India. Power lasted until 64 BC.

 

c. 300-100

Jews caught in power struggle between Syria and Egypt. Greek language was prominent. Old cities were renamed: Accho became Ptolemais; Bethshan became Scythopolis; Rabbah became Philadelphia.

 

300

Rome rapidly growing in power. Conquering toward north and west first. Temple of Diana in Ephesus. Greek philosophy prevalent.

 

280

Ptolemy (Philadelphus) 11 founded the Alexandrian Library. He gathered 72 scholars and translated the Old Testament into Greek-- the Septuagint. Six out of every seven quotes in the Gospels and Acts are direct quotes from the Septuagint rather than the original Hebrew.

 

225

Great Wall of China built.

 

198

Grecian-Syrian empire defeats Egypt.

 

175

Antiochus 1V forced the Samaritans to renounce their religion. Went on to Jerusalem setiing up a high priest favorable to Hellenistic program. He defiled the altar by offering swine. He outlawed Jewish ceremonies such as circumcision. He forbid observance of the Sabbath. He added the title "Epiphanes" to his name and declared himself to be Zeus forcing his subjects to worship himself and his idols.

 

167-161

Jews revolt against Syria under an elderly priest, Matthias Hasmoneas, living in Modein west of Jerusalem. The revolt was carried on by his son, Judas Maccabee. Samaria was conquered and Mt. Gerizim was destroyed.

 

164

Judas Maccabee re-took Jerusalem and the temple Mount. He cleansed the sanctuary and re-lit the lamps in the temple. Celebrated as Hanukkah or Feast of Dedication.

 

133/37

Beginning of Chashmonaim Era (103 years).

BIBLE EVENTS

BC-AD

WORLD EVENTS

 

102-Mar 15,44

Julius Caesar.

 

100

Rome growing as a threat to Palestine.

 

63

Jerusalem falls to Rome under the Roman general, Pompey. Judea became a province of the Roman Empire.

 

47

Julius Caesar appointed Antipater over Judea.

 

40-4

Antipater made his son, Phasaelus, governor in Jerusalem and made Herod the Great ruler of Galilee. Herod was then made King of Palestine by Rome's authority.

 

35/34

Beginning of the Herodian Era (103 years).

 

27

Augustus Caesar born Sept 2, 31 BC. Begins his rule (27 BC- AD 14) Contemporary with Mark Antony & Cleopatra. Reigned when Jesus was born.

 

19

Jerusalem was renovated into a city of marble. Herod built a combination palace and fort for himslef which he called the Upper Palace. Started to re-build the Temple. It took about 84 years to complete.

Birth of Christ

4-6 BC

Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, Zealots are major Jewish parties.

 

6 AD

Augustus appoints Herod's son, Archelaus, to rule Judea, Samaria and Idumea. Herod Antipas is tetrarh of Galilee and Peraea and Philip ruler of Trachoonnitis on Herod the Great's death. Archelaus is removed from power in 6 AD because of immense cruelty and Judea is placed under a Roman procurator, Pontius Pilate.

 

14

Tiberius begins his reign (14-37) Lk 3:1 Jesus public ministry, resurrection & crucifixion.

Church Established Acts 2

30

10 yr governorship of Pontius Pilate ends.

Church Spreads Acts 8-9

31-37

Caligula becomes emperor (37-41) (Gaius "mad") Birth of Josephus.

 

39

Herod Antipas banished to Lyons, Gaul.

Gentiles Converted Acts 10

40

Reign of Claudius. He conquers Britain. Herod Agrippa l appointed king and rules Judea and Samaria.

 

41

Claudius succeeds Caligula (41-54) Acts 11:28;8:2.

Persecution Acts 12

44

Agrippa l dies.

Paul's Journey Begins Acts 13-14

45

Aqueduct (Claudia) completed by Claudius in Rome. Herod Agrippa ll rules part of Palestine.

Council at Jerusalem Acts 15

50

Reign of Nero.

 

51

Antonius Felix appointed Procurator.

 

52

Claudius banished all Jews from Rome.

Paul's Second Journey Acts 16

52-54

 

1 & 2 Thessalonians

54

Nero becomes emperor (54-68) Could be nominated by armies Acts 25:8; Phil 4:22.

Third Miss Journey Acts 18

54-58

 

Gal, 1&2 Cor, Rom

54-58

 

Paul in Caesarea Acts 24-25

55

Paul imprisoned.

Paul sails for Rome Acts 27

60

Porcius Festus Procurator of Judea.

James Written

44-62

 

Death of James

62

Death of Festus before the death of James the Brother of Jesus.

Paul In Rome

61-63

Nero's persecution of christians begins.

BIBLE EVENTS

AD

WORLD EVENTS

Phil, Eph, Col, Philem

 

 

Paul Released Prison

63

 

1 Tim, Titus Written

 

 

 

64

City of Rome burned during reign of Nero. The Temple was completely built. It was an enormous complex of buildings in huge, cream-colored stones, marble and gold.

Heb, 1&2 Pet, Jude

 

 

Matt, Mk, Lk Written

c 60-70

Second Imprisonment

2 Tim Written

 

 

Paul & Peter Killed

65

Reigns of Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian. Birth of Ignatius.

 

66

Beginning of great war between Romans & Jews.

 

68

Death of Nero. Galba, Otho, Vitellius emperors in same year.

 

69

Vespasian becomes sole emperor (69-79).

Jerusalem Destroyed

70

Titus later becomes emperor. Birth of Polycarp

 

75

Colosseum built.

 

79

Mount Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii.

John, 1&2&3 John

c 80-90

 

 

81

Domitian begins his rule (81-96) Took the title of Lord & God. John exiled to Patmos.

Revelation written

95

Nerva succeeds Domitian (96-98).

 

98

Trajan becomes emperor. Roman empire reaches its greatest size.

Death of John

100

Birth of Justin Martyr.

 

98-117

Trajan.

 

117-138

Hadrian.

 

138-161

Antoninus pius. Peace prevailed for christians.

 

161-180

Marcus Aurelius took official action against christianity. He was responsible for death of Justin Martyr (AD 165).

 

180-192

Commodus.

 

249-251

Celcius launched attacks against christians and like Nero used them as scapegoats for his own failures.

 

303-305

Under Diocletian intense persecution of the church. Many churches were destroyed and Bibles burned.

 

313

Constantine reversed the persecution with his edict of Milan making christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire.

 

395

Theodosius I.

 

476

Germans.

 

1453

Turks.

III. Septuagint Chronology

Adam lived 230 years and begot Seth (230 After Creation) + lived 700, died 930 at age 930

Seth lived 205 years and begot Enos (435 After Creation) + lived 707, died 1142 at age 912

Enos lived }90 years and begot Cainan (625 After Creation) + lived 715, died 1340 at age 905

Cainan lived 170 years and begot Maleleel (795 After Creation) + lived 740, died 1535 at age 910

Maleleel lived 165 years and begot Jared (960 After Creation) + lived 730, died 1690 at age 895

Jared lived 162 years and begot Enoch (1122 After Creation) + lived 800, died 1922 at age 962

Enoch lived 165 years and begot Mathusala (1287 After Creation) + lived 200, translated 1487 at age 365

Mathusala lived 187 years and begot Lamech (1474 After Creation) + lived 782, died 2256 at age 969

Lamech lived 188 years and begot Noe (1662 After Creation) + lived 565, died 2227 at age 753

Noe lived 500 years and begot Shem (2162 After Creation) + lived 450, died 2612 at age 950

(Flood 2262 After Creation)

Shem lived years 100 and begot Arphaxad (2262 After Creation) + lived 500, died 2762 at age 600

Arphaxad lived 135 years and begot Cainan (2397 After Creation) +lived 430, died 2827 at age 565

Cainan lived 130 years and begot Sala (2527 After Creation) ~ lived 330, died 2857 at age 460

Sala lived 130 years and begot Heber (2657 After Creation) + lived 330, died 2787 at age 460

Heber lived 134 years and begot Phaleg (2791 After Creation) + lived 370, died 3161 at age 504

Pllaleg lived 130 years and begot Ragau (2921 After Creation) + lived 209, died 3129 at age 339

Ragau lived 132 years and begot Seruch (3053 After Creation) + lived 207, died 3260 at age 339

Seruch lived 130 years and begot Nachor (3183 After Creation) + lived 200, died 3383 at age 330

Nachor lived 79 years and begot Tharrha (3262 After Creation) + lived 124, died 3391 at age 203

Tharrha lived 70 years and begot Abram (3332 After Creation) + lived 135? died 3469 at age 205?

Abram lived 100 years and begot Isaac (3432 After Creation) +lived 75, died 3507 at age 175

Isaac lived 60 years and begot Jacob (3492 After Creation) +lived 120, died 3612 at age 180

Jacob lived 147 vears and died (3639 After Creation)

IV. Adam and Eve

A. Made in the Image of God, Genesis 1:26

Genesis 1:27 Males and females have different bodies

Hebrews 12:9 spirit (John 4:24 God is spirit, must worship Him in spirit and truth)

B. Purpose of man

Gen 1:26 Ruler of fish, birds, cattle, insects

Gen 2:15 Cultivate garden and keep it

Gen 2:18 Woman was made as a suitable helper for man

V. Sin

A. Temptation

Gen 3:4 NOT die

Gen 3:6 Good for food, delight to the eyes, gain wisdom

1 John 2:16 lust of flesh, eyes & pride of life

James 1:14,15 Each one is tempted by own lust. Lust- sin- death.

B. Act

Gen 3:6 Eve ate and then gave some to Adam and he ate.

C. Consequences

Gen 3:10 Hiding, fear, shame, guilt, innocence lost

Gen 3:16 Woman- greater pain in childbirth, submission to man

Gen 3:17,18 Man- toil, thistles, harder work

Gen 3:19 Physical death

Gen 3:24 Spiritual death, separated from God that day

D. Hope

Gen 3:15 "seed" would crush Satan's power (head)

Galatians 3:16 Seed is Jesus (heel -- death on a cross)

The Bible is the unfolding of God's plan of redemption for man!

VI. EARLY CIVILIZATIONS

A. All nations from one man

Acts 17:26 from one every nation of mankind came

B. Industrious

Genesis 4:2 Abel was a keeper of flocks

Genesis 4:12 Cain was a cultivator of the ground

Genesis 4:20 Jabal was a tent dweller

Genesis 4:21 Jubal played the lyre and pipe

Genesis 4:22 Tubal-cain was a forger of all bronze and iron devices

Genesis 4:25 Adam & Eve gave birth to another son whom they named Seth

Genesis 5:4 Adam & Eve had other sons & daughters

C. Wicked Genesis 6:5,11

Genesis 6:8 Noah found favor with God (Gen 6:22)

D. Noah's descendants

All cultures have a similar story. See both charts on following pages.

Genesis 9:18,19 The whole earth was populated from Shem, Ham and Japheth

Genesis 9:20 farmers

Genesis 9:26 Shem is blessed (becomes the great... grand-father of Abraham Gen 11:10,31)

Genesis 10:9 Nimrod was a mighty hunter (...son of Ham Gen 10:6)

Genesis 10:10,11 Nimrod has a kingdom in the land of Shinar. Cities: Babel, Assyria, Ninevah

Genesis 11:9 Dispersion of language, Tower of Babel

VII. Abraham Genesis 18:19

A. Genesis 12:1 Land promise

Joshua 21:43-45; Jeremiah 32:21,22; Nehemiah 9:7, 8 fulfilled

B. Genesis 12:2; 13:16; Genesis 22:17 Nation promise

Deut 1:10; 10:22; Numbers 23:10; 1 Kings 4:20 fulfilled

Romans 9:7-9 Physical descendants -- Jews

Gen 17:11 sign of circumcision

ABRAHAM'S FAMILY TREE

Click to View

C. Genesis 12:3; 22:18 Seed Promise

Acts 3:25; Galatians 3:8,16 fulfilled in Christ

D. Genesis 15:13,14 Forewarning about Egyptian oppression

After this point, the Bible deals mainly with the Jewish nation.

VIII. PATRIARCHS 2000-1600 BC

A. Isaac Genesis 26:1-4 Esau is given Mount Seir in Joshua 24:4

B Jacob Genesis 28:14; 32:24; 46:2-4; 47:27

C. 12 Tribes of Israel Genesis 49:28

(Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Zebulun, Isaachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph, Benjamin)

Gen 48:5; Joshua 14:4 Sons of Joseph were two tribes: Ephraim & Manasseh = Joseph

Deut 10:9; Joshua 13:14; Num 18:21 tribe of Levi had no inheritance

D. Joseph Genesis 50:24

Sold Joseph into Egypt Genesis 37:28

A new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph Exodus 1:8

Israelites under Egyptian bondage Exodus 1:11-14

IX. MOSES

A. Deliverance from Egypt

Ex 3:1 Sign-- worship at Mount Horeb

Exodus 3:6-12 Moses was sent by God.

Miracles performed: 10 Plagues, Red Sea, Manna, Water, Quail

B. Wilderness wanderings

1491-1451, 40 years

Numbers 13:31-33; 14:29-31,34 complaining & lack of faith, Gal 3:19

FAITH needs to be mixed with obedient actions Heb 3:18,19; 4:2-6

C. Giving of the Law on Mount Sinai (Horeb)

National Law for the Jews only Deuteronomy 5:1-3

Sign between Israel (Jews) and God Exodus 31:12-18

Named Law of God or Law of Moses Nehemiah 8:1,8

Included ceremonial laws Exodus 15-40

Tabernacle built, Exodus 25-30

Levitical priesthood, Leviticus 6-9, 21,22; Numbers 3-8

Sacrifices: burnt, peace, sin, guilt, Leviticus 1-5

Festivals: Passover, Pentecost, Booths, Deut 15,16

Included 10 commandments Exodus 20, 34:27,28

Note that God commanded the Jews to keep the Sabbath not as a memorial of creation, but because God had brought them out of bondage (v.13).

Law was to be intact only until Christ came Gal 3:24,25 Eph 2:14,15 Col 2:14-17

D. Shadows of things to come: Col 2:17

O.T. Physical Practice

Text

N.T. Spiritual Counterpart

Animal Sacrifices

1 Cor 5:7

Jesus the Lamb

Ten Commandments

Gal 6:2

Law of Christ

Sabbath Day

Heb 4:1-9

Eternal rest in heaven

Incense

Rev 5:8

Prayer

Candles

Rev 1:20

Christians are Light

Physical Sanctuary

1 Cor 6:19

Our Bodies are a Temple

Holy Water

Acts 22:16

Water Baptism

Altar

Phil 4:18

Self Sacrifice

Separate Priesthood

Rev 1:6

Every Christian is Priest

Priestly Garments

Rev 19:8

Clothed by Deeds

Physical Music: Harp

Eph 5:19

Spiritual Music: Heart

Mandatory Tithing of 10%

2 Cor 9:7

Freewill Giving

E. Value of the Old Testament: Romans 15:4

1 Corinthians 10:11 examples to us

Hebrews 11-12:3 faith

X. JOSHUA 1451-1400

A. Joshua 1:6 Promises land to Joshua

Genesis 13:15 land "forever"

"forever" (5769) Aramaic "owlam" means: everlasting, for a long time

Jonah 2:6, Jonah inside large fish "forever"

B. Joshua rules for 51 years

Joshua 23:9-13 Warning not to intermarry the nations

Joshua 24:14 Serve God in sincerity and truth

Joshua 24:15 Great leader serves God regardless of what others do. Great leader is also able to influence his family to serve God with him.

C. Canaan as divided among the 12 tribes

Entry into Canaan 1410 BC

Crossing the Jordan on dry ground, Joshua 3

Battle of Jericho, Joshua 5:9-6

Ai, Joshua 7 & 8

Joshua 13-22 shows the land territories of the 12 tribes (Joshua 14:4 Ephraim & Manasseh = Joseph. Levites received no inheritance)

Joshua 16:10; 23:12,13; Judges 2:1-3, Failed to expel Canaanites

Judges 2:20-23 Obstacles placed in order to test faithfulness

Joshua 21:43-45 Settlement of promised land

XI. Period of the Judges, 1380-989 BC, JUDGES 2:11-22

A. History

1380-989 covering 400 years

Books: Judges, Ruth (1200), 1 Samuel 1-7

B. Judges "In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes." Judges 21:25

Othniel is the first judge, 1380-1341, Had rest for 40 years from war, Judges 3:11

Ehud 1322-1242, Left-handed judge. Had rest for 80 years, Judges 3:30

Shamgar 1260-1256, Struck down 600 Philistines with an ox goad, Judges 3:31

Deborah 1221-1182, A prophetess, Judges 4:4

Barak's honor in Judges 4:8, 9 was given to a woman because his faith was so little

Gideon 1176-1135, Judges 6:17, 21, 37-40 asks for signs that God is with him

Judges 7:3,4 Gideon chooses 300 men

Judges 8:22,23 Gideon refuses to be king over Israel

Abimelech 1138-1135, Judges 9:6,22, 56 was made king, killed 70 brothers

Tola 1133-1110, Judges 10:1,2 (Rise of Assyrian army)

Jair 1123-1101, Judges 10:3

Delivered into the hands of the Philistines for 18 years, Judges 10:8

Jephthah 1083-1077, Judges 11:9,10, 30,31, 39,40 Makes a tragic vow to God

Ibzan 1077-1067, Judges 12:8-10 Judged for 10 years

Elon 1067-1057, Judges 12:11

Abdon 1057-1049, Judges 12:14

Delivered into the hands of the Philistines 40 years Judges 13:1

Samson 1009-989, Judges 13-16

Nazirite from the womb, Judges 13:5

Married a Philistine woman from Timnah because she looked good, Judges 14:3

Delilah from the valley of Sorek, Judges 16

Eli is a priest, judged Israel 40 years

Eli's sons were worthless men 1 Samuel 2:12,17,22

Eli talks to his sons, 1 Samuel 2:23-25

Eli is charged by God for not rebuking his sons, 1 Samuel 3:13

Sign given showing Eli's strength broken --both sons die on the same day, 1 Samuel 2:31, 34

Hophni and Phineas died, Eli died, 1 Samuel 4:11,18

The ark is taken away from Israel, 1 Samuel 4:22

Samuel is last of the judges and first of the prophets, 1 Samuel 7:15-17

The ark returns to Israel, 1 Samuel 6:21

Samuel delivers them from the Philistines, 1 Samuel 7:2,3

People wanted a king to judge them like all the nations, 1 Samuel 8:5

God's system changed to kings, 1 Samuel 8:7-9

C. Warning about Kings, 1 Samuel 8:10-20

XII. UNITED KINGDOM

A. History

Kingdom was prophecized, Deuteronomy 17:14-20

120 years

Books written: Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

B. Saul, 1043-1011

Historical books: 1 Samuel 9-31, 1 Chronicles 10

Chosen by God, 1 Samuel 9:15-17

Saul acts foolishly, 1 Samuel 13:13,14

Saul disobeys, 1 Samuel 15:11

Saul's punishment, 1 Samuel 15:22,23

Saul seeks answers through mediums, 1 Samuel 28

C. David, 1011-971

Historical books: 1 Samuel 16-2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1&2, 1 Chronicles 11-22

Chosen to replace Saul, 1 Samuel 16:1, 12,13

Fights Goliath, 1 Samuel 17

Beloved friend of Jonathan, 1 Samuel 18:1-3

Marries Michal, 1 Samuel 18:20, 27-29

Eats consecrated bread, 1 Samuel 21:4-6

David spares Saul's life, 1 Samuel 24

Samuel dies, 1 Samuel 25:1

Nabal & Abigail, 1 Samuel 25

David spares Saul's life again, 1 Samuel 26

David flees to the Philistines, 1 Samuel 27

Philistines mistrust David, 1 Samuel 29

Victory over the Amalekites, 1 Samuel 30:22-25

Moves the Ark, 2 Samuel 6

Desires to build a house for Jehovah, 2 Samuel 7:1-17

Mephibosheth is shown kindness because of Jonathan, 2 Samuel 9:1, 13

Sin of Bathsheba, 2 Samuel 11:1-5

Sin of Uriah, 2 Samuel 11:6-27

Nathan rebukes David, 2 Samuel 12:1-15

Child dies, 2 Samuel 12:15-23

Solomon is born, 2 Samuel 12:24

Tamar, 2 Samuel 13

Absalom, 2 Samuel 14-18

Sins by numbering the people, 2 Samuel 24; Exodus 30:12

Reigned for 40 years, 1 Kings 2:11

D. Solomon, 971-930

Historical Books: 1 Kings 1-11, 1 Chronicles 22-29, 2 Chronicles 1-9

Anointed king, 1 Kings 1:1:30, 39

David's last instructions to Solomon, 1 Kings 2:1-9

God grants Solomon's wish, 1 Kings 3 (wisdom)

Built a magnificent temple, 1 Kings 6:14, 38; 2 Chronicles 6:1-11

Queen of Sheba, 1 Kings 10

Solomon turns from God, 1 Kings 11:1-10

Solomon's punishment: 1 Kings 11:11

XIII. Divided Kingdom 1 Kings 11:11-13

A. Overview of the Divided Kingdoms 931-586 BC

Written to Judah: 2 Kings 17-25; 2 Chronicles 32-36

Written to Israel: 1 Kings 11-22; 2 Chronicles 10-32; 2 Kings 1-17

JUDAH (southern)

Rehoboam 931-913

Abijam 913-911

Asa 911-870

 

Jehoshaphat 873-818

Jehoram 853-841

Ahaziah 841

Athaliah 841-835

Joash 835-796

Amaziah 796-797

Azariah (Uzziah) 790-740

 

 

Jotham 750-731

Ahaz 735-715

Hezekiah 715-686

Manasseh 695-642

Amon 642-640

Josiah 640-609

Jehoahaz 609

Jehoiakim 609-597

Jehoiachin 597

Zedekiah 597-586

Babylon captivity

Prophecied in Isaiah 39:6,7; Lasted for 70 years

586-536 The exile, 2 Kings 25

ISRAEL (northern)

Jeroboam 931-910

Nadab 910-909

Baasha 909-886

Elah 886-885

Zimri 885, Tibni 885

Omri 885-874

Ahab 874-853

Ahaziah 853-852

Jehoram 852-841

Jehu 841-814

Jehoahaz 814-798

Jehoash 798-782

Jeroboam II 793-753

Zechariah 753-752

Shallum 752

Menahem 752-742

Pekahiah 742-740

Peka 752-732

Hoshea 732-722

Assyrian captivity:

Fall of Samaria

End of Israel as a nation

Hosea 8:8 tribes assimilated

931 BC

1 Ki 12:25-33

Ninevah

2 Ki 17:6,7

722 BC

606 captivity

597 captivity

586 BC

2 Ki 25:21

Prophets

Joel

Jonah

Obadiah

Isaiah

Amos

Hosea

Micah

Nahum

Jeremiah

Zephaniah

Habukkah

Ezekiel

Daniel

 

B. Remnant returns Zephaniah 2:7

Historical books: Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther

Prophets: 520 BC Zechariah & Haggai (Ezra 5:1), 397 BC Malachi

536 BC The first group returns from captivity decreed by Cyrus, Ezra 1:1-4

Zerubbabel returns in Ezra 2:1,2; Nehemiah 7:6,7

520-516 The temple is built, Ezra 6:14,15. Haggai and Zephaniah are prophets

458 BC Second group returns under Ezra in Ezra 7:6, 12,13; reforms the people, Ezra 7:10, 25

444 BC Walls re-built, Nehemiah 6:15,16

XIV Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel 2:36-43

A. Gold: Babylonian Empire 626-536 BC

"Kingdom, power, strength, glory"

626-604 Nabopolassar

604-562 Nebuchadnezzar

562-560 Evil-Merodach

B. Silver: Medo-Persian Empire 536-331BC

"Inferior to Babylon"

536-526 Cyrus of Persia

527-521 Cambyses (Ashasuerus)

521-486 Darius the Great

486-466 Xerxes

466-425 Artaxerxes

416-404 Peloponnesian Wars destroyed Athens

469-399 Socrates (Next 400 Years known as God's Silence)

368 Philip of Macedon

337 League of Corinth

C. Bronze: Greece-Macedonian Empire

331-43 BC

331-323 Greecian Empire (Alexander the Great conquered Persia & ruled from Palastine to Syria. His kingdom divided into parts at his death.)

321-198 Egyptian Supremacy, ruled by Ptolemy & heirs

198-166 Syrian Supremacy, ruled by Seleucus & his heirs

166-40 Maccabean Independence (Pharisees, Saducees, Essenes sects arose. Jewish people celebrate Hanukkah to celebrate the memory of the victory when Judas Maccabeus recaptured the temple from the Greeks on the 25th day of Kislev, in 165 BC.)

D. Iron & Clay: Roman Empire 63 BC- 476 AD

63-44 BC Julius Caesar (Formally subject to Rome when Pompey marched into Palestine.)

43 BC Antiper; 37-4 BC Herod the Great appointed as Palestine's king

Jan 16, 27 BC Octavian known as Caesar Augustus became emperor (Christ was born under his rule.)

37 AD Tiberius (Christ was crucified); 37-41 AD Gaius

41-52 AD Claudius (James killed, Acts 11:28;12:1-2) 60-62 Porcius Festus procurator of Judea

68 AD Nero (Paul appealed to, Acts 25:11)

Titus (The Jews revolted against Rome in 67 AD. Rome sent then, general Titus, to recapture the area. Titus captured Jerusalem. He burned down the temple and left Jerusalem in ruins.)

68-96 AD Flavian period (Domitan demanded worship of the emperor.)

96-192 AD Antonine Period (165 AD Marcus Aurelius took official action against Christianity.)

117 AD Rome is at its greatest. 175 AD Rome's power began to decline

249-251 Celcius launched attacks against Christians & used them as scapegoats

303-305 AD Diocletian persecuted the church intensly

313 AD Constantine reversed this policy of persecution making Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire

March 30, 313 Edict of toleration (All religions were granted equal toleration. The Romans ruled Palestine until 476 AD.)

F. Kingdom Prophesied Daniel 2:44

Kingdom would stand "forever" (5957) Aramaic "alam" means: everlasting

Luke 1:31-33 Jesus, Son of God, David's throne, kingdom will have no end

Acts 2:29-32 Jesus Christ is the descendant of David who was to sit on David's throne

Luke 17:20,21 Kingdom not coming with signs to be observed; rather is in their midst

John 18:36 Kingdom is not of this realm

Ephesians 6:10-12 Fight spiritual war

2 Peter 1:11 eternal kingdom of Lord and Savior Jesus Christ

Hebrews 12:28 We have received a kingdom which cannot be shaken

Luke 19:11 Jews problem with the kingdom was that they continued to expect it physically

XV SECOND RETURN Isaiah 11:11,12

Gather Jacob & Israel, Micah 2:12

Peaceful latter days, Micah 4:1-8 When? In the last days

When is the last days? Look at Hebrews 1:2

A remnant will return, Isaiah 10:20-22, Romans 9:27

Fulfilled in Christ, Romans 11:5

XVI. JOHN the Baptist Matthew 3:1-3

Matthew 11:11-13, Luke 16:16 Law & Prophets prophesied until John

Luke 7:28, John 1:26-34 Least in the kingdom. Prepares the way for Jesus.

XVII Jesus Fulfills Prophecy Luke 24:44

Romans 10:4 Christ is the end of the law

Matthew 5:17 Came to fulfill

Matthew 5:18 When all is fulfilled then the Law will pass away

Ephesians 3:4-6,9 Mystery is now revealed

2 Corinthians 1:13 When we read we can understand

 

A. CONCERNING HIS BIRTH 4 BC

PROPHESIED

FULFILLED

1.

Born of the seed of woman

Gen 3:15

Gal 3:16, 4:4

2.

Born of a virgin

Isa 7:14

Mt 1:18-25

3.

Seed of Abraham

Gen 22:18

Mt 1:1

4.

Seed of Isaac

Gen 21:12

Lk 3:23+34

5.

Seed of Jacob

Num 24:17

Lk 3:34

6.

Seed of David

Jer 23:5

Lk 3:31

7.

Tribe of Judah

Gen 49:10

Rev 5:5

8.

Family line of Jesse

Isa 11:1

Lk 3:32

9.

Born in Bethlehem

Mic 5:2

Mt 2:1-6

10.

Herod kills the children

Jer 31:15

Mt 2:16-18

B. CONCERNING HIS NATURE

PROPHESIED

FULFILLED

11.

He pre-existed creation

Mic 5:2

1 Pet 1:20

12.

He shall be called Lord

Ps 110:1

Acts 2:36

13.

Called Immanuel (God with us)

Isa 7:14

Mt 1:22-23

14.

Prophet

Deut 18:18-19

Acts 3:18-25

15.

Priest

Ps 110:4

Heb 5:5-6

16.

Judge

Isa 33:22

Jn 5:22-23

17.

King

Ps 2:6

Jn 18:33-37

18.

Anointed by the Spirit

Isa 11:2

Mt 3:16-17

19.

His zeal for God

Ps 69:9

Jn 2:15-17

C. CONCERNING HIS MINISTRY

PROPHESIED

FULFILLED

20.

Preceded by a messenger

Isa 40:3

Mt 3:1-3

21.

To begin in Galilee

Isa 9:1-2

Mt 4:12-17

22.

Ministry of Miracles

Isa 35:5-6

Mt 9:35;11:4

23.

Teacher of parables

Ps 78:1-4

Mt 13:34-35

24.

He was to enter the temple

Mal 3:1

Mt 21:10-12

25.

Enter Jerusalem on donkey

Zech 9:9

Mt 21:1-7

26.

Stone of stumbling to Jews

Isa 28:16; Ps 118:22

1 Pet 2:6-8

27.

Light to Gentiles

Isa 49:6

Acts 13:46-48

D. THE DAY JESUS WAS CRUCIFIED

PROPHESIED

FULFILLED

28.

Betrayed by a friend

Ps 41:9

Jn 13:18-27

29.

Sold for 30 pieces of silver

Zech 11:12

Mt 26:14-15

30.

30 pieces thrown in Temple

Zech 11:13

Mt 27:3-5

31.

30 pieces buys potters field

Zech 11:13

Mt 27:6-10

32.

Forsaken by His disciples

Zech 13:7

Mk 14:27+50

33.

Accused by false witnesses

Ps 35:11+20-21

Mt 26:59-61

34.

Silent before accusers

Isa 53:7

Mt 27:12-14

35.

Wounded and bruised

Isa 53:4-6

1 Pet 2:21-25

36.

Beaten and spit upon

Isa 50:6

Mt 26:67-68

37.

Mocked

Ps 22:6-8

Mt 27:27-31

38.

Fell under the cross

Ps 109:24-25

Jn19:17;Lk23:26

39.

Hands and feet pierced

Ps 22:16

Jn 20:24-28

40.

Crucified with thieves

Isa 53:12

Mt 27:38

41.

Prayed for enemies

Isa 53:12

Lk 23:34

42.

Rejected by His own people

Isa 53:3

Jn 19:14-15

43.

Hated without cause

Ps 69:4

Jn 15:25

44.

Friends stood aloof

Ps 38:11

Lk22:54;23:49

45.

People wag their heads

Ps 22:7;109:25

Mt 27:39

46.

People stared at Him

Ps 22:17

Lk 23:35

47.

Cloths divided and gambled for

Ps 22:18

Jn 19:23-24

48.

Became very thirsty

Ps 22:15

Jn 19:28

49.

Gall and vinegar offered Him

Ps 69:21

Mt 27:34

50.

His forsaken cry

Ps 22:1

Mt 27:46

51.

Committed Himself to God

Ps 31:5

Lk 23:46

52.

Bones not broken

Ps 34:20

Jn 19:32-36

53.

Heart broken

Ps 69:20;22:14

Jn 19:34

54.

His side pierced

Zech 12:10

Jn 19:34+37

55.

Darkness over the land

Amos 8:9

Lk 23:44-45

56.

Buried in rich man's tomb

Isa 53:9

Mt 27:57-60

E. HIS RESURRECTION & THEREAFTER

PROPHESIED

FULFILLED

57.

Raised from the dead

Ps 16:8-11

Acts 2:24-31

58.

Begotten as Son of God

Ps 2:7

Acts 13:32-35

59.

Ascended to God

Ps 68:18

Eph 2:8-10

60.

Seated beside God

Ps 110:1

Heb 1:3+13

XVIII. Jesus CHRIST

A. BIRTH Matthew 1:18-25 & Luke 2:1-20

Genealogy of Jesus: Matthew 1:1-18 on father's side & Luke 3:23-38 on mother's side

John 1:14,15 Word became flesh, existed before John; Col 2:9 Deity dwells in bodily form

Philippians 2:6-8 Although Jesus existed in the form of God, He became a man in appearance

B. MINISTRY 30 AD

John 14:24 Jesus reveals Father's words

John 14:7-11 Jesus also reveals Father's character

John 7:29 Jesus knows God because He is from Him and because God sent Him

John 19:30 It is finished!

John 20:30,31 Jesus did many things, but these things are written so we may believe

C. NEW COVENANT 33AD

Matthew 28:18 All authority given to Jesus

Matthew 28:19 Jew & Gentile, all nations

Acts 3:22-26 Moses said to listen to Jesus in all things

Ephesians 1:9 Made known to us the mystery of His will

Ephesians 3:11 In accordance with the eternal purpose

Ephesians 5:17 We can understand what the will of the Lord is

Hebrews 1:1,2 In the last days God the Father speaks through His son

Hebrews 9:15-17 A new covenant came about when Jesus died

Hebrews 10:1 The Law was only a shadow of the good things to come

Hebrews 10:9 He takes away the first in order to establish the second

XIX. CHURCH 33 AD, Acts 2:1-47

A. Jesus is

Matthew 16:18 Builder

Acts 20:28 Blood bought

1 Corinthians 3:11 Foundation

Ephesians 5:23 Savior

Colossians 1:18 Head

B. Church is

1 Timothy 3:15 Pillar & support of the truth

Acts 13:32,33 Preach good news

Ephesians 2:19-22 Built upon apostles & prophets, growing

Ephesians 4:4 one body (Ephesians 1:22,23) = one church

C. Church spreads (See Acts Chart)

Prophesied in Isaiah 2:3 to begin in Jerusalem

Acts 1:8 Word would spread from Jerusalem to Judea to Samaria to all earth

Acts 2:5,47 Church begins in Jerusalem

Gospel is preached throughout the entire world: Romans 1:8, Colossians 1:6,23,25

D. Destruction of Jerusalem

Prophecied in Luke 21:20

Fulfilled in 70 AD

Josephus says the Roman general Vespasian,, began the siege of Jerusalem and set up pagan symbols in the Temple. But hearing of the political tumult in Rome, returned to Rome to become the new emperor. He then sent his son Titus back to Jerusalem to finish the siege, and during the lull in the siege, Christians alert to the warnings of Christ fled the city.

XX. Story of Redemption

  1. (In the beginning-- God Gen 1:1) (God and man Gen 1:26-2:25) (Sin separated Gen 3)
  2. (Plan announced Gen 3:15) (Family selected Gen 12:1-6) (Nation of Israel born Ex 20)
  3. (Fulness of time Jesus came Gal 4:4) (Plan proclaimed Mk 16:15) (Salvation in Jesus Acts 4:12)

XXI. APOSTASY

  1. False prophets forewarned, Matthew 7:15; 24:11
  2. Falling away: Acts 20:29, 30; 2 Thess 2:3,4; 1 Tim 4:1-3; 2 Peter 2:1,2
  3. Departures from Bible pattern: in organization, government, baptism, worship, doctrines and practices of the church.
  4. Resulted in the apostate Roman Catholic Church

XXII. AFTER DEATH

  1. Appointed for man to die once and then comes the judgment, Hebrews 9:27
  2. The Word will judge us on the last day, John 12:48
  3. Each must give account of himself, 2 Corinthians 5:10
  4. God deals out retribution to those who do not know or obey God, 2 Thessalonians 1:8
  5. Righteous and wicked separated eternally, Matthew 25:41,46

The All-Sufficient Guide

The Bible contains the mind of God, the state of man, The way of salvation, the doom of sinners.

Its doctrines are holy, its precepts are binding, Its histories are true and its insights unsurpassed.

It is the traveler's map, the pilot's compass, The builder's blueprint.

It should fill the memory, rule the heart, And guide the feet.

It is studied by adults, understood by children, But enjoyed by all.

It is the power of God, the work of the Holy Spirit, And the glory of Christ.

It contains light to direct you, food to sustain you, And peace to comfort you.

It is our teacher now, our judge in the future,

And will be preserved forever.

Its value beyond pure gold, its taste above fresh honey,

And its advice above mighty kings.

Here paradise is restored, heaven is opened,

And the gates of Hell disclosed.

Read it to be wise, believe it to be safe,

And practice it to be holy.

Read it slowly, frequently... and prayerfully!

 

 

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