History of Bible coins and the Hebrew money weight system
"Can I justify wicked scales and a bag of deceptive weights?" (Micah 6:11)
Coins of the Bible
Coins of Jesus and the Bible · History of Money and the weight system · Hebrew units of Money · How money was made · Where money was made
"Can I justify wicked scales and 
Introduction
I. The history of the weightmoney system:
Before coins (600 BC) everything was measured by weight or volume. Today 6 shekel coins in Israel will buy you a coffee. In ancient times 6 shekels was a specific weight and the value was dependent upon what was being weighed in the scale! Weight stones were a standard weight system place in one side of the balance. 
“60 karšayâ. I am Darius, the great king, king of kings, king of all nations, king of this earth, the son of Hystaspes, the Achaemenid.” (inscription on 60 Karsa "DWd" diorite weight from the Treasury of Persepolis)
II. Denominations of biblical coins in the first century:
Chart: Coins of the Bible, Jesus, the gospels, the apostles, the church, the Roman world
Talent (Kikar) 
28,500 Lepton (widows mite) 1200 Denarii 3000 Shekels 60 Minas 1 Kikar 
34.2 kg 

2 Kings 23:33 
Mina 
60 mina = 1 talent A standard weight stone. 
570g 

8 shekel 
8 Judean shekels = 1 Egyptian/Ugaritic deben (10 qedet) = 12 PhoeniciaAshdod Mesopotamian shekels 
91.2g 


4 shekel 
4 Judean shekels = 1/2 Egyptian/Ugaritic deben = 6 PhoeniciaAshdod Mesopotamian shekels 
45.6g 


Shekel 
1 Tyrian shekel = 1 Tetradrachm 3000 shekels = 1 talent 50 shekels = 1 mina 
11.40g 
Joshua 7:21; 2 Sam 14:26; Ex 30:13; Mt 17:27; 21:12; 26:15 

Nezef 
3750 nezef = 1 talent 62.5 nezef = 1 mina 5/6 nezef = 1 shekel 
9.12g 


Pym 2/3 shekel) 
4500 Pym = 1 talent 74 Pym = 1 mina 2/3 Pym = 1 shekel 1 Judean Pym = 1 PhoeniciaAshdod Mesopotamian shekel 
7.60g 

1 Sam 13:21 
Bekah, Beqa (halfshekel) 
1 Bekah = halfshekel Tyrian 6000 Bekah = 1 talent 100 Bekah = 1 mina 2 Bekah = 1 shekel 
5.7g 

Ex 30:1315; 38:26 
1/3 shekel 
Nehemiah's temple tax 


Neh 10:33 
Rebah Ľ shekel 
Saul's give to Samuel 


1 Sam 9:8 
Gerah (20) 
60,000 Gerah/20= 1 talent 1000 Gerah/20 = 1 mina 20 Gerah/20 = 1 shekel 
.57g 

Numbers 3:47 
Gerah (24) 
71,250 Gerah/24= 1 talent 1187.5 Gerah/24 = 1 mina 24 Gerah/24 = 1 shekel 
.48g 


Bath 
10 bath = 1 homer 
Wet Volume of 22 liters of water 


Ephah 
10 ephah = 1 homer 
Dry volume of 22 liters of water 


Homer 
1 homer = 10 baths/ephahs 
Dry volume 220 liters of water 


Denarii (Plural denarius) 
1 = 1 day wages Roman era 1 = 1 Drachma 1 denarii = 64 quadrans 4 denarii = 1 shekel 192 prutot = 1 denarius 

Roman 
Mt 20:2 Equal to a days wages 
As (Plural asses) 
4 Quadrans = 1 As 16 Asses is a Denarius 

Roman 
Luke 21:14 
Quadran (Plural quadrans)

1 prutah = 1 Quadran 2 lepta = 1 quadran 4 Quadrans = 1 As 64 quadrans = 1 denarii/drachma 256 quadrans = 1 shekel 

Roman 
Luke 21:14 
Prutah (Plural Prutot) 
1 prutah = 1 Quadran 2 lepta = 1 prutah 64 prutot = 1 denarii/drachma 256 prutot = 1 shekel 

Greek, Ptolemaic 

Halfprutah (plural halfprutot) 
1 halfprutah = 1 letpa 2 halfprutah  prutah 128 halfprutah = 1 drachma/denarii 

Greek, Ptolemaic 

Dekadrachm 
10 drachmae 
43 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Tetradrachm 
1 tetradrachm = 1 Tyrian shekel 4 tetradrachm = 1 drachma 2 tetradrachm = 1 mina 
17.2 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Didrachm 
2 drachmae = halfshekel Tyrian Temple sanctuary tax for one person. 
8.6 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Drachma (Plural drachmas) 
4 drachma = 1 Tyrian shekel 6000 drachmas = 1 talent 1 dinarii = 1 drachma 192 prutot = 1 denarius 6 obols 336 leptons 
4.3 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Tetrobol 
4 obols 
2.85 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Triobol 
3 obols 
2.15 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Diobol 
2 obols 
1.43 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Obol (Plural Obols) 
6 obols = 1 drachma 24 Obols = 1 tetradrachm 4 tetartemoria 
0.72 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Halfobol (plural Halfobols) 
12 Halfobols = 1 drachma 2 halfobols = 1 Obol 
.36 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Lepta (Plural Lepton) 
1 letpa = 1 halfprutah 2 lepton = 1 quadran/prutah 7 lepton = 1 cholkos 128 lepton = 1 drachma/denarii 
.12 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 
Widow gave two lepta (2 Prutot of Alexander Jannaeus) 
Quarterobol 
24 quarterobols = 1 drachma 4 quarterobols = 1 Obol 
.18 grams 
Greek,Ptolemaic 

Tritartemorion 
3 tetartemoria 
0.54 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Hemiobol 
2 tetartemoria 
0.36 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Trihemitetartemorion 
3/2 tetartemorion 
0.27 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Tetartemorion 
4 Tetartemorion = 1 obol 
0.18 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Hemitetartemorion 
2 Hemitetartemorion = 1 tetartemorion 
0.09 grams 
Greek, Ptolemaic 

Chalkoi (plural chalkos) 
8 chalkos = 1 obol 48 chalkos = 1 drachma 
.9 grams 
Seluecid 
General word for money Mark 12:41 
AA/Octuple 
2533 mm. 
20.027.99 gm. 
Seleucid 

A/Triple, quadruple 
2228 mm. 
11.016.99 gm. 
Seleucid 

B/Double 
1722 mm. 
5.498.49 gm. 
Seleucid 

C/Unit 
1521 mm. 
3.05.49 gm. 
Seleucid 

D/Half 
1214 mm. 
1.492.99 gm. 
Seleucid 

E/Quarter 
811 mm. 
0.61.00 gm. 
Seleucid 

III. Cities where Bible coins were made?
Israeli coin mints 
Other Mints from 525 BC 
1. Acco 2. Antioch Syria 3. Arwad, Arados, Phoenicia 4. Ashdod 5. Ashkelon 6. Caesarea 7. Cypress 8. Dora (Dor) 9. Gamla 10. Gaza 11. Gerasa 12. Hippos 13. Jerusalem 14. Joppa 15. Khirbet Rafi (33 km SE of Jerusalem near Lachish) 16. Mt. Gerizim? 17. NysaScythopolis (Beit She'an) 18. Paneas 19. Samaria (Sebaste) 20. Sidon 21. Tiberias 22. Tyre 23. Zippori (Sepphoris) 
1. Acanthus 2. Aegina 3. Alexandria 4. Athens 5. Cannus 6. Chios 7. Corinth 8. Cyprus 9. Cyzicus 10. Kindya 11. Kos 12. Lampsacus 13. Lugdumum 14. Lycia 15. Miletos 16. Paphos 17. Phocaea 18. Rome 19. Samos 20. Sinope 21. Stagira 22. Thasos 
IV. How coins were made: The manufacture of coins:
Hebrew, Judean Coin
Molds 
Conclusion:
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.