Early Church Fathers
10 Iliad, xx. 66 (from Lord Derby's translation).
11 i.e., these teachers.
12 Literally, "those who knew."
13 mona/da kai\ th\n a!riston dua/da. One, or unity, was considered by Pythagoras as the essence of number, and also as God. Two, or the indefinite binary, was the equivalent of evil. So Plutarch, De placit. philosoph., c 7; from which treatise the above opinions of the various sects are quoted, generally verbatim.
14 ametoxa kenou: the void being that in which these bodies move, while they themselves are of a different nature from it.
15 Or, accord and discord, attraction and repulsion.
16 Or, "is of a fiery nature."
17 See the Republic, x.2. By the Platonic doctrine, the ideas of things in the mind of God were the realities; the things themselves, as seen by us, were the images of these realities; and poetry, therefore, describing the images of realities, was only at the third remove from nature. As Plato puts it briefly in this same passage, "the painter, the bed-maker, God-these three are the masters of three species of beds."
18 Iliad, xv. 192.
19 i.e., from Homer; using Homer's words as suggestive and confirmatory of his doctrine.
20 Iliad, xiv. 246.
21 to logikon, to qumikon, to epiqumhtikon,-corresponding to what we roughly speak of as reason, the heart, and the appetites.
22 entelexeia,-the completion or actuality to which each thing, by virtue of its peculiar nature (or potentiality, dunamij), can arrive.
23 Literally, "unbegotten."
24 Or, "liable to destruction."
25 Literally, "the art of words."
26 Literally, "clean," free from other influences.
27 [The diversities of Christian theology are to be regretted; but Justin here shows the harmony and order of truths, such as are everywhere received by Christians, to be an inestimable advantage.]
28 The incongruity in this sentence is Justin's.
29 [Authochthones]. That is, sprung from the soil; and hence the oldest inhabitants, the aborigines.
30 Literally, archaeology.
31 Unfortunately, Justin here mistook Menes for Moses. [But he may have so read the name in his copy. See Grabe's note on Diodorus, and the quotation following in another note.]
32 This sentence must be so completed from the context in Diodorus. See the note of Maranus.
33 [Consult the ponderous learning of Warburton's Divine Legation, passim.]
34 Literally, "without," not belonging to the true faith.
35 C. 3.
36 [Doubtless Justin relates the tradition as he received it. Consult Dr. Selwyn's full account of the fables concerning the LXX., in Smith's Dict. of the Bible, iii. p. 1203 ff.]