Early Church Fathers
708 Luke viii. 18.
710 Sane: with a touch of irony.
711 Luke viii. 18.
712 Luke viii. 16.
713 Luke viii. 17.
714 Matt. xii. 48.
715 Rationales. "Quae voces adhibita ratione sunt interpretandae."-Oehler.
716 Luke x. 25.
717 Luke xx. 20.
718 Singular in the original, but (to avoid confusion) here made plural.
719 In allusion to Luke vii. 16. See above, chap .xviii.
722 Constat. [Jarvis, Introd. p. 204 and p. 536.]
723 Nunc: i.e., when Christ was told of His mother and brethren.
724 "C. Sentius Saturninus, a consular, held this census of the whole empire as principal augur, because Augustus determined to impart the sanction of religion to his institution. The agent through whom Saturninus carried out the census in Judaea was the governor Cyrenius, according to Luke, chap. ii."-Fr. Junius. Tertullian mentions Sentius Saturninus again in De Pallio, i. Tertullian's statement in the text has weighed with Sanclemente and others, who suppose that Saturninus was governor of Judaea at the time of our Lord's birth, which they place in 747 A.u.C. "It is evident, however," says Wieseler, "that this argument is far from decisive; for the New Testamant itself supplies far better aids for determining this question than the discordant ecclesiastical traditions-different fathers giving different dates, which might be appealed to with equal justice; while Tertullian is even inconsistent with himself, since in his treatise Adv. Jud. viii., he gives 751 A. U. C. as the year of our Lord's birth" (Wieseler's Chronological Synopsis by Venebles, p. 99, note 2). This Sentius Saturninus filled the office of governor of Syria, 744-748. For the elaborate argument of Aug. W. Zumpt, by which he defends St. Luke's chronology, and goes far to prove that Publius Sulpicius Quirinus (or "Cyrenius") was actually the governor of Syria at the time of the Lord's birth, the reader may be referred to a careful abridgment by the translator of Wieseler's work, pp. 129-135.
725 Non simpliciter. St Mark rather than St. Luke is quoted in this interrogative sentence.
726 Ex condicione rationali. See Oehler's note, just above, on the word "rationales."
727 Abdicavit: Rigalt thinks this is harsh, and reminds us that at the cross the Lord had not cast away his Mother. [Elucidation VI.]
728 This is literally from St. Matthew's narrative, chap. xii. 48.
729 In semetipso.
730 Matt. x. 37.
732 i.e., the kindred. [N.B. He includes the Mother!]
733 We have translated Oehler's text of this passage: "Denique nihil magnum, si fidem sanguini, quam non habebat." For once we venture to differ from that admirable editor (and that although he is supported in his view by Fr. Junius), and prefer the reading of the mss. and the other editions: "Denique nihil magnum, si fidem sanguini, quem non habebat." To which we would give an ironical turn, usual to Tertullian, "After all, it is not to be wondered at if He preferred faith to flesh and blood, which he did not himself possess!"-in allusion to Marcion's Docetic opinion of Christ.
734 Luke vii. 25.
736 Et pari utrinque stupore discriminis fixum.
737 Josh. iii. 9-17.
738 This obscure passage is thus led by Oehler, from whom we have translated: "Lege extorri familiae dirimendae in transitu ejus Jordanis machaeram fuisse, curjus impetum atque decursum plane et Jesus docuerat prophetis transmeantibus stare." The machoeram ("sword") is a metaphor for the river. Rigaltius refers to Virgil's figure, Aeneid, viii. 62, 64, for a justfication of the simile. Oehler has altered the reading from the "ex sorte familae," etc., of the mss. to"extorri familiae," etc. The former reading would mean probably: "Read out of the story of the nation how that Jordan was as a sword to hinder their passage across its stream." The sorte (or, as yet another variation has it, "et sortes," "the accounts") meant the national record, as we have it in the beginning of the book of Joshua. But the passage is almost hopelessly obscure.
741 Ps. xxix. 3.
742 Hab. iii. 10, according to the Septuagint.
743 Nah. i. 4.
744 See above, book iii. chap. xiii.
745 Luke viii. 30.
746 Atque ita ipsum esse.
747 Ps. xxiv. 8.
748 Luke viii. 28.
751 Substantiae: including these demons.
752 Sed enim: a0lla\ ga\r of the Greek.
756 Luke viii. 43-46
757 See above, book iii. chap. xxv.
758 Adaequatum: on par with.
759 Lev. xv. 19.
760 A Marcionite hypothesis.
761 Luke viii. 48.
762 Ecquomodo legem ejus irrupit.
765 Non temere.
766 In lege taxari.
767 Illa autem redundavit.
769 Isa. vii. 9.
770 Luke viii. 48.
772 Epiphanius, in Hoeres. xlii. Refut. 14, has the same remark.
773 Qua res vacua.
774 In allusion to the Marcionite Hypothesis mentioned above.
775 Luke ix. 1-6.
777 Libertatem oris.
778 Deut. xxv. 4.
779 In testationem redigi.
781 Luke ix. 7, 8.
782 Luke ix. 10-17.
784 De pristino more.
789 1 Kings xvii. 7-16.
791 I have no doubt that ten was the word written by our author; for some Greek copies read de/ka, and Ambrose in his Hexaëmeron, book vi. chap. ii., mentions the same number (Fr. Junius).
792 2 Kings iv. 42-44.
793 Luke iv. 20.
795 Luke ix. 21.
798 Luke ix. 22.
799 See below, chaps. xl.-xliii.
800 Sic quoque.
801 Luke ix. 24.