Early Church Fathers
19 1 Cor. x. 33, 1 Cor. xi. 1.
20 1 Cor. ix. 22.
21 1 Cor. xii, 26.
22 Col. ii. 8.
23 Num. xii. 3.
24 Luke vi, 36.
25 Matt. ix. 12.
26 [ Compare Cyprian, in all this, with his less reasonable "master" Tertullian ]
27 Apud inferos. See Ps. vi. 5.
28 Prov. xviii. 19 (old version).
29 Gal. vi. 1, 2.
30 1 Cor. x.12.
31 Rom.xiv. 4.
32 1 John ii, 2.
33 Rom. v. 8, 9.
34 [I bespeak admiration for this loving spirit of one often upbraided for his strong expressions aud firm convictions.]
35 These words are variously read, "to be purged divinely," or "to be purged for a long while," scil. "purgari divine," or "purgari diutine." [Candid Romish writers concede that this does not refer to their purgatory; but, the idea once accepted, we can read it into this place as into 1 Cor. iii. 13. See Oxford trans., p. i28.]
36 [The unity of the Catholic Church, in his view, consists in this unity of co-bishops in one episcopate, with which every Christian should be in communion throu h his own bishop.]
37 [The independence of bishops, and their intercommunion as one episcopate, is his theory of the undivided sacrament of Catholicity.]
38 Apoc. ii. 5.
39 Tob. iv. 10.
40 Apoc. ii. 20-22.
41 Luke xv. 7.
42 Wisd. i. 13.
43 Joel ii. 12, 13.
44 Ps. lxxxix. 32, 33.
45 Matt. vii. 9-11.
46 [Matt. v. 4. A striking exposition. "The quality of mercy is not strained," etc.]
47 [The primitive canons require the consent of a majority of comprovincials, and threeat least to ordain.]
48 [One of the many aphoristic condensations of the Cyprianic theory. Elucidation X.]
49 Eph. iv. 2, 3.
50 [" The body of his fellow-bishops," as above.]
51 2 Tim. ii. 20.
52 John v. 14.
53 1 Cor. vi. 18.
54 2 Cor. xii. 21.
55 Eph. v. 5.
56 Col. iii. 5, 6.
57 Ezek. xviii. 20.
58 Deut. xxiv. 26.
59 [" Fools make a mock at sin." But what serious reflections are inspired by the solemn discipline of primitive Christianity! Mercy is magnified, indeed, but pardon and peace are made worth striving after. Repentance is made a reality, and we hear nothing of mechanical penances and absolutions.]
60 [He has never heard of indulgences and masses for the dead, nor of purgatorial remission. See p. 332, note 7.]
61 [To the unity of our common episcopate. Note this; for, if he had imagined Cornelius to have been a "Pope," he must have said, "to unity with the true pontiff, against whom Novatian has rebelled, and made himself an anti-pope."]
1 Oxford ed.: Ep. lvi. A.D. 252.
2 According to some readings, "the name of the Lord."
3 [The sweetness, moderation, and prudence of this letter are alike commendable. But let us reflect what it meant to confess Christ in those days.]
1 Oxford ed.: Ep. lvii.
2 As the African bishops had previously decided in a certain council, that the lapsed, except after long penitence, should not be received to peace, unless perchance peril of sickness was urgent; now on the appearance of a new persecution they decided that peace was to be granted to all those who had repented, so that they might be the more courageous for the contest of suffering.
3 [" To Cornelius their brother." Now compare this with the abject conduct of Latin bishops at the late council of the Vatican. See Dollinger (On Unity, etc.), Janus, and Quirinus.
4 The superscription in other texts is as follows; "Cyprian, Liberalis, Caldonius, Nicomedes, Caecilius, Junius, Marrutius, Felix, Successus, Faustinus, Fortunatus, Victor, Saturninus, another Saturninus, Rogatian, Tertullus, Lucianus, Sattius, Secundinus, another Saturninus, Eutyches, Amplus, another Saturninus, Anrelius, Priscus, Herculaneus, Victoricus, Quintus, Honoratus, Manthaneus, Hortensianus, Verianus, Iambus, Donatus, Pomponius, Polycarp, Demetrius, another Donatus, Privatianus, another Fortunatus, Rogatus and Munnulus, to Cornelius their brother, greeting."
5 [CompareLuke xxii. 15, 42, and Ps. cxvi. 13.]
6 Matt. x. 19, 20.
7 Ezek. xxxiv. 3-6, 10-16.
8 [" We have determined." No reference to any revising power in the Bishop of Rome, who is counselled from first to last as a brother, and told what he should do.]
1 Oxford ed.: Ep. lix. A.D, 252.