Early Church Fathers
3 This quotation would appear from what follows not to be a consecutive extract, but one made "omissis omittendis."
4 This seems to be the force of the phrase if we are to follow Oehler's mss. and read o gar ecoxwtatoj antou qeou. The autoj qeoj of the earlier editions gives a simpler sense. The phrase as read by Oehler certainly savours more of Philo than of Eunomius: but it is worth noting that S. Gregory does not dwell upon this part of the clause as being borrowed from Philo (though he may intend to include it in the general statement), but upon what follows it: and from his citation from Philo it would seem that the latter spoke (not of o ecoxwtatoj qeou but) of o Qeoj pro twn allwn osa gennhta.
5 Cf. S. Basil adv. Eun. II. 12, quoted above, p. 207.
6 Reading tauta for tauta, which appears in the text of Oehler as well as in the earlier editions.
7 Reading ti twn kata gnwmhn, for ti twn katagnwmwn, which is the reading of the editions, but introduces a word otherwise apparently unknown.
8 So in Book I. prwton men thz Prounikou sofiaj ginetai maqhthj, and Book XIII. p. 844 (Paris Edit.). It may be questioned whether the phrase in Books I. and XIII., and that here, refers to a supposed connection of Eunomius with Gnosticism. The Prounikoj Sofia of the Gnostics was a "male-female," and hence the masculine ton paideuthn might properly be applied to it. If this point were cleared up, we might be more certain of the meaning to be attached to the word oktadaj, which is also possibly borrowed from the Gnostic phraseology, being akin to the form ogdoadaj. [On the Gnostic conception of "Prunicus," see the note on the subject in Harvey's Irenoeus (vol. I. p. 225), and Smith and Wace's Dict. Chr. Biogr. s. v. On the Gnostic Ogdoads, see Mansel's Gnostic Heresies, pp. 152 sqq., I70 sqq., and the articles on Basilides and Valentinus in Dict. Chr. Biogr.]
9 This quotation from Eunomius presents some difficulties, but it is quite as likely that they are due to the obscurity of his style, as that they are due to corruption of the text.
10 i. e. with the subject of discussion, the generation of the Only-begotten.
11 The genitive ghcewj is rather awkward; it may be explained, however, as dependent upon arxhn: "He began to be generated: He began to cease being generated."
12 Ps. cxxvi. 3.
13 S. Luke xxii. 35.
14 S. Matt. xxv. 1.
15 The phrase is obscure, anti the text possibly corrupt. To read taj ennoiaj (as Gulonius seems to have done) would simplify matters: but the general sense is clear-that the denial of the existence of time implies eternity.
16 Reading twn mh ufestwtwn, as the sense seems to require. unless we connect twn ufestwtwn with ouk estin. In this case the sense will be practically the same, but the sentence will be extremely involved. The point which S. Gregory desires to enforce is that "not being," or "non-existence," is one and the same thing, whether it is regarded as past, present, or future, and that it is, in any of these aspects, an idea which we cannot without impiety attach to the Divine Person of the Son.
17 S. John xiv. 10.
18 The words are probably those of tile imaginary objector; but they may be a citation from Eunomius.
19 The reference is probably to Ps. xxxvi. 9.
20 i. e. the "later light" must have arisen from darkness; therefore darkness must have intervened between the "eternal light" and the "later light."
1 S. John x. 9
2 Reading eipwmen, for which Oehler's text substitutes eipwmen.
3 S. John i. 18.
4 1 Tim. vi. 16.
5 Cf. Exod. xxxiii. 20.
6 Ps. cxli. 3 (LXX.).
7 Ps. xxxi. 3.
8 Ps. xxiii. 2.
9 Ps. xxiii. 2.
10 This point has been already discussed by S. Gregory in the second and third books. See above. pp. 119, 149. It is also dealt with in the short treatise "On the Faith," addressed to Simplicius, which will be found in this volume.
11 Ps. lxi. 3.
12 Ps. xxi. 21 (LXX.).
13 Cf. Judges xx. 16.
14 S. John xi. 25.
15 o logoj: the idea of "reason" must be expressed to convey the force required for the argument following.
16 Cf. S. John i. 4.
17 The reference is perhaps to 2 Cor. iv. 18.
18 Cf. 1 Cor. xv. 19.
19 If we might read h for h the sense of the passage would be materially simplified:-"His life is temporal, that life which operates only for the present time, whereon those who hope are the objects of the Apostle's pity."
20 Altering Oehler's punctuation.
21 Cf. S. John xvii. 3.
22 Cf. S. John iii. 36.
23 Cf. S. John iv. 14.
24 Cf. S. John v. 26.
25 Presumably the quotation from the unknown author, if completed, would run, "as that of being begotten is associated with the essence of the Son."
26 If the property of not being begotten is "associated with" the essence, it clearly cannot be the essence, as Eunomius elsewhere maintains it to be: hence the phrase which he here adopts concedes S. Gregory's position on this point.
27 1 Tim. i. 7.
28 Heb. xi. 6.
29 Cf. S. John i. 1, John i. 4.
30 S. John xiv. 11
31 Cf. Ps. lxxxii. 5.
32 Cf. 1 Cor. i. 20.
33 Cf. 1 Cor. viii. 6.
34 Cf. S. John xiii. 13.
35 Cf. S. Matt. xxiii. 8-10.
36 Cf. 2 Cor. xiii. 3.
37 S. John xv. 22.
38 Oehler's punctuation seems here to require alteration.
39 Rom. viii. 15.
40 Cf. Gal. v. 13.
41 Cf. S. John xv. 15.
42 Cf. S. John xv. 15.