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743 This version, made in the reign of Hadrian by a Jewish proselyte who is said by some to have been a renegade Christian, was marked by an exaggerated literalism and a close following of the Hebrew original. By the Church it was regarded with suspicion as being designedly anti-Christian. Jerome, however, here acquits Aquila of the charge brought against him.

744 I.e. all the sapiential books, viz. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Ecclesiasticus, Wisdom.

745 Exod. i. 1, twmy hl)

A.V., "these are the names."

746 The name means runner. Hence the allusion to Gal. ii. 2.

747 XXX., XXXI.

748 Of the 490 books composed by this voluminous writer only two are extant, a treatise on husbandry and an essay on the Latin language.

749 The epithet xalkenteroj, "heart of brass," is applied by Suidas to the grammarian Didymus, who, according to Athenaeus, wrote 3,500 books. Of these not one is extant.

750 Which lasted 57 years.

751 'Adamontioj-Origen is so called by Eusebius (H. E. vi. 14, 10). It appears to have been his proper name.

752 "They may have been detached essays on particular subjects."-Westcott.

753 All the works mentioned have perished except the treatise on First Principles, and this in its completeness is extant only in the Latin version of Rufinus. The version made by Jerome has perished.

754 Origen left Alexandria for good in 231 a.d., and it was in that or the following year that Demetrius convoked the synod which condemned not so much his writings as his conduct. He appears to have been excommunicated as a heretic.

755 For Origen's condemnation in a synod held at Rome this passage is the principal authority. It is more than doubtful whether such a synod ever met; if it did it must have been when Pontianus was pope, in 231 or 232 a.d. Jerome may only mean that the great men of Rome all agreed in this condemnation.

756 Both these philosophers were hedonists, and the latter was a sensualist as well. Jerome is probably satirizing the worldly clergy of Rome, just as in after-years he nicknames his opponent Jovinian "the Christian Epicurus."

757 Gen. xxii.

758 Gen. xxxvii., Gen. xlvi.

759 2 K xx.; Isa. xxxviii.

760 Luke xxii. 54-62; Joh. xxi. 16.

761 Gen. xlix. 27.

762 Ps. lxviii. 27.

763 Acts ix. 3-18.

764 Cf. Mark i. 30, Mark i. 31.

765 John xi. 38, R.V. marg.

766 Joh. xi. 38-44.

767 Joh. xii. 2.

768 Joh. xii. 10.

769 Luke vii. 38.

770 Rom. vi. 11.

771 Rom. vii. 2.

772 Luke vii. 28.

773 Luke vii. 27. The word "angel" means "messenger."

774 Matt. iii. 4.

775 Rom. viii. 8.

776 2 Cor. iii. 18, R.V.

777 Gen. iii. 14.

778 Matt. xvi. 23.

779 1 Pet. v. 8.

780 Matt. iv. 18-22.

781 Matt. ix. 9.

782 Luke ix. 61, Luke ix. 62.

783 Matt. viii. 21.

784 Luke xiv. 26.

785 Cf. Letter LIV.

786 Pinguis aqualiculus-Pers. i. 57.

787 Matt. x. 25.

788 Jer. ix. 1.

789 Luke xix. 41.

790 Eccles. ix. 8.

791 Luke xxiii. 43.

792 Cf. Eccles. xii. 7.

793 John xi. 35, John xi. 36.

794 Job iii. 3: cf. Jer. xx. 14.

795 Jer. xv. 10.

796 Jer. xii. 1.

797 Ps. lxxiii. 2, 3, 11, 12, Vulg.

798 Ps. lxxiii. 15.

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