Early Church Fathers
62 Eccles. iii. 1.
63 Rom. x. 2.
64 Unmanly men, the Eunuchs, the chamberlains of Constantius.
65 Servant, etc., probably Acacius.
66 Gen. xi. 4.
67 S. John xi. 47 et seq.
68 d xa/raka lit. "a pale" - one of the may which formed the palisade. Perhaps there is play on the word xarakthra "a letter" in reference to the insertion of the letter iota in the Nicene formula - which then became Homoiousion, i.e., "Like in substance." This action on the part of the Semi-Arians (who formed the majority of the Council of Seleucia A.D. 359), was the first step to the Homoion of the Acacian party, who prevailed at the council of Constantinople. A.D. 360, and professed great devotion to the use of Scriptural terms.
69 Eccles. v. 9.
70 Jer. iv. 22.
71 Condemnation, i.e. of Aetius, who was banished by Constantius after the Council.
72 Deposed. Cyril of Jerusalem, Eustathius of Sebaste, Basil of Ancyra and others.
73 To sign., etc. Cf. Orat. xviii. 18.
74 The smoke, etc. Cf. Orat. xvi. 6; Ps. xviii. 9, cv. 32.
75 Jer. x. 21.
76 Ib. ii. 10.
77 Isai. i. 9.
78 Ib. xxxvii. 31 (lxx..).
79 Everyone. This was the time of which S. Jerome wrote "Ingemuit totus orbis, et miratus est se Arianum esse."
80 Hagg. ii. 7.; Heb. xii. 26.
81 Heb. xii. 27.
82 In which, etc. This sentence probably alludes to the excessive zeal of the monks of Nazianzus.
83 Judges xvi. 19.
84 The Supporter, Constantius, who died a.d. 360.
85 The hostile shepherd, George.
86 Crowning, Clémencet renders "Appointing an evil head over an empire which was not evil," sc. Julian the Apostate.
87 Camel. On the death of Constantius, the pagans of Alexandria murdered George, and carried his mangled body through the streets on the back of a camel.
88 We ought, etc. S. Gregory seems to imply that the deed had been done by Christians. Historical writers and Julian's letter to the people make it clear that this was not really the case.
89 Acts v. 15.
90 S. Luke xix. 35.
91 S. John ii. 15.
92 to\ bou/lesqai, lit. "to will" - i.e. be willing to listen to, and understand the interests for which others were contending, in a conciliatory spirit - for the sake of truth, not of victory.
93 He . . . a rebel like himself. Envy, personifying the Evil one. Cf. supra § 18.
94 In three struggles. He was thrice banished. A.D. 336 by Constantine, A.D. 356 under Constantius, and A.D. 362 by Julian.
95 The offender, Julian.
96 Another king - the Emperor Jovian.
97 Exod. i. 8.
98 A written account. A synodal letter drawn up in council, probably at Alexandria, and conveyed and presented to Jovian at Antioch by S. Anthanasius.
99 Porperties. Cf. Orat. xliii. 30. note.
100 The Italians. etc. Cf. Newman's Arians. pp. 376-384. S. Athanasius' Orations against the Arians, Ed. Bright, p. lxxxi. Pleav. de Trin. ii. 5-10 and iv.
101 Bound them, etc. At the Council of Alexandria, a.d. 362. Newman's Arians, pp. 364, sqq.
102 Acts of discipline. xamenuiw=n, "lying on the ground."
103 Hositable, etc., titles given to Zeus, and other Greek gods.
104 Closed his life A.D. 373.
1 Jer. l. 31.
2 Tim iv. 3.
3 Ib. ii. 16.
4 Rom. ix. 28.
5 S. Paul is called a disciple of the fishermen, as having been in some sense their follower (though in fact he was ever a literal disciple of any of them); and their teacher as having taught such Successors of the Apostles as SS. Timothy and Titus.
6 i.e. be thrown into the shade by something more serious which caused them by comparison to be scarcely felt any longer.
7 kata/skopoi quasi yeudepi/skopoi.
8 Jer. iv. 19.
9 Ecclus. xxv. 9.
10 S. Mar. iv. 3 and 14. "He that soweth the Word soweth upon," etc. So Billius and the Benedictines, but the rendering in the text seems preferable.
11 i.e. Should not only fait to be strengthened thereby, but be actually weakened, through their inability to understand the argument. A bad defence weakens a good cause.
12 Ps. i. 2.