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2 Cont. Jul. Pelag. II. 32.

3 Cont. Jul. Pelag. I. 40.

4 Adv. Rufin. I. 2.

5 De Sp. S. I. 79, 80; De Fide, V. 91.

6 De Poen. I. 36.

7 For the force of the word transfigurantur in early ecclesiastical Latin, compare Tertullian, adv. Praxeam, c. 27: "Transfiguratio interremptio est pristini. Omne enim, quoacunque transfiguratur in aliud desinit esse quod fuerat, et incipit esse quod non erat."

8 De Fid. IV. 124.

9 De Poen. II. 12, etc.

10 Ep. 22 De ob. Theod. 41-51; De Viduis., 55.

11 De Abrah. II. 61.

12 Ps. cxviii. 59.

13 Ep. 63-78, De Parad. II. 7.

14 De Noe et Arca, XII. 60.

15 Hexaëm. V. 20.

16 Ep. 63, 30.

17 The exact date depends upon whether the passage "barbaracis motibus et bellorum procellis," etc., Ep. lix., 12-3, refers to the war against Maximus, a.d. 387, or to that against Eugenius, a.d. 393-4; so that the birth year of St. Ambrose might be 333 or 340. The latter date is, however, most generally accepted.

18 Of the 116 provinces of the empire 37 were governed by magistrates with the title of consular.

19 De Exc. Sat. I. 25, 49, 58.

20 Auxentius, a Cappadocian, was ordained priest by Gregory, usurper of St. Athanasius, see of Alexandria. He was much esteemed by the Arians; and when after a synod at Milan, a.d. 355, the Catholic Bishop Dionysins was banished with many others, Auxentius was intruded in his stead, and, as St. Athanasius remarked, a Latin Church received as its pastor one who was ignorant of the Latin tongue, St. Hilary and others endeavoured to remove him, but in vain, and in 369 Auxentius was excommunicated in a synod at Rome, but succeeded in maintaining his post.

21 De Off. lib. I. c. i. 4.

22 Ep. xx. 15.

23 St. Ambr. Ep. 57.

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