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5 This refers modestly to the legations undertaken by St. Ambrose on two separate occasions to Maximus, when the Empress Justina feared for the safety of herself and Valentinian. In his first mission, a.d. 383, he had at great personal risk induced Maximus not to invade Italy, but to leave Valentinian in peaceful possession of a share of the empire. In his second embassy, a.d. 387, he was less successful, as Maximus had determined on invading Italy; so that Justina and Valentinian escaped to the East, seeking the protection of Theodosius, who took their part, and defeated Maximus and put him to death at Aquileia, a.d. 388.

1 1 Pet. v. 8.

2 Eph. vi. 12.

3 S. Luke xix. 35.

4 S. Matt. xi. 28 ff.

5 Phil. i. 23.

6 S. Matt. x. 28.

7 S. Matt. x. 39.

8 The words amisit (lost) and custodiam (guard) are repeated by St. Ambrose from the earlier part of the sentence. Such play upon words is not uncommon in his writings.

9 2 Kings vi. 16.

10 Acts xii. 4 ff.

11 Rom. vi. 10.

12 S. John xxi. 22.

13 S. John iv. 34.

14 S. John vii. 30.

15 The story is related at length by Paulinus in his Life of St. Ambrose, ch. 12. He tells us that whilst many tried to drive the saint into exile, one named Euterymius went the greatest lengths to accomplish this purpose. He hired a house near the church and kept a carriage there, so as to be able the more readily to carry off St. Ambrose into exile, if he could once but seize him. But that very day year he was himself put into the same carriage, and from the same house was carried into exile. For "his wickedness fell on his own pate." (Ps. vii. 7.) He adds also that the bishop did much to comfort him, and gave him money and other things he needed.

16 Zech. v. 1.

17 2 Cor. xi. 14.

18 Ps. l. 16.

19 2 Cor. vi. 15.

20 1 Kings xxi. 3.

21 S. Luke xix. 35.

22 S. Luke xix. 40.

23 S. Luke viii. 37.

24 Ps. viii. 2.

25 S. Luke xix. 40.

26 Ps. cxviii. [cxvii.] 22.

27 S. John ii. 15.

28 Jer. xvii. 1.

29 Gal. ii. 16.

30 Gal. ii. 19.

31 Gal. iii. 11.

32 Gal. iv. 4.

33 Gal. iii. 13.

34 Gal. iii. 13.

35 2 Cor. v. 21.

36 1 Cor. vi. 1, 1 Cor. vi. 2.

37 1 Cor. vi. 5.

38 Isa. li. 7.

39 2 Cor. iii. 3.

40 S. Matt. xxii. 17.

41 S. Matt. xxii. 18.

42 S. Matt. xxii. 21.

43 Gen. i. 26.

44 Heb. i. 3.

45 S. John xiv. 9.

46 S. John x. 30.

47 S. John xvi. 15.

48 S. John xvi. 14.

49 Prov. xix. 17.

50 St. Augustine speaks of this introduction of hymns into the services of the Church at Milan (Confess. IX. 7): "Then was it first instituted that after the manner of the Eastern Churches, hymns and psalms should be sung, lest the people should wax faint through the tediousness of sorrow."-Eng. Trans. Such a hymn as "The eternal gifts of Christ the king," etc., written by St. Ambrose, was perhaps first sung there.

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