Early Church Fathers
4 Gury, Comp. Theol. Moral (Ed. Ballerini) vol. ii. p. 611.
1 Ignat. Ad Smyr. § vi. Lightfoot's translation. Apost. Fath. Vol.II. Sec. I. p.569.
2 Cf. Art. xxviij. of the "Articles of Religion" of the Church of England, which declares that "The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the Supper," etc.
1 In Patre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto esse baptizatum.
2 In 1836, the Lutheran Pastor Fliedner, of a little town on the Rhine, opened a parish hospital the nurses of which he called "Deaconesses". This "Deaconess House "at Kaiserswerth. was the mother-house from which all the deaconess establishments of the present day have taken their origin. The Methodists have adopted the system successfully. Some efforts have been made to domesticate it, in a somewhat modified form, also in the Anglican Churches but thus far with but little success. Of course these "Deaconesses" resemble the Deaconesses of the Early Church only in name. The reader who may be interested in seeing an effort to connect the modern deaconess with the deaconess of antiquity is referred to The Ministry of Deaconesses by Deaconess Cecilia Robinson. This book. it should be said, contains much valuable and accurate information upon the subject, but accepts as proven facts the suppositions of the late Bishop Lightfoot upon the subject ; who somewhat rashly asserted that "the female daconate is as definite an institution as the male diaconate. Phoebe is as much a deacon as Stephen or Philip is a deacon!"
1 Vide Labbe. Conc. ii. 287.
2 Who exactly these Orientals were Hefele does not specify, but Ffoulkes well points out (Dict. Christ. Antiq. sub voce Counclis of Nicea) that it is an entire mistake to suppose that the Greek Church "ever quoted other canons [than the xx] as Nicene `by mistake,0' which were not Nicene, as popes Zosimus, Innocent and Leo did."
3 Beveridge Synod. sive Pand. i. 686.
4 Hefele : Hist. Councils,I.362.
5 Renaudot: Hist. Patriarcharum Alexandrianorum Jacobitarum. Paris, 1713, p.75.