Heb: Mosheh (
Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman, and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months. But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile. His sister stood at a distance to see what would happen to him. Then Pharaoh's daughter went down to the Nile to bathe, and her attendants were walking along the river bank. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her slave girl to get it. She opened it and saw the baby. He was crying, and she felt sorry for him. "This is one of the Hebrew babies," she said. Then his sister asked Pharaoh's daughter, "Shall I go and get one of the Hebrew women to nurse the baby for you?" "Yes, go," she answered. And the girl went and got the baby's mother. Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take this baby and nurse him for me, and I will pay you." So the woman took the baby and nursed him. When the child grew older, she took him to Pharaoh's daughter and he became her son. She named him Moses, saying, "I drew him out of the water." (Exodus 2:1-10).
Corresponds to the Biblical Moses who brought the Torah (Taurat). Moses is called the Speaker with God in Islam; the name of Moses occurs 136 times in the Qur'an, the highest among all the prophets.
received God's written tablets, al-A`raf 7:145
speaks to God directly, (speaker with God...Kalim-Allah), an-Nisa' 4:164; al-A`raf 7:143,
I said to 'Aisha, "O Mother! Did Prophet Muhammad see his Lord?" Aisha said, "What you have said makes my hair stand on end ! Know that if somebody tells you one of the following three things, he is a liar: Whoever tells you that Muhammad saw his Lord, is a liar." Then Aisha recited the Verse:
'No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision. He is the Most Courteous Well-Acquainted with all things.' (6.103) 'It is not fitting for a human being that Allah should speak to him except by inspiration or from behind a veil.' (42.51) 'Aisha further said, "And whoever tells you that the Prophet knows what is going to happen tomorrow, is a liar." She then recited:
'No soul can know what it will earn tomorrow.' (31.34) She added: "And whoever tell you that he concealed (some of Allah's orders), is a liar." Then she recited: 'O Apostle! Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent down to you from your Lord..' (5.67) 'Aisha added. "But the Prophet saw Gabriel in his true form twice." (Sahih Bukhari 6.378)
However, Moses was an exception to the way prophets receive revelation, and presents an exception to 42:51 in that Moses spoke directly to God without the intermediary angels. Al-Baidhawi says that God spoke to Moses "without mediation of any other, and face to face, as He speaks to angels" (quoted by Sale, op. cit, p.118, note e, quoted by Abdul-Haqq, p.57).
``Moses was the only Prophet to whom God has spoken directly, rather than through the Angel Gabriel.'' (Kerry Brown and Martin Palmer ed. Essential Teachings of Islam, Arrow Books, 1990, p. 37)
Even Muhammad receive no such treatment.
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