who sought their favour. We may well compare the adoration offered to Al Lat, 'Uzza' and Manah,
the "daughters1 of GOD" as they were termed, or to Wudd,2 Ya'uq
Hubal, and other such semi-divine beings, with the saint-worship of the Roman and Greek Churches and
the worship of the Pirs or holy men by the great mass of Indian Muhammadans at the present
day. The word Mushrikuna used in the Qur'an3 to describe the adorers of such
deities as these expresses this fact very well, meaning as it does not exactly "Polytheists,"
but rather "associators of partners with GOD."
§ 4.It is well known that idolatry prevailed very largely, in Mecca especially, before the
reforms instituted by Muhammad. There are said to have been no less than 360 idols4 in
the Ka'aba itself, which had become a kind of Pantheon for that part of Arabia. But Ibn Ishaq and
Ibn Hisham agree in stating that idolatry5 had been introduced among the Arabs only a
comparatively short period before, and inform us on the authority of Muhammad himself that the