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in the answers to various objections; see especially the articles dealing with the Muhammadan admission that Christ is Kalimatu'llah ("the Word of God") 1.

12. Try to convince of sin and of man's need of a Saviour. Muhammadans have very little idea of the guilt of sin. Endeavour to reach men's hearts and not merely their intellects. Appeal to them as men for whom Christ died, who need the salvation which He has commissioned you to offer through the Gospel.

13. Put yourself as much as possible in your opponent's place, so as to try to understand his difficulties. You will thus be the better able to frame your answers in such a way as to be understood by him. The Socratic method of asking questions and leading your opponent to find the answers, and thus to convince himself of the truth of what you wish to teach him, is perhaps the best in general, if properly used. We have illustrated this in the discussion on the doctrine of the Trinity.

14. Remember what your interlocutor, if he be an "orthodox" Muhammadan, will be ready to admit, and what he will not at first admit. You will thus be on sure ground in your arguments, and will have a πον στω whereon to plant your lever.

[Footnote continued from previous page]
Christian can speak freely and heartily, and in so doing he can awaken a glow of sympathy in the hearer, which will at least dispose him to listen to what one has to say in regard to distinctive Christian doctrines. (Rev. P. Z. Easton.)
1 Vide §§ 158 sqq.

(a) He is bound to admit the validity of arguments based on the assumption (for the sake of argument, as far as you are concerned) that the Qur'an is the Book of God, that every word and letter of it in the original is of Divine authorship.

(b) He accepts the great doctrines of: (1) God's Unity, Almighty Power, Wisdom, Eternity, Unchangeableness, and that He is the union of all good attributes; (2) His creation of the universe, and His Divine government and Providence; (3) the Divine Mission of all the Prophets (including Jesus); (4) the eternal distinction between the Creator and His creatures; (5) the existence of the world and of human personality, of the human spirit, of life after death, of future rewards and punishments, the Resurrection, the need of faith, the existence of good and evil spirits; (6) Christ's Divine Mission, His birth of a Virgin, His sinlessness (all the Prophets being by Muslims called sinless), His Ascension, His life in Heaven now, His future Advent, and that Christ is "the Word of God" (Kalimatu'llah) and "A Spirit from Him" (Ruhun minhu); (7) that the Bible, as originally given, was a Divine revelation; and he believes (8) that Idolatry is the one unpardonable sin. (Surah IV., An Nisa' 51, 116.)

On the other hand he does not realize the gui1t of sin, the existence of an eternal Moral Law; he has no real conception of God's holiness, or justice, or love. He practically conceives of

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