OBJECTIONS TO SOME CHRISTIAN DOCTRINES
as does his being pardoned, for even Almighty God cannot forgive a sin that has not been
committed in thought, word or deed.
83. M. What other prophets are said in the Qur'an to have sinned?
C. (b) Noah is represented in Surah LXXI., Nuh, 29, as asking forgiveness for himself.
This implies that he had sinned, otherwise the words are meaningless.
(c) Abraham was guilty of
), as is stated in Surah VI., Al An'am,
76, 77, 78. This is the one sin for which, according to Surah IV., An Nisa, 51, 116, there is no
forgiveness. In Surah II., Al Baqarah, 262, we are told that Abraham doubted God's power to
raise the dead (and this is confirmed by the
اولى بالشّك من
). This is another of the
"greater" sins. Imam Muslim and Bukhari on Surah XXI., Al Anbiya', 64, quote from Abu
Hurairah a saying of Muhammad that Abraham told "only" three lies, all of which are
mentioned in the Qur'an1. Abraham confessed that he had sinned, and prayed for pardon
(Surah XIV., Ibrahim, 42), so there can be no doubt about his guilt.
(d) Moses, we are told in Surah XXVIII., Al Qisas, 14, 15, committed murder, and
confessed that this was the work of Satan; he asked for forgiveness and was pardoned. In Surah
XXVI., Ash Shu'ara', 19, Moses confessed that he had done the deed
AS ALLEGED TO BE TAUGHT IN THE BIBLE
when he was one of the
). In Surah VII., Al A'raf, 150, Moses
begged forgiveness for himself and his brother Aaron, thus confessing that they had both
sinned. He also sinned in throwing down the two tablets of the Law, and in insulting Aaron, as there
recorded. Some of these sins were of the "greater" order.
(e) Aaron, as is confessed by Moses in the last quoted passage, sinned in
permitting the idolatry of the Israelites when they worshipped the Golden Calf.
(f) Joseph is accused of sinning in thought by Wahidi (Kitabu'l Basit) in
his comment on the
in Surah XII., Yusuf, 24, though this is not in accordance with the
Biblical account of the incident there referred to, and the Arabic may be otherwise understood.
(g) David, in Surah XXXVIII., Sad, 23, 24, asked forgiveness, repented, and was
forgiven. Uns bin Malik, Ibn 'Abbas and Wahab agree in thus explaining the text.
(h) Solomon also, in Surah XXXVIII., Sad, 34, we are told, asked forgiveness. He
must therefore have been conscious of guilt.
(i) Jonah too is said in Surah XXXVII., as Safat, 139-144, to have fled from God's
command and to have therefore been
). The passage clearly states that
this sin was committed at the time when he was one of God's messengers or