Bible Stele, Tablets, Inscriptions, Manuscripts, Scrolls, Codex

  

Archeology of the Exodus

 

 Archeological evidence of the Exodus

Survey of Archeological evidence from the recently translated Sinai inscriptions, stone carvings, stele and papyri.

Archeology of the Exodus

 

HEBREW: THE WORLD’S OLDEST ALPHABET

 

 The Four Hebrew Alphabet Scripts:

Hebrew is the world’s oldest alphabet from which English is derived.

 

Its official!

The world’s first authentic inscription that names Moses of the Exodus!

 

 

Stele of Adad-nirari III, king of Assyria: Joash, Omri, Ben Hadad III

A collection of 6 stela, tablets and statues

A stunning collection of six (6) stela, statues and inscriptions fully document how God used Assyrian king Adad-Nirari III, as the one who delivered Josiah, king of Israel, out of the hand of the Ben-Hadad III, king of Aram at Damascus in 2 Kings 13:4-5. 796 BC

 

Josiah, Omri, Ben-Hadad III Stela of Adad-Nirari III, King of Assyria (810-783 BC)

 

 

2 Kings 13:5

"YHWH gave Israel

King Joash

(Israel)

a deliverer

King Adad-nirari III

(Assyria)

they escaped Aram"

King Ben Hadad III

(Aram)

Conquest Stela of Adad-Nirari III (810 - 783 BC)

Detailed outline on Adad-Nirari III

.

Rimah Joash conquest stele

Omri-land conquest stele

Saba'a conquest stele

Religious and dynastic Stela of Adad-Nirari III (810 - 783 BC)

Dynastic door sill stone

Trust Nebo Alone Statue

Hindanu Stele

Detailed outline on Adad-Nirari III

 

28 Elephantine Papyrus letters

Persian letters Dating to 471-410 BC

 

3 featured Elephantine papyrus

1.      Temple of YHWH burned (Sanballat, Bagohi Governor)

2.      Document of wifehood (bride price, divorce causes)

3.      Passover regulations (unleavened wine and bread) 

 Read more details

 

 

 

Manuscripts of the Bible

New Testament and Old Testament manuscripts

 

Bible Manuscripts

Scrolls, Codex, Papyrus, Vellum, Dead Sea scrolls

The Bible is the most historically verified book on earth with over 5000 manuscripts and fragments.

 

Septuagint scroll of the Greek Twelve Minor Prophets written in 50 BC

Dating to 50 BC, this is a Greek (Septuagint) translation of the 12 minor prophets by Jews before Christ was born. This proves that the Entire Old Testament (Tanakh) was translated into Greek before the Christian Era. The text reads essentially the same as the modern text we use (Masoretic) proving the Bible has not been lost, altered or corrupted over time. YHWH is written in Mosaic Hebrew as the name of God. 

Read full outline and see 5 ultra high resolution plates of the scroll.

 

 

 

Biblical Manuscripts

Fouad #266

(dated 100 BC)

Deut 31:28-32:7

 

Commissioned by Ptolemy II (282-246 BC)

 

YHWH (red) was added later in blank space left by scribes.

 

DEAD SEA SCROLLS FROM QUMRAN

 

Jewish Expectation of the Messiah in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Mt 2:23

 

Two different scrolls, Testimonia and Florilegium quote messianic Old Testament scripture in the fever of messianic expectation at the time of Christ.

Dating to 30 BC, the famous Psalms scroll that highlights the feelings of the Jews while in sitting by the rivers in Babylonian after the captivity of 587 BC in Ps 137.

It also demonstrates responsive singing in Ps 145 where the phrase “Blessed be Yahweh, and blessed be his name forever!” is added after each statement where is does not exist in the bible.  This proves the first century singing style including the church, was responsive.

Dating to 30 BC, this is the oldest extant copy of the book of Lamentations on earth that documents the feelings of the Jews in the aftermath of the Babylonian Captivity of 587 BC

Beatitudes Dead Sea Scroll: 4Q525

Prototype of the Book of Revelation.

Historical insight: Jesus patterned his beatitudes after the well-known poetic style of his day with 8 short beatitudes followed by an 9th longer one. Like saying, "knock, knock" or "Roses are Red…" today, everyone sitting on the north shore of the Sea of Galilee was familiar with the format and listened curiously to the Nazarene's own variation on the poetic form. Jesus used known cultural paradigms so his message was: revolutionary, relevant and refreshing.

Detailed outline

Songs of Sabbath Sacrifice

Angelic Liturgy: 4Q402, MAS1K

Prototype of the Book of Revelation.

And First century Jewish song book.

Historical insight: John patterned Revelation after the  well-known apocalyptic genre of his day. Like saying, "knock, knock" or  "Roses are Red…" today, the Christians in Jerusalem immediately recognized the format and read intently to this new variation of a  well known poetic form. The H.S. used known cultural paradigms  so John’s warning to flee Jerusalem, echoing Mathew 24 and Luke 21 was:  revolutionary, relevant and authentic.

 

Detailed outline

 

BM 10012 Lahun Egyptian Chronology Papyrus

 

Heliacal rising of Sirius: 1830 BC

El-Lahun Berlin Museum Papyrus 10012

and the 12th Dynasty, Year 7 of Pharaoh Sesostris III

Detailed outline

 

 

The Story of Sinuhe:

 

The Biography of Sinuhe

And Edomite chief Jeush, son of Esau named in Gen 36:5,18

Detailed outline

 

Sanballat bulla, papyri from the Cave of Wadi-Daliyeh:

 

Wadi-Daliyeh and Sanballat II (408 BC)

Sanballat II, son of the famous adversary of Nehemiah and is named in the papyri and sealed with his bulla.

Detailed outline

 

 

Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

 

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