Anastasi VI 1205 BC mentions the "Bedouin tribes of Edom"
"We have finished letting the Bedouin tribes of Edom pass the Fortress" (ANET, 259)
Translation of Anastasi 6:
"Some 60 or more years later, in the eighth year of Merenptah, c. 1206 BC, the term Edom appears for the first time. Papyrus Anastasi VI contains the following well-known report (lines 51-61): "We have finished with allowing the Shasu clansfolk of Edom to pass the fort of Merenptah that is in Succoth ['Tjeku'], to the pools (brkt) of Pi-Atum of Merenptah that (is/are) in Succoth, to keep them alive and to keep alive their livestock, by the will of Pharaoh, LPH, the good Sun of Egypt, along with the names from the other days on which the fort of Merenptah that is in Succoth was passed [by such people...] (text, Gardiner 1937:76-77; translations, e.g. ANET:259; with notes, Caminos 1954:293)." (Early Edom And Moab, Egyptian evidence on Ancient Jordan; K. A. Kitchen, Editor: Piotr Bienkowski, 1992 AD)
Digging up Bible stories!
"We have finished letting the Bedouin tribes of Edom pass the Fortress."
Detailed outline on Edom.
I. Translation of Papyrus Manuscript Anastasi VI:
1. "The Scribe Inena communicating to his lord, the Scribe of the Treasury Qa-g[abu], …:—In life, prosperity, health! This is a letter [to] let [my lord] know: An [other communication to] my lord, to wit: [I] have carried out every commission laid upon me, in good shape and strong as metal. I have not been lax. Another communication to my [lord], to [wit: We] have finished letting the Bedouin tribes of Edom pass the Fortress [of] Mer-ne-Ptah Hotep-hir-Maat—life, prosperity, health!—which is (in) Tjeku,3 (56) to the pools of Per-Atum5 [of] Mer-[ne]-Ptah Hotep-hir-Maat, which are (in) Tjeku, to keep them alive and to keep their cattle alive, through the great ka of Pharaoh—life, prosperity, health!—the good sun of every land, in the year 8, 5 [intercalary] days, [the Birth of] Seth. I have had them brought in a copy of the report to the [place where] my lord is, as well as the other names of days when the Fortress of Mer-ne-Ptah Hotep-hir-Maat—life, prosperity, health!—which is (in) [Tj]ek[u], may be passed." (Papyrus Anastasi VI, British Museum 10245, lines 51–61, = iv ii–v 5, late Nineteenth Dynasty, end of the 13th century BC, and presumably from Memphis, ANET, p. 259)
II. Authorities on Papyrus Manuscript Anastasi VI:
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.