Bible Maps


Paul's 4th & 5th missionary Journey's

Summary overview:

Acts 18:5

52 AD

1 & 2 Thessalonians written from Corinth

Acts 19:22

56 AD

1 Corinthians written Ephesus

Acts 20:2-3

57 AD

Romans, Galatians, 2 Corinthians written from Macedonia

Acts 28

61-63 AD

2 year Roman imprisonment:

  1. Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians, Philemon (and Hebrews, if Paul wrote it) written during while in prison.
  2. Paul's intentions within the prison epistles to visit Philemon [22] and Philippi [2:24] are strong proof that Paul did not travel to Spain immediately after being released from prison on 63 AD.

"Acts 29"

63-64 AD

4th Missionary Journey: Crete, Miletus, Colossae, Troas, Philippi, Corinth, Nicopolis.

  1. 1 Timothy, Titus & Philemon written from Corinth
  2. If Paul went to Spain, he went (after wintering in Nicopolis) for one year then took a second trip through Miletus, Troas and Corinth then arrested and taken off to Rome. However, there is no "after the fact" proof that Paul ever went to Spain.

"Acts 30"

65-66 AD

5th Missionary Journey: If Paul didn't go to Spain, (we do not think he ever went to Spain) he left Nicopolis in the spring and made a second pass through Miletus, Troas and Corinth then arrested and taken off to Rome.

  1. He must have taken a second pass through Miletus because he wrote 1 Timothy after his first pass through, but it was in 2 Timothy that Paul told Timothy about Trophemus.
  2. A single pass would require Paul to leave Trophemus sick at Miletus, write 1 Timothy, get arrested, then from Rome tell Timothy about Trophemus in 2 Timothy 4:20.
  3. This virtually proves that Paul must have taken a second pass through, hence a 5th missionary journey!)

"Acts 31"

66 AD

2nd imprisonment: Paul arrested sometime after being in Corinth and taken to Rome and writes 2 Timothy.

"Acts 32"

67 AD

Paul martyred soon after


Click on image to see ultra high resolution image of map

Click to View

A.     Rome 61-63 Acts 28

1.      Paul writes the "prison epistles": Ephesians, Colossian, Philippians, Philemon.

Prison Epistles


sent by

Paul a prisoner


Tychicus & Onesimus: 6:21 + Col 4:7-9

Eph. 3:1; 4:1; 6:20


Tychicus & Onesimus: 4:7-9

Col. 4:18


Epaphroditus: 2:25

Phil. 1:13


Tychicus & Onesimus: 10-12 + Col 4:7-9

Phile. 1:10

2.      The following men were with Paul in Rome: Timothy, Tychicus, Luke, Demas, Epaphras, Aristarchus, John-Mark

3.      Paul was expecting to be released from prison, very different from the tone in 2 Timothy:

Expected to visit Philippians:

  • Phil 2:24 I trust in the Lord that I myself also shall be coming shortly.

Expected to visit Colossians:

  • Phile 22 And at the same time also prepare me a lodging; for I hope that through your prayers I shall be given to you. (Philemon hosted the church of Colossians in his home: Archippus = Phil 2 + Col 4:17. Epaphras founded the Colossian church: Phil 23 + Col. 1:7; 4:12

2 Tim 4:6

"For I am already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of my departure has come."

This evidence makes it unlikely that Paul want to Spain immediately after Acts 28.

A.     Rome Set free early 63 AD

1.      Released from the Acts 28, 2 year imprisonment in early 63 AD

2.      Timothy sent to Philippi with letter.

3.      Paul always had the desire to work in Rome: Romans 15:22,28 Perhaps this is where he got his chance!

B.     Rome [Hebrews]

1.      No one knows for sure who wrote Hebrews. Paul, Apollos and Barnabas are three popular guesses.

2.      If Paul wrote Hebrews this is when he wrote it. It must fit in somewhere at a time when Timothy was in prison in Italy and Paul was out (Heb. 13:23). We don't have any indication when this might have been.

a.      Heb 13:23 "Take notice that our brother Timothy has been released, with whom, if he comes soon, I shall see you. 24 Greet all of your leaders and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you."

3.      Hebrews may have been written after Paul and Peter were martyred just after the persecution of Nero but prior to the destruction of Jerusalem. This would have Hebrews written between 65-70.

C.     Crete 63 AD

1.      After his release Paul and his companions travel to Crete where Titus is left to organize the churches there (Titus 1:5).

a.      Tit 1:5 "For this reason I left you in Crete, that you might set in order what remains, and appoint elders in every city"

D.    Miletus 63 AD

1.      From Crete they travel to the Ephesus area probably landing at Miletus

2.      Paul sends Timothy to Ephesus and proceeds on to Colossae where he stays with Philemon.

a.      1 Tim 1:3 "As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia, remain on at Ephesus"

3.      Paul didn't leave Trophimus sick here but at the second pass through the following year: 2 Tim. 4:20

E.     Paul didn't go to Ephesus

1.      Acts 20:37 "And they began to weep aloud and embraced Paul, and repeatedly kissed him, grieving especially over the word which he had spoken, that they should see his face no more."

2.      Paul then tells Timothy later that he left Trophimus there sick, a thing Timothy would already know if Timothy and Paul left the city together for Ephesus. Paul's charge to Timothy was to instruct certain men not to teach strange doctrines, 1 Tim 1:3, directly fulfilling Acts 20:29 about the Ephesian elder's apostasy.

3.      Paul later desired to return to Ephesus while in 1 Tim 4:13 13 "Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture" but never made it back thus fulfilling the prophecy of Acts 20:29.

F.      Colossae

1.      From Phile 22 Paul intended on visiting the Colossian church area when he was in Jail in Acts 28

a.      Phile 22 And at the same time also prepare me a lodging

G.    Troas

1.      Paul then goes to Troas (2 Tim. 4:13)

2.      2 Tim 4:13 "When you come bring the cloak which I left at Troas with Carpus"

H.    Macedonia province Philippi

1.      Paul goes into Macedonia where he writes the first epistle to Timothy.

2.      This must have been where he was when he composed 1 Tim and Titus because he had already been to Corinth and planned to go to Nicopolis.

3.      Phil 2:24 "I trust in the Lord that I myself also shall be coming shortly." [written while in Rome]

4.      Tim 1:3 "As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia

I.       Corinth [1 Tim & Titus written 64 AD]

1.      Paul was intending on returning to Ephesus area:

a.      1 Tim 4:13 Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching.

2.      He had gone through Corinth and Miletus (2 Tim. 4:20)

a.      2 Tim 4:20 "Erastus remained at Corinth"

Were 1 Tim & Titus written at Acts 20 or Acts 29?

Timothy was with Paul for both Acts 20 and Acts 28-29
Timothy's "youth" fits better in Acts 20: 1 Tim 4:12; 5:21-22

Acts 20
Timothy is 32 years old

Acts 28-29
Timothy is 40 years old

"And after the uproar had ceased, Paul sent for the disciples and when he had exhorted them and taken his leave of them, he departed to go to Macedonia" Acts 20:1

Acts 20:4 "Timothy ... had gone on ahead [from Philippi] and were waiting for us at Troas"

Romans 16:21 "Timothy my fellow worker greets you"

1 Tim 1:3 "As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia, remain on at Ephesus"

Paul left Timothy at Ephesus

Timothy left with Paul from Ephesus for Troas on the way to Macedonia.

Here Paul left Timothy at Ephesus en route to Macedonia.

Conclusion: 1 Timothy and Titus could not have been written in Acts 20, therefore it is certain that they were written when Paul was in Corinth area of "Acts 29".

       I.            Nicopolis [departs spring 65 AD]

                              A.            proceeds on to Nicopolis to spend the winter (Tit. 3:12).

                                                      1.            Tit. 3:12 When I send Artemas or Tychicus to you, make every effort to come to me at Nicopolis, for I have decided to spend the winter there.

     II.            Paul either goes to Spain now or begins 5th missionary journey.

                              A.            On the 3rd missionary journey, Paul stated

                                                      1.            Acts 19:21 "Now after these things were finished, Paul purposed in the spirit to go to Jerusalem after he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, saying, "After I have been there, I must also see Rome."

                              B.            Corinth was the closest he came to Rome when he decided to return back the way he came 20:2 en route to Jerusalem. Rome was in mind, but for another day, he wrote Romans from Corinth, and stated his clear intention to visit them on his way to Spain.

                                                      1.            Rom 15:22 "I have often been hindered from coming to you; 23 but now, with no further place for me in these regions, and since I have had for many years a longing to come to you 24 whenever I go to Spain—for I hope to see you in passing" ... v28 "Therefore, when I have finished this, and have put my seal on this fruit of theirs, I will go on by way of you to Spain."

                              C.            Of Course Paul was arrested when he returned to Jerusalem and was sent to Rome after "appealing to Caesar" in Acts 25:11

                             D.            So the question now is, did he go to Spain after Nicopolis for a year or was he arrested near Nicopolis for his second and final imprisonment?

                                                      1.            There is no evidence that Paul went to Spain in 2 Timothy. Surely if he had made the trip, the Holy Spirit would have given us some hint.

                                                      2.            In 2 Timothy, it seems that the most recent cities he was at personally were: Corinth, Troas and Miletus 4:13,20

                                                      3.            We feel that Paul never went to Spain, but was arrested near Nicopolis.

  III.            Two proofs of a 5th missionary journey (second pass through Asia & Macedonia)

                              A.            Paul told Timothy from Corinth that he was intending on returning to Ephesus area:

                                                      1.            1 Tim 4:13 Until I come, give attention to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation and teaching.

                                                      2.            This reference merely shows Paul's intention to take a second pass.

                              B.            The "Trophimus I left sick at Miletus" proves a second post-63 journey.

                                                      1.            In doing this chronology, a number of problems, make many details unsure but we can be quite sure that Paul did take a second pass through Miletus:

                                                                              a.            He must have taken a second pass through Miletus because he wrote 1 Timothy after his first pass through, but it was in 2 Timothy that Paul told Timothy about Trophimus. A single pass would require Paul to leave Trophimus sick at Miletus, write 1 Timothy, get arrested, then from Rome tell Timothy about Trophimus in 2 Timothy 4:20. This virtually proves that Paul must have taken a second pass through, hence a 5th missionary journey because with a single pass, Paul would certainly have told Timothy about Trophimus in the 1 Timothy letter!)

                                                                              b.            "Trophimus sick" problem. If Paul went to Spain but only took a single loop through Miletus, it would have been 1.5-2 years later! Whereas, if he went to Spain and took a second swing through Miletus - Troas - Corinth, the time would be likely under 6 months. Further, a single loop would place Timothy at Ephesus. Miletus is the sea port for Ephesus. Why would Timothy need to be told by Paul in Rome that Trophimus was sick 20 miles from Timothy?

                                                      2.            Lenski, for example, believes Paul made a second pass through Miletus after visiting Spain.

                                                                              a.            He has Paul leaving Rome in 63 for Troas - Miletus - Ephesus - Colossae - Ephesus - Macedonia - Nicopolis.

                                                                              b.            Then Spain.

                                                                               c.            Then from Spain back to Miletus (where he leaves Trophimus sick 2 Tim 4:20) -Troas (where he leaves his cloak and parchments 2 Tim 4:13) - Corinth (2 Tim 4:20)

                                                                              d.            After which, we find him in Rome again in prison, facing death, writing 2 Timothy. (Lenski, 1 Timothy, Intro, p 478)

  IV.            5th missionary Journey:

(This journey is entirely evidenced from 2 Timothy.)

                             A.            Miletus: [65 AD]

                                                      1.            After wintering at Nicopolis (or returning from Spain if he went) Paul then goes to Miletus where he now leaves Trophimus sick:

                                                      2.            "Trophimus I left sick at Miletus" 2 Tim. 4:20

                             B.            Troas: [65 AD]

                                                      1.            2 Tim 4:13 "When you come bring the cloak which I left at Troas with Carpus, and the books, especially the parchments."

                             C.            Corinth: [65 AD]

                                                      1.            He had personally left Erastus at Corinth 2 Tim. 4:20

                                                      2.            2 Tim 4:20 "Erastus remained at Corinth"

                            D.            Rome [2 Tim written 66 or 67 AD if he went to Spain]

                                                      1.            Something happened while in Spain or Nicopolis and he was arrested and taken back to Rome for a second imprisonment.

                                                      2.            This is where he wrote 2 Tim. Everything has now changed in his tone in the prison epistles and 1 Tim. and Titus. Now he expects to be put to death (2 Tim. 4:6-18).

                                                      3.            2 Timothy was written from Rome and was in prison: 1:8,16; 2:9; 4:6-8

                                                                              a.            Several internal indicators: 4:17 Lion's mouth = Rome

                                                      4.            Either here at Nicopolis or soon after, Paul is arrested and returned to Rome under the fury of Nero's persecution (See II Tim. 4:6-8). Here he writes his last epistle, II Timothy and asks Timothy to come quickly and to bring John Mark. Tychicus is sent to Ephesus to take Timothy's place (II Tim. 4:12) and Artemas seems to have been sent to replace Titus (Titus 3:12).

                             E.            Paul martyred [67 or 68 AD if he went to Spain]

                                                      1.            Tradition states that Paul was beheaded under the persecution of Nero sometime before 68 AD when Nero himself died.

  V.            Paul's passing the baton of the Gospel

See map: 2 Timothy 4

                              A.            v10: Titus to Damatia

                              B.            v10: Crescens to Galatia

                              C.            v12: Tychicus to Ephesus

                             D.            v10: Demas to Thessalonica: Deserted having loved the world

                              E.            4:14 + 2:17: Alexander and Hymenaeus

                                                      1.            1 Tim 1:19 "keep faith and a good conscience, which some have rejected and suffered shipwreck in regard to their faith. Among these are Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I have delivered over to Satan, so that they may be taught not to blaspheme."

                                                      2.            Acts 19:33 Alexander was intending to make a defense to the assembly

                                                      3.            2 Tim 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much harm; the Lord will repay him according to his deeds. 15 Be on guard against him yourself, for he vigorously opposed our teaching.

                                                      4.            2 Timothy 2:17 "their talk will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, 18 men who have gone astray from the truth saying that the resurrection has already taken place, and thus they upset the faith of some."

Click on image to see ultra high resolution image of map

Click to View

VI.            Some non-inspired sources:

                                                      1.            Clement of Rome (ca. 95) (1 Cor. 5.7) records that Paul "taught the whole world uprightness and traveled to the extreme west (epi to terma teľs dyseoľs elthoľn). And after he had borne witness before the authorities, he was taken from this world and went to the holy place, having proved himself the greatest model of endurance."

                                                      2.            The Muratorian fragment (lines 38-39; EB 4; ca. 180) implies that the last part of Acts, recounting the departure of Paul from the City [Rome] as he set out for Spain" (...profectione Pauli ab Urbe ad Spaniam proficiscentis), has been lost.

                                                      3.            Eusebius (HE 2.22, 2) is the first to mention Paul's second imprisonment in Rome and martyrdom under Nero: "After defending himself, [Paul] was again sent on the ministry of preaching, and coming a second time to the same city suffered martyrdom under Nero. During this imprisonment he wrote the second epistle to Timothy, indicating at the same time that his first defense had taken place and that his martyrdom was at hand." Eusebius further quotes Dionysius of Corinth (ca. 170), who had stated that Peter and Paul were martyred at the same time" (HE 2.25, 8).

                                                      4.            Tertullian (De praescrip. 36) compares Paul's death to that of John (the Baptist), i.e., by beheading. The Eusebian testimony about Paul's death in the persecution of Nero is generally accepted. This persecution lasted, however, from the summer of 64 to the emperor's death (9 June 68), and it is difficult to pinpoint the year of Paul's martyrdom.

                                                      5.            The notice of Dionysius of Corinth that Peter and Paul "were martyred at the same time" (kata ton auton kairon) has often been understood to mean in the same year. But the preferred year for the death of Paul is 67, toward the end of Nero's persecution, as Eusebius' account seems to suggest. This chronology is not, however, without its difficulties.

                                                      6.            Catholic tradition holds that Paul was buried on the Via Ostiensis, near the site of the modern basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura. In 258, when Christian tombs in Rome were threatened with desecration in the persecution of Valerian, Paul's remains were transferred for a time to a place called Ad Catacumbas on the Appian Way. Later they were returned to their original resting place over which Constantine built his basilica.


Paul's fellow workers










Acts other chapters

16:1 a certain disciple was there, named Timothy, the son of a Jewish woman who was a believer, but his father was a Greek
17:14 And then immediately the brethren sent Paul out to go as far as the sea; and Silas and Timothy remained there.
18:5 Silas and Timothy came down from Macedonia





27:2 we put out to sea, accompanied by Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica.

Acts 12:12 Mary, the mother of John who was also called Mark, where many were gathered together and were praying.
12:25 And Barnabas and Saul returned from Jerusalem when they had fulfilled their mission, taking along with them John, who was also called Mark.
15:37 And Barnabas was desirous of taking John, called Mark

21:29 For they had previously seen Trophimus the Ephesian in the city with him

Acts 20:3
2 Cor
58 AD


20:4 "Paul was accompanied by Sopater of Berea, the son of Pyrrhus; and by Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy; and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia. 5 But these had gone on ahead and were waiting for us at Troas.

20:5 5 But these had gone on ahead and were waiting for us at Troas. (US = Luke)



Acts 19:29 they rushed with one accord into the theater, dragging along Gaius and Aristarchus
20:4 "Paul was accompanied by ... Aristarchus


Acts 20:4 Paul was accompanied by ... Trophimus of Asia

63 AD


Eph. 6:21 Tychicus ... will make everything known to you.







62 AD


Col. 4:7
Tychicus ... will bring you information.

Col. 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, sends you his greetings

Col. 4:14 Demas... sends you his greetings

1:6 you heard of it and understood the grace of God in truth; 7 just as you learned it from Epaphras, our beloved fellow bond-servant, who is a faithful servant of Christ on our behalf, 8 and he also informed us of your love in the Spirit.

Col. 4:12
Epaphras, who is one of your number, a bondslave of Jesus Christ, sends you his greetings, always laboring earnestly for you in his prayers

4:10 Aristarchus, my fellow prisoner, sends you his greetings; and also Barnabas' cousin Mark

Col. 4:10 Barnabas' cousin Mark ... sends you his greetings


62 AD

Phil 2:19 I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly
2:23 Therefore I hope to send him immediately, as soon as I see how things go with me; 24 and I trust in the Lord that I myself also shall be coming shortly.








62 AD



24 Luke... greets you

24 Demas... greets you

23 Epaphras, my fellow prisoner in Christ Jesus, greets you

24 Aristarchus... greets you

24 Mark... greets you


1 Timothy
63 AD









63 AD


3:12 "When I send Artemas or Tychicus to you







2 Timothy
64 AD


4:12 "But Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus"

4:11 Only Luke is with me

4:10 Demas, having loved this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica



4:11 Pick up Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for service.


By Steve Rudd


Click Your Choice

Go To Start