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Title:Holy Spirit in the New Testament The Gift of the Holy Spirit
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Body:Holy Spirit in the New Testament

Miraculous Holy Spirit in the New Testament

Introduction:

1. In the bible there are only 9 categories of supernatural power which are listed in 1 Cor 12

a. Any supernatural event in the Bible falls into one of these nine categories!

b. "For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another the word of knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another faith by the same Spirit, and to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, and to another the effecting of miracles, and to another prophecy, and to another the distinguishing of spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, and to another the interpretation of tongues." (1 Corinthians 12:8-10)

2. There are about 23 metaphors that describe supernatural power endowed by the Holy Spirit.

a. Each metaphor is equal to the other.

b. All metaphors or synonymous and interchangeable with each other in all bible text and contexts.

c. During the apostolic age, if you spoke in tongues you had the "baptism of the Holy Spirit".

3. FALSE DOCTRINE: "Measures of the Holy Spirit" THIS IS A FALSE CHART: STOP USING IT!

a. This was taught for over 100 years in the churches and has done great damage by falsely differentiating the baptism of the Holy Spirit as a special class of miraculous endowment limited to the apostles, when it really applies to any Christian who has any of the 9 supernatural gifts of the Holy Spirit.

b. The false doctrine of the "measures of the Holy Spirit" is also the foundation upon which the false personal non-miraculous indwelling of the Holy Spirit rests.

c. This notion of limiting the "Baptism of the Holy Spirit" to the apostles ONLY was a false theology developed last century to refute modern day Pentecostals and Charismatics who claim to have miraculous power of the Holy Spirit like the first century church. It was never successful in countering charismatics, but it distorted the theology of the brethren in its wake and mislead hundreds of thousands into error.

d. Known as the "Measures of the Holy Spirit" theology popularized into countless handout and overhead charts to create a nice neat sermon for Sunday morning:

i. Jesus had the Holy Spirit without measure based upon John 3:34 of the KJV

ii. the Apostles had the Baptismal measure

iii. the Corinthians had the spiritual gifts miraculous measure

iv. and finally, the non-miraculous personal indwelling ordinary measure.

e. The entire structure is based upon a false reading of italicised words in the KJV of John 3:34 to wrongly imply that the Holy Spirit was given TO JESUS without measure. "God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him" (KJV). The key words UNTO HIM are lacking in the Greek.

f. The verse actually says that God gives the spirit without measure TO EVERYONE. "for He gives the Spirit without measure." (NASB)

g. Brethren continue to use this chart not even understanding the entire theological framework rests upon a single bible verse (John 3:34) that says EXACTLY THE OPPOSITE to what the chart suggests.

4. With only two exceptions in Acts 2 and 10, the supernatural gifts of the Holy Spirit were ALWAYS and without exception, transmitted through the laying on of the apostles hands:

a. Moses laid hands on Joshua to impart spiritual gifts: Deut 34:9

b. The apostles laid hands on the 7 in Acts 6 to impart spiritual gifts: Acts 6:8; 8:6

c. Paul laid hands on Timothy to impart spiritual gifts with the consent of the elders of the local church: 1 Tim 4:14; 2 Tim 1:14

d. Peter and John laid hands on the Samaritans to impart spiritual gifts: Acts 8:14-21. Notice miracle worker Philip could not transmit gifts, but he had to call for the Apostles in Acts 8.

e. Paul laid hands on the Ephesians to impart spiritual gifts: Acts 19:6

5. The Gift of the Holy Spirit is given by Metonymy where it sounds like the Holy Spirit Himself is given, when in fact he has given a gift:

a. Acts 2:17 pour fourth OF my Spirit

i. 1 Jn 3:24 & 4:23 "we know we abide in Him by the Spirit He has given us" & "we know we abide in Him... he has given us OF Spirit"

ii. Jn 7:39 & Acts 2:33 "Spirit not yet given/Jesus not glorified" & "Jesus glorified/poured forth THIS (manifestations, not the Spirit) which you now see and hear"

iii. Acts 10:45-46 Spirit poured out = Gift of HS = speak in tongues: "And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God."

b. Spirit indwelt Timothy as a metaphor for supernatural empowerment:

i. 2 Ti 1:14 guard through the gospel through the HS who dwells in us. I have always been puzzled how a non-miraculous indwelling could "guard" anything. Miracles certainly confirmed and guarded the gospel.

ii. 2 Ti 1:6 gift of God which is in you through laying on of hands.

iii. 1 Ti 4:14 spiritual gift within you.

iv. HS dwells = gift of God within = spiritual gift within.

c. Simon saw (Acts 8) the Spirit (not himself personally, for indwelling advocates usually say that the Spirit is given at baptism, but gifts) was given through apostles hands.

i. Acts 2:38 and Acts 8 are identical.

ii. Both have the HS given through meronomy, both literally mean supernatural endowment from the HS.

iii. This is the language of gifts of the first century and throughout the NT.

iv. If someone had spiritual gifts...HE HAD THE HS.

v. If he was ungifted like us today...HE DID NOT HAVE THE SPIRIT in the miraculous sense.

vi. This is the most critical thing to comprehend about this discussion.

d. Take a close look at 1 Cor 14:15-16

i. 1 Cor 14:15-16 "I shall pray with the spirit and I shall pray with the mind also; I shall sing with the spirit and I shall sing with the mind also. Otherwise if you bless in the spirit only, how will the one who fills the place of the ungifted say the Amen"

ii. pray & sing WITH Spirit = gifted man/ ungifted man = without Spirit

iii. Gifted = in the spirit; UNGIFTED = OUTSIDE THE SPIRIT

e. Metaphors like "Fell upon" and "filled" prove it is power the Holy Spirit is giving men, not personally getting inside them, which is impossible.

i. Expressions "HS fell upon" in Acts 10 refer to gifts the gives HS from Himself.

ii. Expressions "filled with the HS" refers to power from the HS not the HS himself.

iii. Did the HS leave the apostles in Acts 4 where they prayed and were filled with the HS?

6. No Personal non-miraculous indwelling except via metaphor and symbolism:

a. First century Christians had no understanding of a non-miraculous indwelling. IF so where? The reception of the Spirit ALWAYS came with supernatural power, Acts 1:8 "you shall receive power when the HS has come upon you"

b. The only way first century Christians KNEW they had the "indwelling" Spirit is through miraculous manifestations.

c. Most of the time, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit means miracles and not some non-miraculous personal indwelling as confused by some.

d. It is heresy to claim the indwelling of the Holy Spirit with verses that clearly reference a miraculous indwelling in the context!

e. Personal indwelling advocates are misguided to misapply supernatural indwelling passages to evidence a non-miraculous personal indwelling.

f. Apart from "thus says the Lord" passages (misapplied) they cannot prove they have the Holy Spirit dwelling inside them.

g. Christians in the first century could rightly claim to have the Holy Spirit indwelling them as evidenced by possession of one of the 9 spiritual gifts of 1 Cor 12.

h. Personal indwelling advocates use the word alone for their belief and have no evidence or feelings!

i. The non-miraculous personal indwelling that is undetectable to our senses and doesn't accomplish anything they are aware of.

7. The Holy Spirit does indwells both Old Testament saints and New Testament Christians in exactly the same way.

a. Indwelling metonymically of possession of the Holy Spirit when empowered by Supernatural gifts in both the OT & NT

b. Indwelling metaphorically to indicate God's fellowship in Solomon's Temple and the New Testament "church temple"

c. Indwelling representatively in righteous individuals of godly conduct in both the OT & NT

d. None of these are a personal literal indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

8. The Christian today can say that the Holy Spirit indwells him with confidence:

a. The Old Testament saint and Christian both have the "metaphoric" indwelling in the temple of God as a symbol of fellowship.

b. The Old Testament saint and Christian both have the "representative" indwelling as they live godly lives and "walk by the spirit" in obedience to God's will.

c. Neither of these affirmations are a literal, personal indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

I. Work of the Holy Spirit in the New Covenant:

1. Revelation & Inspiration

a. Old Testament: 1 Pet 1:9-12

b. New Testament: Jn 16:13; 2 Pet 1:19-21; 1 Cor 1:6-13

c. Inspiration doesn't change character:

i. Baalam: Num 22-24

ii. Saul wanted to kill David: 1 Sa 19:18-24

iii. Caiaphas wanted to kill Jesus: Jn 11:47-53

2. Confirming the message & messenger

a. Mk 16:17; Heb 2:2-3; Jn 10:24-28

3. Providentially directing the church till the second coming

a. Directing evangelist, Philip to seeker, eunuch: Acts 8:29, 39

b. Directing apostle Peter to seeker, Cornelius: Acts 10:19; 11:12

c. Notice God sent messengers as agents of conversion, never directly

d. Directed to Macedonia (not Bithynia, Mysia) Acts 16:6-7

e. Paul & Barnabas chosen for 1st missionary journey: Acts 13:2

f. Prophesy future events: famine: Acts 11:28; Paul hurt: Acts 21:11

4. Intercession of our prayers:

a. Rom 8:26-27; Eph 6:18; Jude 20-21

5. Sword of the Spirit: Eph 6

Sword of the Spirit

The Spirit

work/action

The Bible

2 Cor 3:6

begotten

Jas 1:18

Jn 3:5-8

born again

2 Pe 1:23

1 Cor 6:11

cleanses

Jn 15:2-3

Acts 9:31

comforts

1 Thes 4:8

Jn 16:8

convicts

Tit 1:9

Gal 5:22

Faith

Rom 10:17

Neh 9:20

instructs

2 Ti 3:17

1 Cor 6:11

justifies

Gal 2:16; Rom 3:28

Rom 8:14; Gal 5:18

Leads

Ps 43:3; 119:105

Rom 15:13

Power

Heb 1:3; Rom 1:16

1 Pe 1:22

Purifies

1 Pe 1:22-25

1 Pe 3:18; Jn 6:63

Quickens

Ps 119:50

Rom 8:11

raised

Jn 5:28-29

Jn 16:8

reproves

2 Ti 4:2

Acts 7:51

resists

2 Ti 3:8

1 Cor 6:11

sanctifies

Jn 17:13

Tit 3:5

saves

Jas 1:21

Eph 3:16

strengthen

Ps 119:28

1 Cor 2:13

teaches

2 Ti 3:16-17

Jn 15:26

testifies

Jn 5:39

Gal 5:16

walks in

Ps 119:10

Rom 8:16

witnesses

Jn 5:39; 1 Jn 5:6-8

a. The Holy Spirit uses the word as His instrument to teach, bring sinners to repentance and eternal salvation.

b. The chart below proves the word of God is the instrument of the Holy Spirit.

c. This chart DOES NOT prove the Holy Spirit works ONLY through the word since we know He continues to work providentially down to the present age.

d. This chart DOES NOT DISPROVE the personal indwelling of the Holy Spirit, which is easily disproved using several other lines of reasoning.

II. Purpose and function of the nine spiritual gifts:

A. Purpose of Gifts

1. Confirm prophet speaking from God: Heb 2:3,4

2. Edify church: 1 Cor 12:7

B. Function of each of the nine gifts: 1 Cor 12:8-10

1. Wisdom: Bible says little, perhaps: I Cor 2:4-7; 2 Pe 3:15

2. Knowledge: I Cor 13:8 Bible says little about this gift

3. Faith: 1 Cor 13:2; Mt 17:19 21 Bible says little about this gift

4. Prophecy:

a. Jn 14:26; 16:13

b. Eph 3:5 apostles and prophets

c. Acts 21:9 four daughters of Philip

5. Distinguishing of Spirits: Bible says little, perhaps: Acts 16:16-18; 1 Jn 4:1

6. Healings: Acts 3 lame man: Jas 5:14-15

7. Miracles: Acts 20:9-12; Acts 28:3-6

8. Tongues:

a. unlearned foreign languages: Acts 2:718

b. sign to unbelievers: cor 14:22; Acts 2:6-8

c. 1 Cor 12:27-28

i. no more than 3 may speak in any one assembly

ii. each must speak in turn, not a the same time

iii. if no interpreter present no one may speak in tongues in assembly

9. Interpretation of tongues: 1 Cor 14:13,28 -

C. Distribution:

1. Holy Spirit always given through the laying on of Apostles hands: Acts 8:14-19

2. Holy spirit decide who would get which gift: I Cor 12:7-11

D. Compare the truth with the fake: Simon The Fake Vs Apostles the truth: Acts 8:5-13

Purpose of the gifts

Bible

modern pentecostals

To confirm god's word

Word confirms gifts

Bring about unity of faith

Many different churches claim to have

Gifts confirm false teachings

Miracles

Bible

modern pentecostals

Dependent on faith of healer acts 3:7

Dependent on faith of person healed

If not healed- "no faith"

Truly supernatural Acts 3:7

Scientific explanation

Healings were instant Acts 3:8

Healings usually take months

Healings total Acts 3:8

Partial improvement, remission

Person healed known by all Acts 3:10

Person often unknown

Miracle known by miracle (obvious)

Miracle accepted by personal testimony

Even enemies accepted Acts 4:16

Highly questionable, always internal and unseen

tongues

Bible

modern pentecostals

Real human language Acts 2:8

Total gibberish and nonsense

Maximum of 3 in church: 1 Cor 14:27

More than 3 speak (visitors view as madness: 14:23)

Each must speak in turn 14:27

Many speak simultaneously

If no interpreter keep silent 14:28

Rarely any "interpreter"

Only one interpretation possible

Often interpretations vary

Emphasis on public demonstration

Emphasis on private devotion

Considered a childish gift of lesser importance 14:5

Stressed as a sign of spirituality

A sign to unbelievers 14:22

A sign to believers

E. Gift of tongues is extinct today, those who claim to have tongues speak gibberish, not a human language:

1. In the Los Angeles area the Rainbow Revival Church sent out an instruction sheet giving instructions as to how one may receive the baptism of the Holy Spirit:

a. Words Of Praise To Receive The Holy Ghost.

b. Jesus who baptized 120 believers with the Holy Ghost on the day of Pentecost 10 days after He ascended to heaven, is still baptizing Christians with the Holy Ghost today Acts 2:1-4. Usually Jesus baptizes believers with the Holy Ghost while they are praising the Lord, and their words change from words of praise to unknown tongues, which is proof that they have received the Holy Ghost. We suggest these words of praise to use while seeking the Baptism. To try to say words of praise too perfectly hinders the Holy Ghost from speaking in His Heavenly languages through you. Say the words below out loud and as you praise God, do NOT try to stop stammering. In fact, the more you get the words of praise mixed up, the easier it is for the Holy Ghost to take control of your tongue and speak in unknown tongues through you. Isa. 28:11: "For with stammering lips and another tongue will I speak to this people." To Start Seeking, say the words of Praise in a paragraph below over and over very rapidly for 2 or 3 minutes, then go to the next paragraph, repeating the words of Praise in each paragraph about the same length of time. After you have repeated the words in all of the paragraphs, you may start at the beginning, and use these words of praise over and over.

c. Say these words over and over very fast to speak in tongues:

i. Glory To God, Hallelujah Glory To God Hallelujah Glory To

ii. Praise Precious Jesus, Prince Of Peace, Praise Precious Jesus

iii. I Love You Jesus, I Love You Jesus, I Love You Jesus,

iv. Jesus Savior Save Sinful Souls, Sanctify Saints To Serve Thee

v. Praise God The Father, God The Son, And God The Holy Ghost,

vi. I Beseech Blessed Baptizer Bestow Bountiful Baptismal Blessings

vii. Glory To Jesus Glory To Jesus Glory To Jesus Glory To

viii. While Wholeheartedly Worshipping, Willing Waiting, Jesus Baptize Me With The Holy Ghost. While Wholeheartedly Worshipping

ix. Glory To God, Gracious Generous Giver Of Good Gifts. Glory To...

d. So what Happens? The individual commits a few phrases to memory and begins to say them over and over. His tongue gets twisted, but he must keep on trying. Finally he is muttering, stammering and stuttering and he blames it all on the Holy Spirit ... HOW SHAREFUL! Now I wonder if Peter and the rest of the apostles had this list in Acts 2 while they were waiting in the upper room for the Holy Spirit? Do you reckon that they were practicing all that time? Of course, the above is IGNORANCE GONE TO SEED. I hope that we all understand that those who were baptized with the Holy Spirit in the days of the apostles were given languages that could be understood as the Bible reveals in Acts 2:8 -1 1; and they were not the kind of gibberish that would be produced by one who practiced according to the "Rainbow Revival formula." (comments by J. T. Smith)

2. Tongues in the Bible was always a spoken human language.

a. The reference to "tongues of Angels" in 1 Cor 13 is poetic exaggeration, as are all the other phrases in context.

b. Strange 100% of the time modern tongue speakers are speaking "tongues of angels" and never a human language that can be recorded and identified.

3. Tongues spoken today is music not language:

a. Over 50 years ago, language experts at universities studied tongues and concluded that it was music not language!

b. Each tongue speaker had a different number of "piano keys" which all produced a distinct and repeatable sound.

c. Each tongue speakers sounds were different from the other.

d. Depending on the imagination and intelligence of the tongue speaker, they would PLAY from 8 - 30 different musical notes.

e. However, when each sound (note) was plotted on music paper, it became clear that tongues was music not language.

f. This effectively and scientifically proves tongues today is gibberish and not language and certainly not miraculous!

g. Don't blame meaningless, illegible gibberish on the Holy Spirit.

III. New Testament Metaphors of Supernatural power:

"Gift" is one of many metaphors that describe miraculous gifts

Attribute/metaphor

Bible Text

give, (s,en)

Luke 11:13; John 3:34; 7:39; Acts 5:32; 15:8; 8:18; 1 Cor 12:7; I Jn 3:24; 4:13

send, sent

John 14:26; 15:26; 1 Pet 1:12

receive, (ed,ing)

John 7:39; 14:17; 20:22; Acts 2:38; 8:15,17,19; 10:47; 19:2; 1 Cor 2:12; Gal 3:2

Gift, (s)

Acts 2:38; 10:45; 11:17; Rom 12:6; 1 Cor 1:7;12:4,9,28,30,31; Eph 3:7; 4:7,8; 1 Tim 4:14; 2 Tim 1:6; Heb 2:4; 6:4; 1 Pet 4:10

baptize, (d)

Mark 1:8; Acts 1:5; Acts 11:16

come/fallen upon

Matt 12:18; Luke 1:35; 2:25; 4:18; John 16:13; Acts 1:8; 8:16; 10:44; 11:15; 19:6

filled, full

Luke 1:15,41,67; 4:1; Acts 2:4; 4:8; 4:31; 7:55; 9:17; 13:9

dwells

2 Tim 1:14

In you, within

Matt 10:20; Jn 14:17; Acts 19:16; 1 Pet 1:11; I Jn 2:27; 1 Tim 4:14; 2 Tim 1:6

anointed, anointing

Luke 4:18; Acts 10:38; 1 Jn 2:20,27

Pour forth/out

Acts 2:17-18,33; 10:45

Have the spirit

Rom 8:9; 1 Cor 7:40

Provides

Gal 3:5

clothed with powers

Luke 24:49

partakers of

Heb 6:4

moved by

2 Pet 1:21

In the spirit

Mark 12:36; Luke 2:27; Eph 3:5; Rev 1:10; 4:2; 17:3

By the spirit

Acts 1:2; 11:28

led by

Matt 4:1

Overshadow

Luke 1:35

Descending

Matt 3:16

establishes

2 Cor 1:21; Heb 2:3

anointed

2 Cor 1:21

Sealed

2 Cor 1:21; Eph 1:13

Pledge

2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13-14; 2 Cor 5:5

1. give, gives, given, Holy Spirit

a. Luke 11:13 heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?

b. John 3:34 He gives the Spirit without measure.

c. John 7:39 the Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

d. Acts 5:32 the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey Him.

e. Acts 15:8 giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He also did to us

f. Rom 5:5 the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

g. Acts 8:18 Simon saw that the Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles' hands

h. 1 Cor 12:7 But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good.

i. 2 Cor 1:22 who gave {us} the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.

j. 2 Cor 5:5 God, who gave to us the Spirit as a pledge.

k. Eph 1:14 Holy Spirit given as a pledge

l. 1Thes 4:8 God who gives His Holy Spirit to you.

m. 2 Tim 1:7 For God has given us a spirit of power and love and discipline.

n. I Jn 3:24 And we know by this that He abides in us, by the Spirit whom He has given us.

o. I Jn 4:13 By this we know that we abide in Him and He in us, because He has given us of His Spirit.

2. send, sent, Holy Spirit

a. John 14:26 "But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name

b. John 15:26 "When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father

c. Gal 4:6 God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!" (probably representatively, but could be miraculous)

d. 1 Pet 1:12 those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven

3. receive, received, receiving, Holy Spirit

a. John 7:39 But this He spoke of the Spirit, whom those who believed in Him were to receive

b. John 14:17 the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive

c. John 20:22 He breathed on them, and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.

d. Acts 2:38 and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

e. Acts 8:15 apostles prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit.

f. Acts 8:17 they laying their hands on them, and they were receiving the Holy Spirit.

g. Acts 8:19 Give this authority to me so that everyone on whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit."

h. Acts 10:47 no one can refuse the water to be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit"

i. Acts 19:2 "Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?

j. 1 Cor 2:12 we have received the Spirit that we might know

k. Rom 8:15 For you have received a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, "Abba! Father!" (probably representatively, but could be miraculous)

l. Gal 3:2 did you receive the Spirit by the works of the Law, or by hearing with faith?

m. Gal 3:14 so that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

4. Gift, gifts, of Holy Spirit

a. Acts 2:38 and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

b. Acts 10:45 the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out upon the Gentiles also.

c. Acts 11:17 If God therefore gave to them the same gift as to us

d. Rom 12:6 we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us

e. 1 Cor 1:7 so that you are not lacking in any gift

f. 1 Cor 12:4 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit.

g. 1 Cor 12:9 and to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit,

h. 1 Cor 12:28 And God has appointed in the church...gifts of healings

i. 1 Cor 12:30 All do not have gifts of healings, do they?

j. 1 Cor 12:31 But earnestly desire the greater gifts.

k. Eph 3:7 I was made a minister, according to the gift of God's grace which was given to me

l. Eph 4:7 But to each one of us grace was given according to the measure of Christ's gift.

m. Eph 4:8 Therefore it says, He gave gifts to men.

n. 1 Tim 4:14 Do not neglect the spiritual gift within you,

o. 2 Tim 1:6 kindle afresh the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of my hands.

p. Heb 2:4 God also bearing witness with them by gifts of the Holy Spirit

q. Heb 6:4 have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit

r. 1 Pet 4:10 As each one has received a gift, employ it in serving one another

5. baptize, baptized, with Holy Spirit

a. Mark 1:8 He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit."

b. Acts 1:5 you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now."

c. Acts 11:16 John baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit.'

6. upon, come upon, fallen upon, comes, come, came,

a. Matt 12:18 I will put My Spirit upon Christ

b. Luke 1:35 The Holy Spirit will come upon Mary

c. Luke 2:25 the Holy Spirit was upon Simeon

d. Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me

e. John 16:13 "But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes

f. Acts 1:8 when the Holy Spirit has come upon you

g. Acts 8:16 For He had not yet fallen upon any of them

h. Acts 10:44 the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message.

i. Acts 11:15 "And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell upon them, just as upon us at the beginning.

j. Acts 19:6 And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them

7. filled, full

a. Luke 1:15 John will be filled with the Holy Spirit, while yet in his mother's womb.

b. Luke 1:41 the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.

c. Luke 1:67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Spirit, and prophesied

d. Luke 4:1 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit

e. Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues

f. Acts 4:8 Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them

g. Acts 4:31 they prayed, the place was shaken, and they were all filled with the Holy Spirit

h. Acts 6:3,5 select seven men of good reputation, full of the Spirit and of wisdom and of faith.

i. Acts 7:55 But being full of the Holy Spirit, Stephen gazed into heaven

j. Acts 9:17 Paul filled with the Holy Spirit."

k. Acts 11:24 Barnabas was a good man, and full of the Holy Spirit and of faith

l. Acts 13:9 Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit

m. Acts 13:52 disciples were continually filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.

n. Eph 5:18 be filled with the Spirit (probably representatively, not miraculous)

8. dwells, indwells

a. Rom 8:9 the Spirit of God dwells in you

b. Rom 8:11 the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who indwells you.

c. 1 Cor 3:16 you are a temple, the Spirit of God dwells in you

d. 2 Cor 6:16 For we are the temple of God; "I will dwell in them"

e. 2 Tim 1:14 Guard, through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us, the treasure entrusted

f. James 4:5 He jealously desires the Spirit which He has made to dwell in us

9. Spirit In you, within

Interchangeability of "dwells" = "in you"

"dwells"

"in you"

2 Ti 1:14 Holy Spirit who dwells in us

2 Ti 1:6 gift of God which is in you

1 Co 3:16 Temple of Spirit of God dwells in you

1 Co 6:19 Temple of Holy Spirit who is in you

Rom 8:9 Spirit of Christ dwells in you

1 Pe 1:11 Spirit of Christ within them

a. Matt 10:20 "For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.

b. Jn 14:17 the comforter abides with you, and will be in you

c. Acts 19:16 And the man, in whom was the evil spirit, leaped on them and subdued all of them

d. 1 Cor 6:19 body is a temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you

e. 2 Cor 1:22 who gave the Spirit in our hearts

f. Eph 3:16 to be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man

g. 1 Pet 1:11 OT prophets seeking to know what time the was indicating

h. I Jn 2:27 the anointing which you received from Him abides in you

i. 1 Tim 4:14 Do not neglect the spiritual gift within you

j. 2 Tim 1:6 kindle afresh gift of God which is in you the through the laying on of my hands

10. anointed, anointing

a. Luke 4:18 "The Spirit of the Lord has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor.

b. Acts 10:38 God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power

c. 2 Cor 1:21 Now He who anointed us is God, who gave the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge

d. I Jn 2:20 But you have an anointing from the Holy One, and you all know

e. I Jn 2:27 the anointing which you received from Him abides in you, and you have no need for anyone to teach you; but as His anointing teaches you about all things

11. Pour forth, poured out

a. Acts 2:17-18 That I will pour forth of My Spirit upon all mankind

b. Acts 2:33 He has poured forth this which you both see and hear

c. Acts 10:45 the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out upon the Gentiles also

d. Rom 5:5 the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit

e. Tit 3:5-6 He saved us...by the Holy Spirit...whom He poured out upon us

12. Have the spirit

a. Rom 8:9 But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him.

b. 1 Cor 7:40 and I think that I also have the Spirit of God.

13. provides Holy Spirit

a. Gal 3:5 He provides you with the Spirit and works miracles among you

14. clothed with powers

a. Luke 24:49 stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high

15. partakers of Holy Spirit

a. Heb 6:4 have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit,

16. moved by Holy Spirit

a. 2 Pet 1:21 men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.

17. In the spirit

a. Mark 12:36 "David himself said in the Holy Spirit,

b. Luke 2:27 And he came in the Spirit into the temple

c. Eph 3:5 revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;

d. Rev 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day

e. Rev 4:2 Immediately I was in the Spirit

f. Rev 17:3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness

g. Rom 8:9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit,

18. By the spirit

a. Acts 11:28 Agabus stood up to indicate by the Spirit of a great famine.

b. Acts 1:2 He had by the Holy Spirit given orders to the apostles whom He had chosen.

19. led by Holy Spirit

a. Matt 4:1 Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness

b. Rom 8:14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.

c. Gal 5:18 But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law.

20. overshadow

a. Luke 1:35 the power of the Most High will overshadow you

21. DESCENDING

a. Matt 3:16 the Spirit of God descending as a dove, {and} coming upon Him

23. Four related metaphors for supernatural power: STABLISHES; ANOINTED; SEALED; PLEDGE

A pledge is a tangible down payment of more of the same to come in the future as illustrated in Heb 6:4-5. A seal is directly related to ancient document security. A seal ring is an inscribed stone pressed into clay. A document was tied up with string then the knots had clay pressed onto them and a seal was inscribed so that nobody could untie the knots. The miraculous Holy Spirit was that seal that guaranteed our salvation in the first century and us today through the fruits of the supernatural: the bible. Even in the first century, those who were not endowed with supernatural power were part of clearly supernatural community known as the church. The Jews who watched Moses on Mt. Sinai were not supernaturally empowered, but they knew Moses was a spokesman for God. In the same way all Christians are sealed even today through the history of the supernatural apostolic age which produced the word of God. The Bible is the tangible "pledge" of our salvation today that God gave us.

4 keywords that reference supernatural power of the Holy Spirit

"For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come," (Hebrews 6:4-5)

establishes

Anointed

sealed

pledge

2 Cor 1:21-22

Eph 1:13-14

2 Cor 5:5

Heb 2:3

a. "Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God, who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge." (2 Corinthians 1:21-22)

b. "Now He who prepared us for this very purpose is God, who gave to us the Spirit as a pledge." (2 Corinthians 5:5)

c. "In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation-having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory." (Ephesians 1:13-14)

d. "how will we escape if we neglect so great a salvation? After it was at the first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard," (Hebrews 2:3)

IV. Interchangeable and synonymous Metaphors of Supernatural power:

1. Each term can be applied equally to anyone in the Bible who had miraculous power of God.

2. Being "filled with the Holy Spirit" is the same as the Baptism of the Holy Spirit" and the same as speaking in "tongues".

Miraculous Holy Spirit in the Bible

Old Testament

Pentecost

Cornelius

1st Century Christians

Filled

Ex 31:3; 36:1-2; 35:31; Deut 34:9; Luke 1:15,41,67; 4:1 (Jesus)

Acts 2:4; 4:8,13

Acts 6:3; 7:55; 11:24; 13:52; Eph 5:18

Poured out

Prov 1:23; Ezek 39:29

Joel 2:28; Isa 32:15; 44:3; Zech 12:10; Jn 7:38; Acts 2:17f,33

Acts 10:45 Joel 2:28f (Gentiles)

Joel 2:28f (women, daughters); Rom 5:5; Tit 3:6

Received

Jn 7:39; 14:17; 20:22

Acts 10:47

Acts 8:15,17,19; 19:2; Gal 3:2,5

Gift/given

Neh 9:20

John 7:39

Acts 10:45; 11:17; 15:8

Lk 11:13; Acts 2:38; 5:32; 8:18; 1 Cor 12; 1 Ti 4:14; 2 Ti 1:6; 1 Jn 3:24; 4:13

Fall upon; Came upon

Num 24:2; Judg 6:34; 3:10 11:29; 14:6,19; 15:14; 1 Sam 10:6,10;11:6; 16:13; 19:20,23; 1 Chr 12:18; 2 Chr 15:1; 20:14; 24:20; Isa 59:21; Ezek 11:5; (Jesus: 42:1;61:1)

Jn 16:13; Acts 1:8

Acts 10:44; 11:15

Acts 8:16; 19:6

Baptized

Mk 1:8; Acts 1:5

Acts 11:16

Lk 3:16

indwells/in

Ps 51:11; Ezek 2:2; 3:24; Dan 4:9,18; 5:14; 1 Pe 1:11

Jn 14:17

2 Ti 1:6,14; 2 Ti 4:14

Rested upon

Num 11:17,25-26,29; (Jesus: Isa 11:2)

Sent the HS

Psalm 104:30

John 14:26; 15:26

Gal 4:6; 1 Pe 1:12

Sent out by HS

Isa 61:1; 48:16; Zech 7:12

Acts 13:4

Clothed/power

Micah 3:8; Lk 1:17,35; 4:14 (Jesus)

Lk 24:49; Acts 1:8

Acts 6:8; 1 Th 1:5

Anointing

1 Sam 16:13, Acts 10:38 (Jesus)

1 Jn 2:20,27

Conclusion:

1. Each metaphoric term can be applied equally to anyone in the Bible who had miraculous power of God.

2. Each metaphor describes the identical thing in different ways.

3. Interchangeable and synonymous Metaphors of Supernatural power:

a. "filled with the Holy Spirit"

b. "indwelling of the Holy Spirit"

c. "Holy Spirit dwelling inside you"

d. "Baptism of the Holy Spirit"

e. "tongues"

4. Anyone who spoke in tongues had been baptized in the Holy Spirit.

a. When Apostle Paul laid his hands on the members of the church at Corinth to impart one of the 9 supernatural gifts of 1 Cor 12, he was "baptizing them in the Holy Spirit.

b. To limit baptism of the Holy Spirit to the apostles proper, then Cornelius as an exception is absurd, contradictory, illogical and unnecessary

5. This notion of limiting the "Baptism of the Holy Spirit" to the apostles ONLY was a false theology developed last century to refute modern day Pentecostals and Charismatics who claim to have miraculous power of the Holy Spirit like the first century church.

a. Known as the "measures of the Holy Spirit" theology, Jesus had the Holy Spirit without measure, the Apostles had the Baptismal measure, the Corinthians had the spiritual gifts measure, and finally, the non-miraculous personal indwelling measure.

b. The entire structure is based upon a false reading of italicised words in the KJV of John 3:34 to wrongly imply that the Holy Spirit was given TO JESUS without measure. "God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him" (KJV). The key words UNTO HIM are lacking in the Greek.

c. The verse actually says that God gives the spirit without measure TO EVERYONE. "for He gives the Spirit without measure." (NASB)

d. This was taught for over 100 years in the churches and has done great damage by differentiating the baptism of the Holy Spirit as a special class of miraculous endowment limited to the apostles, when it really applies to any Christian who has any of the 9 supernatural gifts of the Holy Spirit.

e. The false doctrine of the "measures of the Holy Spirit" is also the foundation upon which the false personal non-miraculous indwelling of the Holy Spirit rests.

6. There are two ways of refuting modern-day Pentecostals and charismatics who claim to have miraculous power:

a. Ask them to show you a miracle: MERE WORDS VS TRUE POWER:

i. "But I will come to you soon, if the Lord wills, and I shall find out, not the words of those who are arrogant [in claim inspirational equality with Paul] but their power. For the kingdom of God does not consist in words but in power." (1 Corinthians 4:19-20)

ii. "and my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power," (1 Corinthians 2:4)

b. Quote 1 Cor 13:8-13 that explicitly says that tongues ceased when the revelation of God was complete in the final canon of the 27 book of the New Testament:

i. "Love never fails; but if there are gifts of prophecy, they will be done away; if there are tongues, they will cease; if there is knowledge, it will be done away. For we know in part and we prophesy in part; but when the perfect comes, the partial will be done away. When I was a child, I used to speak like a child, think like a child, reason like a child; when I became a man, I did away with childish things. For now we see in a mirror dimly, but then face to face; now I know in part, but then I will know fully just as I also have been fully known. But now faith, hope, love, abide these three; but the greatest of these is love." (1 Corinthians 13:8-13)

7. The Holy Spirit does indwells both Old Testament saints and New Testament Christians in exactly the same way.

a. Indwelling metonymically of possession of the Holy Spirit when empowered by Supernatural gifts in both the OT & NT

b. Indwelling metaphorically to indicate God's fellowship in Solomon's Temple and the New Testament "church temple"

c. Indwelling representatively in righteous individuals of godly conduct in both the OT & NT

d. None of these are a personal literal indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

8. The Christian today can say that the Holy Spirit indwells him with confidence:

a. The Old Testament saint and Christian both have the "metaphoric" indwelling in the temple of God as a symbol of fellowship.

b. The Old Testament saint and Christian both have the "representative" indwelling as they live godly lives and "walk by the spirit" in obedience to God's will.

c. Neither of these two affirmations of the indwelling are a literal, personal indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

Holy Spirit outlines:

https://www.bible.ca/holyspirit/Holy-Spirit-in-the-Old-Testament-Samson-dove.jpg

Holy Spirit in the Old Testament

https://www.bible.ca/holyspirit/Holy-Spirit-in-the-New-Testament-Pentecost-tongues-fire-dove.jpg

Holy Spirit in the New Testament

https://www.bible.ca/holyspirit/gift-of-the-Holy-Spirit-9-spiritual-gifts-supernatural-interpretation-tongues-miracles-healing-faith-knowledge-wisdom-prophecy-distinguishing-spirits.jpg

Gift of the Holy Spirit

https://www.bible.ca/holyspirit/Holy-Spirit-Indwelling-metaphoric-temple-church-christian-body.jpg

Indwelling of the Holy Spirit

Tongues have Ceased

By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

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