The Expository Files


The Eternal Nature of God, the Son

In a publication put out by the Watchtower organization, the group's very unscriptural view of the nature of the Son of God is touted and the following statement is made: "Being God's first creation, he was with the Father in heaven from the beginning of all creation. Jehovah God used him in the creating of all other things that have been created." This view tells us that the Son is not deity, not eternal, and not the creator of all things, but rather of "all other things." But how can He have been created if He was "with the Father in heaven from the beginning of creation"? If He was God's first creation, then He wasn't with God from the beginning of creation, but from after the beginning!

The Watchtower Bible and tract Society is the publishing arm of the Jehovah's Witnesses. While there are many unscriptural doctrines brought forth on its pages, we shall be considering the organization's false teaching about the nature of God, the Son., whom the Bible represents as eternal and possessing the nature, or essence, of God. He is deity, one of the Godhead, and possesses all the characteristics of Deity. He is worthy of our worship as God. He is the Creator of all, co-existent in eternity with the Father and the Holy Spirit.

The Son as Creator of All Things
"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being." (John 1:1-3).

This "Word" is described with a personal pronoun ("He" ) showing that He is a person, and responsible for the creation of "all" (not "all other" as suggested by the Watchtower) things without exception. Apart from His creative acts, "nothing" has come into being. It also says He co-existed with God and was God from the beginning. He was not "a god" as Jehovah's Witnesses suggest. He was "God." Later, the passage says He became flesh and dwelled among us (John 1:14). For more on His role in creating all things, see also Colossians 1:16).

Passages About God Applied to Jesus
There are many Scriptural references about God that are applied to Jesus, including assigning to Jesus names and characteristics which belong only to the true and eternal living God. This shows very clearly that Jesus is Deity by ascribing to Him things that can only be said of God.

Knowing the hearts of others. Who knows what is in the hearts of others? God does! The Scriptures say, "... then hear Thou in heaven Thy dwelling place, and forgive and act and render to each according to all his ways, whose heart Thou knowest, for Thou alone dost know the hearts of all the sons of men" (1 Kings 8:39). Does anyone else other than God share this knowledge? No! God "alone" does. This means if Jesus knows the hearts of others, then He must be God! The Bible says, "But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, and because He did not need anyone to bear witness concerning man for He Himself knew what was in man." (John 2:24,25; see also Revelation 2:23).

The Lord God in the wilderness. The prophet Isaiah described the ministry of John this way: "A voice is calling, 'Clear the way for the Lord in the wilderness; Make smooth in the desert a highway for our God.'" (Isaiah 40:3). Clearly, this has its fulfillment in Jesus as the Lord building His ministry on the work of John. The New testament confirms that this is so. "For this is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet, saying, "The voice of one crying in the wilderness, 'Make ready the way of the Lord, Make His paths straight!'" (Matthew 3:3).

The "Lord of lords". Who is the "Lord of Lords"? And how many "Lords of lords" are there? There is one and it is God. "For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords," (Deuteronomy 10:17). Jesus, the Lamb, deserves and wears this title which may only be properly used of God. "These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful." (Revelation 17:14).

Only Creator. Some would say that God created the first creature and then the creature created everything else. But the Bible says that God had no help from any creature in the work of creation. God says, "I, the Lord, am the maker of all things, Stretching out the heavens by Myself, And spreading out the earth all alone." (Isaiah 44:24). Did God create all alone, or did He have help. He says He did it alone. The Watchtower says He had help.

The foundation of the earth. Very clearly, in a prayer to God, the Psalmist credits Him with "laying the foundation of the earth." Notice the 102nd Psalm, a prayer unto God. The later part of the prayer reads this way: "O my God, do not take me away in the midst of my days, Thy years are throughout all generations. Of old Thou didst found the earth; And the heavens are the work of Thy hands. Even they will perish, but Thou dost endure; And all of them will wear out like a garment; Like clothing Thou wilt change them, and they will be changed. But Thou art the same, And Thy years will not come to an end." (Psalm 102:24-27). However, in the New Testament, we see very plainly that this all has reference to the Son of God (Hebrews 1:8-12). Of course, He is God!

The One who descended. The Psalmist spoke of a time when the Lord God would be among us. He wrote, "The chariots of God are myriads, thousands upon thousands; The Lord is among them as at Sinai, in holiness. Thou hast ascended on high, Thou hast led captive Thy captives; Thou hast received gifts among men, Even among the rebellious also, that the Lord God may dwell there. Blessed be the Lord, who daily bears our burden, The God who is our salvation. Selah." (Psalm 68:17-19). Everyone understands that this is referring to God. It is a prophecy of what God, the Son will do (and now, has done, with his ascension). The New Testament explains, "But to each one of us grace was given according to the measure of Christ's gift. Therefore it says, 'When He ascended on high, He led captive a host of captives, And He gave gifts to men.' (Now this expression, 'He ascended,' what does it mean except that He also had descended into the lower parts of the earth? He who descended is Himself also He who ascended far above all the heavens, that He might fill all things.)" (Ephesians 4:7-10). Clearly, Jesus is God.

By Jon W. Quinn
From Expository Files 14.4; April 2007