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History of the Christian Church
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Master Index
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Warning: Schaff is a Calvinist and also believes in infant baptism. It is important to separate Schaff's actual historic observations, like: "the early church did not practice infant baptism", from his personal comments, like: "but infant baptism is in harmony with the Gospel" etc.
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History Of The Christian Church*


  1. Apostolic Christianity A.D. 1-100.
  2. Ante-Nicene Christianity A.D. 100-311 (325).
  3. Nicene and Post Nicene Period A.D. 311-590.
  4. The Barbarians A. D. 590-1049 (1073).
  5. Gregory VII. To Boniface VIII. A. D. 1049-1294.
  6. Boniface VIII. To Martin Luther. A.D. 1294-1517.
  7. History Of The Reformation. 1517 - 1648.
Click to ViewThe German Reformation (Luther), 1517-1530.
Click to ViewThe Swiss Reformation.
Click to ViewThe Calvinistic Movement.

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Volume I

General Introduction


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First Period: Apostolic Christianity A.D. 1-100.

Chapter I. Preparation For Christianity.

Chapter II. Jesus Christ.

Chapter III. The Apostolic Age.

Chapter IV. St. Peter And The Conversion Of The Jews.

Chapter V. St. Paul And The Conversion Of The Gentiles.

Chapter VI. The Great Tribulation.

Chapter VII. St. John, And The Last Stadium Of The Apostolic Period - The Consolidation Of Jewish And Gentile Christianity.

Chapter VIII. Christian Life In The Apostolic Church.

Chapter IX. Worship In The Apostolic Age.

Chapter X. Organization Of The Apostolic Church.

Chapter XI. Theology Of The Apostolic Church.

Chapter XII. The New Testament.


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Second Period Ante-Nicene Christianity A.D. 100-311 (325).

Volume II



Chapter I: Spread Of Christianity.

Chapter II: Persecution Of Christianity And Christian Martyrdom.

Chapter III. Literary Contest Of Christianity With Judaism And Heathenism.

Chapter IV: Organization And Discipline Of The Church.

Chapter V: Christian Worship.

Chapter VI: Christian Art.

Chapter VII: The Church In The Catacombs.

Chapter VIII: The Christian Life In Contrast With Pagan Corruption.

Chapter IX: Ascetic Tendencies.

Chapter X: Montanism.

Chapter XI: The Heresies Of The Ante-Nicene Age.

Chapter XII: The Development Of Catholic Theology.

Chapter XIII: Ecclesiastical Literature Of The Ante-Nicene Age, And Biographical Sketches Of The Church Fathers.


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Third Period The Church In Union With The Roman Empire From Constantine The Great To Gregory The Great. A.D. 311-590.



Addenda (5th Ed.)



Chapter I. Downfall Of Heathenism And Victory Of Christianity In The Roman Empire.

Chapter II. The Literary Triumph Of Christianity Over Greek And Roman Heathenism.

Chapter III. Alliance Of Church And State And Its Influence On Public Morals And Religion.

Chapter IV. Monasticism.

Chapter V. The Hierarchy And Polity Of The Church.

Chapter VI. Church Discipline And Schisms.

Chapter VII. Public Worship And Religious Customs And Ceremonies.

Chapter VIII. Christian Art.

Chapter IX. Theology. Development Of The Ecumenical Orthodoxy.

I. - The Trinitarian Controversies.

II. - The Origenistic Controversies.

III. - The Christological Controversies.

IV. - The Anthropological Controversies.

Chapter X. Church Fathers, And Theological Literature.

I.-The Greek Fathers.

II.-The Latin Fathers.


List Of Popes And Emperors.



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Fourth Period: The Church Among The Barbarians From Gregory I. To Gregory VII. A. D. 590-1049 (1073).

Volume IV

Mediaeval Christianity From Gregory I To Gregory VII A.D. 590-1073 Medieval Christianity From A. D. 590-1517.

Chapter I. General Introduction To Mediaeval Church History

Chapter II. The Conversion Of The Northern And Western Barbarians.

I. The Conversion Of England, Ireland, And Scotland.

II. The Conversion Of France, Germany, And Adjacent Countries.

III. The Conversion Of Scandanavis.

IV. The Christianization Of The Slavs.

Chapter III. Mohammedanism In Its Relation To Christianity.

Chapter IV. The Papal Hierarchy And The Holy Roman Empire.

Chapter V. The Conflict Of The Eastern And Western Churches And Their Separation.

Chapter VI. Morals And Religion.

Chapter VII. Monasticism.

Chapter VIII. Church Discipline.

Chapter IX. Church And State.

Chapter X. Worship And Ceremonies.

Chapter XI. Doctrinal Controversies.

Chapter XII. Heretical Sects.

Chapter XIII. The State Of Learning.

Chapter XIV. Biographical Sketches Of Ecclesiastical Writers.


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From Gregory VII. To Boniface VIII. A. D. 1049-1294.

Volume V



Chapter I. The Hildebrandian Popes. A.D. 1049-1073.

Chapter II. Gregory VII, 1073-1085.

Chapter III. The Papacy From The Death Of Gregory VII. To The Concordat Of Worms. A.D. 1085-1122.

Chapter IV. The Papacy From The Concordat Of Worms To Innocent III. A.D. 1122-1198.

Chapter V. Innocent III. And His Age. A.D. 1198-1216.

Chapter VI. The Papacy From The Death Of Innocent III. To Boniface VIII. 1216-1294.

Chapter VII. The Crusades.

Chapter VIII. The Monastic Orders.

Chapter IX. Missions.

Chapter X. Heresy And Its Suppression.

Chapter XI. universities And Cathedrals.

Chapter XII. Scholastic And Mystic Theology.

Chapter XIII. Scholasticism At Its Height.

Chapter XIV. The Sacramental System.

Chapter XV. Pope And Clergy.

Chapter XVI. Popular Worship And Superstition.


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From Boniface VIII. To Martin Luther. A.D. 1294-1517.

Volume VI

The Sixth Period Of Church History.



Chapter I. The Decline Of The Papacy And The Avignon Exile. A.D. 1294-1377.

Chapter II. The Papal Schism And The Reformatory Councils. 1378-1449.

Chapter III. Leaders Of Catholic Thought.

Chapter IV. The German Mystics.

Chapter V. Reformers Before The Reformation.

Chapter VI. The Last Popes Of The Middle Ages. 1447-1521

Chapter VII. Heresy And Witchcraft.

Chapter VIII. The Renaissance.

Chapter IX. The Pulpit And Popular Piety.

Chapter X. The Close Of The Middle Ages.


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History Of The Reformation. 1517 - 1648.

Volume VII


Chapter I. Orientation. Mediaeval And Modern Christianity

First book.

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The German Reformation Till The Diet Of Augsburg, 1517-1530.


Chapter II. Luther's Training For The Reformation, (L483-1517).

Chapter III. The German Reformation From The Publication Of Luther's Theses To The Diet Of Worms, (1517-1521).

Chapter IV. The German Reformation From The Diet Of Worms To The Peasants' War, (1521-1525).

Chapter V. The Inner Development Of The Reformation From The

Peasants' War To The Diet Of Augsburg, (1525-1530).

Chapter VI. Propagation And Persecution Of Protestantism.

Chapter VII. The Sacramentarian Controversies.

Chapter VIII. The Political Situation Between 1526 And 1529.

Chapter IX. The Diet And Confession Of Augsburg. (1530).


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The Swiss Reformation.

Volume VIII

Second Book.


Chapter I. Introduction.

Chapter II. Zwingli's Training. A.D. 1484-1519.

Chapter III. The Reformation In Zurich. 1519-1526.

Chapter IV. Spread Of The Reformation In German Switzerland And The Grisons.

Chapter V. The CIVIl And Religious War Between The Roman Catholic And Reformed Cantons.

Chapter VI. The Period Of Consolidation.


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The Reformation In French Switzerland, Or The Calvinistic Movement.

Third Book.

Chapter VII. The Preparatory Work. From 1526 To 1536.

Chapter VIII. John Calvin And His Work.

Chapter IX. From France To Switzerland. 1509-1536.

Chapter X. Calvin's First Sojourn And Labors In Geneva. 1536-1538.

Chapter XI. Calvin In Germany. From 1538 To 1541.

Chapter XII. Calvin's Second Sojourn And Labors In Geneva. 1541-1564.

Chapter XIII. Constitution And Discipline Of The Church Of Geneva.

Chapter XIV. The Theology Of Calvin.

Chapter XV. Doctrinal Controversies.

Chapter XVI. Servetus: His Life, Trial, And Execution.

Chapter XVII. Calvin Abroad.

Chapter XVIII. Closing Scenes In The Life Of Calvin.

Chapter XIX. Theodore Beza.


*Schaff, Philip, History of the Christian Church. This material has been carefully compared, corrected and emended (according to the 1910 edition of Charles Scribner's Sons) by The Electronic Bible Society, Dallas, TX, 1998.

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