The polytheistic "Henotheism" of Jehovah's Witnesses is apostate doctrine: Henotheists

"Does not Jesus' own use of the Bible show there are other 'gods' or degrees of being 'god'?" (Jehovah's Witness false statement)



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New Bible Dictionary: "Henotheism: devotion to one God (or god) in a polytheistic setting."
Webster's: "henotheism: the worship of one god without denying the existence of other gods"

Click to ViewJehovah's Witness Henotheistic system of Gods
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Henotheism refuted
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Roadmap into the mind of a Jehovah's Witness




  1. Ten Commandments as Jehovah's Witnesses read it with a Henotheist: "You shall have no other gods [even though I created these other gods and I call them gods. You need to learn that I am the only one who is called God you can worship and serve. Yes there are other gods like Jesus, Angels and the devil, but you need to learn not to worship them. If you can learn this, then one day you will be a god too!] before Me"" (Ex 20:3)
  2. The basic error of Henotheism, is that there are different classes of god's in the Bible that were created by YHWH, whereas the truth is, the other god's of the Bible are all created by man. The only reason why Jehovah's Witnesses place so much emphasis on angels, men and Satan being gods, is so they can say: "See! When Jesus is called God, it doesn't prove he is uncreated God like the Father, but a created lower ranking god like men and angels. Jesus is not "the God", but "a god". This is rank heresy and is false!
  3. The Jehovah's Witness are rank polytheists and they don't even know it... would deny it if you asked them! They teach that men, angels, Satan and Jesus are all created Gods. This doctrine is so silly and so poorly thought out, it is absolutely shocking! The implications are chilling. These and other Arians are desperately looking for a way to reconcile the fact that Jesus, on one hand, is called "God", yet want to make Jesus into a creature, on the other hand. Instead of outright rejecting the Watchtower organization as a satanic and apostate cult, they reject the Bible and make Jesus into a created demi-god.
  4. So poorly informed are Jehovah's Witnesses, that they are not aware that their view of Jesus was a concept borrowed directly from the pagans and not the Bible! Rather than accept the fact that Jesus is uncreated God, they are happier teaching a type of polytheism, know as Henotheism. In fact you will be shocked by what you will read on this page about what Jehovah's Witnesses believe about their vast universe of created gods, and it is all true! For starters look very closely at the quote at the top of the page.
  5. The key to grasping Henotheism, is not to think in terms of whether a god is "true or false god", but in terms of whether YHWH has approved the use of the title "god" for the individual. For example, YHWH is called the "only true God", but that doesn't phase Henotheists because they will say YHWH is the only true God, and still call Jesus, angels and Moses "Gods". The Trinitarian must focus on the apostate concept that God openly approves calling Jesus, angels and Moses "Gods". The wear the divine title with divine approval. However, the Devil, demons and some men, wear the divine name of God without divine approval, therefore they are false gods!

Watchtower Henotheism...
as JWs teach it.


God of Gods

True vs false gods

Definite, indefinite article

Divine approval to be called a god?

YHWH class of god

Almighty god

True god

The God

Yes, he is YHWH

Jesus class of god

mighty god


a god

Yes, YHWH approves

Angelic class of god

lower god


a god

Yes, YHWH approves

Human class of god

lower gods


a god

Yes, YHWH approves

Devil, demon class of god

not god

false god

a god

No, YHWH disapproves

Idol class of god

not god

false god

a god

No, YHWH disapproves


I. Jehovah's Witness Henotheistic system of Gods

A. Master summary of abused texts used by Jehovah's Witnesses to teach Henotheism:

  1. Primary catalogue of verses Jehovah's Witnesses use to teach their apostate Henotheism doctrine: Gen 14:22; Ex 15:11; 18:11; 20:3; Lev 17:7; Deut 3:24; 10:17; 31:18; 32:17,21; 37:19; Josh 22:22; 24:2; 1 Sam 5:7; 1 Ki 11:5; 22:19-23; 1 Chron 16:25; 2 Chron 2:5; 13:9; 18:21-22; Ps 86:8; 95:3; 96:5; 97:9; 106:37; 136:2; 135:5; Daniel 1:2; 2:47; 11:36; Jeremiah 2:11; 5:7; 16:20; Isa 14:12-14; 41:23-24, 29; Acts 17:16-23; 1 Cor 8:4; 10:19-20; Gal 1:8; 4:8; Col 2:18; 2 Thess 2:4; 1 Ti 4:1-2; Rev 9:20; 16:13-14; 18:2
  2. General references about forsaking YHWH and worshipping other gods that Jehovah's Witnesses use to prove their apostate Henotheism doctrine: Ex 23:13; Josh 24:2,16; Deut 31:20; Judg 2:12,17,19; 10:13; 1 Sam 8:5; 26:19; 1 Ki 9:6,7; 11:4,10; 14:9; 2 Ki 5:17; 17:35,37,38; 22:17; 2Chr 7:19,22; 28:25; 34:25; Jer 1:16; Hos 3:1
  3. Abused texts Jehovah's Witnesses (wrongly) say that YHWH confers with other gods for council: Father + Jesus alone: Gen 1:26; "host of heaven" includes angels: 1 Ki 22:19-23; 2 Chron 18:18-22; "Lord of hosts" includes angels includes angels: Isa 6:1-11.

B. Categorical summary of abused texts used by Jehovah's Witnesses to teach Henotheism:

  1. Jesus Christ is God: Jn 1:1; 20:28; Heb 1:6,8
  2. Angels are gods: Ps 97:7 + Heb 1:6; Ps 8:5 + Heb 2:7; Job 20:15 in LXX; Theophanies: Gen 18:1,22;19:1,13
  3. "Sons of God" are gods: Gen 6:2,4; Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7; Ps 29:1-2; 89:6.
  4. Satan is a "god of this world" 2 Cor 4:4
  5. Demons are gods: 1 Cor 10:20; Gal 4:8
  6. Men are called "gods": Ex 4:16; 7:1; 22:8-9; Ps 82:6 + Jn 10:33; Ezek 32:21; 28:2,9; Acts 12:22
  7. Wooden Idols are gods: Ex 32:1,4,8,23,31; Judges 8:33; 11:24; 16:23; 2 Ki 1:2-3; 19:37

C. Typical "Watchtower type" Henotheism chart:

  1. Here is what Jehovah's Witnesses believe from their own mouth: "Does not Jesus' own use of the Bible show there are other 'gods' or degrees of being 'god'?" (Jehovah's Witness statement) Well actually, no! there are no degrees of being God. You are either God or you are not! The Bible doesn't teach that!
  2. Here is a list of creatures called god chart used by Arians to prove Jesus is a creature.
  3. The chart is riddled with huge errors that only Jehovah's Witnesses are too blind to admit.
  4. The expression, "God of gods" Duet 10:17 means, "God of all wooden idols that men falsely think is god". It does not mean, "God of all other gods that YHWH created like, Jesus, angels, devil, man."
  5. The "Almighty God" applied to the Father, and the lower sounding "mighty god" applied to the son, sounds convincing to the neophyte, until they learn that the Father is also called "mighty god" in the very next chapter: Isa 10:21 and in Jer 32:18. If there was really a true distinction based upon these terms, they would be exclusive terms. The truth is, both terms mean the same thing: "Almighty God = mighty God".
  6. Jehovah's Witnesses argue that that the lack of the definite article before "God" in Jn 1:1c proves Jesus is a lower ranking "a god", not THE God. They translate it in their sectarian paraphrase (the New World translation), "and the word was a god". They are so convinced the Watchtower is a "guiding light from God", that they will actually change the text of the Bible to teach their Henotheism! But it gets worse. Jesus is called THE God with the definite article, in Jn 20:28 and Heb 1:6,8. But it still gets worse again, because 6 other times in John chapter 1, the Father is also called "God" without the definite article. If the Watchtower had any integrity, they would be consistent and translate any passage without the definite article as "a god". It is sad the Watchtower organization hides these basic facts from their followers. See a full discussion about Jn 1:1 and the Watchtower "a god" mistranslation.
  7. The contention that Jesus is actually a created angel called Michael, is impossible, since the Bible outright states Jesus is not an angel: Heb 1:5,13. In the middle of these two passages is v7 where, the angels are commanded to worship Jesus. So the sequence is this: 1. Jesus is not an angel. (v5) 2. Angels worship Jesus. (v7) 3. Jesus is not an angel. (v13)

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II. Henotheism refuted:

A. Jesus Christ is called THE God:

  1. Jn 1:1; 20:28. Jehovah's Witnesses argue that that the lack of the definite article before "God" in Jn 1:1 proves Jesus is merely "a god", not THE God.
  2. However, 6 other times in John chapter 1, the Father is also called without the definite article and Jesus is called God with the definite article, in Jn 20:28 and Heb 1:6,8. It is sad the Watchtower organization hides this fact from their followers.
  3. There is no way to make Jesus into a lower ranking "demi-god" except by reading the Watchtower without the Bible.

B. Angels are never called "gods":

  1. No where in the Bible are angels called gods.
  2. Worshipping of angels is condemned: Col 2:18.
  3. Gal 1:8 warns that angels, like demons, can become agents of false doctrine: "But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you, he is to be accursed! " (Galatians 1:8)
  4. Even if angels were called "gods" (they never are) it would still not prove the Jehovah's Witness Henotheism because the word "elohim" (god) means "mighty ones" is used in a wide variety of ways.
  5. The best argument Jehovah's Witnesses can use is by claiming a direct one for one correspondence between two sets of passages: (Psalm 97:6 = Heb 1:6) and (Psalm 8:5 = Heb 2:7). Although New Testament quotations of Old Testament passages are always inspired commentaries, there are many examples of where a "one for one" correspondence is impossible. In fact the Holy Spirit went out of His way to make sure we would not directly equate angels with the word elohim (god) in these two passages.
  6. There are many examples of where a direct "one-for-one" correspondence is demanded, like the many places where YHWH is applied directly to Jesus in the New Testament. These present a consistent and powerful pattern without exceptions or variation. Two passages are not sufficient as evidence of a pattern. So, not only is there no pattern in Psalm 97:6 = Heb 1:6 and Psalm 8:5 = Heb 2:7, but the two passages hopelessly contradict each other when taken as a direct "one-for-one" correspondence.
  7. The above facts alone, powerfully remove the stock answer Jehovah's Witnesses give to prove Jesus is a "created demi-god" when they say, "Angels are called gods too"!
  8. Psalm 97:6 = Heb 1:6: Angels are equated to the many pagan idol gods (elohim) and not YHWH in Ps 97:7 ("Worship Him, all you [idol] gods") which is rendered "angels" in Heb. 1:6. ("let all the [good] angels of God worship Him") The point is that they are no more gods than wooden idols and instead of being worshipped by man as "demons", they are commanded to offer divine worship to a man by the name of Jesus Christ. This is most profound and sends Jehovah's Witnesses into a tail spin when they try to appeal to this as a proof text that "angels are gods". While demons have deceived men into worshipping them, now the tables are turned and demons are commanded to worship a man called Jesus Christ, who is the creator Himself... God incarnate. So powerful is this fact, that Jehovah's Witnesses are forced to redefine the word "worship" in a difference sense than worshipping God. Of course it is all lies and deception, for the word worship is never used in the New Testament, except divine worship. You cannot say that Heb 1:6 is a direct inspired commentary on exactly what Ps 97:7 is saying. Ps 97:7 is really a specific reference wooden idols (perhaps demons behind idol worship, that excludes good angels like Michael and Gabriel) and Heb 1:6 is a specific reference to good angels like Michael and Gabriel.
  9. Psalm 8:5 = Heb 2:7: Angels are equated with God (YHWH) himself in Psalm 8:5, which is rendered "angels" in Heb 2:7. David's whole point in the Psalm, is that he marveled how high a position God has placed man above creation... just a little lower than the creator. Hebrews, on the other hand, in chapter two is emphasizing how low Christ was during the incarnation. So Ps 8:5 and Heb 2:7 are actually approaching humanities rank from two different directions! Again, (like Ps 97:6 = Heb 1:6) you cannot make a direct "one for one" correspondence between Ps 8:5 and Heb 2:7 to prove angels are "gods" of a lower order than the Father. This is clearly impossible because such a direct correspondence would prove YHWH is a lower ranking created angel!
  10. The translators of the LXX (Septuagint, 250 BC) replaced the Hebrew word for "God" (elohim and el) in five different texts with "Angels". This is most curious indeed. "Elohim" replaced with Angellos in LXX in these four places: Gen 6:2; Job 38:7 "angels of God" in lxx instead of "sons of God". And Ps 97:7 (Ps 96:7 LXX) "Let all the angels worship him" and Ps 138:1 (Ps 137:1 LXX) "I will sing praises to You before the gods." "El" was replaced with Angellos in LXX in Job 20:15 "He swallows riches, But will vomit them up; God (angels LXX) will expel them from his belly." The Codex Alexandrius replaces "El" with "Angel of death".
  11. Summary of why a "one for one" correspondence is impossible:




Ps 97:6 + Heb 1:6

Ps 97:6
god = wooden idols

Heb 1:6
angels are wooden idols?




Ps 8:5 + Heb 2:7

Ps 8:5
God = YHWH

Heb 2:7
angels are YHWH?





C. "Sons of God" never called "gods"

  1. "Sons of God" are never called god.
  2. This collection of passages gives no evidence at all to prove there are others, beside YHWH who are called God. The Jehovah's Witnesses argument rests entirely on stating: "Hey, if you are the son of a snake, you are a literal snake! If you are the son of God, you are a literal god!" Such reasoning is as wrong as it is illogical. There are so many reasons why it is wrong, we need not even discuss them.
  3. In Lk 3:38 Adam is called the "son of God" at the end of the genealogy of Christ. Does that mean men should go around rightly calling themselves "gods"? Of course not!
  4. There are historically many interpretations of these Old Testament "sons of God" passages: "Sons of elohim": passages (elohim): Ge 6:2,4; Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:7; "sons of el" passages: Ps 29:1-2; 89:6. (Gen 6:2; Job 38:7 "angels of elohim" in LXX instead of "sons of elohim".) Some view the "sons of God" as men, others view them as spirit beings like angels or demons. We must take note that none of the various interpretations give any proof to Henotheism or the Jehovah's Witness "system of gods".

D. Manmade wooden idols are called "gods":

  1. Idols are called god but they in fact are not even persons, but chunks of wood and metal. The devil is a person and is also called a god. Both idols and the devil are called gods in exactly the same way: a figure of speech. Neither idols or the devil are really gods at all.
  2. Various manmade idols in the Bible: golden calf: Ex 32:1,4,8,23,31; Baal-berith: Judges 8:33, Chemosh: Judges 11:24; Dagon: Judges 16:23; Baal-zebub: 2 Kings 1:2-3; Nisroch: 2 Kings 19:37; Ashtoreth the goddess and Milcom: 1 Kings 11:5
  3. It is clear that although idols that are not persons, they called gods in a symbolic way, just as the devil is called the "god of this world".

a) "Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams, even he may become a priest of what are no gods. " (2 Chronicles 13:9)

b) "For all the gods of the peoples are idols" (Psalm 96:5)

c) "he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god. " (Daniel 1:2)

d) "Has a nation changed gods When they were not gods? But My people have changed their glory For that which does not profit. " (Jeremiah 2:11)

e) "Why should I pardon you? Your sons have forsaken Me And sworn by those who are not gods." (Jeremiah 5:7)

f) "Can man make gods for himself? Yet they are not gods! " (Jeremiah 16:20)

g) "So the craftsman encourages the smelter, And he who smooths metal with the hammer encourages him who beats the anvil, Saying of the soldering, "It is good"; And he fastens it with nails, So that it will not totter... Declare the things that are going to come afterward, That we may know that you are gods; Indeed, do good or evil, that we may anxiously look about us and fear together. Behold, you are of no account, And your work amounts to nothing; He who chooses you is an abomination. " (Isaiah 41:7,23-24)

h) "Behold, all of them are false; Their works are worthless, Their molten images are wind and emptiness." (Isaiah 41:29)

i) "Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know that there is no such thing as an idol in the world, and that there is no God but one. " (1 Corinthians 8:4)

j) "However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature are no gods. " (Galatians 4:8)

 E. Satan is called the "god of this world" 2 Cor 4:4

  1. Ok, finally, a passage that actually calls someone (a real person that thinks) a god other than YHWH! We admit that the devil is called a god!
  2. Jehovah's Witnesses and other Henotheists use this sole passage to fill in that much needed little place on their "list of creatures called god chart" under the section "Satan is a god". On the surface having the Devil called God, seems to support the overall message in the chart, but this is a false conclusion.
  3. So now we need to make a choice. When the Devil is called a god, should we interpret this to support the Jehovah's Witnesses henotheism or is it exactly like Phil 3:19 where it calls the human stomach a GOD! "whose god is their belly" (Phil 3:19). Here the Greek word for belly, is the common word for stomach. Defined as: "belly, the viscera of the body, including entire digestive and expulsion system." (J. Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains: Greek, 1997)
  4. But it even gets worse for Jehovah's Witnesses in their efforts to find support for Henotheism in scripture. As we will see below, wooden idols are also called "gods" many times. These no more exist as gods than the devil does as a god. It is figurative language that Henotheists take literally.
  5. Christadelphians find it more difficult to argue Jesus is a mere created god, based upon their claim that "men and angels" are also called god in scripture. This is because Christadelphians view the devil and the Holy Spirit the same way Jehovah's Witnesses view the Holy Spirit: as mere personification of good and evil. Since Christadelphians do not literally believe in either the devil or the Holy spirit as persons, they are forced to admit that the lone passage where the devil is called a god (2 Cor 4:4) is to be classed as figurative language like idols are called gods.
  6. The devil is the real recipient of idol worship and the Bible comes right out and says that although they are called gods by men, they are really not gods at all! 1 Cor. 10:20; Gal. 4:8

 F. One passage that calls men "gods"

  1. Men and God are contrasted as different and opposite: Num. 23:19; Isa. 31:3; Ezek. 28:2,9; Hosea 11:9; John 10:33.
  2. Henotheists love to quote Exodus 22:8-9 as a passage that calls men God. But a closer look shows that most translators have caused unnecessary confusion by translating "Elohim" as "judges". In stead of the text reading: "both parties shall come before the judges [elohim] ; he whom the judges [elohim] condemn shall pay double to his neighbor", it literally reads: : "both parties shall come before God [elohim] ; he whom God [elohim] condemns shall pay double to his neighbor". Remember Elohim is used of YHWH over 2606x in the Old Testament. When we compare Deut 19:17 it becomes clear that "God" not "judges" is the proper translation: "then both the men who have the dispute shall stand before the Lord [YHWH], before the priests and the judges who will be in office in those days. " (Deut 19:17) and "then his master shall bring him to God [elohim]" (Ex 21:6). Here we can even see that God and judges are differentiated. It also proves that God is the ultimate judge the parties are standing before! At the end of the chapter, the judges are differentiated from God: "You shall not curse God, nor curse a ruler of your people. " (Ex 22:28) This proves the translation of "elohim" as judges is unwarranted and wrong. These judges are not called gods in Exodus 22:8-9.
  3. In Ex 4:16; 7:1 Moses is not called "a god" but was "like God" or "as God". Christians are also to be like God, but that does not make us God.
  4. The favorite text of Henotheists like Jehovah's Witnesses is John 10:33 that quotes Ps 82:6. Click here fore a full discussion on why this passage cannot be used to support the idea that Jesus is a created lower ranking god than the father. Men are called "gods" in Ps 82:6; Jn 10:33 in exactly the same way Moses was made "as God" to pharaoh in Ex 4:16; 7:1. God does call the wicked judges "gods", but that should be directly compared to Ex 4:16; 7:1, where Moses was made "as God", not called Gods. So calling the wicked judges gods in Ps 82:6, means they were made to represent God Almighty, not that they were really gods at all. According to the logic of Jehovah's Witnesses, since human judges that were commissioned by God, can be called "gods", so also can Jesus be called a "god". But it has escaped their notice that since God has commissioned Jehovah's Witnesses to knock on doors, that they too can, with equal authority as the judges and Jesus, call themselves "a god". "Knock, knock." "Who is there?" "a god" "a god who?" I am here to make a god out of you"!
  5. Men are called gods: In Ezek 32:21; 28:2,9 in the same way Caesar or Herod in Acts 12:22 was considered a god. This is an example of men calling men gods, which is common throughout history, but is no scriptural support for Henotheism of Jehovah's Witnesses.
  6. Catalogue of passages of men being worshipped as god:

b) Here a man who was worshipped as god like the emperors of China, Japan and the Caesars of ancient Rome: "Son of man, say to the leader of Tyre, 'Thus says the Lord God, "Because your heart is lifted up And you have said, 'I am a god, I sit in the seat of gods In the heart of the seas'; Yet you are a man and not God, Although you make your heart like the heart of God. ... Will you still say, "I am a god," In the presence of your slayer, Though you are a man and not God, In the hands of those who wound you?" (Ezek 28:2,9)

a) Here is a dead man who was called "god" by other men while alive on earth: "The strong [literally: Hebrew "el" god. ie. the king who demanded to be called a god] among the mighty ones [the kings most valiant men of war] shall speak of him and his helpers from the midst of Sheol, 'They have gone down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, slain by the sword.' " (Ezek 32:21)

d) The king of Babylon v4, not the devil. Lucifer v12 means "shining one" [correctly translated "star"] and is not the name of the devil: "How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, You who have weakened the nations! "But you said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, And I will sit on the mount of assembly In the recesses of the north. 'I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.' " (Isaiah 14:12-14)

e) "Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done. " (Daniel 11:36)

f) Probably a prophecy of the pope, who actually applies every divine title in the Bible to himself! "who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. " (2 Thessalonians 2:4)


III. Roadmap into the mind of a Jehovah's Witness:

You simply will not believe the wild manner that all Jehovah's Witnesses think. You will read the passage and naturally come to the correct conclusions. But Jehovah's Witnesses believe the Watchtower magazine is a revelation of God on a weekly basis, and their mind is twisted into knots. Here is a road map to how a Jehovah's Witness interprets various passages. Put your seat belt on... this is going to be a wild ride!

A. When the Bible says that God is "Most high" a Jehovah's Witnesses thinks: "God is most high over other gods He created of lower rank and power".

Click to ViewTruth: God is "the most high God, the all powerful God, the almighty God, no other God's exists except YHWH".

  1. "I have sworn to the Lord God Most High [over other lower ranking gods of less power that I created] possessor of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:22)
  2. "But I will surely hide My face in that day because of all the evil which they will do, for they will turn to other gods [which I created to have a lower rank and power than Me]" (Deuteronomy 31:18)
  3. "The Mighty One, God, the Lord, the Mighty One, God, the Lord! [since there are other gods YHWH created that are not as mighty]" (Joshua 22:22)

B. When the Bible says that "God is Greater than all the gods" a Jehovah's Witness thinks: "God is greater than all the other lesser ranking gods like Jesus, angels, men, the devil which God created".

Click to ViewTruth: "God is Greater than all the gods, because wooden idols cannot speak. No other God's exists except YHWH". Ps 96:4-5 fully refutes Henotheism because it actually identifies the "other gods" to be wooden idols, not Jesus, angels and men. "God is to be feared above all gods . For all the gods of the peoples are idols, But the Lord made the heavens. " (Ps 96:4-5)

  1. "Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods [of less rank like Angels, men and Jesus]" (Ex 18:11)
  2. "Who is like You among the [other] gods [that you created like the Angels, Jesus and man], O Lord? Who is like You, majestic in holiness, Awesome in praises, working wonders?" (Ex 15:11)
  3. Ten Commandments: "You shall have no other gods before Me [even though I created them and I call them gods. You need to learn that I am the only one who is called God you can worship and serve. Yes there are other gods, but you need to learn not to worship them. If you can learn this, then one day you will be a god too!]" (Ex 20:3)
  4. "what god [of less rank like Angels, men and Jesus which YHWH created] is there in heaven or on earth who can do such works and mighty acts as Yours? " (Deuteronomy 3:24)
  5. "For the Lord your God is the God of [all the other created] gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty." (Deuteronomy 10:17)
  6. "For great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised; He also is to be feared above all gods [like Jesus, men and angels]. " (1 Chronicles 16:25)
  7. "The house which I am about to build will be great, for greater is our God than all the gods [like Jesus, men and angels]." (2 Chronicles 2:5)
  8. "There is no one like You among the gods [ie. Jesus, men and angels], O Lord, Nor are there any works like Yours. " (Psalm 86:8)
  9. "For the Lord is a great God And a great King above all gods [ie. Jesus, men and angels]" (Psalm 95:3)
  10. "For You are the Lord Most High over all the earth; You are exalted far above all [other created] gods [like Jesus, men and angels]" (Psalm 97:9)
  11. "Give thanks to the God of [all those other creatures YHWH made and called] gods" (Psalm 136:2)
  12. "For I know that the Lord is great And that our Lord is above all gods [like Jesus, men and angels]." (Psalm 135:5)
  13. "The king answered Daniel and said, "Surely your God is a God of [the other] gods [like Jesus, men and angels] and a Lord of kings and a revealer of mysteries, since you have been able to reveal this mystery." (Daniel 2:47)
  14. "Then the king will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every [other created] god [that YHWH made like Jesus, men and angels] and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods; and he will prosper until the indignation is finished, for that which is decreed will be done. " (Daniel 11:36)

 C. The Devil and Demons are self appointed gods in rebellion to YHWH.

  1. "They shall no longer sacrifice their sacrifices to the goat demons with which they play the harlot. This shall be a permanent statute to them throughout their generations." (Leviticus 17:7)
  2. "They sacrificed to demons who were not God, To gods whom they have not known, New gods who came lately, Whom your fathers did not dread. " (Deuteronomy 32:17)
  3. "'They have made Me jealous with what is not God; They have provoked Me to anger with their idols." (Deuteronomy 32:21)
  4. "Micaiah said, "Therefore, hear the word of the Lord. I saw the Lord sitting on His throne, and all the host of heaven standing by Him on His right and on His left. "The Lord said, 'Who will entice Ahab to go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?' And one said this while another said that. "Then a spirit came forward and stood before the Lord and said, 'I will entice him.' "The Lord said to him, 'How?' And he said, 'I will go out and be a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' Then He said, 'You are to entice him and also prevail. Go and do so.' "Now therefore, behold, the Lord has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets; and the Lord has proclaimed disaster against you." " (1 Kings 22:19-23)
  5. "He said, 'I will go and be a deceiving spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' Then He said, 'You are to entice him and prevail also. Go and do so.' "Now therefore, behold, the Lord has put a deceiving spirit in the mouth of these your prophets, for the Lord has proclaimed disaster against you." " (2 Chronicles 18:21-22)
  6. "They even sacrificed their sons and their daughters to the demons, " (Psalm 106:37)
  7. "Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols. So he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles, and in the market place every day with those who happened to be present. And also some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers were conversing with him. Some were saying, "What would this idle babbler wish to say?" Others, "He seems to be a proclaimer of strange deities [lit: demons],"óbecause he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection. And they took him and brought him to the Areopagus, saying, "May we know what this new teaching is which you are proclaiming? "For you are bringing some strange things to our ears; so we want to know what these things mean." (Now all the Athenians and the strangers visiting there used to spend their time in nothing other than telling or hearing something new.) So Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, "Men of Athens, I observe that you are very religious [lit: demon-worshipful] in all respects. "For while I was passing through and examining the objects of your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, 'TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.' Therefore what you worship in ignorance, this I proclaim to you. " (Acts 17:16-23)
  8. "What do I mean then? That a thing sacrificed to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? No, but I say that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not want you to become sharers in demons. " (1 Corinthians 10:19-20)
  9. "But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons" (1 Timothy 4:1-2)
  10. "The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk; " (Revelation 9:20)
  11. "And I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon and out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits like frogs; for they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty. " (Revelation 16:13-14)
  12. "And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! She has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. " (Revelation 18:2)



by Steve Rudd

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