Lists and Catalogues of Old Testament Collections

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From: Lee Martin McDonald, James A. Sanders, Editors: The Canon Debate, Appendix C, D, p 585-597, 2002
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Table C-1: Old Testament: Lists from the Eastern Churches

Melito
Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 4.26.14 (ca. 320-325, Caesarea, Palestine).

Origen
Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 6.25.2 (ca. 320-325, Caesarea, Palestine).

Athanasius
Athanasius, Ep. fest. 39.4 (ca. 367, Alexandria, Egypt).

Cyri1
Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. 4.35 (ca. 394, Bethlehem, Palestine).

Gen

Gen

Gen

Gen

Exod

Exod

Exod

Exod

Num

Lev

Lev

Lev

Lev

Num

Num

Num

Deut

Deut

Deut

Deut

Josh

Josh

Josh

Josh

Judg

Judg/Ruth

Judg

Judg/Ruth

Ruth

1-2 Kgs

Ruth

1-2 Kgs

1-4 Kgs

3-4 Kgs

1-2 Kgs

3-4 Kgs

1-2 Chr

1-2 Chr

3-4 Kgs

1-2 Chr

Pss

I-2 Esd

1-2 Chr

1-2 Esd

Prov

Pss

1-2 Esd

Esth

Eccles

Prov

Pss

Job

Song

Eccles

Prov

Pss

Job

Song

Eccles

Prov

Isa

Isa

Song

Eccles

Jer

Jer/Lam/Ep

Job

Song

Dan

(Twelve omitted)

Twelve

Twelve

Esd

Dan

Isa

Isa

(Esth omitted)

Ezek

Jer/Bar/Lam/Ep

Jer/Lam/Ep/Bar

Job

Ezek

Ezek

Esth

Dan

Dan

 

(Table C-1, continued)

Epiphanius
Haer. 1.1.8 (ca. 374-377, Salamis, Western Syria).

Epiphanius
Mens. 4 (ca. 374-377, Salamis, Western Syria).

Epiphanius
Mens. 23 (ca. 374-377, Salamis, Western Syria).

Gregory
Gregory of Nazianzus, Carm. 1.12.5 (ca. 390, Cappadocia, Asia Minor).

Amphilochius
Amphilochius, Iambi ad Seleucum 2.51-88 (ca. 396, Iconium, Asia Minor).

Gen

Gen

Gen

Gen

Gen

Exod

Exod

Exod

Exod

Exod

Lev

Lev

Lev

Lev

Lev

Num

Num

Num

Num

Num

Deut

Deut

Deut

Deut

Deut

josh

job

josh

josh

josh

Judg

Pss

Job

Judg/Ruth

Judg

Ruth

Prov

Judg

1-4 Kgs

Ruth

Job

Eccles

Ruth

1-2 Chr

1-4 Kgs

Pss

Song

Pss

1-2 Esd

1-2 Chr

Prov

Josh

1 Chr

job

1-2 Esd

Eccles

Judg/Ruth

2 Chr

Pss

Job

1 Kgs

1-2 Chr

I Kgs

Eccles

Pss

2 Kgs

1-2 Kgs

2 Kgs

Song

Prov

3 Kgs

3-4 Kgs

3 Kgs

Prov

Eccles

4 Kgs

Twelve

4 Kgs

Twelve

Song

1 Chr

Isa

Prov

Isa

Twelve

2 Chr

Jer

Eccles

Jer

Isa

Twelve

Ezek

Song

Ezek

Jer

Isa

Dan

Twelve

Dan

Ezek

Jer/Lam/Ep/Bar

1-2 Esd

Isa

Dan

Ezek

Esth

Jer

Esth

Dan

Ezek

1 Esd

Dan

2 Esd

1 Esd

2 Esd

Esth

 

 C-2: Old Testament Lists from the Western Churches

 Hilary
Hilary, Prolog. in Lib. Ps. 15 (ca. 350-365, Poitiers).

Jerome
Jerome, Ep. 53.8 (ca. 394, Bethlehem, Palestine).

Jerome
Jerome, Praef in Lib. Sam. et Mal. (ca. 394, Bethlehem, Palestine).

Ruftnus
Rufinus, Comm. in Symb. Apost. 35 (ca. 404, Rome, Italy).

Augustine
Augustine, Doct. chr. 2.13 (ca. 395, Hippo Regius, North Africa).

Carthage Council of Carthage (397 C.E.), canon 26.

Moses (5)

Gen

Gen

Gen

Gen

Gen

Josh

Exod

Exod

Exod

Exod

Exod

Jdgs/Ruth

Lev

Lev

Lev

Lev

Lev

1-2 Kgs

Num

Num

Num

Num

Num

3-4 Kgs

Deut

Deut

Deut

Deut

Deut

1-2 Chr

job

josh

josh

josh

josh

1-2 Esd

Josh

Judg/Ruth

Judg/Ruth

Judg

Judg

Pss

Judg

1-2 Kgs

1-2 Kgs

Ruth

Ruth

Prov

Ruth

3-4 Kgs

3-4 Kgs

1-4 Kgs

1-4 Kgs

Eccles

Sam

Isa

1-2 Chr

1-2 Chr

1-2 Chr

Song

3-4 Kgs

Jer

1-2 Esd

Job

Job

Twelve

Twelve

Ezek

Esth

Tob

Pss

Isa

Isa

Twelve

Isa

Esth

1-5 Sol

(It is likely, but not definitely known, that 1-5 Sol is Prov, Eccl, Song, Sir, and Wis.)

Jer/Lam/Ep

Jer

Job

Jer

Jdt

Twelve

Dan

Ezek

Pss

Ezek

1-2 Macc

Isa

Ezek

Dan

Prov

Dan

1-2 Esd

Jer

Job

Pss

Eccles

Twelve

Pss

Ezek

Esth

Song

Song

Job

Prov

Dan

job)

Sol

Dan

Pss

Song

Tob

(Jdt)

Esth

1-2 Chr

Prov

Eccles

Jdt

1-2 Chr

1-2 Esd

Eccles

Wis

Esth

Ezra-Neh

Esth

Song

Sir

1-2 Esd

Twelve

1-2 Macc

Isa

Jer

Dan

Ezek

 

Table C-3: Old Testament Lists from Important Uncial Manuscripts

Ellipses (. . .) indicate losses or omissions in the manuscript.

Vaticanus (B)

Sinaiticus (N)

Alexandrinus (A)

(4th cent.)

(4th cent.)

(5th cent.)

Gen

Gen...'

Gen

Exod

...

Exod

Lev

...

Lev

Deut

Num ...

Num

josh

...

Deut

Judg

...

Josh

Ruth

...

Judg

1-4 Kgs

...

Ruth

1-2 Chron

1 Chron ...

1-4 Kgs

1-2 Esd

... 2 Esd

1-2 Chron

Ps ...

Esth

Hos

Prov

Tob

Amos

Eccles

Jdt ...

Mic

Song

1-4 Macc

Joel

Job

Isa

Obad

Wis

Jer

Jon

Sir

Lam ...

Nah

Esth

Joel

Hab

Jdt

Obad

Zeph

Tob

Jon

Hag

Hos

Nah

Zech

Amos

Hab

Mal

Mic

Zeph

Isa

Joel

Hag

Jer

Obad

Zech

Bar

Jon

Mal

Lam

Nah

Ps

Ep Jer

Hab

Prov

Ezek

Zeph

Eccles

Dan

Hag

Song

Esth

Zech

Wis

Tob

Mal

Sir

Jdt

Isa

Job

1-2 Esd

Jer

1-4 Macc

Bar

Ps
(
Before the Psalms there is a letter of Athanasius to
Marcellinus about the Psalter and a summary of the contents of the Psalms by Eusebius.)

Lam

Ps 151
(
After the Psalms, there are a number of canticles (called
Odes) extracted from other parts of the Bible.)

Ep Jer

Job

Ezek

Prov

Dan

Song

Wis

Sir

 

 

Table C-4: Current Canons of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

This table is based on Appendix D of The SBL Handbook of Style (Peabody: Hendrickson, 1999), 168-71

Jewish
The traditional number of books in the Jewish canon is twenty-four.

Orthodox
"Orthodox" here refers to the Greek and Russian Orthodox churches, the Slavonic Bible being the traditional text of the latter. In Orthodox Bibles, 4 Maccabees and the Prayer of Manasseh-and in Slavonic, 3 Esdras-are in an appendix.

Roman Catholic
The traditional number of books in the Roman Catholic canon is forty-nine. The order of books in Roman Catholic Bibles varies. This order reflects current editions, such as the Jerusalem Bible and the New American Bible. The appendix of the Latin Vulgate contains 3 Esdras, 4 Esdras, and the Prayer of Manasseh.

Protestant

Torah:

Historical Books:

Pentateuch:

Pentateuch:

Genesis

Genesis

Genesis

Genesis

Exodus

Exodus

Exodus

Exodus

Leviticus

Leviticus

Leviticus

Leviticus

Numbers

Numbers

Numbers

Numbers

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy

Deuteronomy

Joshua

Prophets:
'The two subgroupings of the Prophets are traditionally known as the Former Prophets and the Latter Prophets. The Book of the Twelve counts as one of the Latter Prophets.

Judges

Historical Books:

Historical Books:

Joshua

Ruth

Joshua

Joshua

Judges

1 Kingdoms
[1 and 2 Kingdoms are the books of Samuel; 3 and 4 Kingdoms are the books of Kings.]

Judges

judges

1-2 Samuel

2 Kingdoms

Ruth

Ruth

1-2 Kings

3 Kingdoms

1 Samuel

1 Samuel

4 Kingdoms

2 Samuel

2 Samuel

Isaiah

1 Chronicles

1 Kings

1 Kings

Jeremiah

2 Chronicles

2 Kings

2 Kings

Ezekiel

1 Esdras
[This 1 Esdras is called 2 Esdras in Slavonic Bibles. The 2 Esdras in this canon is equivalent to the book of Ezra in the NRSV; in some Bibles it also includes Nehemiah.]

1 Chronicles

1 Chronicles

The Twelve

2 Esdras

2 Chronicles

2 Chronicles

Hosea

Nehemiah

Ezra

Ezra

Joel

Tobit

Nehemiah

Nehemiah

Amos

Judith

Tobit

Esther

Obadiah

Esther
[Includes six additions.]

Judith

Jonah

1 Maccabees

Esther
[Includes six additions.]

Poetic Books:

Micah

2 Maccabees

1 Maccabees

Job

Nahum

3 Maccabees

2 Maccabees

Psalms

Habakkuk

Proverbs

Zephaniah

Poetic and Didactic Books:

Wisdom Books:

Ecclesiastes

Haggai

Psalms
[Includes Psalm 151]

Job

Song of Songs

Zechariah

Job

Psalms

Malachi

Proverbs

Proverbs

Prophetic Books:

Ecclesiastes

Ecclesiastes

Isaiah

Writings:

Song of Songs

Song of Songs

Jeremiah

Psalms

Wisdom of Solomon

Wisdom of Solomon

Lamentations

Proverbs

Wisdom of Sirach

Ecclesiasticus

Ezekiel

Job

Daniel

Song of Songs

Prophetic Books:

Prophetic Books:

Hosea

Ruth

Hosea

Isaiah

Joel

Lamentations

Amos

Jeremiah

Amos

Ecclesiastes

Micah

Lamentations

Obadiah

Esther

Joel

Baruch
[Includes Epistle of Jeremiah.]

Jonah

Daniel

Obadiah

Ezekiel

Micah

Nehemiah

Jonah

Daniel
[Includes Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Young Men, Susanna, and Bel and the Dragon.]

Nahum

1-2 Chronicles

Nahum

Hosea

Habakkuk

Habakkuk

Joel

Zephaniah

Zephaniah

Amos

Haggai

Haggai

Obadiah

Zechariah

Zechariah

Jonah

Malachi

Malachi

Micah

Isaiah

Nahum

Jeremiah

Habakkuk

Baruch

Zephaniah

Lamentations of Jeremiah

Haggai

Epistle of Jeremiah

Zechariah

Ezekiel

Malachi

Daniel
[Includes Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Young Men, Susanna, and Bel and the Dragon.]

 

 

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