The Canon of the Bible
A conservative, bible believing perspective!
100-400 AD: 6 "disputed" books accepted. A number of other books were read in a few churches at various times: Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Didache, Epistle of Barnabas, Wisdom of Solomon, Apocalypse of Peter.
Introduction and Overview:
The Word Bible is from Greek, biblia and is found twice in scripture:
Earliest evidence for the New Testament canon
Why the canon of the New Testament varied by geography from 33 AD - 400 AD
We have little solid historical evidence before 200 AD about the canon.
Beware of many modern "canon" scholars who reject the Bible.
Acceptance of the "disputed" NT books: Hebrews, 2 Peter, James, 2 John, 3 John, Revelation
Rejection of "disputed" books: 1 Clement, Shepherd of Hermas, Epistle of Barnabas etc.
Canon of the New Testament:
Bible books quoted by the Apostolic Fathers
Criteria used by apostolic fathers to determine canon.
The New Testament first popularized the codex in 100AD for scripture, and was the first book ever produced from the printing press in 1500AD.
A list of inspired and non-inspired books mentioned in the Bible that are not part of our canon.
When the Bible was first viewed as having both an "Old and New Testament"
The Canon of Marcion the heretic proves early existence of New Testament.
The early use of "nomina sacra" indicates a canon was recognized.
Diocletian's destruction and Constantine's production of scripture
Old Testament Canon:
Which Old Testament text did Jesus prefer and quote from?
A list of Old Testament books quoted by Jesus and other New Testament writers
The Old Testament Canon: The council of Jamnia
List of books in the Christian Bible, Roman Catholic Bible, Greek Orthodox Bible
Refuting the claims of Roman Catholics and Orthodox:
Questions for Roman Catholics and Orthodox
Scripture contains a pattern that must to be followed.
Scriptures were more important than tradition to Apostolic Fathers.
Apostolic fathers viewed scripture as complete and final and that the age of inspiration was ended.
The Church organization and counsels did not give the world the Bible
The Catholic Church did NOT give us the Bible!
The New Testament Documents: Are they Reliable? By F. F. BRUCE, 1943
Study resources for the Old and New Testament Canon
Ancient lists of Old Testament Book Collections
Ancient lists of New Testament Book Collections
Various councils, synods and canons related to the Canon
By Steve Rudd
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