The Canon of the Bible
God's providence gave us the 27 book New Testament Canon, not the church. God, not men decided the canon. This providence does not mean that church leaders were inspired in their selecting the canon, only that God had his eye on the scriptures the whole time and brought about His will to form the Bible we see today!
A conservative, bible believing perspective!
1. 100AD: All 27 books of the New Testament were in circulation and all but Hebrews, 2 Peter, James, 2 Jn, 3 Jn, Revelation were universally accepted.
2. 100-400 AD: 6 "disputed" books accepted. A number of other books were read in a few churches at various times: Shepherd of Hermas, 1 Clement, Didache, Epistle of Barnabas, Wisdom of Solomon, Apocalypse of Peter.
1. The Word Bible is from Greek, biblia and is found twice in scripture:
a. I, Daniel, observed in the books (or Bible) [Greek: biblia] the number of the years which was revealed as the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years. Daniel 9:2 LXX
b. When you come bring the cloak which I left at Troas with Carpus, and the books (or Bible) [Greek: biblia], especially the parchments. 2 Timothy 4:13
6. Acceptance of the "disputed" NT books: Hebrews, 2 Peter, James, 2 John, 3 John, Revelation
7. Rejection of "disputed" books: 1 Clement, Shepherd of Hermas, Epistle of Barnabas etc.
I. Canon of the New Testament:
3. The New Testament first popularized the codex in 100AD for scripture, and was the first book ever produced from the printing press in 1500AD.
6. The Canon of Marcion the heretic proves early existence of New Testament.
II. Canon of the Old Testament:
III. Refuting the claims of Roman Catholics and Orthodox:
4. Apostolic fathers viewed scripture as complete and final and that the age of inspiration was ended.
IV. Reference materials:
5. Various councils, synods and canons related to the Canon
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.