Rejected books, widely used in the first
two centuries, but not considered inspired or part of the New Testament
A conservative, bible believing
God's providence gave us the 27
book New Testament Canon, not the church. God, not men decided the canon. This providence
does not mean that church leaders were inspired in their selecting the canon,
only that God had his eye on the scriptures the whole time and brought about
His will to form the Bible we see today!
books, widely used in the first two centuries, but not considered inspired or
part of the New Testament Canon.
Go to: "Canon of
the Bible" Home Page
books, widely used in the first two centuries, but not considered inspired or part
of the New Testament Canon.
inclusion of some of these books in ancient Bibles and the fact that were read
in early churches does not mean they were considered inspired. Take a look at
your own Bible.
are Bible aids, maps, articles added throughout. 1 Clement and Shepherd of
Hermas and the Epistle of Barnabas were regarded as some of the most important
documents by the earliest Christians and no doubt, they did influence the early
The list of Rejected books, not considered part of the New
book of Jubilees
Epistle to the Laodiceans
According to the Egyptians
According to the Hebrews
Book of Jubilees
Book of Jubilees was written in about 150 BC. The oldest and most
complete manuscript was among the Dead Sea Scrolls. Since the book claims an
angel revealed the message to Moses on Mt. Sinai, it is obvious why every
church in the world, except for the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, rejects it as
pseudepigraphal and a forgery. The Book of Jubilees is within the official
canon of the Orthodox Church (Ethiopian), but is called the "Book of
Division". But still, it is a historical document that circulated among
the Essenes in about 150 BC, so while Moses never saw it, we can learn
something about the beliefs of that era.
Epistle of Barnabas:
because its late date, (90-130 AD.) strongly argues it could not be the
one mentioned in Acts because he would have been long dead.
also employs the highly questionable system of "numerology".
Shepherd of Hermas:
widely read in early churches.
Paul's Epistle to the Laodiceans:
book was likely composed in response to Colossians 4:16 "When this
letter (Colossians) is read among you, have it also read in the church of
the Laodiceans; and you, for your part read my letter that is coming from
book appears to be a compilation of materials from Paul's other letters.
book contains no unusual or remarkable materials or unique ideas. This
argues that it was a "safe bet" forgery.
is believed to be a young, personal co-worker with Apostle Peter.
is likely that 1 Clement, was uninspired because he refers to the mythical
phoenix as an actual living creature!
book is widely rejected as being a forgery that was tying to build on 1
is seen as being written much later than 1 Clement.
Preaching of Peter:
book was rejected as a forgery because of its late date.
Apocalypse of Peter:
book was rejected as a forgery because of its late date. Metzger puts the
date at about 125 - 150 AD. (The Canon of the New Testament, Bruce Manning
Metzger, 1987, p 184)
have noted that the book has similarities in style with the much later
"Dante's Inferno" (1300 AD)
Gospel According to the Egyptians:
puts the date at about 150 AD. (The Canon of the New Testament, Bruce
Manning Metzger, 1987, p 169)
was accepted only in Egypt.
has heretical doctrinal slant of the Gnostic Encratites. "Literally,
"abstainers" or "persons who practised continency",
because they refrained from the use of wine, animal food, and
marriage." (New Advent Catholic Enyclopedia, Encratites)
Gospel According to the Hebrews:
date of the book is difficult to know but may be as early as the first
book has been forever lost: "The Gospel according to the
Hebrews" was a work of early Christian literature to which reference
is frequently made by the church Fathers in the first five centuries, and
of which some twenty or more fragments, preserved in their writings, have
come down to us. The book itself has long disappeared." (ISBE,
Hebrews, Gospel According To The, 1915)
book was never considered canonical.
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for
comments, input or corrections.
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