Study resources for the Old and New Testament Canon.
From: Lee Martin McDonald, James A. Sanders, Editors: The Canon Debate, Appendix A, B, p 580-584, 2002
Appendix A: Primary Sources for the Study of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible Canon
By Lee Martin McDonald
The following ancient sources are those most often cited by modern scholars investi- gating the origins and development of the Old/First Testament or Hebrew Bible. This list is not exhaustive, but the items listed are centrally important; any conclusions regarding the origins and development of the Old Testament canon must take account of them.
a. Justin, Dial. 100.1ff.; 1 Apol. 28.1 and 67.3; Cohort. Graec. 13 (pseudo-Justin?).
b. Melito's list of OT scriptures, see Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 4.26.12-14.
c. Irenaeus, Haer. 2.27.2; 3.3.3; 3.11.8; 3.12.15; 3.14.1-15.1; 3.21.3-4; 3.17.4. See also Eusebius' reference to the biblical canon of Irenaeus in H. E. 5.8.1.
d. Clement of Alexandria, Strom. 7.20. In Hist. eccl. 6.13.4-8 and 6.14.5-7, Eusebius gives what he claims is Clement's scriptural canon.
e. Origen, Ep. Aft. 13 (cf. Julius Africanus, Hist. Sus.). Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 6.25.3-14, indi-cates that Origen added the books of the Maccabees (as "outside books") to the Hebrew Bible that he knew from contacts with Jews in the third century C.E. On his NT, see Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 6.25.3-14.
f. Tertullian, Marc. 4.2.2,5; Prax. 15; and Praescr. 32, 36. On Marcion's view of the law and what he did to Luke's Gospel, see Marc. 1.29; 4.2; and 5.18.1; Praescr. 38.7; Cult. fern. 1.3.
g. Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 3.3.1-5; 3.25.1-7, for his own biblical canon, and compare with 5.8.1; 6.14.; 6.24-25; 7.25.22-27.
h. Jerome, Prologus in Jeremiam, In libros Salornonis (Chromatio et Heliodoro), In Danielem prophetam, In Ezram, In librum Tobiae, In librum Judith, Commentaria in Isaiae prophetiam 3.6.
i. Other church fathers referring to the Old Testament Scriptures in the 4th-5th centuries include: Athanasius, Ep. fest. 39; Cyril, Catech. 4.33-36; Rufinus, Symb. 38; Epiphanius, Pond. 22-23, Pan. 8.6.1ff.; Hilary of Poitiers, Prologus in libros Psalmorum 15; Augustine, Doct. chr. 2.13.
Appendix B: Primary Sources for the Study of the New Testament Canon
By Lee Martin McDonald
The following ancient sources are those most often cited by modern scholars investigating the origins and development of the New/Second Testament. Again, this list is not exhaustive, but the items listed are centrally important; any conclusions regarding the origins and development of the New Testament canon must take account of them.
a. Epiphanius, Haer. 5 and 76; Mens.
b. Filastrius, Haer. 40
c. Council of Hippo, Canon 38
d. Council of Carthage, Canon 47
e. Council of Laodicea, Canons 59, 60
f. Jerome: Prologus galeatus; Epist. 50 ad Paulinum; Commentaria in Matthaeum; Epistola ad Dardanum 2; De viris illustribus 5-10, 15, 17, 36, 41, 63, 81, 135.
a. Eusebius, Hist. eccl. 3.25.1-7 (ca. 303-325) from Palestine/Western Syria.
b. Catalogue in Codex Claramontanus (ca. 303-367) from Alexandria/Egypt.
c. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catechetical Lectures 4.33 (ca. 350) from Palestine.
d. Muratorian Catalogue (ca. 350-75) from the East.
e. Athanasius, Ep. fest. 39 (367) from Alexandria, Egypt.
f. Mommsen Catalogue (365-90) from Northern Africa.
g. Epiphanius, Pan. 76.5 (374-77) from Palestine/Western Syria.
h. Apostolic Canons (ca. 380) from Palestine/Western Syria.
i. Gregory of Nazianzus, Carmen de veris scripturae libris 12.31 (383-90) from Asia Minor.
j. African Canons (ca. 393-419) from Northern Africa.
k. Jerome, Epist. 53 (ca. 394) from Palestine.
l. Augustine, Doct. chr. 2.8.12 (ca. 396-97) from Northern Africa (see also 2.3.1).
m. Amphilochius, Iambi ad Seleucum 289-319 (ca. 396) from Asia Minor.
n. Rufinus, Commentary on the Apostles' Creed 36 (ca. 400) from Rome/Italy.
o. Pope Innocent, Letter to Exsuperius, Bishop of Toulouse (ca 405) from Rome/Italy.
p. Syrian catalogue of St. Catherine's (ca. 400) from Eastern Syria.
q. Also see the collections in the following important biblical manuscripts:
Codex Vaticanus (ca. 331-350) from Alexandria/Egypt.
Codex Sinaiticus (ca. 331-350) from Alexandria/Egypt.
Codex Alexandrinus (ca. 425) from Asia Minor.
Syriac Peshitta (ca. 400) from Eastern Syria.
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