List of 300 Old Testament quotes in New Testament

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The Septuagint was the Bible in Synagogues and churches

 

 

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About the LXX: 325 AD

Septuagint Codex Vaticanus

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Septuagint Old Testament quotations in the New Testament

The Septuagint was the Bible of the early church

The Greek Septuagint LXX

"Scripture cannot be broken" (Jesus, John 10:35)

Steve Rudd 1017

 

Introduction:

1.      The Greek Septuagint was the scripture for both Jew and Christian at the time of Jesus Christ and the church.

a.       The Greek Septuagint was the standard issue Synagogue bible (Tanakh) used in weekly Sabbath Torah readings.

b.      The church adopted the Jewish Septuagint as its word of God and added 27 New Testament books over time to the canon.

Septuagint was the Bible of the early church:

"The LXX was the Bible of the authors of the New Testament. Its ubiquity can be seen not only in the quotations from the Old Testament in the New but also in the hermeneutic techniques and in many other forms of influence. There are certain Old Testament passages that following a sequence of keywords from the LXX are used as an inspiration and a model for the redaction of certain chapters in the gospels, the Acts of the Apostles and the Apocalypse of John. The LXX was transmitted in Christian circles once it was adopted as the official Bible of the Church. This fact was of tremendous importance for the history of the Greek version." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p338, 2000 AD)

2.      The Christians who were Inspired to write the 27 books of the New Testament quoted directly from both the Septuagint and the Hebrew scriptures in use at the Jerusalem Temple.

3.      Septuagint quoted in the New Testament:

a.       "The books cited most in the New Testament are Psalms, Isaiah, Exodus and Deut, i.e. the most popular at the time, since they are also those cited most in the Qumran writings, Each part of the New Testament gives sufficient proof of knowing the LXX. These quotations diverge from the Masoretic text in 212 cases, whereas they differ from the Septuagintal text in only 185 cases. It can therefore be concluded that the LXX is the main source for quotations by the New Testament writers. This conclusion, as we shall see, will generally be confirmed by the most recent monographs that deal exhaustively with Old Testament quotations in the corpus of New Testament writings, although the problem of the Old Testament quotations in the New has become much more complex than was previously thought. After a close examination of the passages preceded by an introductory formula, or those that from context seem to be direct quotations or agree literally with the Greek Old Testament, the most acute problem is to interpret the many quotations that differ from the LXX. (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p324, 2000 AD)

b.      "In his study on this material in the gospel of Matthew, Gundry concludes that the layer composed of formal quotations is almost exclusively the LXX, whereas the parallels to Matthew are so to a lesser degree.18 This study by Gundry is the first to take allusions or non-formal quotations into account. Matthew and Mark share 40 allusive quotations: of these, 11 are the same as the LXX, 12 are non-Septuagintal, and 8 contain a mixture of LXX and non-LXX. In other words, apart from the formal quotations from Marcan tradition, a mixed textual tradition is found in the other layers of synoptic material ranging over every literary form (narrative, didactic, apocalyptic)." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p325, 2000 AD)

c.       "According to the study by Holtz, the text used by Luke is most like the Alexandrian group, proving yet again how old the readings from that group are. The Acts of the Apostles are part of the Lucan work. The text used by Luke in his many quotations from the Old Testament throughout the speeches by Peter and Paul is basically the text of the LXX exactly as reconstructed in modern critical editions." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p326, 2000 AD)

d.      "Paul cites the Old Testament 93 times: the Pentateuch 33 times, Isaiah 25, and the Psalms 19. Of these quotations, 51 agree completely or virtually with the LXX, 22 even against the Masoretic text; 4 follow the Hebrew text against the LXX, and 38 differ from both the Hebrew text and the LXX." "There are overwhelming proofs that the author of Hebrews generally used an old LXX text." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p328, 2000 AD)

e.      "In many cases, Paul’s text is closely connected with the application of that text to the present moment. These applications use common interpretations, oral or targumic traditions and the Targum method of exegesis. Paul uses the technique of midraš pešer. In this method, the explanation of the text determines the text form of the quotation. This occurs in several ways: 1. by mixing relevant verses within an express proof text; 2. by adapting the grammar to the context and application of the New Testament; 3. by choosing suitable translations of known texts or Targums; 4. by creating interpretations to fit the moment. All in all, Paul was capable of applying scripture to the demands of every particular situation of the Christian community like any rabbi or sage of his time." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p329, 2000 AD)

f.        "Of the 120 references to the Old Testament in the Apocalypse, 53 can be considered quotations and the rest are allusions. In a wide sense, Trudinger concludes that the author of the Apocalypse takes his information primarily from Semitic sources. Although familiar with phrases from the Greek Old Testament, he could have learned them from collections of testimonia. In 39 quotations and at least as many allusions, the Apocalypse reading is against the LXX in any of its preserved versions. And a substantial number of quotations and allusions come from the text of the Aramaic Targums. Dependence on these Targums cannot be demonstrated conclusively, but the mere fact that there was a connection with the tradition represented by the Targums is already an interesting result, especially in view of the disputed problem of their dating. However, the forms of quotation and allusion to the Old Testament in Apocalypse are better explained if it is accepted that the author knew the midrašim of the respective passages quoted. There are also indications that the author knew a Hebrew textual tradition different from the Masoretic, related sometimes to one of the Qumran texts." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p330, 2000 AD)

4.      Modern “western” prophetic expectations for quoting is invalid:

a.       Some read a Tanakh passage quoted in the New Testament and erroneously conclude that just because the original context does not appear to be messianic, that the Christian misquoted the Old Testament passage.

b.      In fact what we see in the way Christians (who grew up as Jews, worshipping every Sabbath in Synagogues) quoted the Old testament, is exactly how all the Rabbis of the day down to the present connect two seemingly unconnected passages.

c.       The Christians, therefore, used a VERY JEWISH hermeneutic that is viewed as unsatisfactory to some living today.

d.      "Study of Old Testament quotations in Qumran literature and in the New Testament has caused Fitzmyer to observe some very similar quotation techniques and exegetical practices in both bodies of writing. This is an obvious result, however, if we remember that they are authors who apply current Jewish hermenutics to scripture. And some New Testament writers, as Ellis has noted, use midrash to establish a Christian interpretation of the Old Testament, an interpretation included in the use of testimonia of these texts. Some independent quotations of the New Testament have been extracted from an earlier context of Christian midrash. Some Old Testament texts appear in the New Testament in an explicit midrash and as an independent quotation at the same time." (The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the Bible, Marcos, N. Fernández, p331, 2000 AD)

 

List of 300 Old Testament quotes in New Testament

1.       The organization of the Old Testament quotes in the New Testament below is the only one of its kind!

a.         It quotes from the New Testament (NET Bible)

b.        Then source quotes from two Old Testament Parallels: the exact text from Codex Vaticanus (LXX) and the JPS Jewish Bible. (MT)

2.       Notes about different chapter and verse numbering:

a.         Chapter and verse numbering are often different in Christian Bible’s, the Septuagint and the Jewish Bible.

b.        The difference may be that the chapter is higher or lower by one: Psalms 90:11 in one may be Psalms 91:11 in another.

c.         The difference may be one or two verses higher or lower: Deut 54:12 may be

d.        The difference may be before or after a chapter divider: Joel 2:28–32 in one book is Joel 3:1-5 in another

e.        The references may be randomly different: Jeremiah 38:15 in one may be Jeremiah 31:15. Jeremiah wrote two different inspired versions of the book of Jeremiah like the synoptic Gospels. The LXX and the Masoretic represent the two different inspired versions where material is almost the same but organized in completely different ways.

3.       Finding specific verses or books or quotes:

a.         You can search for any Bible reference by hitting the CONTROL + F key in your internet browser.

4.       Multiple New Testament quotations of one Old Testament verse:

a.         For example “You are my Son, today I have begotten you” is quoted form Psalms 2:7 in 4 different places in the New Testament: Acts 13:33; Hebrews 1:5; 5:5 from Psalm 2:7.

b.        All four are found in the first chronological book to reduce redundancy and condense the work.

5.       About the New English Translation Bible (NET Bible).

a.         Go to www.bible.org and download your free copy.

b.        The NET is a new transition highly recommended by the author because it incorporates high detail into the text of the entire Bible, textual manuscript information.

c.         The NET Bible is a completely new translation of the Bible with 60,932 translators’ notes! It was completed by more than 25 scholars – experts in the original biblical languages – who worked directly from the best currently available Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek texts. Turn the pages and see the breadth of the translators’ notes, documenting their decisions and choices as they worked. The translators’ notes make the original languages far more accessible, allowing you to look over the translator’s shoulder at the very process of translation. This level of documentation is a first for a Bible translation, making transparent the textual basis and the rationale for key renderings (including major interpretive options and alternative translations). This unparalleled level of detail helps connect people to the Bible in the original languages in a way never before possible without years of study of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. It unlocks the riches of the Bible’s truth from entirely new perspectives. Produced for ministry, Our ministry, bible.org, was created to be a source of trustworthy Bible study resources for the world, so that everyone is guaranteed free access to these high quality materials. In the second year of bible.org’s ministry (1995) it became clear that a free online Bible would be needed on the bible.org website since copyrighted Bibles can’t be quoted in a huge collection of online studies. The NET Bible project was commissioned to create a faithful Bible translation that could be placed on the Internet, downloaded for free, and used around the world for ministry. The Bible is God’s gift to humanity – it should be free.

6.       About the Septuagint: Codex Vaticanus 325 AD:

a.         Two almost complete copies of the Bible were produced around 325 AD: Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus.

c.         You can see the full text of Codex Vaticanus on line

b.        One important reason Codex Vaticanus is important to the Christian, is because it escaped the minor deliberate Jewish changes in text in 160 AD. One of several examples is Hebrew 1:6 that quotes an old testament verse that the “Angels are to worship Jesus” yet none can be found in most Christian Bibles because they are based upon the Jewish Masoretic Text. However, in the Codex Vaticanus, we find the full source quote in Deut 32:43 and take note of the key words deleted by the Jews to disconnect the messianic prophecy with the worship of Jesus as God. This comes as quite a shock to Christians that the “missing quote” was there all along in the Septuagint. The reading is confirmed by Dead Sea Scroll 4Q44 that dates to 100 BC.  See full discussion on Deut 32:43 and Dead Sea Scroll 4Q44.

d.        “CODEX VATICANUS A uncial codex also known as Codex B. Believed to be the oldest extant vellum manuscript. Contains 759 leaves, 142 of which are New Testament texts. Codex Vaticanus (B, Uncial 03) is an unornamented early- to mid-fourth century AD biblical manuscript. It is believed to be the oldest extant vellum manuscript. Catalogued in the Vatican library as manuscript 1209, this 27 by 27 centimeter codex contains 759 leaves and lacks punctuation or spacing between words (though a small space does appear at the end of some sentences and paragraphs). Its three-column format is rare among New Testament manuscripts. The poetical books of the Old Testament contain two columns per page. The scribe wrote in apricot-colored ink and wrote 15–19 Greek uncial characters per line.” (LBD, Vaticanus)

7.       About the JPS Jewish Bible: Masoretic: Codex Leningradensis 1008 AD:

a.         As you can see, the Codex Vaticanus manuscript is 650 years older than the Leningrad Codex manuscript from which the Jewish Bible is translated.

b.        The JPS Bible is the standard English Tanakh used in all synagogues throughout the English speaking world and is considered the most reliable translation of the Masoretic Text of 1008 AD in existence.

c.         The Masoretic Text is the same text uses as a foundation behind most modern English translations including the KJV, NASB, NIV etc.

d.        We wanted to use the translation of the Jewish community from the JPS Bible instead of the Christian translation from the same MT text in the NASB.

e.        The Jewish Publication Society of America was founded in Philadelphia in 1888 to provide the children of Jewish immigrants to America with books about their heritage in the language of the New World. As the oldest publisher of Jewish titles in the English language, the mission of JPS is to enhance Jewish culture by promoting the dissemination of religious and secular works of exceptional quality, in the United States and abroad, to all individuals and institutions interested in past and contemporary Jewish life. Over the years JPS has issued a body of works for all tastes and needs. Its many titles include biographies, histories, art books, holiday anthologies, books for young readers, religious and philosophical studies, and translations of scholarly and popular classics. It is perhaps known best for its famous JPS Tanakh, the translation of the Hebrew Bible in English from the original Hebrew.

 

Matthew Old Testament Quotes | Go to top

NT Reference quote

OT Source Quote

New Testament: New English Translation (NET)

Septuagint LXX

Vaticanus 325 AD

Masoretic MT

Jewish Bible JPS

Matthew 1:23

Isaiah 7:14

"“Look! The virgin will conceive and bear a son, and they will call him Emmanuel,” which means “God with us.”" (Matthew 1:23)

"Because of this, the Lord himself will give you a sign: Look, the maiden will become pregnant and will bear a son, and you will call his name Immanuel." (Isaiah 7:14)

"Assuredly, my Lord will give you a sign of His own accord! Look, the young woman is with child and about to give birth to a son. Let her name him Immanuel." (Isaiah 7:14)

Matthew 2:6

Micah 5:2

"And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are in no way least among the rulers of Judah, for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.’ ”" (Matthew 2:6)

"And you, O Bethlehem, house of Ephrathah, you are very small to be in the thousands of Judah, from which for me one will come out to be for a ruler of Israel, and his goings out are from the beginning, from days of old.”" (Micah 5:2)

"And you, O Bethlehem of Ephrath, Least among the clans of Judah, From you one shall come forth To rule Israel for Me— One whose origin is from of old, From ancient times." (Micah 5:1)

Matthew 2:15

Hosea 11:1

"He stayed there until Herod died. In this way what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet was fulfilled: “I called my Son out of Egypt.”" (Matthew 2:15)

"At dawn they were thrown away; the king of Israel was thrown away.” “Because Israel was an infant, and I loved him, and out of Egypt I called back his children." (Hosea 11:1)

"I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called My son Ever since Egypt." (Hosea 11:1)

Matthew 2:18

Jeremiah 38:15

"“A voice was heard in Ramah, weeping and loud wailing, Rachel weeping for her children, and she did not want to be comforted, because they were gone.”" (Matthew 2:18)

"This is what the Lord said: “A voice of lamentation and weeping and mourning was heard in Ramah. Rachel, weeping over her sons, was unwilling to desist, because they were no more.”" (Jeremiah 38:15)

"Thus said the Lord: A cry is heard in Ramah— Wailing, bitter weeping— Rachel weeping for her children. She refuses to be comforted For her children, who are gone." (Jeremiah 31:15)

Matthew 3:3; Luke 3:4-6; John 1:23

Isaiah 40:3-5

"For he is the one about whom Isaiah the prophet had spoken: “The voice of one shouting in the wilderness, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make his paths straight.’ ”" (Matthew 3:3) "As it is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, “The voice of one shouting in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make his paths straight. Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be brought low, and the crooked will be made straight, and the rough ways will be made smooth, and all humanity will see the salvation of God.’ ”" (Luke 3:4–6) "John said, “I am the voice of one shouting in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way for the Lord,’ as Isaiah the prophet said.”" (John 1:23)

"The voice of one calling in the desert, “Prepare the way of the Lord! Make the paths of our God straight!” Every valley will be filled, and every mountain and hill will be leveled, and all the crooked ways will be made straight, and every rough spot a plain; and the glory of the Lord will be seen, and all flesh will see the salvation of God, for the Lord has spoken." (Isaiah 40:3–5)

"A voice rings out: “Clear in the desert A road for the Lord! Level in the wilderness A highway for our God! Let every valley be raised, Every hill and mount made low. Let the rugged ground become level And the ridges become a plain. The Presence of the Lord shall appear, And all flesh, as one, shall behold— For the Lord Himself has spoken.”" (Isaiah 40:3–5)

Matthew 4:4; Luke 4:4

Deut 8:3

"But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’ ”" (Matthew 4:4) "Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘Man does not live by bread alone.’ ”" (Luke 4:4)

"And he distressed you and weakened you by hunger and fed you manna, which your fathers did not see, in order to declare to you that man shall not live on only bread, but on every word going out through the mouth of God man shall live." (Deut 8:3)

"He subjected you to the hardship of hunger and then gave you manna to eat, which neither you nor your fathers had ever known, in order to teach you that man does not live on bread alone, but that man may live on anything that the Lord decrees." (Deut 8:3)

Matthew 4:6; Luke 4:10-11

Psalms 90:11-12

"and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down. For it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you’ and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’ ”" (Matthew 4:6) "for it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you, to protect you,’ and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’ ”" (Luke 4:10–11)

"because he will command his angels concerning you, to guard you in your ways. Upon hands they will lift you, lest you strike your feet against a stone." (Psalm 90:11–12)

"For He will order His angels to guard you wherever you go. They will carry you in their hands lest you hurt your foot on a stone." (Psalm 91:11–12)

Matthew 4:7; Luke 4:12

Deut 6:16

"Jesus said to him, “Once again it is written: ‘You are not to put the Lord your God to the test.’ ”" (Matthew 4:7) "Jesus answered him, “It is said, ‘You are not to put the Lord your God to the test.’ ”" (Luke 4:12)

"“ ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God as you tempted him in the temptation." (Deut 6:16)

"Do not try the Lord your God, as you did at Massah." (Deut 6:16)

Matthew 4:10; Luke 4:8

Deut 6:13; 10:20

"Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, Satan! For it is written: ‘You are to worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’ ”" (Matthew 4:10) "Jesus answered him, “It is written, ‘You are to worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’ ”" (Luke 4:8)

"You shall fear the Lord your God and serve him, and you shall cling to him, and you shall swear by his name." (Deut 6:13) "You shall fear the Lord your God, and you shall serve him, and you shall cling to him, and you shall swear by his name." (Deut 10:20)

"Revere only the Lord your God and worship Him alone, and swear only by His name." (Deut 6:13) "You must revere the Lord your God: only Him shall you worship, to Him shall you hold fast, and by His name shall you swear." (Deut 10:20)

Matthew 4:15-16

Isaiah 9:1-2

"“Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way by the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles— the people who sit in darkness have seen a great light, and on those who sit in the region and shadow of death a light has dawned.”" (Matthew 4:15–16)

"Drink this first; act swiftly, region of Zebulun, land of Naphtali, and the rest who are on the coast and across the Jordan, Galilee of the nations! People going in darkness, see a great light! Those inhabiting a region, a shadow of death, light will shine on you!" (Isaiah 9:1–2)

"For if there were to be any break of day for that which is in straits, only the former would have brought abasement to the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali—while the later one would have brought honor to the Way of the Sea, the other side of the Jordan, and Galilee of the Nations. The people that walked in darkness Have seen a brilliant light; On those who dwelt in a land of gloom Light has dawned." (Isaiah 8:23–9:1)

Matthew 8:17

Isaiah 53:4

"In this way what was spoken by Isaiah the prophet was fulfilled: “He took our weaknesses and carried our diseases.”" (Matthew 8:17)

"This one carries our sins and suffers pain for us, and we regarded him as one who is in difficulty, misfortune, and affliction." (Isaiah 53:4)

"Yet it was our sickness that he was bearing, Our suffering that he endured. We accounted him plagued, Smitten and afflicted by God;" (Isaiah 53:4)

Matthew 9:13

Hosea 6:6

"Go and learn what this saying means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice.’ For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”" (Matthew 9:13)

"Because I want mercy rather than sacrifice, and knowledge of God rather than whole burnt offerings." (Hosea 6:6)

"For I desire goodness, not sacrifice; Obedience to God, rather than burnt offerings." (Hosea 6:6)

Matthew 10:35-36

Micah 7:6

"For I have come to set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, and a man’s enemies will be the members of his household." (Matthew 10:35–36)

"Because a son dishonors a father, a daughter rises up against her mother, a bride against her mother-in-law, the enemies of a man are all who are in his house." (Micah 7:6)

"For son spurns father, Daughter rises up against mother, Daughter-in-law against mother-in-law— A man’s own household Are his enemies." (Micah 7:6)

Matthew 11:10; Mark 1:2; Luke 7:27

Malachi 3:1

"This is the one about whom it is written: ‘Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.’" (Matthew 11:10) "As it is written in Isaiah the prophet, “Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way," (Mark 1:2) "This is the one about whom it is written, ‘Look, I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.’" (Luke 7:27)

"“Behold, I send my messenger, and he will observe the way before my face. And immediately, the Lord, whom you seek, will come into his own temple. And the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, behold, he comes,” says the Lord Almighty." (Malachi 3:1)

"Behold, I am sending My messenger to clear the way before Me, and the Lord whom you seek shall come to His Temple suddenly. As for the angel of the covenant that you desire, he is already coming." (Malachi 3:1)

Matthew 12:18-21

Isaiah 42:1-4

"“Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I take great delight. I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations. He will not quarrel or cry out, nor will anyone hear his voice in the streets. He will not break a bruised reed or extinguish a smoldering wick, until he brings justice to victory. And in his name the Gentiles will hope.”" (Matthew 12:18–21)

"Jacob is my child, I will help him; Israel is my chosen one, my soul has accepted him. I have given my spirit upon him; he will bring forth judgment upon the nations. He will not cry out or lift up his voice, nor will his voice be heard outside. He will not crush a bruised reed, and he will not extinguish a smoking flax, but he will bring forth justice to truth. He will blaze forth and will not be broken until he brings justice upon the earth, and the nations will hope in his name." (Isaiah 42:1–4)

"This is My servant, whom I uphold, My chosen one, in whom I delight. I have put My spirit upon him, He shall teach the true way to the nations. He shall not cry out or shout aloud, Or make his voice heard in the streets. He shall not break even a bruised reed, Or snuff out even a dim wick. He shall bring forth the true way. He shall not grow dim or be bruised Till he has established the true way on earth; And the coastlands shall await his teaching." (Isaiah 42:1–4)

Matthew 13:14-15; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:10; John 12:40; Acts 28:26-27

Isaiah 6:9-10

"And concerning them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says: ‘You will listen carefully yet will never understand, you will look closely yet will never comprehend. For the heart of this people has become dull; they are hard of hearing, and they have shut their eyes, so that they would not see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their hearts and turn, and I would heal them.’" (Matthew 13:14–15) "so that although they look they may look but not see, and although they hear they may hear but not understand, so they may not repent and be forgiven.”" (Mark 4:12) "He said, “You have been given the opportunity to know the secrets of the kingdom of God, but for others they are in parables, so that although they see they may not see, and although they hear they may not understand." (Luke 8:10) "“He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, so that they would not see with their eyes and understand with their heart, and turn to me, and I would heal them.”" (John 12:40) "when he said, ‘Go to this people and say, “You will keep on hearing, but will never understand, and you will keep on looking, but will never perceive. For the heart of this people has become dull, and their ears are hard of hearing, and they have closed their eyes, so that they would not see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I would heal them.” ’" (Acts 28:26–27)

"And he said, “Go and tell this people, ‘You will hear by hearing and not understand; and although looking, you will look and not see.’ For the heart of this people has been thickened; and they have heard with difficulty with their ears, and they closed their eyes lest they see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I will heal them.”" (Isaiah 6:9–10)

"And He said, “Go, say to that people: ‘Hear, indeed, but do not understand; See, indeed, but do not grasp.’ Dull that people’s mind, Stop its ears, And seal its eyes— Lest, seeing with its eyes And hearing with its ears, It also grasp with its mind, And repent and save itself.”" (Isaiah 6:9–10)

Matthew 13:35

Psalms 77:2

"This fulfilled what was spoken by the prophet: “I will open my mouth in parables, I will announce what has been hidden from the foundation of the world.”" (Matthew 13:35)

"I will open my mouth in parables. I will voice riddles from the beginning. How much we heard and knew. Also our fathers described them to us." (Psalm 77:2–3)

"I will expound a theme, hold forth on the lessons of the past, things we have heard and known, that our fathers have told us." (Psalm 78:2–3)

Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10; Ephesians 6:2-3

Exodus 20:12; Deut 5:16

"For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother’ and ‘Whoever insults his father or mother must be put to death.’" (Matthew 15:4) "For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever insults his father or mother must be put to death.’" (Mark 7:10) "“Honor your father and mother,” which is the first commandment accompanied by a promise, namely, “that it may go well with you and that you will live a long time on the earth.”" (Ephesians 6:2–3)

"“Honor your father and mother, in order that it may be well for you and in order that you may be living for a long time upon the good land, which the Lord your God is giving to you." (Exodus 20:12) "“ ‘Honor your father and your mother in the way that the Lord your God commanded that it may go well with you and that you may be a long time on the land that the Lord your God is giving over to you." (Deut 5:16)

"Honor your father and your mother, that you may long endure on the land that the Lord your God is assigning to you." (Exodus 20:12) "Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may long endure, and that you may fare well, in the land that the Lord your God is assigning to you." (Deut 5:16)

Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10

Exodus 21:16

"For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother’ and ‘Whoever insults his father or mother must be put to death.’" (Matthew 15:4) "For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘Whoever insults his father or mother must be put to death.’" (Mark 7:10)

"“ ‘The one who verbally abuses his father or his mother will die by death sentence." (Exodus 21:16)

"He who strikes his father or his mother shall be put to death." (Exodus 21:15)

Matthew 15:8-9; Mark 7:6-7

Isaiah 29:13

"‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me, and they worship me in vain, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ ”" (Matthew 15:8–9) "He said to them, “Isaiah prophesied correctly about you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me. They worship me in vain, teaching as doctrine the commandments of men.’" (Mark 7:6–7)

"And the Lord said, “This people approaches me with their mouth, and with their lips they honor me, but their heart remains far from me. And they are pious to me to no avail, teaching human rules and instructions." (Isaiah 29:13)

"My Lord said: Because that people has approached with its mouth And honored Me with its lips, But has kept its heart far from Me, And its worship of Me has been A commandment of men, learned by rote—" (Isaiah 29:13)

Matthew 18:16; 2 Corinthians 13:1

Deut 19:15

"But if he does not listen, take one or two others with you, so that at the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter may be established." (Matthew 18:16) "This is the third time I am coming to visit you. By the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter will be established." (2 Corinthians 13:1)

"“One witness shall not stand to be a witness against a man as regards any injustice and as regards any offence and according to any sin that he may have sinned; on the mouth of two witnesses and upon the mouth of three witnesses any word shall stand." (Deut 19:15)

"A single witness may not validate against a person any guilt or blame for any offense that may be committed; a case can be valid only on the testimony of two witnesses or more." (Deut 19:15)

Matthew 19:5; Mark 10:7-8; 1 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 5:31

Genesis 2:24

"and said, ‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and will be united with his wife, and the two will become one flesh’?" (Matthew 19:5) "For this reason a man will leave his father and mother,and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one flesh." (Mark 10:7–8) "Or do you not know that anyone who is united with a prostitute is one body with her? For it is said, “The two will become one flesh.”" (1 Corinthians 6:16) "For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh." (Ephesians 5:31)

"For this reason a man will leave behind his father and his mother and will cleave to his wife, and the two will be as one flesh." (Genesis 2:24)

"Hence a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, so that they become one flesh." (Genesis 2:24)

Matthew 21:5; John 12:15

Zechariah 9:9

"“Tell the people of Zion, ‘Look, your king is coming to you, unassuming and seated on a donkey, and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ”" (Matthew 21:5) "“Do not be afraid, people of Zion; look, your king is coming, seated on a donkey’s colt!”" (John 12:15)

"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; announce, O daughter of Jerusalem. Behold, your king comes to you, righteous and able to keep alive; he is humble and mounted upon a mule, even a young foal of an ass." (Zechariah 9:9)

"Rejoice greatly, Fair Zion; Raise a shout, Fair Jerusalem! Lo, your king is coming to you. He is victorious, triumphant, Yet humble, riding on an ass, On a donkey foaled by a she-ass." (Zechariah 9:9)

Matthew 21:9; Luke 13:35; Luke 19:38; John 12:13

Psalms 117:26

"The crowds that went ahead of him and those following kept shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!”" (Matthew 21:9) "Look, your house is forsaken! And I tell you, you will not see me until you say, ‘Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”" (Luke 13:35) "“Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”" (Luke 19:38) "So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him. They began to shout, “Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the king of Israel!”" (John 12:13)

"Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord. We have blessed you from the house of the Lord." (Psalm 117:26)

"May he who enters be blessed in the name of the Lord; we bless you from the House of the Lord." (Psalm 118:26)

Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17

Isaiah 56:7; Jeremiah 7:11

"The crowds that went ahead of him and those following kept shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!”" (Matthew 21:9) "Look, your house is forsaken! And I tell you, you will not see me until you say, ‘Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”" (Luke 13:35) "“Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”" (Luke 19:38) "So they took branches of palm trees and went out to meet him. They began to shout, “Hosanna! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessed is the king of Israel!”" (John 12:13)

"I will bring them to my holy mountain and make them rejoice in my house of prayer. Their whole burnt offerings and sacrifices will be acceptable upon my altar, for my house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations,”" (Isaiah 56:7) "Is my house, where my name has been invoked, a cave of thieves to you? Look. Even I have seen this,” says the Lord." (Jeremiah 7:11)

"I will bring them to My sacred mount And let them rejoice in My house of prayer. Their burnt offerings and sacrifices Shall be welcome on My altar; For My House shall be called A house of prayer for all peoples.”" (Isaiah 56:7) "Do you consider this House, which bears My name, to be a den of thieves? As for Me, I have been watching—declares the Lord." (Jeremiah 7:11)

Matthew 21:16

Psalms 8:2

"and said to him, “Do you hear what they are saying?” Jesus said to them, “Yes. Have you never read, ‘Out of the mouths of children and nursing infants you have prepared praise for yourself’?”" (Matthew 21:16)

"From the mouth of infants and nursing babies you created praise, on account of your enemies, to destroy the enemy and the avenger." (Psalm 8:3)

"From the mouths of infants and sucklings You have founded strength on account of Your foes, to put an end to enemy and avenger." (Psalm 8:3)

Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10-11; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:7

Psalms 117:22-23

"Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?" (Matthew 21:42) "Have you not read this scripture: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’?”" (Mark 12:10–11) "But Jesus looked straight at them and said, “Then what is the meaning of that which is written: ‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone’?" (Luke 20:17) "This Jesus is the stone that was rejected by you, the builders, that has become the cornerstone." (Acts 4:11) "So you who believe see his value, but for those who do not believe, the stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone," (1 Peter 2:7)

"A stone that those who build rejected, this became as the head of the corner. This became from the Lord, and it is wonderful in our eyes." (Psalm 117:22–23)

"The stone that the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone. This is the Lord’s doing; it is marvelous in our sight." (Psalm 118:22–23)

Matthew 22:24

Deut 25:5

"“Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and father children for his brother.’" (Matthew 22:24)

"“But if brothers dwell together and one of them dies but he does not have offspring, the wife of the one deceased shall not be outside, lest a man come near. The brother of her husband shall go into her, and he shall take her for himself as a wife, and he shall live with her." (Deut 25:5)

"When brothers dwell together and one of them dies and leaves no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married to a stranger, outside the family. Her husband’s brother shall unite with her: he shall take her as his wife and perform the levir’s duty." (Deut 25:5)

Matthew 22:32; Mark 12:26; Acts 7:32

Exodus 3:6

"‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not the God of the dead but of the living!”" (Matthew 22:32) "Now as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?" (Mark 12:26) "‘I am the God of your forefathers, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.’ Moses began to tremble and did not dare to look more closely." (Acts 7:32)

"And he said, “I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.” And Moses turned away his face; for he was afraid to look at the face of God." (Exodus 3:6)

"I am,” He said, “the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” And Moses hid his face, for he was afraid to look at God." (Exodus 3:6)

Matthew 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27

Deut 6:5; 10:12; 30:6

"Jesus said to him, “ ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’" (Matthew 22:37) "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.’" (Mark 12:30) "The expert answered, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, and love your neighbor as yourself.”" (Luke 10:27)

"And you will love the Lord your God from your whole mind and from your whole soul and from your whole strength." (Deut 6:5) "“And now, O Israel, what has the Lord your God asked from you except to fear the Lord your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the Lord your God from your whole heart and from your whole soul," (Deut 10:12) "And the Lord will cleanse your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the Lord your God from the whole of your heart and from the whole of your soul, in order that you may live." (Deut 30:6)

"You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might." (Deut 6:5) "And now, O Israel, what does the Lord your God demand of you? Only this: to revere the Lord your God, to walk only in His paths, to love Him, and to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and soul," (Deut 10:12) "Then the Lord your God will open up your heart and the hearts of your offspring to love the Lord your God with all your heart and soul, in order that you may live." (Deut 30:6)

Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8

Leviticus 19:18

"The second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’" (Matthew 22:39) "The second is: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”" (Mark 12:31) "For the commandments, “Do not commit adultery, do not murder, do not steal, do not covet,” (and if there is any other commandment) are summed up in this, “Love your neighbor as yourself.”" (Romans 13:9) "For the whole law can be summed up in a single commandment, namely, “You must love your neighbor as yourself.”" (Galatians 5:14) "But if you fulfill the royal law as expressed in this scripture, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well." (James 2:8)

"And your hand will not take vengeance for you, and you will not bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I myself am the Lord." (Leviticus 19:18)

"You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against your countrymen. Love your fellow as yourself: I am the Lord." (Leviticus 19:18)

Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42-43; Acts 2:34-35; Hebrews 1:13

Psalms 109:1

"‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet” ’?" (Matthew 22:44) "David himself, by the Holy Spirit, said, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.” ’" (Mark 12:36) "For David himself says in the book of Psalms, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” ’" (Luke 20:42–43) "For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” ’" (Acts 2:34–35) "But to which of the angels has he ever said, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet”?" (Hebrews 1:13)

"The Lord spoke to my Lord, “Be seated at my right side until I set your enemies as a footstool for your feet.”" (Psalm 109:1)

"Of David. A psalm. The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at My right hand while I make your enemies your footstool.”" (Psalm 110:1)

Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27

Zechariah 13:7

"Then Jesus said to them, “This night you will all fall away because of me, for it is written: ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’" (Matthew 26:31) "Then Jesus said to them, “You will all fall away, for it is written, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’" (Mark 14:27)

"“A sword has been raised up against my shepherds and against my citizen,” says the Lord Almighty. “Strike the shepherds, and remove the sheep, and I will lay my hand upon the small." (Zechariah 13:7)

"O sword! Rouse yourself against My shepherd, The man in charge of My flock —says the Lord of Hosts. Strike down the shepherd And let the flock scatter; And I will also turn My hand Against all the shepherd boys." (Zechariah 13:7)

Matthew 27:9

Zechariah 11:12

"Then what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet was fulfilled: “They took the thirty silver coins, the price of the one whose price had been set by the people of Israel," (Matthew 27:9)

"And I will say to them, “If it is good before you, give me my wages or forbid it.” So they established my wages as thirty pieces of silver." (Zechariah 11:12)

"Then I said to them, “If you are satisfied, pay me my wages; if not, don’t.” So they weighed out my wages, thirty shekels of silver—" (Zechariah 11:12)

Matthew 27:35; John 19:24

Psalms 21:18

"When they had crucified him, they divided his clothes by throwing dice." (Matthew 27:35) "So the soldiers said to one another, “Let’s not tear it, but throw dice to see who will get it.” This took place to fulfill the scripture that says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they threw dice.” So the soldiers did these things." (John 19:24)

"They can count all my bones; they perceived and gazed upon me." (Psalm 21:18)

"I take the count of all my bones while they look on and gloat." (Psalm 22:18)

Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34

Psalms 21:1

"At about three o’clock Jesus shouted with a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”" (Matthew 27:46) "Around three o’clock Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”" (Mark 15:34)

"A psalm of David. O God, my God, pay attention to me. Why did you abandon me? Far away from my salvation are the words of my transgressions." (Psalm 21:2)

"A psalm of David. My God, my God, why have You abandoned me; why so far from delivering me and from my anguished roaring?" (Psalm 22:2)

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Mark 9:48

Isaiah 66:24

"where their worm never dies and the fire is never quenched." (Mark 9:48)

"“And they will go out and see the corpses of the men who transgressed against me, for their worm does not die, and their fire will not be quenched, and they will become a spectacle for all flesh.”" (Isaiah 66:24)

"They shall go out and gaze On the corpses of the men who rebelled against Me: Their worms shall not die, Nor their fire be quenched; They shall be a horror To all flesh. And new moon after new moon, And sabbath after sabbath, All flesh shall come to worship Me —said the Lord." (Isaiah 66:24)

Mark 10:6

Genesis 1:27

"But from the beginning of creation he made them male and female." (Mark 10:6)

"And God made humankind; according to the image of God, he made him; male and female, he made them." (Genesis 1:27)

"And God created man in His image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them." (Genesis 1:27)

Mark 12:29

Deut 6:4

"Jesus answered, “The most important is: ‘Listen, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one." (Mark 12:29)

"“And these are the ordinances and the judgments that the Lord commanded the children of Israel when they came out from the land of Egypt: ‘Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one." (Deut 6:4)

"Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone." (Deut 6:4)

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Luke 22:37

Isaiah 53:12

"For I tell you that this scripture must be fulfilled in me, ‘And he was counted with the transgressors.’ For what is written about me is being fulfilled.”" (Luke 22:37)

"Because of this he will cause many to inherit, and he will apportion the spoils of the mighty, because his soul was given over to death, and he was reckoned among the lawless, and he himself bore the sins of many, and he was handed over because of their wickedness." (Isaiah 53:12)

"Assuredly, I will give him the many as his portion, He shall receive the multitude as his spoil. For he exposed himself to death And was numbered among the sinners, Whereas he bore the guilt of the many And made intercession for sinners.”" (Isaiah 53:12)

Luke 1:17

Malachi 4:5

"And he will go as forerunner before the Lord in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers back to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready for the Lord a people prepared for him.”" (Luke 1:17)

"“And behold, I am sending to you Elijah the Tishbite before the great and famous day of the Lord comes," (Malachi 4:4)

"Lo, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before the coming of the awesome, fearful day of the Lord." (Malachi 3:23)

Luke 2:23

Exodus 13:2

"(just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male will be set apart to the Lord”)," (Luke 2:23)

"“Set aside to me every firstborn, the first-birthed opening every womb among the children of Israel, from human to beast it is mine.”" (Exodus 13:2)

"“Consecrate to Me every first-born; man and beast, the first issue of every womb among the Israelites is Mine.”" (Exodus 13:2)

Luke 2:24

Leviticus 12:8

"and to offer a sacrifice according to what is specified in the law of the Lord, a pair of doves or two young pigeons." (Luke 2:24)

"But if she cannot afford a sufficient presentation for a lamb, then she will take two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a whole burnt offering and one for a sin offering; and the priest will make atonement for her, and she will be purified.’ ”" (Leviticus 12:8)

"If, however, her means do not suffice for a sheep, she shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering. The priest shall make expiation on her behalf, and she shall be clean." (Leviticus 12:8)

Luke 4:18-19

Isaiah 61:1-2

"“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and the regaining of sight to the blind, to set free those who are oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”" (Luke 4:18–19)

"The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, on account of which he has anointed me; he has sent me to bring good news to the poor, to heal those who are crushed in heart, to announce release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord and the day of repayment, to comfort all who mourn," (Isaiah 61:1–2)

"The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, Because the Lord has anointed me; He has sent me as a herald of joy to the humble, To bind up the wounded of heart, To proclaim release to the captives, Liberation to the imprisoned; To proclaim a year of the Lord’s favor And a day of vindication by our God; To comfort all who mourn—" (Isaiah 61:1–2)

Luke 23:30

Hosea 10:8

"Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills,‘Cover us!’" (Luke 23:30)

"And the altars of Beth-aven will be lifted up, the sins of Israel. Thorns and thistles will shoot up on their altars, and they will say to the mountains, “Cover us,” and to the hills, “Fall on us.”" (Hosea 10:8)

"Ruined shall be the shrines of aven, That sin of Israel. Thorns and thistles Shall grow on their altars. They shall call to the mountains, “Bury us!” To the hills, “Fall on us!”" (Hosea 10:8)

Luke 23:46

Psalms 30:5

"Then Jesus, calling out with a loud voice, said, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit!” And after he said this he breathed his last." (Luke 23:46)

"Into your hands I will place my spirit. You will deliver me, O Lord, the God of the truth." (Psalm 30:6)

"Into Your hand I entrust my spirit; You redeem me, O Lord, faithful God." (Psalm 31:6)

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John 2:17; Romans 15:3

Psalms 69:9

"His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will devour me.”" (John 2:17) "For even Christ did not please himself, but just as it is written, “The insults of those who insult you have fallen on me.”" (Romans 15:3)

"because the zeal of your house devours me, and the reproach of those who revile you fell upon me." (Psalm 68:10)

"My zeal for Your house has been my undoing; the reproaches of those who revile You have fallen upon me." (Psalm 69:10)

John 6:45

Isaiah 54:13

"It is written in the prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who hears and learns from the Father comes to me." (John 6:45)

"And all your sons will be instructed by God, and your children will live in great peace." (Isaiah 54:13)

"And all your children shall be disciples of the Lord, And great shall be the happiness of your children;" (Isaiah 54:13)

John 10:34

Psalms 82:6

"Jesus answered, “Is it not written in your law, ‘I said, you are gods’?" (John 10:34)

"I said, “You are gods, and all are children of the Most High.”" (Psalm 81:6)

"I had taken you for divine beings, sons of the Most High, all of you;" (Psalm 82:6)

John 12:38; Romans 10:16

Isaiah 53:1

"so that the word of Isaiah the prophet would be fulfilled. He said, “Lord, who has believed our message, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”" (John 12:38) "But not all have obeyed the good news, for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report?”" (Romans 10:16)

"O Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" (Isaiah 53:1)

"“Who can believe what we have heard? Upon whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?" (Isaiah 53:1)

John 13:18

Psalms 41:9

"“What I am saying does not refer to all of you. I know the ones I have chosen. But this is to fulfill the scripture, ‘The one who eats my bread has turned against me.’" (John 13:18)

"For even the person of my peace, upon whom I placed confidence, the one who eats my bread, made great treachery against me." (Psalm 40:10)

 "My ally in whom I trusted, even he who shares my bread, has been utterly false to me." (Psalm 41:10)

John 15:25

Psalms 69:4

"Now this happened to fulfill the word that is written in their law, ‘They hated me without reason.’" (John 15:25)

"Those who hate me for nothing increased more than the hairs of my head; my enemies, those who persecute me unjustly, were strengthened. What things I did not seize, then I repaid." (Psalm 68:5)

"More numerous than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without reason; many are those who would destroy me, my treacherous enemies. Must I restore what I have not stolen?" (Psalm 69:5)

John 19:36

Psalms 34:20; Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12

"For these things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled, “Not a bone of his will be broken.”" (John 19:36)

"The Lord guards all their bones. Not one of them will be crushed." (Psalm 33:21) "In one house it will be eaten, and you will not eat any of the meat outside of the house, and you will not break a bone of it." (Exodus 12:46) "They will not leave any of it until morning, and they will not break a bone of it; according to the regulations of the Passover they will observe it." (Numbers 9:12)

"Keeping all his bones intact, not one of them being broken." (Psalm 34:21) "It shall be eaten in one house: you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house; nor shall you break a bone of it." (Exodus 12:46) "and they shall not leave any of it over until morning. They shall not break a bone of it. They shall offer it in strict accord with the law of the passover sacrifice." (Numbers 9:12)

John 19:37

Zechariah 12:10

"And again another scripture says, “They will look on the one whom they have pierced.”" (John 19:37)

"And I will pour out upon the house of David and upon the ones who dwell in Jerusalem a spirit of grace and of mercy, and they will look attentively to me, because they danced/pierced1 triumphantly; and they will mourn for it with a mourning as for a beloved friend, and they will be grieved with a grief as for the firstborn." (Zechariah 12:10)1: The LXX, reading רקדו for דקרו by an erroneous transposition of ר and ד, has the curious κατωρχήσαντο, “they danced insultingly”, instead of ἐξεκέντησαν, “they pierced,” which is the natural rendering of the Hebrew and is followed by Theodotion and Aquila, Symmachus having ἐπεξεκέντησαν. The same rendering is found in Rev. 1:7, where the prophecy is given a different turn and referred to the Second Advent 

"And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication; and they shall look unto Me because they have thrust him through; and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his first-born." (Zechariah 12:10, JPS 1917 AD) "But I will fill the House of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem with a spirit of pity and compassion; and they shall lament to Me about those who are slain, wailing over them as over a favorite son and showing bitter grief as over a first-born." (Zechariah 12:10, JPS 1985 AD)

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Acts 1:20

Psalms 69:25; 109:8

"“For it is written in the book of Psalms, ‘Let his house become deserted, and let there be no one to live in it,’ and ‘Let another take his position of responsibility.’" (Acts 1:20)

"Let their dwelling become stripped bare, and let there be no one dwelling in their tents, because they persecuted the one whom you struck down, and they added to the pain of my wound." (Psalm 68:26–27) "Let his days be few, and may another take away his visitation." (Psalm 108:8)

"may their encampments be desolate; may their tents stand empty. For they persecute those You have struck; they talk about the pain of those You have felled." (Psalm 69:26–27) "May his days be few; may another take over his position. May his children be orphans, his wife a widow." (Psalm 109:8–9)

Acts 2:17-21; Romans 10:13

Joel 2:28-32

"‘And in the last days it will be,’ God says, ‘that I will pour out my Spirit on all people, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will dream dreams. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy. And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’" (Acts 2:17–21) "For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." (Romans 10:13)

"“And it will be, after these things, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh, and your sons and your daughters will prophesy, and your elders will dream dreams, and your youths will see visions, and upon my male slaves and upon the female slaves, in those days I will pour out my spirit. And I will give signs in the sky and upon the earth, blood and fire and vapor of smoke. The sun will change into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and distinguished day of the Lord comes. And it will be that everyone, whoever invokes the name of the Lord, will be saved, because in the mountain of Zion and in Jerusalem there will be one who is being rescued, as the Lord has said, and those proclaiming good news, whom the Lord has summoned.”" (Joel 2:28–32)

"After that, I will pour out My spirit on all flesh; Your sons and daughters shall prophesy; Your old men shall dream dreams, And your young men shall see visions. I will even pour out My spirit Upon male and female slaves in those days. Before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes, I will set portents in the sky and on earth: Blood and fire and pillars of smoke; The sun shall turn into darkness And the moon into blood. But everyone who invokes the name of the Lord shall escape; for there shall be a remnant on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem, as the Lord promised. Anyone who invokes the Lord will be among the survivors." (Joel 3:1–5)

Acts 2:25-28; 13:35

Psalms 15:8-11

"For David says about him, ‘I saw the Lord always in front of me, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken. Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence.’" (Acts 2:25–28) "Therefore he also says in another psalm, ‘You will not permit your Holy One to experience decay.’" (Acts 13:35)

"I saw the Lord in front, before me through everything, because he is from my right side, that I would not be shaken. On account of this, my heart was gladdened, and my tongue rejoiced exceedingly. Moreover, my flesh will dwell in hope, because you will not abandon my soul in Hades, nor will you give your holy one to see destruction. You made known to me ways of life. You will make me full of joy with your presence. There are delights at your right side completely." (Psalm 15:8–11)

"I am ever mindful of the Lord’s presence; He is at my right hand; I shall never be shaken. So my heart rejoices, my whole being exults, and my body rests secure. For You will not abandon me to Sheol, or let Your faithful one see the Pit. You will teach me the path of life. In Your presence is perfect joy; delights are ever in Your right hand." (Psalm 16:8–11)

Acts 3:22-23; 7:37

Deut 18:15; 18-19

"Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your brothers. You must obey him in everything he tells you. Every person who does not obey that prophet will be destroyed and thus removed from the people.’" (Acts 3:22–23) "This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, ‘God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your brothers.’" (Acts 7:37)

"“The Lord your God will raise up a prophet for you from your brothers like me; you shall listen to him." (Deut 18:15) "I will raise a prophet for them from their brothers like you, and I will put my words in his mouth, and he will speak to them whatever I might command him. And the man, whoever may not hear whatever that prophet may speak in my name, I will exact vengeance from him." (Deut 18:18–19)

"The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet from among your own people, like myself; him you shall heed." (Deut 18:15) "I will raise up a prophet for them from among their own people, like yourself: I will put My words in his mouth and he will speak to them all that I command him; and if anybody fails to heed the words he speaks in My name, I myself will call him to account." (Deut 18:18–19)

Acts 3:25; Galatians 3:8

Genesis 22:18; 26:4; 28:14

"You are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant that God made with your ancestors, saying to Abraham, ‘And in your descendants all the nations of the earth will be blessed.’" (Acts 3:25) "And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, proclaimed the gospel to Abraham ahead of time, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.”" (Galatians 3:8)

"And in your offspring all the nations will be blessed because you obeyed my voice.”" (Genesis 22:18) "And I will increase your offspring like the stars of the heaven, and I will give to your offspring all this land, and all the nations of the earth will be blessed by your offspring," (Genesis 26:4) "And your offspring will be like the sand of the sea, and it will enlarge to the sea and to the south and to the north and to the east, and all the tribes of the earth will be blessed in you and in your offspring." (Genesis 28:14)

"All the nations of the earth shall bless themselves by your descendants, because you have obeyed My command.”" (Genesis 22:18) "I will make your heirs as numerous as the stars of heaven, and assign to your heirs all these lands, so that all the nations of the earth shall bless themselves by your heirs—" (Genesis 26:4) "Your descendants shall be as the dust of the earth; you shall spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All the families of the earth shall bless themselves by you and your descendants." (Genesis 28:14)

Acts 4:25

Psalms 2:1-2

"who said by the Holy Spirit through your servant David our forefather, ‘Why do the nations rage, and the peoples plot foolish things?" (Acts 4:25)

"Why are the nations unruly, and the people plotting in vain? The kings of the earth are present, and the rulers are gathered together against the Lord and against his anointed one." (Psalm 2:1–2)

"Why do nations assemble, and peoples plot vain things; kings of the earth take their stand, and regents intrigue together against the Lord and against His anointed?" (Psalm 2:1–2)

Acts 7:3

Genesis 12:1

"and said to him, ‘Go out from your country and from your relatives, and come to the land I will show you.’" (Acts 7:3)

"And the Lord said to Abram, “Go out from your land and from your kinsfolk and from the house of your father into whatever land I will show to you." (Genesis 12:1)

"The Lord said to Abram, “Go forth from your native land and from your father’s house to the land that I will show you." (Genesis 12:1)

Acts 7:7

Genesis 15:14; Exodus 3:12

"But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves,’ said God, ‘and after these things they will come out of there and worship me in this place.’" (Acts 7:7)

"I will judge the nation, whichever they serve; after these things, they will come out to here with much baggage." (Genesis 15:14) "And God spoke to Moses, saying that “I will be with you, and this is for you the sign that I myself will allow you to leave: When you bring out my people from Egypt, and you will worship God at this mountain.”" (Exodus 3:12)

"but I will execute judgment on the nation they shall serve, and in the end they shall go free with great wealth." (Genesis 15:14) "And He said, “I will be with you; that shall be your sign that it was I who sent you. And when you have freed the people from Egypt, you shall worship God at this mountain.”" (Exodus 3:12)

Acts 7:27-28

Exodus 2:14

"But the man who was unfairly hurting his neighbor pushed Moses aside, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and judge over us? You don’t want to kill me the way you killed the Egyptian yesterday, do you?’" (Acts 7:27–28)

"But the one said, “Who set you up as a leader and judge over us? Do you desire to kill me in the same way in which you killed the Egyptian yesterday?” And Moses became afraid and said, “If it is so, this matter has become known.”" (Exodus 2:14)

"He retorted, “Who made you chief and ruler over us? Do you mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?” Moses was frightened, and thought: Then the matter is known!" (Exodus 2:14)

Acts 7:33

Exodus 3:5

"But the Lord said to him,‘Take the sandals off your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground." (Acts 7:33)

"And he said, “Do not approach here! Loose your sandals from off of your feet because the place upon which you are standing is holy ground!”" (Exodus 3:5)

"And He said, “Do not come closer. Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you stand is holy ground." (Exodus 3:5)

Acts 7:34

Exodus 3:7-10

"I have certainly seen the suffering of my people who are in Egypt and have heard their groaning, and I have come down to rescue them. Now come, I will send you to Egypt.’" (Acts 7:34)

"The Lord said to Moses, “Having observed, I indeed know the suffering distress of my people, who are in Egypt, and I have heard their outcry because of their taskmasters. Indeed, I know their grief. Now I have come down to rescue them from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them out from that land and lead them into a good and spacious land, into a land flowing with milk and honey, into the present location of the Canaanites and Hittites and Amorites and Perizzites and Gergesites and Hivites and Jebusites. Now, listen! The outcry of the children of Israel has reached me, and I have seen the affliction that the Egyptians are pressing upon them. And now, go! I send you into the presence of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and you will bring out my people, the children of Israel, from the land of Egypt.”" (Exodus 3:7–10)

"And the Lord continued, “I have marked well the plight of My people in Egypt and have heeded their outcry because of their taskmasters; yes, I am mindful of their sufferings. I have come down to rescue them from the Egyptians and to bring them out of that land to a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey, the region of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Now the cry of the Israelites has reached Me; moreover, I have seen how the Egyptians oppress them. Come, therefore, I will send you to Pharaoh, and you shall free My people, the Israelites, from Egypt.”" (Exodus 3:7–10)

Acts 7:40

Exodus 32:1; 32:23

"saying to Aaron, ‘Make us gods who will go in front of us, for this Moses, who led us out of the land of Egypt—we do not know what has happened to him!’" (Acts 7:40)

"And when the people saw that Moses continued to delay coming down from the mountain, the people pressed Aaron and said to him, “Get up and make for us gods who will go before us! For this Moses, the man who led us out from Egypt, we do not know what has happened to him.”" (Exodus 32:1) "For they kept saying to me, ‘Make gods for us who will advance before us, for this man, Moses, who led us out of Egypt, we do not know what has happened to him.’" (Exodus 32:23)

"When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, the people gathered against Aaron and said to him, “Come, make us a god who shall go before us, for that man Moses, who brought us from the land of Egypt—we do not know what has happened to him.”" (Exodus 32:1) "They said to me, ‘Make us a god to lead us; for that man Moses, who brought us from the land of Egypt—we do not know what has happened to him.’" (Exodus 32:23)

Acts 7:42-43

Amos 5:25-27

"But God turned away from them and gave them over to worship the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: ‘It was not to me that you offered slain animals and sacrifices forty years in the wilderness, was it, house of Israel? But you took along the tabernacle of Moloch and the star of the god Rephan, the images you made to worship, but I will deport you beyond Babylon.’" (Acts 7:42–43)

"Did you bring me offerings and sacrifices in the wilderness forty years, O house of Israel? And you took along the tent of Molech and the star of your god Kaiwan, the images of them that you made for yourselves. So I will resettle you beyond Damascus,” says the Lord; the Almighty God is his name." (Amos 5:25–27)

"Did you offer sacrifice and oblation to Me Those forty years in the wilderness, O House of Israel? And you shall carry off your “king”— Sikkuth and Kiyyun, The images you have made for yourselves Of your astral deity— As I drive you into exile beyond Damascus —Said the Lord, whose name is God of Hosts." (Amos 5:25–27)

Acts 7:49-50

Isaiah 66:1-2

"‘Heaven is my throne, and earth is the footstool for my feet. What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is my resting place? Did my hand not make all these things?’" (Acts 7:49–50)

"This is what the Lord says: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is a footstool for my feet; what sort of house will you build for me? And what sort of place will you build as my resting place? For my hand has made all these things, and all these things are mine,” says the Lord, “and upon whom will I look except upon the one who is humble and quiet and who trembles at my words?" (Isaiah 66:1–2)

"Thus said the Lord: The heaven is My throne And the earth is My footstool: Where could you build a house for Me, What place could serve as My abode? All this was made by My hand, And thus it all came into being —declares the Lord. Yet to such a one I look: To the poor and brokenhearted, Who is concerned about My word." (Isaiah 66:1–2)

Acts 8:32-33

Isaiah 53:7-8

"Now the passage of scripture the man was reading was this: “He was led like a sheep to slaughter, and like a lamb before its shearer is silent, so he did not open his mouth. In humiliation justice was taken from him. Who can describe his posterity? For his life was taken away from the earth.”" (Acts 8:32–33)

"And because he was afflicted, he does not open his mouth; like a sheep is led to slaughter, and like a lamb is voiceless before the one who shears it, so he does not open his mouth. His judgment was taken away in humiliation; who will describe his family? For his life was taken from the earth; he was led to death because of the lawless acts of my people." (Isaiah 53:7–8)

"He was maltreated, yet he was submissive, He did not open his mouth; Like a sheep being led to slaughter, Like a ewe, dumb before those who shear her, He did not open his mouth. By oppressive judgment he was taken away, Who could describe his abode? For he was cut off from the land of the living Through the sin of my people, who deserved the punishment." (Isaiah 53:7–8)

Acts 13:22

I Samuel 13:14; Psalms 88:20

"After removing him, God raised up David their king. He testified about him: ‘I have found David the son of Jesse to be a man after my heart, who will accomplish everything I want him to do.’" (Acts 13:22)

"but now your kingdom will not stand, and the Lord will seek for himself a man according to his own heart; and the Lord will command him to rule over his people because you did not keep certain things that the Lord commanded you.”" (1 Kingdoms 13:14) "Then you spoke in a vision to your children and said, “I placed help for the strong one. I lifted up high the chosen one from my people." (Psalm 88:20)

"But now your dynasty will not endure. The Lord will seek out a man after His own heart, and the Lord will appoint him ruler over His people, because you did not abide by what the Lord had commanded you.”" (1 Samuel 13:14) "I have found David, My servant; anointed him with My sacred oil." (Psalm 89:21)

Acts 13:33; Hebrews 1:5; 5:5

Psalms 2:7

"that this promise God has fulfilled to us, their children, by raising Jesus, as also it is written in the second psalm, ‘You are my Son; today I have fathered you.’" (Acts 13:33) "For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my son! Today I have fathered you”? And in another place he says, “I will be his father and he will be my son.”" (Hebrews 1:5) "So also Christ did not glorify himself in becoming high priest, but the one who glorified him was God, who said to him, “You are my Son! Today I have fathered you,”" (Hebrews 5:5)

"announcing the ordinance of the Lord. The Lord said to me, ‘You are my son; today I have begotten you." (Psalm 2:7)

"Let me tell of the decree: the Lord said to me, “You are My son, I have fathered you this day." (Psalm 2:7)

Acts 13:34

Isaiah 55:3

"But regarding the fact that he has raised Jesus from the dead, never again to be in a state of decay, God has spoken in this way: ‘I will give you the holy and trustworthy promises made to David.’" (Acts 13:34)

"Pay attention to what you hear and attend to my ways. Hear me, and your soul will live among good things, and I will establish an eternal covenant with you; the holy things of David are sure." (Isaiah 55:3)

"Incline your ear and come to Me; Hearken, and you shall be revived. And I will make with you an everlasting covenant, The enduring loyalty promised to David." (Isaiah 55:3)

Acts 13:41

Habakkuk 1:5

"‘Look, you scoffers; be amazed and perish! For I am doing a work in your days, a work you would never believe, even if someone tells you.’ ”" (Acts 13:41)

"“Look, you who are despisers, and observe! And marvel at the wonders, and be destroyed! Because I am working a work in your days, which you would not believe if someone were telling you." (Habakkuk 1:5)

"“Look among the nations, Observe well and be utterly astounded; For a work is being wrought in your days Which you would not believe if it were told." (Habakkuk 1:5)

Acts 13:47

Isaiah 42:6; 49:6

"For this is what the Lord has commanded us: ‘I have appointed you to be a light for the Gentiles, to bring salvation to the ends of the earth.’ ”" (Acts 13:47)

"I, the Lord God, have called you in righteousness, and I will hold fast onto your hand and strengthen you and make you a covenant for the nation" (Isaiah 42:6) "And he said to me, “It is a great thing for you to be called my child, to establish the tribes of Jacob and to return the dispersion of Israel. Look! I have given you as a covenant for a nation, as a light for the nationsso that you may bring salvation as far as the end of the earth.”" (Isaiah 49:6)

"I the Lord, in My grace, have summoned you, And I have grasped you by the hand. I created you, and appointed you A covenant people, a light of nations—" (Isaiah 42:6) "For He has said: “It is too little that you should be My servant In that I raise up the tribes of Jacob And restore the survivors of Israel: I will also make you a light of nations, That My salvation may reach the ends of the earth.”" (Isaiah 49:6)

Acts 15:16-17

Amos 9:11-12

"‘After this I will return, and I will rebuild the fallen tent of David; I will rebuild its ruins and restore it, so that the rest of humanity may seek the Lord, namely, all the Gentiles I have called to be my own,’ says the Lord, who makes these things" (Acts 15:16–17)

"On that day I will raise up the tent of David that has fallen, and I will rebuild its things that have fallen, and I will raise up its things that have been destroyed, and I will rebuild it just as the days of the age, so that the remnant of the people, and all the nations upon whom my name was invoked upon them, will search for me,” says the Lord who is making these things." (Amos 9:11–12)

"In that day, I will set up again the fallen booth of David: I will mend its breaches and set up its ruins anew. I will build it firm as in the days of old, So that they shall possess the rest of Edom And all the nations once attached to My name —declares the Lord who will bring this to pass." (Amos 9:11–12)

Acts 23:5

Exodus 22:28

"Paul replied, “I did not realize, brothers, that he was the high priest, for it is written, ‘You must not speak evil about a ruler of your people.’ ”" (Acts 23:5)

"“ ‘You will not rail against gods, and you will not speak evil of the leaders of your people." (Exodus 22:28)

"You shall not revile God, nor put a curse upon a chieftain among your people." (Exodus 22:27)

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Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:37-38

Habakkuk 2:3-4

"For the righteousness of God is revealed in the gospel from faith to faith, just as it is written, “The righteous by faith will live.”" (Romans 1:17) "Now it is clear no one is justified before God by the law, because the righteous one will live by faith." (Galatians 3:11) "For just a little longer and he who is coming will arrive and not delay.But my righteous one will live by faith, and if he shrinks back, I take no pleasure in him." (Hebrews 10:37–38)

"Because there is still a vision for the time, and he will appear at an end, and not in vain; if he is late, wait for him, because one coming will be present, and he will not tarry. If he draws back, my life does not find pleasure in it, but the righteous one will live by my faith." (Habakkuk 2:3–4)

"For there is yet a prophecy for a set term, A truthful witness for a time that will come. Even if it tarries, wait for it still; For it will surely come, without delay: Lo, his spirit within him is puffed up, not upright, But the righteous man is rewarded with life For his fidelity." (Habakkuk 2:3–4)

Romans 2:6

Psalms 61:12; Proverbs 24:12

"He will reward each one according to his works:" (Romans 2:6)

"and in you, O Lord, is mercy, because you will repay to each one according to his works." (Psalm 61:13) "But if you say, “I did not know this,” know that the Lord knows the heart of all; and the one who formed breath for all knows all, the one who renders to each according to his deeds." (Proverbs 24:12)

"and faithfulness is Yours, O Lord, to reward each man according to his deeds." (Psalm 62:13) "If you say, “We knew nothing of it,” Surely He who fathoms hearts will discern, He who watches over your life will know it, And He will pay each man as he deserves." (Proverbs 24:12)

Romans 2:24

Isaiah 52:5

"For just as it is written, “the name of God is being blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”" (Romans 2:24)

"and now why are you here?” This is what the Lord says: “Because my people were taken for nothing, be impressed and wail.” This is what the Lord says: “Because of you my name is always blasphemed among the nations." (Isaiah 52:5)

"What therefore do I gain here? —declares the Lord— For My people has been carried off for nothing, Their mockers howl —declares the Lord— And constantly, unceasingly, My name is reviled." (Isaiah 52:5)

Romans 3:4

Psalms 50:4

"Absolutely not! Let God be proven true, and every human being shown up as a liar, just as it is written: “so that you will be justified in your words and will prevail when you are judged.”" (Romans 3:4)

"Against you alone did I sin, and I did the evil deed before you, so that you would be vindicated in your words and prevail when you judge." (Psalm 50:6)

"Against You alone have I sinned, and done what is evil in Your sight; so You are just in Your sentence, and right in Your judgment." (Psalm 51:6)

Romans 3:10-18

Psalms 13:1-3; 5:10; 139:4; 9:28; 35:2; Isaiah 59:7-8

"just as it is written: “There is no one righteous, not even one, there is no one who understands, there is no one who seeks God. All have turned away, together they have become worthless; there is no one who shows kindness, not even one.” “Their throats are open graves, they deceive with their tongues, the poison of asps is under their lips.” “Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness.” “Their feet are swift to shed blood, ruin and misery are in their paths, and the way of peace they have not known.” “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”" (Romans 3:10–18)

"The foolish one spoke in his heart, “There is no God.” They destroy and are abhorred in their practices. There is no one doing goodness; there is not even one. The Lord looked out from heaven upon the sons of men, to see if there is one who understands or one who seeks out God. All turned aside together. They became useless. There is not one doing goodness; there is not even one. Their throat is an opened grave. With their tongues they have dealt treacherously with one another. The poison of asps is under their lips, whose mouth is full of curses and bitterness. Their feet are quick to pour out blood. Destruction and misery are in their ways, and they know not the way of peace. There is no fear of God before their eyes." (Psalm 13:1–3) "because there is no truth in their mouth. Their heart is empty. Their throat is an opened grave. With their tongue they deal treacherously." (Psalm 5:10) "They sharpened their tongue like a serpent; the poison of asps is under their lips. Musical interlude" (Psalm 139:4) "Him whose curse and bitterness and guile fill his mouth, under his tongue are trouble and distress." (Psalm 9:28) "The lawless one, to sin, says in himself that there is no fear of God before his eyes." (Psalm 35:2) "Their feet run swiftly to evil to pour out blood, and their thoughts are from murder; affliction and misery are in their paths. And they do not know the way of peace, and there is no judgment in their ways, for their paths through which they travel are crooked, and they do know not peace." (Isaiah 59:7–8)

"For the leader. Of David. The benighted man thinks, “God does not care.” Man’s deeds are corrupt and loathsome; no one does good. The Lord looks down from heaven on mankind to find a man of understanding, a man mindful of God. All have turned bad, altogether foul; there is none who does good, not even one." (Psalm 14:1–3) "For there is no sincerity on their lips; their heart is filled with malice; their throat is an open grave; their tongue slippery." (Psalm 5:10) "They sharpen their tongues like serpents; spiders’ poison is on their lips. Selah." (Psalm 140:4) "His mouth is full of oaths, deceit, and fraud; mischief and evil are under his tongue." (Psalm 10:7) "I know what Transgression says to the wicked; he has no sense of the dread of God," (Psalm 36:2) "Their feet run after evil, They hasten to shed the blood of the innocent. Their plans are plans of mischief, Destructiveness and injury are on their roads. They do not care for the way of integrity, There is no justice on their paths. They make their courses crooked, No one who walks in them cares for integrity." (Isaiah 59:7–8)

Romans 4:3;4:22; Galatians 3:6; James 2:23

Genesis 15:6

"For what does the scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”" (Romans 4:3) "So indeed it was credited to Abraham as righteousness." (Romans 4:22) "Just as Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness," (Galatians 3:6) "And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Now Abraham believed God and it was counted to him for righteousness,” and he was called God’s friend." (James 2:23)

"And Abram trusted God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness." (Genesis 15:6)

"And because he put his trust in the Lord, He reckoned it to his merit." (Genesis 15:6)

Romans 4:7-8

Psalms 31:1-2

"“Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; blessed is the one against whom the Lord will never count sin.”" (Romans 4:7–8)

"Blessed are they whose lawless acts are forgiven and whose sins were covered up. Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will never reckon, nor is there guile in his mouth." (Psalm 31:1–2)

"For the leader. A psalm of David. I seek refuge in You, O Lord; may I never be disappointed; as You are righteous, rescue me." (Psalm 31:1–2)

Romans 4:17

Genesis 17:5

"(as it is written, “I have made you the father of many nations”). He is our father in the presence of God whom he believed—the God who makes the dead alive and summons the things that do not yet exist as though they already do." (Romans 4:17)

"And your name will be called no longer Abram, but your name will be Abraham, because I have made you a father of many nations." (Genesis 17:5)

"And you shall no longer be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I make you the father of a multitude of nations." (Genesis 17:5)

Romans 4:18

Genesis 15:5

"Against hope Abraham believed in hope with the result that he became the father of many nations according to the pronouncement, “so will your descendants be.”" (Romans 4:18)

"He led him outside and said to him, “Look up now to the sky and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” And he said, “Your offspring will be like this.”" (Genesis 15:5)

"He took him outside and said, “Look toward heaven and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” And He added, “So shall your offspring be.”" (Genesis 15:5)

Romans 8:36

Psalms 43:22

"As it is written, “For your sake we encounter death all day long; we were considered as sheep to be slaughtered.”" (Romans 8:36)

"would not God seek out these things? For he knows the secret things of the heart." (Psalm 43:22)

"God would surely search it out, for He knows the secrets of the heart." (Psalm 44:22)

Romans 9:7; Hebrews 11:18

Genesis 21:12

"nor are all the children Abraham’s true descendants; rather “through Isaac will your descendants be counted.”" (Romans 9:7) "God had told him, “Through Isaac descendants will carry on your name,”" (Hebrews 11:18)

"God said to Abraham, “Let the matter not be harsh before you concerning the child and concerning the young woman. All, whatsoever Sarah might say to you, listen to her voice, because in Isaac offspring will be named for you." (Genesis 21:12)

"But God said to Abraham, “Do not be distressed over the boy or your slave; whatever Sarah tells you, do as she says, for it is through Isaac that offspring shall be continued for you." (Genesis 21:12)

Romans 9:9

Genesis 18:10; 18:14

"For this is what the promise declared: “About a year from now I will return and Sarah will have a son.”" (Romans 9:9)

"He said, “When turning back, I will come to you corresponding with this time next year, and Sarah, your wife, will have a son.” Sarah heard at the door of the tent, being behind it." (Genesis 18:10) "Is the word impossible with God? In this season I will return to you next year, and Sarah will have a son.”" (Genesis 18:14)

"Then one said, “I will return to you next year, and your wife Sarah shall have a son!” Sarah was listening at the entrance of the tent, which was behind him." (Genesis 18:10) "Is anything too wondrous for the Lord? I will return to you at the time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.”" (Genesis 18:14)

Romans 9:12

Genesis 25:23

" it was said to her, “The older will serve the younger,”" (Romans 9:12)

"And the Lord said to her, “Two nations are in your belly, and two peoples will be separated from your womb, and a people will be better than a people, and the greater will serve the younger.”" (Genesis 25:23)

"and the Lord answered her, “Two nations are in your womb, Two separate peoples shall issue from your body; One people shall be mightier than the other, And the older shall serve the younger.”" (Genesis 25:23)

Romans 9:13

Malachi 1:2-3

"just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”" (Romans 9:13)

"“I loved you,” says the Lord. But you said, “In what way have you loved us?” “Was not Esau the brother of Jacob?” said the Lord. “And I loved Jacob, but I hated Esau, and I stationed his boundaries for destruction and his inheritance into gifts of desolation.”" (Malachi 1:2–3)

"I have shown you love, said the Lord. But you ask, “How have You shown us love?” After all—declares the Lord—Esau is Jacob’s brother; yet I have accepted Jacob and have rejected Esau. I have made his hills a desolation, his territory a home for beasts of the desert." (Malachi 1:2–3)

Romans 9:15

Exodus 33:19

"For he says to Moses: “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”" (Romans 9:15)

"And God said, “I myself will pass by in front of you in my glory, and I will call by my name, the Lord, before you, and I will have mercy upon whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion upon whomever I will have compassion.”" (Exodus 33:19)

"And He answered, “I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim before you the name Lord, and the grace that I grant and the compassion that I show." (Exodus 33:19)

Romans 9:17

Exodus 9:16

"For the scripture says to Pharaoh: “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may demonstrate my power in you, and that my name may be proclaimed in all the earth.”" (Romans 9:17)

"And so for this purpose you have been preserved, in order that I may display in you my power and in order that my name might be proclaimed throughout all the earth." (Exodus 9:16)

"Nevertheless I have spared you for this purpose: in order to show you My power, and in order that My fame may resound throughout the world." (Exodus 9:16)

Romans 9:20

Isaiah 29:16; 45:9

"But who indeed are you—a mere human being—to talk back to God? Does what is molded say to the molder, “Why have you made me like this?”" (Romans 9:20)

"Will you not be reckoned as the clay of the potter? Surely the shape will say not to the one who shapes it, “You did not shape me.” Or the thing made to the one who makes it, “You did not make me intelligently.”" (Isaiah 29:16) "“What better thing have I prepared like potter’s clay? Will the one who plows plow the ground the entire day? Will the clay say to the potter, ‘What are you doing, since you do not labor or have hands’?" (Isaiah 45:9)

"How perverse of you! Should the potter be accounted as the clay? Should what is made say of its Maker, “He did not make me,” And what is formed say of Him who formed it, “He did not understand?”" (Isaiah 29:16) "Shame on him who argues with his Maker, Though naught but a potsherd of earth! Shall the clay say to the potter, “What are you doing? Your work has no handles”?" (Isaiah 45:9)

Romans 9:25-26

Hosea 2:23; 1:10

"As he also says in Hosea: “I will call those who were not my people, ‘My people,’ and I will call her who was unloved, ‘My beloved.’ ” “And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ there they will be called ‘sons of the living God.’ ”" (Romans 9:25–26)

"And the number of Israel’s children was like the sand of the sea, which will not be measured out nor counted. And it will be, in the place where it was said to them, “You are not my people,” they will also be called, “Sons of the living God.”" (Hosea 1:10) "and I will sow her for myself upon the land, and I will love her who was not loved, and I will say to those who are not my people, ‘You are my people,’ and he will say, ‘You are the Lord, my God.’ ”" (Hosea 2:23)

"The number of the people of Israel shall be like that of the sands of the sea, which cannot be measured or counted; and instead of being told, “You are Not-My-People,” they shall be called Children-of-the-Living-God." (Hosea 2:1) "I will sow her in the land as My own; And take Lo-ruhamah (unloved) back in favor; And I will say to Lo-ammi, “You are My people,” And he will respond, “You are my God.”" (Hosea 2:25)

Romans 9:27-28

Isaiah 10:22-23

"And Isaiah cries out on behalf of Israel, “Though the number of the children of Israel are as the sand of the sea, only the remnant will be saved, for the Lord will execute his sentence on the earth completely and quickly.”" (Romans 9:27–28)

"And if the people of Israel become like the sand of the sea, the remnant of them will be saved, because they complete an account and curtail it in righteousness, for the Lord will make a curtailed account with the whole inhabited land." (Isaiah 10:22–23)

"Even if your people, O Israel, Should be as the sands of the sea, Only a remnant of it shall return. Destruction is decreed; Retribution comes like a flood! For my Lord God of Hosts is carrying out A decree of destruction upon all the land." (Isaiah 10:22–23)

Romans 9:29

Isaiah 1:9

"Just as Isaiah predicted, “If the Lord of armies had not left us descendants, we would have become like Sodom, and we would have resembled Gomorrah.”" (Romans 9:29)

"And if the Lord Sabaoth had not left us seed, we would have become like Sodom and we would have been made like Gomorrah." (Isaiah 1:9)

"Had not the Lord of Hosts Left us some survivors, We should be like Sodom, Another Gomorrah." (Isaiah 1:9)

Romans 9:33; 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6; 2:8

Isaiah 8:14; 28:16

"just as it is written, “Look, I am laying in Zion a stone that will cause people to stumble and a rock that will make them fall, yet the one who believes in him will not be put to shame.”" (Romans 9:33) "For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.”" (Romans 10:11) "For it says in scripture, “Look, I lay in Zion a stone, a chosen and priceless cornerstone, and whoever believes in him will never be put to shame.”" (1 Peter 2:6) "and a stumbling-stone and a rock to trip over. They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do." (1 Peter 2:8)

"And if you trust him, he will become a sanctuary for you, and you will not encounter him as an obstacle of stone or like a fall from a rock. But the houses of Jacob are in a snare, and those who sit in Jerusalem are in a pit." (Isaiah 8:14) "Because of this, this is what the Lord God says: “Look, I am casting into the foundations of Zion a precious choice stone, a valuable cornerstone into its foundations, and the one who trusts will certainly not be disgraced." (Isaiah 28:16)

"He shall be for a sanctuary, A stone men strike against: A rock men stumble over For the two Houses of Israel, And a trap and a snare for those Who dwell in Jerusalem." (Isaiah 8:14) "Assuredly, Thus said the Lord God: “Behold, I will found in Zion, Stone by stone, A tower of precious cornerstones, Exceedingly firm; He who trusts need not fear." (Isaiah 28:16)

Romans 10:5; Galatians 3:12

Leviticus 18:5

"For Moses writes about the righteousness that is by the law: “The one who does these things will live by them.”" (Romans 10:5) "But the law is not based on faith, but the one who does the works of the law will live by them." (Galatians 3:12)

"And you will carefully keep all my commandments and ordinances and all my judgments and rulings, and you will do them; which having done them, a person will live by them; I am the Lord, your God." (Leviticus 18:5)

"You shall keep My laws and My rules, by the pursuit of which man shall live: I am the Lord." (Leviticus 18:5)

Romans 10:6-8

Deut 30:12-14

"But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ” (that is, to bring Christ down) or “Who will descend into the abyss?” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead). But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart” (that is, the word of faith that we preach)," (Romans 10:6–8)

"It is not in the sky above, saying, ‘Who will go up for us into the sky and take it for us and upon hearing it, will we do it?’ Nor is it across the sea, saying, ‘Who will go over for us to the other side of the sea and take it for us and make it audible to us, and we will do it?’ The word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart and in your hands to do it." (Deut 30:12–14)

"It is not in the heavens, that you should say, “Who among us can go up to the heavens and get it for us and impart it to us, that we may observe it?” Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, “Who among us can cross to the other side of the sea and get it for us and impart it to us, that we may observe it?” No, the thing is very close to you, in your mouth and in your heart, to observe it." (Deut 30:12–14)

Romans 10:15

Isaiah 52:7

"And how are they to preach unless they are sent? As it is written, “How timely is the arrival of those who proclaim the good news.”" (Romans 10:15)

"as an hour upon the mountains, as the feet of one who brings the good news of peace, as the one who brings the good news of good things; for I will make your salvation heard, saying, ‘O Zion, your God will reign!’ ”" (Isaiah 52:7)

"How welcome on the mountain Are the footsteps of the herald Announcing happiness, Heralding good fortune, Announcing victory, Telling Zion, “Your God is King!”" (Isaiah 52:7)

Romans 10:18

Psalms 18:4

"But I ask, have they not heard? Yes, they have: Their voice has gone out to all the earth, and their words to the ends of the world." (Romans 10:18)

"There are no speeches nor words in which their voices are not heard." (Psalm 18:4)

"All praise! I called on the Lord and was delivered from my enemies." (Psalm 18:4)

Romans 10:19

Deut 32:21

"But again I ask, didn’t Israel understand? First Moses says, “I will make you jealous by those who are not a nation; with a senseless nation I will provoke you to anger.”" (Romans 10:19)

"They made me jealous against what is not God; they irritated me with their idols, and I will make them jealous against what is not a nation; I will provoke them to anger against a foolish nation." (Deut 32:21)

"They incensed Me with no-gods, Vexed Me with their futilities; I’ll incense them with a no-folk, Vex them with a nation of fools." (Deut 32:21)

Romans 10:20

Isaiah 65:1

"And Isaiah is even bold enough to say, “I was found by those who did not seek me; I became well known to those who did not ask for me.”" (Romans 10:20)

"“I became evident to those who did not consult me; I was found by those who did not seek me. I said, “Look! Here I am,” to a people who have not called upon my name." (Isaiah 65:1)

"I responded to those who did not ask, I was at hand to those who did not seek Me; I said, “Here I am, here I am,” To a nation that did not invoke My name." (Isaiah 65:1)

Romans 10:21

Isaiah 65:2

"But about Israel he says, “All day long I held out my hands to this disobedient and stubborn people!”" (Romans 10:21)

"I stretched out my hands all day long to a people who broke faith and opposed, to those who walked in a way that was not good but followed after their own sins." (Isaiah 65:2)

"I constantly spread out My hands To a disloyal people, Who walk the way that is not good, Following their own designs;" (Isaiah 65:2)

Romans 11:3

I Kings 19:10; 19:14

"“Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars; I alone am left and they are seeking my life!”" (Romans 11:3)

"Elijah said, “Being zealous, I am zealous for the Lord Almighty because the children of Israel have rejected you; they have broken down your altars; they have killed your prophets with a sword; and I alone remain. And they seek my life to take it.”" (3 Kingdoms 19:10) "Elijah said, “Being zealous, I am zealous for the Lord Almighty because the children of Israel have rejected you; your covenant and your altar they have broken down, and they have killed your prophets with a sword. I alone remain, and they seek my life to take it.”" (3 Kingdoms 19:14)

"He replied, “I am moved by zeal for the Lord, the God of Hosts, for the Israelites have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and put Your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they are out to take my life.”" (1 Kings 19:10) "He answered, “I am moved by zeal for the Lord, the God of Hosts; for the Israelites have forsaken Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and have put Your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they are out to take my life.”" (1 Kings 19:14)

Romans 11:4

I Kings 19:18

"But what was the divine response to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand people who have not bent the knee to Baal.”" (Romans 11:4)

"You will leave in Israel seven thousand men, all the knees who have not kneeled a knee to Baal and every mouth that has not worshiped him.”" (3 Kingdoms 19:18)

"I will leave in Israel only seven thousand—every knee that has not knelt to Baal and every mouth that has not kissed him.”" (1 Kings 19:18)

Romans 11:8

Deut 29:3-4

"as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, to this very day.”" (Romans 11:8)

"the great trials that your eyes have seen, the signs and those great wonders. And the Lord God did not give you a heart to know and eyes to see and ears to hear until this day." (Deut 29:3–4)

"Yet to this day the Lord has not given you a mind to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear. I led you through the wilderness forty years; the clothes on your back did not wear out, nor did the sandals on your feet;" (Deut 29:3–4)

Romans 11:9

Psalms 68:22-23

"And David says, “Let their table become a snare and trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them;" (Romans 11:9)

"And they gave gall for my food, and they gave me vinegar for my drink. Let their table become before them a trap and a repayment and a stumbling block." (Psalm 68:22–23)

"They give me gall for food, vinegar to quench my thirst. May their table be a trap for them, a snare for their allies." (Psalm 69:22–23)

Romans 11:26-27

Isaiah 59:20-21

"And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion; he will remove ungodliness from Jacob. And this is my covenant with them, when I take away their sins.”" (Romans 11:26–27)

"The deliverer will come for the sake of Zion, and he will turn ungodliness back from Jacob. “And this is my covenant with them,” says the Lord. “My spirit which is upon you, and my words which I put in your mouth, will not cease from your mouth or from the mouth of your descendants.” For the Lord has spoken from the present to the end." (Isaiah 59:20–21)

"He shall come as redeemer to Zion, To those in Jacob who turn back from sin —declares the Lord. And this shall be My covenant with them, said the Lord: My spirit which is upon you, and the words which I have placed in your mouth, shall not be absent from your mouth, nor from the mouth of your children, nor from the mouth of your children’s children—said the Lord—from now on, for all time." (Isaiah 59:20–21)

Romans 11:34-35; 1 Corinthians 2:16

Isaiah 40:13-14

"For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor? Or who has first given to God, that God needs to repay him?" (Romans 11:34–35) "For who has known the mind of the Lord, so as to advise him? But we have the mind of Christ." (1 Corinthians 2:16)

"Who has known the mind of the Lord, and who has become his counselor? Who will advise him? With whom did he consult, and who advised him? Who ever explained a decision to him? Who has ever shown him a way of understanding?" (Isaiah 40:13–14)

"Who has plumbed the mind of the Lord, What man could tell Him His plan? Whom did He consult, and who taught Him, Guided Him in the way of right? Who guided Him in knowledge And showed Him the path of wisdom?" (Isaiah 40:13–14)

Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30

Deut 32:35

"Do not avenge yourselves, dear friends, but give place to God’s wrath, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” says the Lord." (Romans 12:19) "For we know the one who said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” and again, “The Lord will judge his people.”" (Hebrews 10:30)

"In a day of vengeance I will repay, when their foot slips, for the day of destruction to them is near, and their lot is presently prepared for you.’" (Deut 32:35)

"To be My vengeance and recompense, At the time that their foot falters. Yea, their day of disaster is near, And destiny rushes upon them." (Deut 32:35)

Romans 12:20

Proverbs 25:21-22

"Rather, if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in doing this you will be heaping burning coals on his head." (Romans 12:20)

"If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for one who does this will heap coals of fire on his head, and the Lord will repay good things to you." (Proverbs 25:21–22)

"If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat; If he is thirsty, give him water to drink. You will be heaping live coals on his head, And the Lord will reward you." (Proverbs 25:21–22)

Romans 14:11

Isaiah 45:23-24

"For it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee will bow to me, and every tongue will give praise to God.”" (Romans 14:11)

"I am swearing an oath according to myself: Unless righteousness shall go forth from my mouth, my words shall not turn back, because every knee shall bend to me, and every tongue shall swear by God, saying, “Righteousness and glory will come with him, and all who separate them will be shamed." (Isaiah 45:23–24)

"By Myself have I sworn, From My mouth has issued truth, A word that shall not turn back: To Me every knee shall bend, Every tongue swear loyalty. They shall say: “Only through the Lord Can I find victory and might. When people trust in Him, All their adversaries are put to shame." (Isaiah 45:23–24)

Romans 15:9

2 Samuel 22:50; Psalms 17:49

"and thus the Gentiles glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, “Because of this I will confess you among the Gentiles, and I will sing praises to your name.”" (Romans 15:9)

"Because of this, I will acknowledge you, Lord, among the nations and in your name, I will make music," (2 Kingdoms 22:50) "On account of this, I will give thanks to you among the nations, O Lord. And I will sing psalms to your name." (Psalm 17:50)

"For this I sing Your praise among the nations And hymn Your name:" (2 Samuel 22:50) "For this I sing Your praise among the nations, Lord, and hymn Your name:" (Psalm 18:50)

Romans 15:10; Hebrews 1:6

Deut 32:43

"And again it says: “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people.”" (Romans 15:10) "But when he again brings his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all the angels of God worship him!”" (Hebrews 1:6) See Dead Sea Scroll 4Q44

"Delight, O heavens, with him and worship him, you sons of God. Delight, O nations, with his people and prevail with him, all you angels of God. For he will avenge the blood of his sons, and he will avenge and he will repay the enemies with vengeance, and he will repay those who hate, and the Lord will cleanse out the land of his people.’ ”" (Deut 32:43) See Dead Sea Scroll 4Q44

"O nations, acclaim His people! For He’ll avenge the blood of His servants, Wreak vengeance on His foes, And cleanse the land of His people." (Deut 32:43)

Romans 15:11

Psalms 116:1

"And again, “Praise the Lord all you Gentiles, and let all the peoples praise him.”" (Romans 15:11)

"Praise the Lord, all the nations! Glorify him, all the peoples!" (Psalm 116:1)

"I love the Lord for He hears my voice, my pleas;" (Psalm 116:1)

Romans 15:12

Isaiah 11:10

"And again Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will come, and the one who rises to rule over the Gentiles, in him will the Gentiles hope.”" (Romans 15:12)

"And in that day there will be the root of Jesse and the one who rises up to rule nations; nations will put their hope in him, and his repose will be honor." (Isaiah 11:10)

"In that day, The stock of Jesse that has remained standing Shall become a standard to peoples— Nations shall seek his counsel And his abode shall be honored." (Isaiah 11:10)

Romans 15:21

Isaiah 52:15

"but as it is written: “Those who were not told about him will see, and those who have not heard will understand.”" (Romans 15:21)

"Thus many nations will be impressed at him, and kings will shut their mouth, because those to whom it has not been declared concerning him will see, and those who have not heard will understand." (Isaiah 52:15)

"Just so he shall startle many nations. Kings shall be silenced because of him, For they shall see what has not been told them, Shall behold what they never have heard.”" (Isaiah 52:15)

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1 Corinthians 1:19

Isaiah 29:14

"For it is written, “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and I will thwart the cleverness of the intelligent.”" (1 Corinthians 1:19)

"Because of this, Look! I will continue to change this people, and I will change them, and I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and I will hide the intelligence of the intelligent.”" (Isaiah 29:14)

"Truly, I shall further baffle that people With bafflement upon bafflement; And the wisdom of its wise shall fail, And the prudence of its prudent shall vanish." (Isaiah 29:14)

1 Corinthians 1:31; 2 Corinthians 10:17

Jeremiah 9:24

"so that, as it is written, “Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.”" (1 Corinthians 1:31) "But the one who boasts must boast in the Lord." (2 Corinthians 10:17)

"Rather let the one who boasts boast in this: that he understands and knows that I am the Lord, the one who deals in mercy and judgment and righteousness upon the earth. For my will is in this,” says the Lord." (Jeremiah 9:24)

"Lo, days are coming—declares the Lord—when I will take note of everyone circumcised in the foreskin:" (Jeremiah 9:24)

1 Corinthians 2:9

Isaiah 64:4

"But just as it is written, “Things that no eye has seen, or ear heard, or mind imagined, are the things God has prepared for those who love him.”" (1 Corinthians 2:9)

"We have never heard and our eyes have not seen any god except you and your works, which you will do for those who wait for mercy." (Isaiah 64:4)

"Such things had never been heard or noted. No eye has seen them, O God, but You, Who act for those who trust in You." (Isaiah 64:3)

1 Corinthians 3:19

Job 5:13

"For the wisdom of this age is foolishness with God. As it is written, “He catches the wise in their craftiness.”" (1 Corinthians 3:19)

"who takes the clever in their wisdom and confounds the counsel of schemers." (Job 5:13)

"Who traps the clever in their own wiles; The plans of the crafty go awry." (Job 5:13)

1 Corinthians 3:20

Psalms 93:11

"And again, “The Lord knows that the thoughts of the wise are futile.”" (1 Corinthians 3:20)

"The Lord knows the thoughts of people, that they are vain." (Psalm 93:11)

"The Lord knows the designs of men to be futile." (Psalm 94:11)

1 Corinthians 5:13

Deut 17:7

"But God will judge those outside. Remove the evil person from among you." (1 Corinthians 5:13)

"And the hand of the witnesses shall be on them first to put them to death, and the hand of the people shall be on them last, and you shall remove the evil from yourselves.”" (Deut 17:7)

"Let the hands of the witnesses be the first against him to put him to death, and the hands of the rest of the people thereafter. Thus you will sweep out evil from your midst." (Deut 17:7)

1 Corinthians 9:9; 1 Timothy 5:18

Deut 25:4

"For it is written in the law of Moses, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain.” God is not concerned here about oxen, is he?" (1 Corinthians 9:9) "For the scripture says, “Do not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain,” and, “The worker deserves his pay.”" (1 Timothy 5:18)

"“You shall not muzzle a threshing ox.”" (Deut 25:4)

"You shall not muzzle an ox while it is threshing." (Deut 25:4)

1 Corinthians 10:7

Exodus 32:6

"So do not be idolaters, as some of them were. As it is written, “The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play.”" (1 Corinthians 10:7)

"And so rising early the next day, they sent up whole burnt offerings and brought sacrifices of well-being, and the people sat down to eat and to drink and stood up to dance and sing." (Exodus 32:6)

"Early next day, the people offered up burnt offerings and brought sacrifices of well-being; they sat down to eat and drink, and then rose to dance." (Exodus 32:6)

1 Corinthians 10:25–28

Psalms 23:1; Deut 10:14

"Eat anything that is sold in the marketplace without questions of conscience, for the earth and its abundance are the Lord’s.If an unbeliever invites you to dinner and you want to go, eat whatever is served without asking questions of conscience. But if someone says to you, “This is from a sacrifice,” do not eat, because of the one who told you and because of conscience–" (1 Corinthians 10:25–28)

"If I am hungry, never ever would I say so to you, for the inhabited world and the fullness of it are mine. I will not eat the flesh of bulls or drink the blood of goats, will I? Sacrifice to God a sacrifice of praise, and repay to the most high your vows." (Psalm 49:12–14) "The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness of it, the inhabited world and all those who dwell within it." (Psalm 23:1) "See now to the Lord your God is the heaven and the heaven of the heavens, the earth and all that is in it." (Deut 10:14)

"Were I hungry, I would not tell you, for Mine is the world and all it holds. Do I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of he-goats? Sacrifice a thank offering to God, and pay your vows to the Most High." (Psalm 50:12–14) "Of David. A psalm. The earth is the Lord’s and all that it holds, the world and its inhabitants." (Psalm 24:1) "Mark, the heavens to their uttermost reaches belong to the Lord your God, the earth and all that is on it!" (Deut 10:14)

1 Corinthians 14:21

Isaiah 28:11-12

"It is written in the law: “By people with strange tongues and by the lips of strangers I will speak to this people, yet not even in this way will they listen to me,” says the Lord." (1 Corinthians 14:21)

"because of the contempt of lips, through a different tongue, because they will speak to this people, saying to them, “This is the rest for the hungry, and this is the ruin.” And they did not want to hear it." (Isaiah 28:11–12)

"Truly, as one who speaks to that people in a stammering jargon and an alien tongue is he who declares to them, “This is the resting place, let the weary rest; this is the place of repose.” They refuse to listen." (Isaiah 28:11–12)

1 Corinthians 15:27; Hebrews 2:6-8

Psalms 8:6

"For he has put everything in subjection under his feet. But when it says “everything” has been put in subjection, it is clear that this does not include the one who put everything in subjection to him." (1 Corinthians 15:27) "Instead someone testified somewhere: “What is man that you think of him or the son of man that you care for him? You made him lower than the angels for a little while. You crowned him with glory and honor. You put all things under his control.” For when he put all things under his control, he left nothing outside of his control. At present we do not yet see all things under his control," (Hebrews 2:6–8)

"You made him something a little less than the angels; you crowned him with glory and honor." (Psalm 8:6)

"that You have made him little less than divine, and adorned him with glory and majesty;" (Psalm 8:6)

1 Corinthians 15:32

Isaiah 22:13

"If from a human point of view I fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, what did it benefit me? If the dead are not raised, let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die." (1 Corinthians 15:32)

"But they acted with happiness and rejoicing, slaughtering calves and sacrificing sheep in order to eat meat and drink wine: “Let’s eat and drink, for tomorrow we die!”" (Isaiah 22:13)

"Instead, there was rejoicing and merriment, Killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep, Eating of meat and drinking of wine: “Eat and drink, for tomorrow we die!”" (Isaiah 22:13)

1 Corinthians 15:45

Genesis 2:7

"So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living person”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit." (1 Corinthians 15:45)

"And God formed the human with earth from the land and blew into his face the breath of life, and the human came into being as a living soul." (Genesis 2:7)

"the Lord God formed man from the dust of the earth. He blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living being." (Genesis 2:7)

1 Corinthians 15:54

Isaiah 25:8

"Now when this perishable puts on the imperishable, and this mortal puts on immortality, then the saying that is written will happen, “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”" (1 Corinthians 15:54)

"Death, having power, swallowed; and again the Lord God took away every tear from every face; he took away the reproach of the people from all the land, for the mouth of the Lord has spoken." (Isaiah 25:8)

"He will destroy death forever. My Lord God will wipe the tears away From all faces And will put an end to the reproach of His people Over all the earth— For it is the Lord who has spoken." (Isaiah 25:8)

1 Corinthians 15:55

Hosea 13:14

"“Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?”" (1 Corinthians 15:55)

"From the hand of Hades I will rescue, and from death I will ransom them. Where is your penalty, O death? Where is your sting, O Hades? Comfort is hidden away from my eyes." (Hosea 13:14)

"From Sheol itself I will save them, Redeem them from very Death. Where, O Death, are your plagues? Your pestilence where, O Sheol? Revenge shall be far from My thoughts." (Hosea 13:14)

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2 Corinthians 4:13

Psalms 115:1

"But since we have the same spirit of faith as that shown in what has been written, “I believed; therefore I spoke,” we also believe, therefore we also speak." (2 Corinthians 4:13)

"I trusted; therefore I spoke. But I was humbled exceedingly." (Psalm 115:1)

"I trust in the Lord; out of great suffering I spoke and said rashly, “All men are false.”" (Psalm 116:10–11)

2 Corinthians 6:2

Isaiah 49:8

"For he says, “I heard you at the acceptable time, and in the day of salvation I helped you.” Look, now is the acceptable time; look, now is the day of salvation!" (2 Corinthians 6:2)

"This is what the Lord says: “I have listened to you at the acceptable time, and I have helped you in the day of salvation. And I formed you and have given you as a covenant for the nations, to establish the land and to allot deserted lots," (Isaiah 49:8)

"Thus said the Lord: In an hour of favor I answer you, And on a day of salvation I help you— I created you and appointed you a covenant people— Restoring the land, Allotting anew the desolate holdings," (Isaiah 49:8)

2 Corinthians 6:16

Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:12; Jeremiah 30:22; 31:1; 32:38; Zechariah 8:8; Ezekiel 36:28; 37:23; 37:27

"And what mutual agreement does the temple of God have with idols? For we are the temple of the living God, just as God said, “I will live in them and will walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people.”" (2 Corinthians 6:16)

"And I will be called upon by the children of Israel, and I will be their God." (Exodus 29:45) "Then I will walk about among you, and I will be your God, and you yourselves will be my people." (Leviticus 26:12) Jeremiah 30:22 – not in LXX"“At that time,” the Lord said, “I will become a God for the race of Israel, and they will become a people for me.”" (Jeremiah 38:1) "And they will become a people for me, and I will become a God for them." (Jeremiah 39:38) "and I will lead them and settle them in the middle of Jerusalem, and they will be to me a people, and I will be to them a God, in truth and in righteousness.’" (Zechariah 8:8) "And you will dwell upon the land which I gave to your fathers, and you will be my people and I will be your God." (Ezekiel 36:28) "that they should never again be defiled by their idols. And I will rescue them from all their transgressions by which they sinned, and I will cleanse them, and they will be a people for me and I the Lord will be God for them." (Ezekiel 37:23) "And my habitation will be among them, and I will be God for them and they will be my people." (Ezekiel 37:27)

"I will abide among the Israelites, and I will be their God." (Exodus 29:45) "I will be ever present in your midst: I will be your God, and you shall be My people." (Leviticus 26:12) "You shall be My people, And I will be your God." (Jeremiah 30:22) "At that time—declares the Lord—I will be God to all the clans of Israel, and they shall be My people." (Jeremiah 31:1) "They shall be My people, and I will be their God." (Jeremiah 32:38) "and I will bring them home to dwell in Jerusalem. They shall be My people, and I will be their God—in truth and sincerity." (Zechariah 8:8) "Then you shall dwell in the land which I gave to your fathers, and you shall be My people and I will be your God." (Ezekiel 36:28) "Nor shall they ever again defile themselves by their fetishes and their abhorrent things, and by their other transgressions. I will save them in all their settlements where they sinned, and I will cleanse them. Then they shall be My people, and I will be their God." (Ezekiel 37:23) "My Presence shall rest over them; I will be their God and they shall be My people." (Ezekiel 37:27)

2 Corinthians 6:17-18

Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 23:3; 38:9; 50:8; 51:6,8,45

"Therefore “come out from their midst, and be separate,” says the Lord, “and touch no unclean thing, and I will welcome you, and I will be a father to you, and you will be my sons and daughters,” says the All-Powerful Lord." (2 Corinthians 6:17–18)

"Depart! Depart; come out from there and touch no unclean thing! Come out from her midst; be separate, you who carry the vessels of the Lord," (Isaiah 52:11) "Be alienated from the midst of Babylon and from the land Chaldeans, and go out and become like dragons before sheep;" (Jeremiah 27:8) "Flee from the midst of Babylon, and each of you rescue his life! And do not be cast away in her injustice, because the time of her vengeance is from the Lord. He is repaying her repayment to her." (Jeremiah 28:6) "We treated Babylon, and she was not cured. Let us forsake her, and let us each depart to his land. Because her judgment has drawn near to the sky. It has risen up to the stars." (Jeremiah 28:9) Jeremiah 51:45 – missing from LXX

"Turn, turn away, touch naught unclean As you depart from there; Keep pure, as you go forth from there, You who bear the vessels of the Lord!" (Isaiah 52:11) "Flee from Babylon, Leave the land of the Chaldeans, And be like he-goats that lead the flock!" (Jeremiah 50:8) "Flee from the midst of Babylon And save your lives, each of you! Do not perish for her iniquity; For this is a time of vengeance for the Lord, He will deal retribution to her." (Jeremiah 51:6) "We tried to cure Babylon But she was incurable. Let us leave her and go, Each to his own land; For her punishment reaches to heaven, It is as high as the sky." (Jeremiah 51:9) "Depart from there, O My people, Save your lives, each of you, From the furious anger of the Lord." (Jeremiah 51:45)

2 Corinthians 8:15

Exodus 16:18

"as it is written: “The one who gathered much did not have too much, and the one who gathered little did not have too little.”" (2 Corinthians 8:15)

"And when they measured by the omer, the one with much did not have a surplus, and the one with little did not have a shortage. They gathered, each one, for the ones appropriate to himself." (Exodus 16:18)

"But when they measured it by the omer, he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no deficiency: they had gathered as much as they needed to eat." (Exodus 16:18)

2 Corinthians 9:9

Psalms 111:9

"Just as it is written, “He has scattered widely, he has given to the poor; his righteousness remains forever.”" (2 Corinthians 9:9)

"He scattered. He gave to the poor. His righteousness remains forever and ever. His horn will be lifted up in glory." (Psalm 111:9)

"He gives freely to the poor; his beneficence lasts forever; his horn is exalted in honor." (Psalm 112:9)

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Galatians 3:10

Deut 27:26

"For all who rely on doing the works of the law are under a curse, because it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not keep on doing everything written in the book of the law.”" (Galatians 3:10)

"“ ‘Cursed be any man who does not stand fast in all the words of this law to do them.’ And all the people shall say, ‘May it be.’" (Deut 27:26)

"Cursed be he who will not uphold the terms of this Teaching and observe them.—And all the people shall say, Amen." (Deut 27:26)

Galatians 3:13

Deut 21:23

"Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us (because it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”)" (Galatians 3:13)

"“But if there is a sin in someone, there shall be a judgment of death, and he shall die, and you shall hang him on a tree. His body shall not sleep upon the tree; rather, with a funeral you shall bury him in that day, for all who hang on a tree are cursed from God. And you shall not defile the land that the Lord your God is giving you as a portion.”" (Deut 21:22–23)

"If a man is guilty of a capital offense and is put to death, and you impale him on a stake, you must not let his corpse remain on the stake overnight, but must bury him the same day. For an impaled body is an affront to God: you shall not defile the land that the Lord your God is giving you to possess." (Deut 21:22–23) Dead Sea Scroll: 4Q36 Deut i: Frgs. 3 Col. i, 4, 5 Col. i, Deut 21:23–22:9 reads “hang up on a tree” not impale. See Josh 8:29; 10:26-27 for examples in 1406 BC contemporary with Moses when he wrote it in 1446 BC.

Galatians 4:27

Isaiah 54:1

"For it is written: “Rejoice, O barren woman who does not bear children; break forth and shout, you who have no birth pains, because the children of the desolate woman are more numerous than those of the woman who has a husband.”" (Galatians 4:27)

"Rejoice, O barren one who does not beget! Break forth and cry aloud, you who are not in labor, because the children of the deserted woman will be more than those of the woman who has a husband, for the Lord has said it." (Isaiah 54:1)

"Shout, O barren one, You who bore no child! Shout aloud for joy, You who did not travail! For the children of the wife forlorn Shall outnumber those of the espoused —said the Lord." (Isaiah 54:1)

Galatians 4:30

Genesis 21:10

"But what does the scripture say? “Throw out the slave woman and her son, for the son of the slave woman will not share the inheritance with the son” of the free woman." (Galatians 4:30)

"then she said to Abraham, “Cast out this maiden and her son, for the son of the maiden will surely not inherit with my son Isaac.”" (Genesis 21:10)

"She said to Abraham, “Cast out that slave-woman and her son, for the son of that slave shall not share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”" (Genesis 21:10)

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Ephesians 4:8

Psalms 67:18-19

"Therefore it says, “When he ascended on high he captured captives; he gave gifts to men.”" (Ephesians 4:8)

" "The chariots of God are ten thousand-fold, thousands of those flourishing. The Lord is among them in Sinai, in the holy place. Having gone up to the high place, you took as prisoners a body of captives. You received gifts in a person, yes indeed, those disobeying, to cause them to dwell there." (Psalm 67:18–19)

"God’s chariots are myriads upon myriads, thousands upon thousands; the Lord is among them as in Sinai in holiness. You went up to the heights, having taken captives, having received tribute of men, even of those who rebel against the Lord God’s abiding there." (Psalm 68:18–19)

Ephesians 4:25

Zechariah 8:16

"Therefore, having laid aside falsehood, each one of you speak the truth with his neighbor, for we are members of one another." (Ephesians 4:25)

"These are the words that you should do: Speak truth, each to his neighbor; judge truth and make peaceful decisions in your gates;" (Zechariah 8:16)

"‘These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates." (Zechariah 8:16)

Ephesians 4:26

Psalms 4:4

"Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on the cause of your anger." (Ephesians 4:26)

"Be angry and do not sin. For what you say in your heart, let your conscience be pained upon your beds." (Psalm 4:5)

"So tremble, and sin no more; ponder it on your bed, and sigh." (Psalm 4:5)

Ephesians 5:14

Isaiah 60:1

"For everything made evident is light, and for this reason it says: “Awake, O sleeper! Rise from the dead, and Christ will shine on you!”" (Ephesians 5:14)

"Shine! Shine, Jerusalem, for your light is come, and the glory of the Lord has risen upon you." (Isaiah 60:1)

"Arise, shine, for your light has dawned; The Presence of the Lord has shone upon you!" (Isaiah 60:1)

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Philippians 2:10-11

Isaiah 45:23

"so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow —in heaven and on earth and under the earth— and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father." (Philippians 2:10–11)

"I am swearing an oath according to myself: Unless righteousness shall go forth from my mouth, my words shall not turn back, because every knee shall bend to me, and every tongue shall swear by God," (Isaiah 45:23)

"By Myself have I sworn, From My mouth has issued truth, A word that shall not turn back: To Me every knee shall bend, Every tongue swear loyalty." (Isaiah 45:23)

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Hebrews 1:5

Psalms 2:7; 2 Samuel 7:14

"For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my son! Today I have fathered you”? And in another place he says, “I will be his father and he will be my son.”" (Hebrews 1:5)

"announcing the ordinance of the Lord. The Lord said to me, ‘You are my son; today I have begotten you." (Psalm 2:7) "I will be like a father to him and he will be like a son to me. And if he should demonstrate injustice, then I will disgrace him with the rod of man and with the wounds from the sons of mortals." (2 Kingdoms 7:14)

"Let me tell of the decree: the Lord said to me, “You are My son, I have fathered you this day." (Psalm 2:7) "I will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to Me. When he does wrong, I will chastise him with the rod of men and the affliction of mortals;" (2 Samuel 7:14)

Hebrews 1:7

Psalms 103:4

"And he says of the angels, “He makes his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire,”" (Hebrews 1:7)

"the one who makes his angels spirits, and his public servants burning fire." (Psalm 103:4)

"He makes the winds His messengers, fiery flames His servants." (Psalm 104:4)

Hebrews 1:8-9

Psalms 44:6-7

"but of the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and a righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness. So God, your God, has anointed you over your companions with the oil of rejoicing.”" (Hebrews 1:8–9)

"Your arrows are sharpened, O mighty one, —peoples will fall under you— in the heart of the enemies of the King. Your throne, O God, is forever and ever. The rod of your kingdom is a rod of uprightness. You loved righteousness and hated lawlessness. On account of this, God, your God, anointed you with olive oil of great joy beyond your companions." (Psalm 44:6–8)

"Your arrows, sharpened, pierce the breast of the king’s enemies; peoples fall at your feet. Your divine throne is everlasting; your royal scepter is a scepter of equity. You love righteousness and hate wickedness; rightly has God, your God, chosen to anoint you with oil of gladness over all your peers." (Psalm 45:6–8)

Hebrews 1:10-12

Psalms 101:25-28

"And, “You founded the earth in the beginning, Lord, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish, but you continue. And they will all grow old like a garment, and like a robe you will fold them up and like a garment they will be changed, but you are the same and your years will never run out.”" (Hebrews 1:10–12)

"Do not take me in the middle of my days; in generation and generations are your years. In the beginning you, O Lord, laid down the foundation of the earth, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish. But you remain, and all like a garment will be worn out, and like a covering you roll them up, and they will be changed. But you are the same, and your years will not cease." (Psalm 101:25–28)

"I say, “O my God, do not take me away in the midst of my days, You whose years go on for generations on end. Of old You established the earth; the heavens are the work of Your hands. They shall perish, but You shall endure; they shall all wear out like a garment; You change them like clothing and they pass away. But You are the same, and Your years never end." (Psalm 102:25–28)

Hebrews 2:12

Psalms 21:22

"saying, “I will proclaim your name to my brothers; in the midst of the assembly I will praise you.”" (Hebrews 2:12)

"I will set out in detail your name to my brothers. In the middle of the assembly I will sing of you." (Psalm 21:23)

"Then will I proclaim Your fame to my brethren, praise You in the congregation." (Psalm 22:23)

Hebrews 2:13

2 Samuel 22:3; Isaiah 12:2; 8:17-18

"Again he says, “I will be confident in him,” and again, “Here I am, with the children God has given me.”" (Hebrews 2:13)

"Look! My God is my savior; I will trust him, and I will not be frightened, for the Lord is my glory and my praise, and he has become salvation for me.”" (Isaiah 12:2) "my God will be my guard; I will rely on him; my protector and the horn of my deliverance, my protector and my refuge for my deliverance from wrongdoing, you will save me." (2 Kingdoms 22:3) "And he will say, “I will wait for God, who turned his face from the house Jacob, and I will trust him. Look, here am I, along with the children whom God has given me, and in the house of Israel they will become signs and wonders from the Lord Sabaoth, who dwells on Mount Zion.”" (Isaiah 8:17–18)

"Behold the God who gives me triumph! I am confident, unafraid; For Yah the Lord is my strength and might, And He has been my deliverance.”" (Isaiah 12:2) "My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge; My savior, You save me from violence." (2 Samuel 22:3) "And I will wait for the Lord who is hiding His face from the house of Jacob; I will even look eagerly for Him. Behold, I and the children whom the Lord has given me are for signs and wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwells on Mount Zion." (Isaiah 8:17–18)

Hebrews 3:7-11; 3:15; 4:3; 4:5; 4:7

Psalms 94:7-11

"Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Oh, that today you would listen as he speaks! “Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of testing in the wilderness. “There your fathers tested me and tried me, and they saw my works for forty years. “Therefore, I became provoked at that generation and said, ‘Their hearts are always wandering and they have not known my ways.’ “As I swore in my anger, ‘They will never enter my rest!’ ”" (Hebrews 3:7–11) "As it says, “Oh, that today you would listen as he speaks! Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.”" (Hebrews 3:15) "For we who have believed enter that rest, as he has said, “As I swore in my anger,‘They will never enter my rest!’ ” And yet God’s works were accomplished from the foundation of the world." (Hebrews 4:3) "but to repeat the text cited earlier: “They will never enter my rest!”" (Hebrews 4:5) "So God again ordains a certain day, “Today,” speaking through David after so long a time, as in the words quoted before, “O, that today you would listen as he speaks! Do not harden your hearts.”" (Hebrews 4:7)

"because he is our God, and we are the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand. Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, according to the day of testing in the desert, when your fathers tested; they scrutinized and saw my works. For forty years I was irritated with that generation, and I said, “They are always led astray in their heart, and they did not understand my ways.” As I swore in my wrath, “They will surely not enter into my rest.”" (Psalm 94:7–11)

"for He is our God, and we are the people He tends, the flock in His care. O, if you would but heed His charge this day: Do not be stubborn as at Meribah, as on the day of Massah, in the wilderness, when your fathers put Me to the test, tried Me, though they had seen My deeds. Forty years I was provoked by that generation; I thought, “They are a senseless people; they would not know My ways.” Concerning them I swore in anger, “They shall never come to My resting-place!”" (Psalm 95:7–11)

Hebrews 4:4

Genesis 2:2

"For he has spoken somewhere about the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all his works,”" (Hebrews 4:4)

"God completed in the sixth day his works that he did, and he ceased on the seventh day from all his works that he did." (Genesis 2:2)

"By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done." (Genesis 2:2)

Hebrews 5:6; 5:10; 7:17; 7:21

Psalms 109:4

"as also in another place God says, “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”" (Hebrews 5:6) "and he was designated by God as high priest in the order of Melchizedek." (Hebrews 5:10) "For here is the testimony about him: “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”" (Hebrews 7:17) "but Jesus did so with a sworn affirmation by the one who said to him, “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind, ‘You are a priest forever’ ”—" (Hebrews 7:21)

"The Lord swore and will not regret, “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.”" (Psalm 109:4)

"The Lord has sworn and will not relent, “You are a priest forever, a rightful king [Melchizedek] by My decree.”" (Psalm 110:4)

Hebrews 6:14

Genesis 22:17

"saying, “Surely I will bless you greatly and multiply your descendants abundantly.”" (Hebrews 6:14)

"surely blessing, I will bless you, and, increasing, I will increase your offspring like the stars of heaven and like the sand from the shore of the sea, and your offspring will inherit the cities of their enemies." (Genesis 22:17)

"indeed I will greatly bless you, and I will greatly multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your seed shall possess the gate of their enemies." (Genesis 22:17)

Hebrews 8:5

Exodus 25:40

"The place where they serve is a sketch and shadow of the heavenly sanctuary, just as Moses was warned by God as he was about to complete the tabernacle. For he says, “See that you make everything according to the design shown to you on the mountain.”" (Hebrews 8:5)

"See that you will make everything according to the pattern shown to you on the mountain.”" (Exodus 25:40)

"“See that you make them after the pattern for them, which was shown to you on the mountain." (Exodus 25:40)

Hebrews 8:8-12; 10:16-17

Jeremiah 31:31-34

"But showing its fault, God says to them, “Look, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will complete a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. “It will not be like the covenant that I made with their fathers, on the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not continue in my covenant and I had no regard for them, says the Lord. “For this is the covenant that I will establish with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord. I will put my laws in their minds and I will inscribe them on their hearts. And I will be their God and they will be my people. “And there will be no need at all for each one to teach his countryman or each one to teach his brother saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ since they will all know me, from the least to the greatest. “For I will be merciful toward their evil deeds, and their sins I will remember no longer.”" (Hebrews 8:8–12) "“This is the covenant that I will establish with them after those days, says the Lord. I will put my laws on their hearts and I will inscribe them on their minds,”then he says, “Their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no longer.”" (Hebrews 10:16–17)

"“Look! The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “and I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah, not according to the covenant that I established with their fathers on the day I took their hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; for they did not remain in my covenant, and I neglected them,” declares the Lord. “For this is my covenant that I will establish with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord. “I will surely put my laws into their mind, and I will write them upon their hearts. And I will become a God for them, and they will become a people for me. And each one will not teach his fellow citizen, or each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord!’ because everyone will know me, from the smallest of them to the greatest of them, because I will be gracious to their injustices. And I will by no means remember their sins any longer." (Jeremiah 38:31–34)

"“Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord. “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. “They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord, “for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”" (Jeremiah 31:31–34)

Hebrews 9:19-20

Exodus 24:8

"For when Moses had spoken every command to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats with water and scarlet wool and hyssop and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that God has commanded you to keep.”" (Hebrews 9:19–20)

"And Moses, taking the blood, sprinkled it over the people and said, “Look! the blood of the covenant, which the Lord established with you concerning all these words.”" (Exodus 24:8)

"So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”" (Exodus 24:8)

Hebrews 10:5-9

Psalms 40:6-8

"So when he came into the world, he said, “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me. “Whole burnt offerings and sin-offerings you took no delight in. “Then I said, ‘Here I am: I have come—it is written of me in the scroll of the book—to do your will, O God.’ ” When he says above, “Sacrifices and offerings and whole burnt offerings and sin-offerings you did not desire nor did you take delight in them” (which are offered according to the law), then he says, “Here I am: I have come to do your will.” He does away with the first to establish the second." (Hebrews 10:5–9)

"You did not want sacrifice and offering, but a body you restored to me. You did not ask for whole burnt offering, and an offering concerning sin. Then I said, “Behold, I have arrived. In the scroll of the book it has been written concerning me." (Psalm 39:7–8

"You gave me to understand that You do not desire sacrifice and meal offering;1 [deleted words] You do not ask for burnt offering and sin offering. Then I said, “See, I will bring a scroll recounting what befell me.”" (Psalm 40:7–8) 1: MT reads “ears you dug for me”.

Hebrews 10:30

Deut 32:36

"For we know the one who said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,” and again, “The Lord will judge his people.”" (Hebrews 10:30)

In a day of vengeance I will repay, when their foot slips, for the day of destruction to them is near, and their lot is presently prepared for you.’ For the Lord will judge his people, and he will relent on his slaves. For he saw them exhausted and failing in misery and weakened.” (Deut 32:35–36)

"To be My vengeance and recompense, At the time that their foot falters. Yea, their day of disaster is near, And destiny rushes upon them. For the Lord will vindicate His people And take revenge for His servants, When He sees that their might is gone, And neither bond nor free is left." (Deut 32:35–36)

Hebrews 11:5

Genesis 5:24

By faith Enoch was taken up so that he did not see death, and he was not to be found because God took him up. For before his removal he had been commended as having pleased God.” (Hebrews 11:5)

"And Enoch was very pleasing to God and was not found because God transposed him." (Genesis 5:24)

"Enoch walked with God; then he was no more, for God took him." (Genesis 5:24)

Hebrews 12:5-6

Proverbs 3:11-12

"And have you forgotten the exhortation addressed to you as sons? “My son, do not scorn the Lord’s discipline or give up when he corrects you. “For the Lord disciplines the one he loves and chastises every son he accepts.”" (Hebrews 12:5–6)

"Son, do not despise the discipline of the Lord or grow weak when reproved by him, for the Lord reproves whomever he loves and punishes any son whom he receives." (Proverbs 3:11–12)

"Do not reject the discipline of the Lord, my son; Do not abhor His rebuke. For whom the Lord loves, He rebukes, As a father the son whom he favors." (Proverbs 3:11–12)

Hebrews 12:12

Isaiah 35:3

"Therefore, strengthen your listless hands and your weak knees," (Hebrews 12:12)

"Be strong, hands at ease and feeble knees!" (Isaiah 35:3)

"Strengthen the hands that are slack; Make firm the tottering knees!" (Isaiah 35:3)

Hebrews 12:20

Exodus 19:13

"For they could not bear what was commanded: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned.”" (Hebrews 12:20)

"Not a hand will touch him, but he will be stoned by stones, or he will be shot through with an arrow; whether a beast or whether a person, he will not live.’ Whenever the thunders and the trumpets and the cloud depart from the mountain, those persons will proceed up the mountain.”" (Exodus 19:13)

"no hand shall touch him, but he shall be either stoned or shot; beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the ram’s horn sounds a long blast, they may go up on the mountain.”" (Exodus 19:13)

Hebrews 12:21

Deut 9:19

"In fact, the scene was so terrifying that Moses said, “I shudder with fear.”" (Hebrews 12:21)

"And I was afraid because of the anger and the wrath, because the Lord was provoked against you to destroy you; but the Lord listened to me also at that time." (Deut 9:19)

"For I was in dread of the Lord‘s fierce anger against you, which moved Him to wipe you out. And that time, too, the Lord gave heed to me.—" (Deut 9:19)

Hebrews 12:26

Haggai 2:7

"Then his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “I will once more shake not only the earth but heaven too.”" (Hebrews 12:26)

"And I shall shake all nations, and selected people of all nations shall come and fill this house with glory,’ says the Lord Almighty." (Haggai 2:7)

"I will shake all the nations. And the precious things of all the nations shall come, and I will fill this House with glory, said the Lord of Hosts." (Haggai 2:7)

Hebrews 12:29

Deut 4:24

"For our God is indeed a devouring fire." (Hebrews 12:29)

"For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God." (Deut 4:24)

"For the Lord your God is a consuming fire, an impassioned God." (Deut 4:24)

Hebrews 13:5

Deut 31:6-8; Joshua 1:5

"Your conduct must be free from the love of money and you must be content with what you have, for he has said, “I will never leave you and I will never abandon you.”" (Hebrews 13:5)

"Act like a man and be strong; do not fear or be afraid or be terrified before them, for the Lord your God, the one going with you even among you, neither will he leave you or forsake you.” And Moses called Joshua and said to him before all Israel, “Act like a man and be strong, for you will go before this people into the land that the Lord swore to our fathers to give them, and you will take possession with them. And the Lord who is proceeding with you, he will not leave you or forsake you, do not fear or be afraid.”" (Deut 31:6–8) "No person will stand before you all the days of your life. Just as I was with Moses, in the same way I will also be with you. I will neither abandon you nor neglect you." (Joshua 1:5)

"Be strong and resolute, be not in fear or in dread of them; for the Lord your God Himself marches with you: He will not fail you or forsake you. Then Moses called Joshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel: “Be strong and resolute, for it is you who shall go with this people into the land that the Lord swore to their fathers to give them, and it is you who shall apportion it to them. And the Lord Himself will go before you. He will be with you; He will not fail you or forsake you. Fear not and be not dismayed!”" (Deut 31:6–8) "No one shall be able to resist you as long as you live. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will not fail you or forsake you." (Joshua 1:5)

Hebrews 13:6

Psalms 26:1; 117:6

"So we can say with confidence, “The Lord is my helper, and I will not be afraid. What can man do to me?”" (Hebrews 13:6)

"The Lord is my light and my savior. Whom shall I fear? The Lord is the protector of my life. From whom shall I fear?" (Psalm 26:1) "The Lord is a helper to me. I will not fear. What will a person do to me?" (Psalm 117:6)

Psalms 26:1; 117:6 "Of David. The Lord is my light and my help; whom should I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life, whom should I dread?" (Psalm 27:1) "The Lord is on my side, I have no fear; what can man do to me?" (Psalm 118:6)

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James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5

Proverbs 3:34

"But he gives greater grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but he gives grace to the humble.”" (James 4:6) "In the same way, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, because God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble." (1 Peter 5:5)

"The Lord opposes the arrogant, but he gives the humble grace." (Proverbs 3:34)

"At scoffers He scoffs, But to the lowly He shows grace." (Proverbs 3:34)

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1 Peter 1:16

Leviticus 11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7

"for it is written, “You shall be holy, because I am holy.”" (1 Peter 1:16)

"Because I am the Lord your God, and you will sanctify yourselves, and you will be holy, for I myself, the Lord your God, am holy. And you will not defile your souls with any of the creeping animals that move along the ground. For I myself am Lord, the one who led you up from the land of Egypt to be your God; and you will be holy, for I, the Lord, am holy." (Leviticus 11:44–45) "“Speak in the congregation of the children of Israel and say to them, ‘You will be holy because I, the Lord, your God, am holy." (Leviticus 19:2) "Indeed, you will be holy because I myself, the Lord your God, am holy." (Leviticus 20:7)

"For I the Lord am your God: you shall sanctify yourselves and be holy, for I am holy. You shall not make yourselves unclean through any swarming thing that moves upon the earth. For I the Lord am He who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God: you shall be holy, for I am holy." (Leviticus 11:44–45) "Speak to the whole Israelite community and say to them: You shall be holy, for I, the Lord your God, am holy." (Leviticus 19:2) "You shall sanctify yourselves and be holy, for I the Lord am your God." (Leviticus 20:7)

1 Peter 1:24-25

Isaiah 40:6-8

"For all flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of the grass; the grass withers and the flower falls off, but the word of the Lord endures forever. And this is the word that was proclaimed to you." (1 Peter 1:24–25)

"The voice of one saying, “Cry out,” and I said, “What shall I cry out?” All flesh is grass, and all the glory of humanity is like a flower of grass; the grass is withered, and the flower falls off, but the word of our God remains forever." (Isaiah 40:6–8)

"A voice rings out: “Proclaim!” Another asks, “What shall I proclaim?” “All flesh is grass, All its goodness like flowers of the field: Grass withers, flowers fade When the breath of the Lord blows on them. Indeed, man is but grass: Grass withers, flowers fade— But the word of our God is always fulfilled!”" (Isaiah 40:6–8)

1 Peter 2:22

Isaiah 53:9

"He committed no sin nor was deceit found in his mouth." (1 Peter 2:22)

"And I will give the wicked in place of his tomb, and the wealthy in place of death, because he committed no lawlessness, and there was no deceit in his mouth." (Isaiah 53:9)

"And his grave was set among the wicked, And with the rich, in his death— Though he had done no injustice And had spoken no falsehood." (Isaiah 53:9)

1 Peter 2:24

Isaiah 53:5

"He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we may cease from sinning and live for righteousness. By his wounds you were healed." (1 Peter 2:24)

"But he was wounded because of our sins, and he became sick because of our lawless acts. The discipline of our peace was upon him; by his bruise we were healed." (Isaiah 53:5)

"But he was wounded because of our sins, Crushed because of our iniquities. He bore the chastisement that made us whole, And by his bruises we were healed." (Isaiah 53:5)

1 Peter 3:10-12

Psalms 33:12-16

"For the one who wants to love life and see good days must keep his tongue from evil and his lips from uttering deceit. And he must turn away from evil and do good; he must seek peace and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous and his ears are open to their prayer. But the Lord’s face is against those who do evil." (1 Peter 3:10–12)

"Come, you children. Hear me. I will teach you the fear of the Lord. What person is there who wants life and loves to see good days? Stop your tongue from evil, and your lips to not speak guile. Turn from evil and do good. Seek peace and pursue it. For the eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears listen to their entreaty. But the face of the Lord is against those doing evil things, to destroy utterly the memory of them from the earth." (Psalm 33:12–17)

"Come, my sons, listen to me; I will teach you what it is to fear the Lord. Who is the man who is eager for life, who desires years of good fortune? Guard your tongue from evil, your lips from deceitful speech. Shun evil and do good, seek amity and pursue it. The eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, His ears attentive to their cry. The face of the Lord is set against evildoers, to erase their names from the earth." (Psalm 34:12–17)

1 Peter 3:14

Isaiah 8:12

"But in fact, if you happen to suffer for doing what is right, you are blessed. But do not be terrified of them or be shaken." (1 Peter 3:14)

"‘Let them not say, “It is hard.” ’ For anything that this people might say is hard; but do not be frightened with its fear, neither be troubled.”" (Isaiah 8:12)

"“You are not to say, ‘It is a conspiracy!’ In regard to all that this people call a conspiracy, And you are not to fear what they fear or be in dread of it." (Isaiah 8:12)

1 Peter 4:8

Proverbs 10:12

"Above all keep your love for one another fervent, because love covers a multitude of sins." (1 Peter 4:8)

"Hatred awakens strife, but affection covers all those who are not contentious;" (Proverbs 10:12)

"Hatred stirs up strife, But love covers all transgressions." (Proverbs 10:12)

1 Peter 4:18

Proverbs 11:31

"And if the righteous are barely saved, what will become of the ungodly and sinners?" (1 Peter 4:18)

"If indeed the righteous is scarcely saved, where will the ungodly and sinful appear?" (Proverbs 11:31)

"If the righteous will be rewarded in the earth, How much more the wicked and the sinner!" (Proverbs 11:31)

1 Peter 5:7

Psalms 54:22

"by casting all your cares on him because he cares for you." (1 Peter 5:7)

"Cast your care upon the Lord, and he will continually sustain you. He will never give a surging wave to the righteous one." (Psalm 54:23)

"Cast your burden on the Lord and He will sustain you; He will never let the righteous man collapse." (Psalm 55:23)

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2 Peter 2:22

Proverbs 26:11

"They are illustrations of this true proverb: “A dog returns to its own vomit,” and “A sow, after washing herself, wallows in the mire.”" (2 Peter 2:22)

"As a dog when he comes upon his own vomit and becomes detestable, so is a fool who in his own wickedness returns to his own sin." (Proverbs 26:11)

"Like a dog that returns to its vomit Is a fool who repeats his folly." (Proverbs 26:11)

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Jude 9

Zechariah 3:2-3

"But even when Michael the archangel was arguing with the devil and debating with him concerning Moses’ body, he did not dare to bring a slanderous judgment, but said, “May the Lord rebuke you!”" (Jude 9) Quoted from Assumption of Moses 10 AD 

"And the Lord said to the adversary, “The Lord rebuke you, O adversary! And the Lord, the one who chose Jerusalem, rebuke you! Behold, is this not as a firebrand removed from the fire.” And Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and he stood before the presence of the angel." (Zechariah 3:2–3)

"But the Lord said to the Accuser, “The Lord rebuke you, O Accuser; may the Lord who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! For this is a brand plucked from the fire.” Now Joshua was clothed in filthy garments when he stood before the angel." (Zechariah 3:2–3)

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Revelation 1:17

Isaiah 41:4; 44:6

"When I saw him I fell down at his feet as though I were dead, but he placed his right hand on me and said: “Do not be afraid! I am the first and the last," (Revelation 1:17)

"Who has produced and made these things? The one who called her from the beginning of generations has summoned her. I, God, am at the first, and I am in the future." (Isaiah 41:4) "This is what the king of Israel, and the one who rescues him, God Sabaoth says: “I am the first, and I am after these things; except for me there is no God." (Isaiah 44:6)

"Who has wrought and achieved this? He who announced the generations from the start— I, the Lord, who was first And will be with the last as well." (Isaiah 41:4) "Thus said the Lord, the King of Israel, Their Redeemer, the Lord of Hosts: I am the first and I am the last, And there is no god but Me." (Isaiah 44:6)

Revelation 2:23

Jeremiah 17:10

"Furthermore, I will strike her followers with a deadly disease, and then all the churches will know that I am the one who searches minds and hearts. I will repay each one of you what your deeds deserve." (Revelation 2:23)

"I, the Lord, who visits hearts and tests the kidneys to give each according to his ways and according to the fruits of his pursuits." (Jeremiah 17:10)

"I the Lord probe the heart, Search the mind— To repay every man according to his ways, With the proper fruit of his deeds." (Jeremiah 17:10)

Revelation 2:27

Psalms 2:9

"he will rule them with an iron rod and like clay jars he will break them to pieces," (Revelation 2:27)

"You will rule them with a steel rod. Like a vessel of a potter you will break them.’ ”" (Psalm 2:9)

"You can smash them with an iron mace, shatter them like potter’s ware.”" (Psalm 2:9)

Revelation 3:7

Isaiah 22:22-24

"“To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write the following: “This is the solemn pronouncement of the Holy One, the True One, who holds the key of David, who opens doors no one can shut, and shuts doors no one can open:" (Revelation 3:7)

"And I will give the glory of David to him, and he will rule, and there will be no one who opposes him. And he will shut, and there will be no one to open. And I will set him up as leader in a secure place, and he will become a throne of the glory of his father’s house. And every esteemed person in his father’s house, from small to great, will trust him, and they will be dependent on him" (Isaiah 22:22–24)

"I will place the keys of David’s palace on his shoulders; and what he unlocks none may shut, and what he locks none may open. He shall be a seat of honor to his father’s household. I will fix him as a peg in a firm place, on which all the substance of his father’s household shall be hung: the sprouts and the leaves—all the small vessels, from bowls to all sorts of jars." (Isaiah 22:22–24)

Revelation 7:16

Isaiah 49:10

"They will never go hungry or be thirsty again, and the sun will not beat down on them, nor any burning heat," (Revelation 7:16)

"They will not hunger or thirst, and the burning heat and the sun will not strike them, but the one who shows mercy will comfort them, and he will lead them through springs of waters." (Isaiah 49:10)

"They shall not hunger or thirst, Hot wind and sun shall not strike them; For He who loves them will lead them, He will guide them to springs of water." (Isaiah 49:10)

Revelation 21:23

Isaiah 60:20-21

"The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, because the glory of God lights it up, and its lamp is the Lamb." (Revelation 21:23)

"For the sun will not sink upon you, and the moon will not cease for you, for the Lord will be everlasting light for you, and the days of your grief will be made complete. All your people will be righteous; lastingly they will inherit the earth, guarding the planting, the works of his hands, for glory." (Isaiah 60:20–21)

"Your sun shall set no more, Your moon no more withdraw; For the Lord shall be a light to you forever, And your days of mourning shall be ended. And your people, all of them righteous, Shall possess the land for all time; They are the shoot that I planted, My handiwork in which I glory." (Isaiah 60:20–21)

 

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623 BC

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458 BC

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282 BC

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Steve Rudd, November 2017 AD: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections

 

By Steve Rudd: November 2017: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

 

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