Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa are pure "classic" Junk science.
Psychiatry is Junk science
No scientific data that Psychiatry works!


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Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa are two of many specific categories of eating disorders in DSM-IV. They are behaviour choices caused by being too concerned with outward appearances and not diseases.


A. Snapshot summary:

1.      Eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder is a behaviour choice not a disease.

2.      People who are overly concerned with their outwardly physical appearance and being overweight are the ones who acquire the behaviours of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa.

3.      It is purely mind over body and requires self-control to overcome.

4.      Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are bad habits that can kill and therefore are serious. Once you have developed the habit of vomiting up your food, it becomes a routine.

5.      Treating these eating habits with drugs is like smashing a computer because of a software virus.

6.      Psychiatrists claim that both over eating and under eating are caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain and are considered medical conditions.

7.     Over eating (obesity) is usually caused by stuffing too many Twinkies into your mouth and under eating (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) is caused by not stuffing enough Twinkies into your mouth. They are behaviour choices overcome with self-will and not diseases.

B. What biopsychiatrists, drug companies and governments say:

Notice they admit they have no idea what causes it: "culture certainly has a large influence, low self-esteem, social isolation, perfectionism "

1.      "Anorexia nervosa Etiology: A specific etiology and pathogenesis leading to the development of anorexia nervosa are unknown. Anorexia nervosa begins after a period of severe food deprivation, which may be due to any of the following: Willful dieting for the purpose of being more attractive Willful dieting for the purpose of being more professionally competent (e.g., ballet dancers, gymnasts, jockeys)" (Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry, Hales, Yudofsky, 2003 AD, p 1005)

2.      "Do we know what causes bulimia? The current obsession with thinness in our culture certainly has a large influence. There is some evidence that obesity in adolescence or familial tendency toward obesity predisposes an individual to the development of the disorder. Parents' anxiety over a chubby child can perhaps also be a contributor. Some individuals with bulimia report feeling a "kind of high" when they vomit. People with bulimia are often compulsive and may also abuse alcohol and drugs. Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia tend to run in families, and girls are most susceptible. Recently, scientists have found certain neurotransmitters (serotonin and norepinephrine) to be decreased in some persons with bulimia. Most likely, it is a combination of environmental and biological factors that contribute to the development and expression of this disorder." (Bulimia Nervosa, NAMI, National Alliance on Mental Illness, Barbara Wolfe, RN, PhD, FAAN June 2003)

3.      "What are the causes of anorexia nervosa? ... Certain personality traits common in persons with anorexia nervosa are low self-esteem, social isolation (which usually occurs after the behavior associated with anorexia nervosa begins), and perfectionism. ... Eating disorders also tend to run in families, with female relatives most often affected. A girl has a 10 to 20 times higher risk of developing anorexia nervosa, for instance, if she has a sibling with the disease. This finding suggests that genetic factors may predispose some people to eating disorders. Behavioral and environmental influences may also play a role. Stressful events are likely to increase the risk of eating disorders as well. In studies of the biochemical functions of people with eating disorders, scientists have found that the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine are decreased in those with anorexia, which links them with patients suffering from depression. People with anorexia nervosa also tend to have higher than normal levels of cortisol (a brain hormone released in response to stress) and vasopressin (a brain chemical found to be abnormal in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder." (Anorexia Nervosa, NAMI, National Alliance on Mental Illness, Barbara Wolfe, RN, PhD, FAAN June 2003)

4.      "Thank you for the opportunity to address NEDA's annual meeting on September 15. 1 welcome the opportunity to talk with such important stakeholders about current research supported by NIMH and about our plans for the future with respect to eating disorders. Although much progress has been made, much remains to be done. I especially welcomed the chance to hear directly from your members about their concerns and about the direct impact these brain disorders have had on their lives and the lives of their loved ones. As requested by your members, I am including a statement that underscores that eating disorders are brain disorders and that appropriate treatment can work: Anorexia nervosa, among the most serious of mental disorders, can be deadly for young women who get caught up in a malignant cycle of weight loss and compulsive behaviors. The mortality rate for those with anorexia nervosa is estimated at 5 per cent per decade. Research tells us that anorexia nervosa is a brain disease with severe metabolic effects on the entire body. While the symptoms are behavioral, this illness has a biological core, with genetic components, changes in brain activity, and neural pathways currently under study. Most women with anorexia recover, usually following intensive psychological and medical care. While we have made progress, it is not enough; NIMH hopes to use the new tools I described in my talk to hasten that progress substantially. Given the suffering and loss caused by eating disorders, there is no time to lose." (Thomas R. lnsel, M.D. Director of National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Letter to Ms. Lynn Grefe, Chief Executive Officer of National Eating Disorders Association, October 5, 2006)

5.      "Eating disorders: Eating disorders are not due to a failure of will or behavior; rather, they are real, treatable medical illnesses in which certain maladaptive patterns of eating take on a life of their own. The main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. A third type, binge-eating disorder, has been suggested but has not yet been approved as a formal psychiatric diagnosis. Eating disorders frequently develop during adolescence or early adulthood, but some reports indicate their onset can occur during childhood or later in adulthood. Females are much more likely than males to develop an eating disorder. Only an estimated 5 to 15 percent of people with anorexia or bulimia and an estimated 35 percent of those with binge-eating disorder are male. ... Psychotropic medications, primarily antidepressants such as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), have been found helpful for people with bulimia, particularly those with significant symptoms of depression or anxiety, or those who have not responded adequately to psychosocial treatment alone" (Eating Disorders, National Institute of Mental Health, NIMH, 2006)


1.      Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder is a behaviour choice not a disease.

2.      is an emotion that results from a choice whose origin is the human spirit.

3.      It is important to ask, "What benefit is this individual deriving from engaging in this behaviour of anxiety." Often anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa is a means to an end for personal gain. The personal gain is a "Cindy Crawford" body.

4.      There is no scientific evidence that anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa is caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Such claims are theoretical projections and the data to support social causes is the elephant in the room biopsychiatrists refuse to acknowledge because it would put them out of a job.

5.      Jesus commanded us focus on the inward appearance, not the outward. Work on your self-control instead of drugs to free yourself of such obsessions with how your body looks.

By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.

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