The Exodus Route: The Succoth Stop
Hebrew miners at Serabit el-Khadim join Moses.
The stop at Succoth was not to rest, it was to collect the Hebrew workers at the Egyptian controlled copper and turquoise mines Serabit el-Khadim. They travelled day and night by miracle. Two Egyptian copper/turquoise mines were in full operation in 1446 BC in the Sinai.
"block, stop the approach, shut off, cover" (TWOT: 1492 sākak)
1. Located 120 km south of the Port of Suez, 160 km north of Red sea crossing (Straits of Tiran)
2. We have no idea exactly where Succoth is located, however we can get a clue based upon the name and the proximity of the Egyptian mines.
3. The stop at Succoth was not to rest, it was to collect the Hebrew workers at the Egyptian controlled copper and turquoise mines Serabit el-Khadim.
4. Today, there is a road that follows the valleys in the mountains between the beech and Bir Nasb, then continues to Serabit el-Khadim. This route is likely an ancient pathway used by the Hebrews and is only 20 km to Serabit el-Khadim.
A. The Succoth Stop: Hebrew miners at Serabit el-Khadim join Moses.
1. The stop at Succoth was not to rest, it was to collect the Hebrew workers at the Egyptian copper and turquoise mines Serabit el-Khadim.
2. It is important to understand that Israel travelled day and night without stopping.
a. "The Lord was going before them in a pillar of cloud by day to lead them on the way, and in a pillar of fire by night to give them light, that they might travel by day and by night. He did not take away the pillar of cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people." Exodus 13:21-22
b. See also: Miracles of the Exodus and Red Sea Crossing
3. They likely stopped for brief food breaks to eat their unleavened bread.
a. "The Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, “We will all be dead.” So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls bound up in the clothes on their shoulders." (Exodus 12:33–34)
b. They did not stop to set up tents or sleep.
c. This changes all the “how many miles did they travel in a day” calculations.
d. See also: Travel times, distances, days of the week.
a. Pictured left above is Sinai Inscription #361 (dated to 1446 BC) which translates from Hebrew into English, “Our bound servitude had lingered. Moses then provoked astonishment. It is the year of astonishment because of the Lady [Hathor-the cow goddess]”. See details: Sinai Moses Inscription 361”.
b. Pictured right above is Sinai Inscription #375a (dated to 1480 BC) which translates from Hebrew into English, “The overseer of Minerals, Ahisamach.” This Ahisamach is also named in the bible: Exodus 31:1–11. See details: Sinai Moses Inscription 361”.
c. Sinai inscriptions #115, 345, 349, 353, 357, 360, 361, 375a, were all excavated by Flinders Petrie at Serabit el-Khadim in 1905 AD.
d. The language was unknown and they sat in museums till Douglas Petrovitch recognized them as Hebrew and translated them in 2016 AD.
e. The now famous “Moses Inscription” (Sinai 361) is the first archeological confirmation of Moses ever to be discovered.
f. The inscriptions are proof of a sizable slave population working at the mines.
g. See also: 16 Sinai Inscriptions”.
5. Moses would know about this slave population working at the mine and he would certainly stop to collect the men.
a. These men would have wives and children asking Moses to stop and get their husbands and fathers.
b. Moses could send runners ahead of the main group to instruct them to start packing up and make the short trip.
6. Distances between Succoth and the mines at Serabit el-Khadim
a. Succoth to the mines at Serabit el-Khadim: 20 km over mountains, 40 km around the mountains.
b. Succoth and the mines at Bir Nasb: 12 km over mountains, 25 km around the mountains.
c. This journey is an easy day trip for the slave miners to join Moses camped at Succoth.
B. Bible Texts:
C. Succoth means: "block, stop the approach, shut off"
D. Photos and maps:
Below is the location of Succoth on the southern edge of the mountain range on the coastal flat:
Below is the coastal plain north of Succoth:
Below is the coastal plain south of Succoth at modern Al Tur:
E. How the traditional choice for Succoth fails:
By Steve Rudd: Contact the author for comments, input or corrections.